Bailey (ID 0114543) v. Shawnee County Jail et al
MEMORANDUM AND ORDER ENTERED: The clerk of the court shall prepare waiver of service forms for defendant Andrews pursuant to Rule 4(d) of the Federal Rules of Civil Procedure. Count II of the complaint is dismissed. Signed by U.S. Senior District Judge Sam A. Crow on 10/20/17. Mailed to pro se party Jocco D. Bailey by regular mail. (smnd)
IN THE UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT
FOR THE DISTRICT OF KANSAS
JOCCO D. BAILEY,
CASE NO. 5:16-3201-SAC-DJW
SHAWNEE COUNTY JAIL, ET AL.,
MEMORANDUM AND ORDER
This matter is before the court on a civil rights complaint filed pursuant to 42 U.S.C. § 1983
by a pretrial detainee formerly confined at the Shawnee County Jail in Topeka, Kansas.1 Plaintiff
proceeds pro se and in forma pauperis in this matter.2 As defendants, plaintiff names the Shawnee
County Jail as well as Shawnee County Jail correctional officer (fnu) Andrews, Captain Joe
Rucker, Major Timothy Phelps, and Director Brian Cole. In Count I, plaintiff alleges that
defendant Andrews violated the Eighth or Fourteenth Amendment of the constitution by failing to
protect plaintiff from being assaulted by another inmate. Specifically, plaintiff alleges that
Andrews unlocked plaintiff’s cell at the request of inmate trustee Christopher Goodwin, who told
Andrews he wanted to “‘fuck up’ whoever keeps throwing dirty socks on the day-room floor.”
Plaintiff alleges that Goodwin then assaulted him. In Count II, plaintiff alleges that the remaining
defendants violated the constitution by creating and perpetuating unconstitutional policies or
customs and by failing to adequately train staff, who, as a result, allowed inmate trustees to deprive
Plaintiff has since notified the court of his transfer to the Hutchinson Correctional Facility in Hutchinson, Kansas,
Plaintiff submitted the initial partial filing fee as directed by the court. Plaintiff is advised that he remains obligated
to pay the balance of the statutory filing fee of $350.00 in this action. The Finance Office of the facility where he is
located is directed to collect from plaintiff’s account and pay to the clerk of the court twenty percent (20%) of the prior
month’s income each time the amount in plaintiff’s account exceeds ten dollars ($10.00) until the filing fee has been
paid in full. See 28 U.S.C. § 1915(b). The court reminds plaintiff to cooperate fully with his custodian in authorizing
disbursements to satisfy the filing fee, including but not limited to providing any written authorization required by the
custodian or any future custodian to disburse funds from his account.
detainees of their rights under the Fifth, Eighth, and Fourteenth amendments of the constitution by
illegally entering cells, enforcing the dress code, and denying food trays. Plaintiff contends that
this culture directly caused defendant Andrews to fail to protect plaintiff from foreseeable harm.
On September 20, 2017, the court entered an order requiring plaintiff to show cause why
Count II of the complaint should not be dismissed for failure to exhaust administrative remedies.
On October 3, 2017, plaintiff filed a timely response. In his response, plaintiff argues that various
exhibits demonstrate exhaustion. First, plaintiff points out that attachment 1 to the initial complaint
(Doc. 1) is a copy of the internal grievance he filed. He argues that the grievance identified two
separate parties: defendant Andrews, as well as “Shawnee County Jail’s Commanding
Officers/Shawnee County Jail”, and points to the following statement in the grievance as evidence
of exhaustion: that “Shawnee County Jail’s Commanding Officers/Shawnee County Jail’s
negligents [sic] directly caused/allowed me to be attacked and injured.” Second, plaintiff points to
the affidavit of Jordan Seymour, which was attached as an exhibit to plaintiff’s initial complaint. In
the affidavit, Mr. Seymour, who identifies himself as a witness to the alleged assault, states that he
has witnessed trustees search cells for extra laundry on laundry days, enter cells to spray cleaning
chemicals, and deny food to inmates “who did not have their top button buttoned up.” Mr.
Seymour further attests that “both I and others have wrote [sic] the shift supervisor complaining
about this multiple times.” Third, plaintiff points to attachments 2-18 of the initial complaint,
which he identifies as correspondence with the Shawnee County Jail’s commanding officers in
which he attempted to “resolve his complaints” informally.
The court has reviewed these exhibits as well as the remaining record and simply cannot
agree that plaintiff has exhausted administrative remedies with regard to Count II. Nowhere in the
35 pages of grievances and correspondence between plaintiff and Shawnee County Jail staff did
plaintiff complain about any policies or customs regarding inmate trustees or allege that they
illegally entered cells, enforced the dress code, or denied food trays (and plaintiff does not argue as
much in his response). Instead, the grievances address the assault and resulting injuries and
medical expenses and, to a lesser extent, a complaint that a corrections officer named Herrick
refused to change the TV channel for plaintiff because he is black (which is not at issue in this
lawsuit). While one grievance conclusorily alleges that the jail and unnamed commanding officers
negligently caused plaintiff’s attack and injury, the court cannot find this single allegation of
negligence sufficient to deem exhausted the alleged constitutional violation claimed in Count II.3
Additionally, though Mr. Seymour attests that he “and others” saw and complained about inmate
trustees entering cells and denying food trays, his affidavit is silent about whether, or the extent to
which, plaintiff similarly complained. The affidavit is therefore irrelevant to the issue of plaintiff’s
efforts to exhaust administrative remedies.
Finally, the court notes that plaintiff stated in his grievances numerous times that he was
following proper administrative procedures so that he would later be able to pursue court action.
The absence from these grievances of any allegations about policies or customs regarding the
conduct of inmate trustees thus belies plaintiff’s contention that he exhausted – or attempted to
exhaust – administrative remedies on this issue. Plaintiff has provided no additional evidence or
argument to suggest otherwise, despite the court affording him the opportunity to do so under
Aguilar-Avellaveda v. Terrell, 478 F.3d 1223, 1225 (10th Cir. 2007). Accordingly, the court
concludes that plaintiff has not exhausted administrative remedies and therefore dismisses Count
II without prejudice.
With respect to Count I, the court finds that proper processing cannot be achieved without
additional information from appropriate officials at the Shawnee County Jail. See Martinez v.
Aaron, 570 F.2d 317 (10th Cir. 1978). See also Hall v. Bellmon, 935 F.2d 1106 (10th Cir. 1991).
IT IS THEREFORE BY THE COURT ORDERED:
The clerk of the court shall prepare waiver of service forms for defendant Andrews
pursuant to Rule 4(d) of the Federal Rules of Civil Procedure, to be served at no cost to
A negligent act does not violate the United States Constitution and is therefore not a deprivation of rights under 42
U.S.C. § 1983. Daniels v. Williams, 474 U.S. 327, 332 (1986).
plaintiff absent a finding by the court that plaintiff is able to pay such costs. Answers or
responses to the complaint, including the report required herein, shall be filed no later than
sixty (60) days from the date of this order.
Officials responsible for the operation of the Shawnee County Jail are directed to undertake
a review of the subject matter of the complaint:
To ascertain the facts and circumstances;
To consider whether any action can and should be taken by the institution to
resolve the subject matter of the complaint;
To determine whether other like complaints, whether pending in this court or
elsewhere, are related to this complaint and should be considered together.
Upon completion of the review, a written report shall be compiled which shall be attached
to and filed with the defendants’ answer or response to the complaint. Statements of all
witnesses shall be in affidavit form. Copies of pertinent rules, regulations, official
documents, and, wherever appropriate, the reports of medical or psychiatric examinations
shall be included in the written report.
Authorization is granted to the officials of the Shawnee County Jail to interview all
witnesses having knowledge of the facts, including the plaintiff.
No answer or motion addressed to the complaint shall be filed until the Martinez report
required herein has been prepared.
Discovery by plaintiff shall not commence until plaintiff has received and reviewed
defendants’ answer or response to the complaint and the report ordered herein. This action
is exempted from the requirements imposed under Fed. R. Civ. P. 26(a) and 26(f).
Copies of this order shall be transmitted to the parties, the Finance Office of the facility
where plaintiff is incarcerated, and the Attorney General for the State of Kansas.
IT IS FURTHER ORDERED THAT Count II of the complaint is hereby dismissed.
IT IS SO ORDERED.
DATED: This 20th day of October, 2017, at Kansas City, Kansas.
s/Sam A. Crow
U. S. Senior District Judge
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