Stewart v. United States of America
MEMORANDUM AND ORDER ENTERED: The petition is denied. Signed by District Judge John W. Lungstrum on 02/27/17. Mailed to pro se party Roderick Deshawn Stewart by regular mail. (smnd)
IN THE UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT
FOR THE DISTRICT OF KANSAS
RODERICK DEWHAWN STEWART,
CASE NO. 16-3212-JWL
MEMORANDUM AND ORDER
This matter is a petition for habeas corpus filed under 28 U.S.C.
§ 2241. Petitioner is serving a 160-month federal sentence at the
United States Penitentiary, Leavenworth, Kansas. He challenges the
execution of that sentence.
On March 31, 2010, Arkansas state authorities arrested
petitioner for possession of cocaine with intent to deliver and
unauthorized use of another person’s property to facilitate certain
The matter was assigned Case No. CR-10-1946. On April 1,
2010, the Pulaski County Circuit Court released him on bond. (Doc.
#7, Attach. 1, Ex. F.)
On May 18, 2010, Arkansas state authorities again arrested
petitioner on warrants related to the earlier case. At that time,
petitioner also faced charges in five other criminal cases in the
Pulaski County Circuit Court: CR-10-2076, CR-10-70, CR-10-3752,
CR-10-984, and CR-10-35. Id., Exs. G-H.
On September 16, 2010, petitioner was sentenced in the state
court to terms of 120 months in CR-10-70, 12 months in CR-10-984, and
180 months in CR-10-1946. The state court granted 146 days of jail
credit. Two cases, CR-10-2076 and CR-10-35, were not prosecuted. Id.
On November 18, 2010, petitioner was sentenced to a term of 120
months in Case No. CR-10-3752. The Pulaski County Circuit Court
ordered the sentences imposed in Case Nos. CR-10-70, CR-10-1946, and
CR-10-3752 to run concurrent to that sentence and credited petitioner
with 275 days of jail time credit. Id., Exs. G-H.
On April 6, 2011, federal authorities filed an indictment in
United States of America v. Roderick Deshawn Stewart,
4:11-cr-00078-BRW (E.D. Ark.). On the following day, the Eastern
District of Arkansas issued a warrant for petitioner’s arrest. Id.,
On April 12, 2011, the Eastern District of Arkansas issued a writ
of habeas corpus ad prosequendum for petitioner. Beginning on April
27, 2011, petitioner was borrowed from state custody pursuant to that
writ. Id., Exs. K-L.
On June 1, 2012, petitioner was sentenced to a federal term of
160 months for distribution of cocaine base. The Eastern District of
Arkansas ordered the sentence to run concurrently with the
undischarged state sentence. Id., Ex. M.
On June 6, 2012, the United States Marshals Service (“USMS”)
returned petitioner to the custody of Arkansas state authorities and
placed the federal judgment and commitment order as a detainer. The
federal Bureau of Prisons (“BOP”) designated the Arkansas Department
of Corrections as the place where petitioner commenced his federal
sentence. Id., Ex. N.
On March 13, 2014, petitioner was released on parole from his
Arkansas state sentence to the custody of the USMS.
Id., Ex. O.
His projected release date from his federal sentence is September 11,
2023, by a good conduct time release. Id., Ex. B.
Petitioner seeks credit on his federal sentence from March 30,
2010, through June 5, 2012.
A federal court may grant habeas corpus relief to a prisoner who
shows he is “in custody in violation of the Constitution or laws or
treaties of the United States.” 28 U.S.C. § 2241(c)(3). The United
States Attorney General is responsible for computing a prisoner’s
sentence under 18 U.S.C. § 3585 and has delegated that authority to
the federal Bureau of Prisons (“BOP”). See United States v. Wilson,
503 U.S. 329, 335 (1992)(“After a district court sentences a federal
offender, the Attorney General, through the BOP, has the
responsibility for administering the sentence.”).
The BOP commences a federal sentence on “the date on which [the
prisoner] is received in custody awaiting transportation to, or
arrives voluntarily to commence service at, the official facility at
which the sentence is to be served.” 18 U.S.C. § 3585(a). The sentence
begins no earlier than the date of its imposition. Id. Credit under
§ 3585 is available only when the prisoner is under “imprisonment in
a place of confinement, not stipulations or conditions imposed upon
a person not subject to full physical incarceration.” United States
v. Woods, 888 F.2d 653, 655 (10th Cir. 1989).
Under 18 U.S.C. § 3585(b) and the BOP’s Program Statement
5880.28, Sentence Computation Manual (CCCA OF 1984), a federal
prisoner may not receive credit for time that is counted on another
Section 3585(b) provides:
(b) Credit for prior custody. – A defendant shall be given
credit toward the service of a term of imprisonment for any
time he has spent in official detention prior to the date
the sentence commences –
(1) as a result of the offense for which the sentence was
(2) as a result of any other charge for which the defendant
was arrested after the commission of the offense for which
the sentence was imposed;
that has not been credited against another sentence.
18 U.S.C. § 3585(b).
However, under a rule established in Willis v. United States,
438 F.2d 923 (5th Cir. 1971), when non-federal and federal sentences
are running concurrently, a prisoner may receive credit for time spent
in non-federal presentence custody that occurs on or after the date
of the federal offense, up to the date the first sentence, either state
or federal, begins. Such credit also may be counted to a concurrent
federal sentence if the application to the state sentence was of no
benefit to the prisoner.
Here, petitioner’s federal offense commenced on March 30, 2010.
Although he received credit on his state sentence for the time in
presentence custody after the date of the federal offense, he received
no benefit, because the federal and state sentences were concurrent,
and the raw, federal full-term sentence was greater than the raw, state
full-term sentence. Petitioner therefore was awarded Willis time
credit for time in presentence custody following the date of his arrest
on the federal offense, March 31, 2010, through April 1, 2010, when
he was released on bond; and from May 18, 2010, when he was arrested
after release on bond, through September 15, 2010, the day prior to
his sentencing in Arkansas state case no. CR-10-1946. (Doc. #7,
Attach. 1, Ex. B.)
Petitioner received no credit for March 30, 2010, and for April
2, 2010, through May 17, 2010, because he was not in custody on those
Petitioner is not entitled to credit for the period from
September 16, 2010, through May 31, 2012, because that time was
credited to his Arkansas state sentence. Under 18 U.S.C. § 3585(b),
he may receive credit on only one sentence.
Finally, petitioner is not entitled to federal sentence credit
for the time from June 1, 2012, to June 5, 2012, when he was in the
custody of the USMS under the writ of habeas corpus ad prosequendum.
The BOP’s Program Statement No. 5880.28 provides that time in custody
under such a writ is not countable because the primary reason for such
custody is not the federal charge; rather, in these circumstances,
the prisoner is borrowed from the sovereign having primary custody.
Id., Ex. E at p. 45.
The Court has examined the record and concludes petitioner’s
sentence was correctly calculated by the BOP. Petitioner is not
entitled to relief in habeas corpus.
IT IS, THEREFORE, BY THE COURT ORDERED the petition is denied.
IT IS SO ORDERED.
This 27th day of February, 2017, at Kansas City, Kansas.
s/ John W. Lungstrum
JOHN W. LUNGSTRUM
U.S. District Judge
Disclaimer: Justia Dockets & Filings provides public litigation records from the federal appellate and district courts. These filings and docket sheets should not be considered findings of fact or liability, nor do they necessarily reflect the view of Justia.
Why Is My Information Online?