Bailey (ID 114543) v. American Phoenix, Inc
MEMORANDUM AND ORDER denying 48 Motion for Default Judgment. Signed by District Judge Daniel D. Crabtree on 6/16/2017. Mailed to pro se party Jocco D. Bailey by regular mail. (ms)
IN THE UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT
FOR THE DISTRICT OF KANSAS
JOCCO D. BAILEY,
Case No. 16-CV-4044-DDC
AMERICAN PHOENIX, INC.,
MEMORANDUM AND ORDER DENYING PLAINTIFF’S MOTION
FOR DEFAULT JUDGMENT
Plaintiff has moved for a default judgment. Doc. 48. This motion essentially relies on
three categories of wrongs that purportedly warrant the drastic sanction of a default judgment.
First, plaintiff asserts that defendant has committed various discovery and disclosure violations.
Second, he argues that defense counsel has not comported themselves consistent with their
professional obligations. And last, he claims that defendant has perpetrated a “fraud on the court
and [committed] perjury.” Doc. 48 at 2. Collectively, plaintiff contends, this conduct warrants a
default judgment in his favor.
The court is not persuaded by plaintiff’s motion. As our Circuit long has emphasized,
“strong policies favor resolution of disputes on their merits.” Cessna Fin. Corp. v. Bielenberg
Masonry Contracting, Inc., 715 F.2d 1442, 1444 (10th Cir. 1983) (quoting Jackson v. Beech, 636
F.2d 831, 836 (D.C. Cir. 1980) (further citation omitted)). The rationale for this principle is
simple: “We do not favor default judgments because the court’s power is used to enter and
enforce judgments regardless of the merits of the case, purely as a penalty for delays in filing or
other procedural error.” Id. Default outcomes are appropriate “only where a lesser sanction
would not serve the interest of justice.” Davis v. Miller, 571 F.3d 1058, 1064 (10th Cir. 2009)
(quoting Meade v. Grubbs, 841 F.2d 1512, 1520 (10th Cir. 1988)). To be sure, some
circumstances warrant this outcome. A “workable system of justice requires that litigants not be
free to appear at their pleasure. We therefore must hold parties and their attorneys to a
reasonably high standard of diligence in observing the courts’ rules of procedure.” Cessna Fin.
Corp., 715 F.2d at 1444 (citations omitted).
When deciding whether particular circumstances warrant the harsh outcome of a default
judgment, the governing law confers substantial discretion on district courts. See, e.g., In re
Rains, 946 F.2d 731, 732 (10th Cir. 1991) (reversing district court’s decision to enter a default
judgment). Here, the court, in its discretion, refuses to impose the harsh outcome that plaintiff
seeks. Plaintiff has bypassed a litany of less severe remedies for the various abuses he alleges.
Even if plaintiff’s assertions about defendant and its counsel are true – and the court is not
persuaded that they are – they would not deserve the sanction that his motion seeks. The court
denies plaintiff’s motion.
IT IS THEREFORE ORDERED THAT plaintiff’s Motion for Default Judgment
against Defendant (Doc. 48) is denied.
IT IS SO ORDERED.
Dated this 16th day of June, 2017, at Topeka, Kansas.
s/ Daniel D. Crabtree
Daniel D. Crabtree
United States District Judge
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