Hathorn v. Shipley
MEMORANDUM AND ORDER ENTERED: This case is dismissed for failure to state a claim. Signed by U.S. Senior District Judge Sam A. Crow on 07/18/17. Mailed to pro se party James A. Hathorn by regular mail. (smnd)
IN THE UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT
FOR THE DISTRICT OF KANSAS
JAMES A. HATHORN,
CASE NO. 17-3018-SAC-DJW
MEMORANDUM AND ORDER
Plaintiff brings this pro se civil rights action pursuant to 42 U.S.C. § 1983. The Court
granted Plaintiff leave to proceed in forma pauperis. On June 8, 2017, Magistrate Judge Waxse
entered a Notice and Order to Show Cause (Doc. 4) (“NOSC”), ordering Plaintiff to show cause
by June 30, 2017, why this case should not be dismissed for failure to allege a federal
constitutional violation. The NOSC also granted Plaintiff until July 14, 2017, to file an amended
complaint. The Court mailed the NOSC to Plaintiff on June 8, 2017, at his current address of
record with the Court.
The Court’s mailing of the NOSC to Plaintiff was returned as
undeliverable. (Doc. 5.) The Court’s Local Rules provide that “[e]ach attorney or pro se party
must notify the clerk in writing of any change of address or telephone number. Any notice
mailed to the last address of record of an attorney or pro se party is sufficient notice.” D. Kan.
Rule 5.1(c)(3). Plaintiff has failed to provide the Court with a Notice of Change of Address and
failed to file a response to the NOSC or an amended complaint within the allowed time.
The NOSC notes that Plaintiff’s claim suggests that Defendant Shipley was negligent,
and violations of state law are not sufficient grounds for relief in federal court under 42 U.S.C.
§ 1983. In a § 1983 action, the complaint must specify “the violation of a right secured by the
Constitution and laws of the United States, and . . . that the alleged deprivation was committed
by a person acting under color of state law.” Bruner v. Baker, 506 F.3d 1021, 1025–26 (10th
Cir. 2007). “[A] violation of state law alone does not give rise to a federal cause of action under
§ 1983.” Malek v. Haun, 26 F.3d 1013, 1016 (10th Cir. 1994) (citation omitted). Plaintiff makes
no reference to any federal constitutional provision or federal law in the alleged claim. He may
believe that the U.S. Constitution was violated but simply failed to specify the constitutional
provision. However, the Court is not free to “construct a legal theory on a plaintiff’s behalf.”
IT IS THEREFORE ORDERED BY THE COURT that this case is dismissed for
failure to state a claim.
IT IS SO ORDERED.
Dated in Topeka, Kansas on this 18th day of July, 2017.
s/ Sam A. Crow
SAM A. CROW
U. S. Senior District Judge
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