Neighbors v. Smith
MEMORANDUM AND ORDER denying 9 Objections and Motion for Reconsideration. Signed by District Judge Daniel D. Crabtree on 6/8/17. Mailed to pro se party Andrew Neighbors by regular mail (msb)
IN THE UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT
FOR THE DISTRICT OF KANSAS
Case No. 17-cv-04028-DDC-KGS
MEMORANDUM AND ORDER
On April 11, 2017, Judge Sebelius issued a Report and Recommendation denying
plaintiff’s Motion for Leave to Proceed In Forma Pauperis. Doc. 4. On April 12, 2017, plaintiff
filed a document he titled “Motion to be Exempt from Paying Filing Fees.” Doc. 5. The court
considered this document as an objection to Judge Sebelius’s Report and Recommendation.
Doc. 8 at 2. The court denied plaintiff’s objection and adopted Judge Sebelius’s Report and
Recommendation on May 11, 2017. Id. at 5.
Fifteen days later, plaintiff filed a document he titled “Andrew Neighbors[’s] Objection
to the Judge/Court Denying Him to Proceed Without Payment of Fees and Request for
Recon[s]ideration.” Doc. 9. Because plaintiff brings this lawsuit pro se, the court construes his
filings liberally and holds them to a less stringent standard than formal pleadings drafted by
lawyers. See Hall v. Bellmon, 935 F.2d 1106, 1110 (10th Cir. 1991).1 But the court cannot
assume the role of plaintiff’s advocate and plaintiff’s pro se status does not excuse him from “the
In several filings, plaintiff refers to himself as proceeding “in propria persona.” See Doc. 9 at 1. As noted above,
the pro se standard in our Circuit requires courts to hold a pro se litigant’s filings to a less stringent standard than
formal pleadings drafts by lawyers. Hall, 935 F.2d at 1110. The court applies this standard because the Tenth
Circuit requires it. Also, though the terms “in propria persona” and “pro se” once had slightly different legal
meanings under former rules of pleading, the terms no longer have distinct meanings. Braun v. Stotts, No. 93-3118GTV, 1997 WL 383034, at *1 (D. Kan. June 19, 1997), aff’d, 134 F.3d 382 (10th Cir. 1998). Indeed, “[c]ourts have
continued to use the phrases in propria persona and pro se interchangeably and synonymously.” Id. (citation
burden of alleging sufficient facts on which a recognized legal claim could be based.” Id. Nor is
plaintiff relieved from complying with the rules of the court or facing the consequences of
noncompliance. Nielsen v. Price, 17 F.3d 1276, 1277 (10th Cir. 1994). The court thus construes
this filing as one presenting a motion for reconsideration under D. Kan. Rule 7.3(b) and
considers it on that basis.
Under D. Kan. Rule 7.3(b), a party may seek review of a non-dispositive order “within 14
days after the order is filed.” The rule requires a movant to base its motion for reconsideration
on “(1) an intervening change in controlling law; (2) the availability of new evidence; or (3) the
need to correct clear error or prevent manifest injustice.” D. Kan. Rule 7.3(b). A motion to
reconsider “is not appropriate to revisit issues already addressed or advance arguments that could
have been raised in prior briefing.” Ferluga v. Eickhoff, 236 F.R.D. 546, 549 (D. Kan. 2006)
(citing Servants of Paraclete v. Does, 204 F.3d 1005, 1012 (10th Cir. 2000)). So, “a motion for
reconsideration is appropriate [only] where the court has misapprehended the facts, a party’s
position, or the controlling law.” Id. (citing Servants of Paraclete, 204 F.3d at 1012). “The
decision whether to grant a motion to reconsider is committed to the district court’s discretion.”
Coffeyville Res. Ref. & Mktg., LLC v. Liberty Surplus Ins. Corp., 748 F. Supp. 2d 1261, 1264 (D.
Kan. 2010) (citing In re Motor Fuel Temperature Sales Practices Litig., 707 F. Supp. 2d 1145,
1166 (D. Kan. 2010)); Brumark Corp. v. Samson Res. Corp., 57 F.3d 941, 944 (10th Cir. 1995).
In his motion to reconsider, plaintiff reiterates his earlier argument that the Supreme
Court has held that “natural individuals,” such as he is, are “entitled to relief [and] entitled to free
access to the court.” Id. at 3. The court rejected this argument previously because none of the
case law plaintiff relied on “permit[s] litigants to proceed in court without paying filing fees.”
Doc. 8 at 4. Plaintiff’s motion to reconsider recites the exact same argument and case law as his
Motion to be Exempt from Paying Filing Fees. The court therefore denies his motion for the
same reasons it denied his Motion to be Exempt from Paying Filing Fees. See Doc. 8.
Plaintiff’s motion to reconsider also includes a section titled “Acceptance of
Constitutions and Oath of Office.” Doc. 9 at 2. This section is hard to follow and, frankly, the
court cannot discern its intended meaning. Whatever its intent, plaintiff’s apparent attempt to
bind the court and its officers to a contract through his “Acceptance of Constitutions and Oath of
Office” is improper, and it has no legal effect or consequence to this action.
IT IS THEREFORE ORDERED THAT Andrew Neighbors’s Objection to the
Judge/Court Denying Him to Proceed Without Payment of Fees and Request for Recondideration
(Doc. 9) is denied.
IT IS SO ORDERED.
Dated this 8th day of June, 2017, at Topeka, Kansas
s/ Daniel D. Crabtree
Daniel D. Crabtree
United States District Judge
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