Hanna v. Wal-Mart Stores, Inc. et al
PROTECTIVE ORDER. The parties shall abide by the terms of the order. Signed by Magistrate Judge K. Gary Sebelius on 11/17/2017. (wh)
IN THE UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT
FOR THE DISTRICT OF KANSAS
CHARLES B. HANNA,
WAL-MART STORES, INC.,
Case No. 17-4072-SAC
JOINT STIPULATED PROTECTIVE ORDER
The parties to this Joint Stipulated Protective Order have agreed to the terms of this Order;
accordingly, it is ORDERED:
1. Scope. All materials produced during discovery, including initial disclosures, responses to
discovery requests, deposition testimony and exhibits, and information derived directly therefrom
(hereinafter collectively “documents”), shall be subject to this Order concerning Confidential
Information as defined below. As there is a presumption in favor of open and public judicial
proceedings in the federal courts, this Order will be strictly construed in favor of public disclosure
and open proceedings wherever possible.
2. Confidential Information. As used in this Order, “Confidential Information” means
information designated as “CONFIDENTIAL” by the producing party that falls within one or more
of the following categories: (a) information prohibited from disclosure by statute; (b) information
that reveals trade secrets; (c) research, technical, commercial, or financial information that the party
has maintained as confidential; (d) medical information concerning any individual; (e) personal
identity information; (f) income tax returns (including attached schedules and forms), W-2 forms,
and 1099 forms; or (g) personnel or employment records. Information or documents that are
available to the public may not be designated as Confidential Information.
(a) Documents: A party may designate a document as Confidential Information for
protection under this Order by placing or affixing the word “CONFIDENTIAL” on the document and
on all copies in a manner that will not interfere with the legibility of the document. “Copies” includes
electronic images, duplicates, extracts, summaries, or descriptions containing the Confidential
Information. The marking “CONFIDENTIAL” shall be applied prior to or at the time
the documents are produced or disclosed. Applying the marking “CONFIDENTIAL” to a document
does not mean the document has any status or protection by statute or otherwise except for the
purposes of this Order.
(b) Deposition Testimony: A party may designate deposition testimony as Confidential
Information by advising opposing counsel in writing within thirty days after receipt of the deposition
transcript, or at such other time mutually agreed upon by the parties, of the pages and lines of the
deposition that the designating party requires to be treated as confidential. All deposition transcripts
shall be treated as Confidential Information until the expiration of thirty days after receipt of the
deposition transcript, unless otherwise agreed to by the parties in writing or on
the record at the deposition. Any party may, on the record at the deposition, designate deposition
testimony as Confidential Information by advising all persons present that the party believes that
portion of the deposition in question falls under the scope of this Order.
4. Protection of Confidential Material.
(a) General Protections. Confidential Information shall not be used or disclosed by the
parties, counsel for the parties, or any other persons identified in subparagraph (b) for any purpose
whatsoever other than in this litigation, including any appeal.
(b) Limited Third-Party Disclosures. The parties and their counsel shall not disclose or
permit the disclosure of any Confidential Information to any third person or entity except as set forth
below. Subject to these requirements, the following categories of persons may be allowed to review
(1) Counsel for the parties and employees of counsel;
(2) The parties to this litigation, including any employees, agents, and representatives
of the parties;
(3) The Court and Court personnel, including any Special Master appointed by the
(4) Court reporters, recorders, and videographers engaged for depositions;
(5) Independent providers of document reproduction, electronic discovery, or other
litigation services retained or employed specifically in connection with this litigation;
(6) Consultants, investigators, or experts employed by the parties or parties’ counsel
to assist in the preparation and trial of this action but only after the consultant or expert
completed the certification contained in Attachment A;
(7) Potential, anticipated, or actual fact witness and his or her counsel, but only to the
extent such confidential documents or information will assist the witness in recalling,
relating, or explaining facts or in testifying, and only after such persons have completed the
certification contained in Attachment A. Witnesses shall not retain a copy of documents
containing Confidential Information, except witnesses may receive a copy of all exhibits
marked at their depositions in connection with review of the transcripts;
(8) The author or recipient of the document (not including a person who received the
document in the course of the litigation); and
(9) Mediator appointed by the Court or jointly selected by the parties;
(10) Other persons only by written consent of the producing party or upon order of
the Court and on such conditions as may be agreed or ordered.
(c) Control of Documents. The parties must take reasonable efforts to prevent unauthorized
or inadvertent disclosure of documents designated as “CONFIDENTIAL.” Counsel for the parties
must maintain a record of those persons, including employees of counsel, who have reviewed or been
given access to the documents along with the originals of the forms signed by those persons
acknowledging their obligations under this Order.
5. Inadvertent Failure to Designate. Inadvertent failure to designate any document or
material as “CONFIDENTIAL” will not constitute a waiver of an otherwise valid claim of
confidentiality pursuant to this Order, so long as a claim of confidentiality is promptly asserted after
discovery of the inadvertent failure.
Pursuant to Federal Rule of Evidence 502(d), disclosure (including production) of
information that a party or non-party later claims should not have been disclosed because of a
privilege, including, but not limited to, the attorney-client privilege or work product doctrine
(“Privileged Information”), shall not constitute a waiver of, or estoppel to, any claim of attorneyclient privilege, attorney work product, or other ground for withholding production as to which the
Producing Party would be entitled in the Litigation or any other federal or state proceeding. Pursuant
to Federal Rule of Civil Procedure 26(b)(5)(B) and Federal Rule of Evidence 502(e), the Receiving
Party hereby agrees to return, sequester, or destroy any Privileged Information disclosed or produced
by the Producing Party upon request. If the Receiving Party reasonably believes that Privileged
Information has been inadvertently disclosed or produced to it, it shall promptly notify the Producing
Party and sequester such information until instructions as to disposition are received. The failure of
any party to provide notice or instructions under this Paragraph shall not constitute a waiver of, or
estoppel to, any claim of attorney-client privilege, attorney work product, or other ground for
withholding production as to which the Producing Party would be entitled in the Litigation or any
other federal or state proceeding. This provision is designed to foreclose any arguments that by
making such production, the production of Confidential Materials subject to a legally recognized
claim of privilege, including without limitation the attorney-client privilege, work-product doctrine,
or other applicable privilege:
(a) was not inadvertent by the Producing Party;
(b) that the Producing Party did not take reasonable steps to
prevent the disclosure of privileged Documents;
(c) that the Producing Party did not take reasonable or timely steps
to rectify such Disclosure; and/or
(d) that such Disclosure acts as a waiver of applicable privileges or protections
associated with such Documents.
6. Filing of Confidential Information. In the event a party seeks to file a document
containing Confidential Information subject to protection under this Order with the Court, that party
must take appropriate action to insure that the document receives proper protection from public
disclosure, including: (a) filing a redacted document with the consent of the party who designated the
document as confidential; (b) where appropriate, submitting the document for in camera review; or
(c) when the preceding measures are inadequate, seeking permission to file the document under seal
by filing a motion for leave to file under seal. Nothing in this Order will be construed as a prior
directive to allow any document to be filed under seal.
7. No Greater Protection. Except on privilege grounds, no party may withhold information
from discovery on the ground it requires protection greater than that afforded by this Order unless the
party moves for an order providing such special protection.
8. Challenges to Confidential Designation. The designation of any material or document as
“CONFIDENTIAL” is subject to challenge by any party. Before filing any motion or contacting the
Court regarding an objection to a confidential designation, the objecting party must comply with
Local Rule 37.1. The burden of proving the necessity of a confidentiality designation remains with
the party asserting confidentiality. Until the Court rules on the challenge, all parties must continue to
treat the materials as confidential under the terms of this Order.
9. Use of Confidential Documents or Information at Trial. Nothing in this Order shall
affect the use of any document, material, or information at any trial or hearing. A party that intends to
present or anticipates another party may present Confidential information at a hearing or trial shall
bring the issue to the Court’s and parties’ attention by motion or in a pretrial memorandum without
disclosing the Confidential Information. The Court may thereafter make such orders as are necessary
to govern the use of such documents or information at trial.
10. Confidential Information Subpoenaed or Ordered Produced in Other Litigation.
(a) If a receiving party is served with a subpoena or order issued in other litigation that would
compel disclosure of any material or document designated in this action as Confidential Information,
the receiving party must so notify the designating party, in writing, immediately and in no event
more than five days after receiving the subpoena or order. Such notification must include a copy of
the subpoena or court order.
(b) The receiving party also must immediately inform in writing the party who caused the
subpoena or order to issue in the other litigation that some or all of the material covered by the
subpoena or order is the subject of this Order. In addition, the receiving party must deliver a copy of
this Order promptly to the party in the other action that caused the subpoena to issue.
(c) The purpose of imposing these duties is to alert the interested persons to the existence of
this Order and to afford the designating party in this case an opportunity to protect its Confidential
Information in the court from which the subpoena or order issued. The designating party shall bear
the burden and the expense of seeking protection in that court of its Confidential Information, and
nothing in these provisions should be construed as authorizing or encouraging a receiving party in
this action to disobey a lawful directive from another court. The obligations set forth in this
paragraph remain in effect while the party has in its possession, custody, or control Confidential
Information by the other party to this case.
11. Challenges by Members of the Public to Sealing Orders. A party or interested member
of the public has a right to challenge the sealing of particular documents that have been filed under
seal, and the party asserting confidentiality will have the burden of demonstrating the propriety of
filing under seal.
12. Obligations at Conclusion of Litigation.
(a) Order Remains in Effect. Unless otherwise agreed or ordered, this Order shall remain in
force after dismissal or entry of final judgment not subject to further appeal.
(b) Return of Confidential Documents. Within 60 days after this matter concludes by
settlement, final judgment, or final order, including all appeals, any document containing
Confidential Information, including copies, shall be returned to the producing party unless: (1) the
document has been offered into evidence or filed without restriction as to disclosure; (2) the parties
agree to destruction of the document to the extent practicable in lieu of return; or (3) the
document bears notations, summations, or other mental impressions of the receiving party.
(c) Retention of Work Product. Notwithstanding the above requirements to return or
destroy documents, counsel may retain attorney work product, including an index that refers or
relates to designated Confidential Information so long as that work product does not duplicate
verbatim substantial portions of Confidential Information. Any retained Confidential Information
shall continue to be protected under this Order. An attorney may use his or her work product in
subsequent litigation, provided its use does not disclose or use Confidential Information.
13. Order Subject to Modification. This Order shall be subject to modification by the Court
on its own motion or on motion of a party or any other person with standing concerning the subject
14. No Prior Judicial Determination. This Order is entered based on the parties’
representations and agreements and for the purpose of facilitating discovery. Nothing in this Order
shall be construed or presented as a judicial determination that any document or material designated
Confidential Information by counsel or the parties is entitled to protection under Rule 26(c) of the
Federal Rules of Civil Procedure or otherwise until such time as the Court may rule on a specific
document or issue.
15. Persons Bound by Protective Order. This Order takes effect when entered and shall be
binding upon all counsel of record and their law firms, the parties, and persons made subject to this
Order by its terms.
16. Applicability to Parties Later Joined. If additional parties join this lawsuit, they must
not be given access to Confidential Information unless they execute and file with the Court their
written agreement to be bound by this Order.
17. Jurisdiction. The Court’s jurisdiction to enforce the provisions of this Order will
terminate on the final disposition of this case. But a party may file a motion to seek leave to reopen
the case to enforce the provisions of this Order.
IT IS SO ORDERED.
Date: November 17, 2017
s/ K. Gary Sebelius
K. Gary Sebelius
U.S. Magistrate Judge
1. My name is _____________________________________________________. I live at
2. I am aware that a Joint Stipulated Protective Order has been entered in
__________________________________, pending in the __________________________, and a
copy thereof has been given to me.
3. I acknowledge that documents and information designated as confidential pursuant to such
Confidentiality Order are being disclosed to me only upon the condition that I agree to be subject to
the jurisdiction of this Court and to that Order. I hereby agree to abide by such Order, subject to all
penalties prescribed therein, including contempt of Court, for disobedience of said Order. I promise
that the documents and information given confidential treatment under the Confidentiality Order
entered in this case will be used by me only in connection with assisting counsel for the parties in
preparing for litigation of the above-captioned matters. I understand that any use of such Confidential
Material in any manner contrary to the provisions of the Confidentiality Order will subject me to the
sanctions of this Court for contempt.
4. I promise that I will not disclose or discuss such Confidential Materials or information any
person other than the parties and counsel for the parties or members of their staff.
DATED: _________________, 201__
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