Hogan (ID 68706) v. Kansas, State of
NOTICE AND ORDER TO SHOW CAUSE ENTERED: Petitioner is granted to and including March 30, 2018, to identify any grounds for equitable tolling and to show cause why this matter should not be dismissed as time-barred. The failure to file a timely response may result in the dismissal of this matter without additional prior notice. Signed by U.S. Senior District Judge Sam A. Crow on 03/06/18. Mailed to pro se party Byron L. Hogan by regular mail. (smnd)
IN THE UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT
FOR THE DISTRICT OF KANSAS
BYRON L. HOGAN,
CASE NO. 18-3047-SAC
WARDEN SAM CLINE1,
NOTICE AND ORDER TO SHOW CAUSE
This matter is a petition for habeas corpus filed under 28 U.S.C.
§ 2254. Petitioner proceeds pro se, and his fee status is pending.
The Court has reviewed the petition under Rule 4 of the Rules Governing
§ 2254 Cases in the U.S. District Courts and enters the following
Petitioner was convicted in 2011 of rape, attempted aggravated
criminal sodomy, and violation of a protective order. State v. Hogan,
302 P.3d 45 (Table), 2013 WL 2991134 (Kan.App. Jun. 14, 2013), rev.
denied, Oct. 30, 2013.
On September 14, 2014, he filed a timely motion for
post-conviction relief under K.S.A. 60-1507. The state district court
summarily denied relief, and petitioner appealed. Hogan v. State, 376
P.3d 98 (Table), 2016 WL 4070726 (Kan. App. Jul.
29, 2016), rev.
denied, Jun. 2, 2017.
Petitioner filed this application for relief under Section 2254
The Court substitutes Warden Cline as the respondent upon its own motion. See Rule
2(a) of the Rules Governing Section 2254 Cases in the United States District Courts
(“If the petitioner is currently in custody under a state-court judgment, the
petition must name as respondent the state officer who has custody.”)
on February 28, 2018.2
The Court first must determine whether this petition is timely.
The Antiterrorism and Effective Death Penalty Act (AEDPA) established
a one-year limitation period for filing an application under 28 U.S.C.
§ 2254. Under 28 U.S.C. § 2244(d)(1), the one-year limitation period
begins to run from the latest of:
The date on which the judgment became final by the
conclusion of direct review or the expiration of the
time for seeking such review;
The date on which the impediment to filing an
application created by State action in violation of
the Constitution or laws of the United States is
removed, if the applicant was prevented from filing
by such State action;
The date on which the constitutional right asserted
was initially recognized by the Supreme Court, if the
right has been newly recognized by the Supreme Court
and made retroactively applicable to cases on
collateral review; or
The date on which the factual predicate of the claim
or claims could have been discovered through the
exercise of due diligence.
28 U.S.C. § 2244(d)(1).
The statute provides for tolling for the time “during which a
properly filed application for State post-conviction or other
collateral review with respect to the pertinent judgment or claim is
pending”. 28 U.S.C. § 2244(d)(2).
Likewise, under “rare and exceptional circumstances”, the
The petition shows that it was executed on January 29, 2018 (Doc. #1, p. 18). Because
it was submitted to the Court electronically on February 28, 2018, the Court has
used that date in this order. However, applying the earlier date shown on the petition
would not change the Court’s finding concerning of the timeliness of the petition,
as both dates fall outside the one-year limitation period.
limitation period may be equitably tolled. Gibson v. Klinger, 232 F.3d
799, 808 (10th Cir. 2000). To qualify for such tolling, a prisoner must
show “(1) that he has been pursuing his rights diligently, and (2)
that some extraordinary circumstance stood in his way and prevented
timely filing.” Holland v. Florida, 560 U.S. 631, 649
(2010)(quotations omitted). The petitioner has “a strong burden to
show specific facts to support his claim of extraordinary
circumstances and due diligence.” Yang v. Archuleta, 525 F.3d 925,
928 (10th Cir. 2008)(brackets and quotations omitted).
Here, the Kansas Supreme Court denied review in petitioner’s
direct appeal on October 30, 2013. The limitation period began to run
90 days later, on January 29, 2014, when the time for seeking review
by the United States Supreme Court expired. See Harris v. Dinwiddie,
642 F.3d 902, 906, n.6 (10th Cir. 2011) (“The statute [of limitations]
d[oes] not start to run until ... the day following the certiorari
The limitation period then ran until plaintiff filed his state
post-conviction action on September 15, 2014, which tolled the
limitation period after 229 days, with 136 days remaining in the
The KSC denied review on June 14, 2017, and the limitation period
began to run again on June 15, 2017. It expired 136 days later on
October 28, 2017.
Because petitioner did not commence this action until February
2018, he failed to bring this action within the one-year limitation
period under AEDPA. Unless petitioner is entitled to equitable
tolling, this matter is subject to dismissal.
IT IS, THEREFORE, BY THE COURT ORDERED petitioner is granted to
and including March 30, 2018, to identify any grounds for equitable
tolling and to show cause why this matter should not be dismissed as
time-barred. The failure to file a timely response may result in the
dismissal of this matter without additional prior notice.
IT IS SO ORDERED.
This 6th day of March, 2018, at Topeka, Kansas.
S/ Sam A. Crow
SAM A. CROW
U.S. Senior District Judge
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