McRoberts (ID 117607) v. State of Kansas

Filing 3

NOTICE AND ORDER TO SHOW CAUSE ENTERED: Petitioner's motion to proceed in forma pauperis, (Doc. 2 ), is granted. Petitioner is granted to and including August 16, 2021, to advise the Court, in writing, why this matter should not be dismissed as time-barred. Signed by U.S. Senior District Judge Sam A. Crow on 07/14/21. Mailed to pro se party Anthony McRoberts by regular mail. (smnd)

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IN THE UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT FOR THE DISTRICT OF KANSAS ANTHONY McROBERTS, Petitioner, v. CASE NO. 21-3160-SAC STATE OF KANSAS, Respondent. NOTICE AND ORDER TO SHOW CAUSE This matter is a petition for writ of habeas corpus filed pursuant to 28 U.S.C. § 2254. Petitioner, an inmate at Hutchinson Correctional Facility (HCF) serving a state sentence, proceeds pro se and the Court grants Petitioner’s motion to proceed in forma pauperis (Doc. 2). The Court has conducted an initial review of the Petition under Rule 4 of the Rules Governing Section 2254 Cases in the United States District Courts and enters the following order. Background Petitioner pled no contest to and was convicted of attempted rape; the District Court of Wyandotte County, Kansas sentenced him to a term of imprisonment in October 2017. (Doc. 1, p. 1.) The Wyandotte County District Court (WCDC) Clerk’s Office has informed this Court that Petitioner did not pursue a direct appeal from his criminal conviction and sentence. On April 27, 2020, Petitioner filed in WCDC a motion for post-conviction relief under K.S.A. 601507.1 The motion was denied and on June 3, 2021, Petitioner filed In the petition, (Doc. 1, p. 2.) He the WCDC Clerk has Petitioner’s civil 1 Petitioner asserts that he appealed from his conviction. provides the case number of his appeal as 2020 CV 275, but informed the Court that this case number is associated with post-conviction state habeas action under K.S.A. 60-1507. in WCDC a motion to docket his appeal out of time. It does not appear that the WCDC has ruled on this motion. Petitioner filed the § 2254 petition now before this Court on July 9, 2021. (Doc. 1.) Analysis This petition is subject to the one-year limitation period established by the Anti-Terrorism and Effective Death Penalty Act (“AEDPA”) in 28 U.S.C. § 2244(d). Section 2244(d)(1) provides: A 1-year period of limitation shall apply to an application for a writ of habeas corpus by a person in custody pursuant to the judgment of a State court. The limitation period shall run from the latest of – (A) The date on which the judgment became final by the conclusion of direct review or the expiration of the time for seeking such review; (B) the date on which the impediment to filing an application created by State action in violation of the Constitution or laws of the United States is removed, if the applicant was prevented from filing by such State action; (C) the date on which the constitutional right asserted was initially recognized by the Supreme Court, if the right has been newly recognized by the Supreme Court and made retroactively applicable to cases on collateral review; or (D) the date on which the factual predicate of the claim or claims presented could have been discovered through the exercise of due diligence. 28 U.S.C. § 2244(d)(1). The limitation period generally runs from the date the judgment becomes “final.” See Preston v. Gibson, 234 F.3d 1118, 1120 (10th Cir. 2000). “[D]irect review” does not conclude until the availability of direct appeal to the state courts and request for review to the Supreme Court have been exhausted. Jimenez v. Quarterman, 555 U.S. 113, 119 (2009). The one-year period of limitation begins to run the day after a conviction is final. See Harris v. Dinwiddie, 642 F.3d 902, 906 n.6 (10th Cir. 2011). The statute also contains a tolling provision: The time during which a properly filed application for State post-conviction or other collateral review with respect to the pertinent judgment or claim is pending shall not be counted toward any period of limitation under this subsection. 28 U.S.C. § 2244(d)(2). In addition, the one-year limitation period is subject to equitable tolling. Holland v. Florida, 560 U.S. 631, 645 (2010). Equitable tolling is “a rare remedy to be applied in unusual circumstances” and a petitioner seeking equitable tolling “bears a strong burden to show specific facts to support his claim of extraordinary circumstances and due diligence.” Al-Yousif v. Trani, 779 F.3d 1173, 1179 (10th Cir. 2015)(internal quotation marks omitted). It is available only “when an inmate diligently pursues his claims and demonstrates that the failure to timely file was caused by extraordinary circumstances beyond his control.” Marsh v. Soares, 223 F.3d 1217, 1220 (10th Cir. 2000); McQuiggin v. Perkins, 569 U.S. 383, 391 (2013). “‘[A] garden variety claim of excusable neglect’ . . . does not warrant equitable tolling.” Holland, 560 U.S. at 651-52 (quoting Irwin v. Dept. of Veterans Affairs, 498 U.S. 89, 96 (1990)). Similarly, “‘ignorance of the law, even for an incarcerated pro se petitioner, generally does not excuse prompt filing.’” Marsh, 223 F.3d at 1220 (quoting Fisher v. Johnson, 174 F.3d 710, 714 (5th Cir. 1999)). Circumstances that may warrant equitable tolling include “for example, when a prisoner is actually innocent, when an adversary’s conduct – or other uncontrollable circumstances – prevents a prisoner from timely filing or when a prisoner actively pursues judicial remedies but files a deficient pleading during the statutory period.” Lopez v. Trani, 628 F.3d 1228, 1229 (10th Cir. 2010)(quoting Gibson v. Klinger, 232 F.3d 799, 808 (10th Cir. 2000)). Misconduct or “egregious behavior” by an attorney also may warrant equitable tolling. Holland, 560 U.S. at 651. A prisoner seeking equitable tolling on the ground of actual innocence “must establish that, in light of new evidence, ‘it is more likely than not that no reasonable juror would have found petitioner guilty beyond a reasonable doubt.’” House v. Bell, 547 U.S. 518, 536-37 (2006) (quoting Schlup v. Delo, 513 U.S. 298, 327 (1995)). The prisoner must come forward with “‘new reliable evidence – whether it be exculpatory scientific evidence, trustworthy eyewitness accounts, or critical physical evidence – that was not presented at trial.’” House, 547 U.S. at 537 (quoting Schlup, 513 U.S. at 324). In Kansas, “[f]or crimes committed on or after July 1, 1993, the defendant shall have 14 days after the judgment of the district court to appeal.” K.S.A. 22-3608(c). “The final judgment in a criminal case is the sentence.” State v. Weekes, 308 Kan. 1245, 1249 (2018) (citing State v. Van Winkle, 256 Kan. 890, 895 (1995)). Petitioner was sentenced on October 13, 2017, so he had until October 27, 2017, to appeal. The AEDPA’s one-year limitation period began to run on October 28, 2017 and expired on October 28, 2018. Because Petitioner did not file his federal habeas petition until July 9, 2021, this action is not timely and is subject to dismissal unless petitioner can establish grounds for equitable tolling.2 The Court therefore directs petitioner to show cause on or before August 16, 2021, why this matter should not be dismissed due to his failure to commence this action within the one-year limitation period. The failure to file a timely response may result in the dismissal of this matter without additional notice. IT IS THEREFORE ORDERED THAT Petitioner’s motion to proceed in forma pauperis, (Doc. 2), is granted. IT IS FURTHER ORDERED THAT Petitioner is granted to and including August 16, 2021, to advise the Court, in writing, why this matter should not be dismissed as time-barred. IT IS SO ORDERED. DATED: This 14th day of July, 2021, at Topeka, Kansas. S/ Sam A. Crow SAM A. CROW U.S. Senior District Judge Although the limitation period may be tolled postconviction or other collateral proceedings before the Court indicates that Petitioner did until 2020, well after the one-year limitation petition had expired. (Doc. 1-1, p. 1-6.) 2 during properly filed in state court, the information not file his 60-1507 motion period for a federal habeas

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