Cooper Clinic, P.A. v. Pulse Systems, Inc.
MEMORANDUM AND ORDER granting in part and denying in part 56 Motion to Compel. See Order for details. Signed by Magistrate Judge Gerald L. Rushfelt on 1/30/17. (kao)
IN THE UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT
FOR THE DISTRICT OF KANSAS
COOPER CLINIC, P.A.,
Case No. 14-1305-JAR-GLR
PULSE SYSTEMS, INC.,
PULSE SYSTEMS, INC.,
COOPER CLINIC, P.A.,
MEMORANDUM AND ORDER
Plaintiff Cooper Clinic, P.A. brings this action against Defendant Pulse Systems, Inc., for
declaratory relief and damages, based upon alleged deficiencies in software and services
Defendant sold to Plaintiff pursuant to a contract between the parties. Defendant has filed a
counterclaim for Plaintiff’s alleged breach of the contract. The matter comes before the Court on
Plaintiff’s Motion to Compel Discovery (Doc. 56). Plaintiff certifies, pursuant to Fed. R. Civ. P.
37(a)(1) and D. Kan. Rule 37.2, that it has made good faith efforts to confer with Defendant
regarding this discovery dispute. The motion is fully briefed, and the Court is prepared to rule.
For the reasons stated in detail below, the Court grants in part and denies in part the motion to
Claims and Counterclaim
Plaintiff is a multi-specialty medical clinic, serving the Fort Smith, Arkansas, region.
Defendant is a business that provides software to healthcare providers. This action arises out of
an Information System Agreement (“Agreement”) and Addendum, entered into by the parties in
June 2013. Defendant allegedly agreed to install, implement and service practice management
system (“PMS”) software and electronic health record (“EHR”) software. The parties agreed
that the software would meet certain minimum requirements and would perform as Defendant
demonstrated. Plaintiff alleges that during Defendant’s demonstrations, which were not in a live
environment, the PMS software exhibited the same or increased functionality as compared to the
software Plaintiff was using at the time. Leading up to the software “going live,” Defendant
allegedly told Plaintiff that claims submitted through the PMS software would have a 93 percent
to 96 percent payor acceptance rate. The Agreement provided for a “Production Date” and
“Conversion Date” for the software, but final implementation was delayed until November 11,
Plaintiff alleges that it encountered multiple problems with the software from the start.
For example, beginning on November 11, 2013, Plaintiff was unable to view the status of
pending medical claims submitted through the PMS software, and Medicare and other payors
were rejecting claims submitted through the software. Plaintiff claims that Defendant, although
aware the PMS software was submitting claims improperly, did not notify Plaintiff of this fact.
Plaintiff further alleges that Defendant was resubmitting claims multiple times to Medicare and
other payors, and that Defendant lost Plaintiff’s charges in its system, resulting in no Medicare or
other payor payments. As a result, Plaintiff allegedly experienced an approximately $1.3 million
shortfall in Medicare and other payments, and was forced to borrow $1.5 million to avoid
bankruptcy. Plaintiff attaches several “open issue lists” to its Complaint, which purportedly
reflect some of the deficiencies it encountered. The PMS software allegedly cannot properly
format some claims sent to payors, thereby reducing the acceptance rate for Plaintiff’s claims
and reducing its cash flow and delaying reimbursement for medical services.
Plaintiff also alleges that it experienced “a number of [s]oftware deficiencies” with the
EHR.1 For example, the EHR cannot produce the required advanced beneficiary notice
(“ABN”) to Medicare patients or send appropriate billing modifiers to the PMS software system.
This requires Plaintiff to complete the ABN by hand and develop a manual process to notify its
business office that an ABN has been signed, so that Plaintiff can submit the claim to Medicare.
Plaintiff estimates that using this manual process has caused it to lose one hour (presumably per
day) for each of the three employees interacting with the ABNs.2
Plaintiff further alleges that it notified Defendant of these deficiencies, associated with
both the PMS software and the EHR software, but Defendant did nothing to resolve the issues
and eventually ceased communicating with Plaintiff. Plaintiff claims these problems constitute
“Showstoppers,” as that term is defined in the Addendum, and thus rise to the level of material
breaches of the Agreement. As a result of these problems, Plaintiff entered into an agreement
with another software provider on September 12, 2014, and began submitting all claims through
this new provider.
Plaintiff seeks declaratory relief to terminate the Agreement and to require Defendant to
submit thereunder to its “orderly transition” obligations. Plaintiff also asserts claims for breach
Doc. 1 at 5.
Id. at 5–6.
of contract, breach of warranty, and fraud. Defendant asserts a counterclaim, alleging that
Plaintiff breached the Agreement by failing to make required payments.
Plaintiff served Defendant with Requests for Production. They include the following
Requests, Numbers 21 through 28:
REQUEST NO. 21: Produce all documents and e-mails reflecting
problems, issues or deficiencies with performance of the PMS licensed
to providers other than Cooper.
REQUEST NO. 22: Produce all documents and e-mails reflecting
problems, issues or deficiencies with performance of the EHR licensed
to providers other than Cooper.
REQUEST NO. 23: Produce all documents and e-mails relating to
claims for providers other than Cooper, which Pulse was unable to
submit through the PMS.
REQUEST NO. 24: Produce all documents and e-mails relating to
claims for providers other than Cooper, which were submitted through
the PMS and rejected by Medicare or other payors.
REQUEST NO. 25: Produce all documents and e-mails reflecting
claims for providers other than Cooper, which Pulse submitted two or
more times to Medicare or other payors.
REQUEST NO. 26: Produce all documents and e-mails reflecting
formatting errors or issues with claims for providers other than Cooper,
which were submitted through the PMS.
REQUEST NO. 27: Produce all complaints, criticisms and concerns
regarding the PMS received from providers other than Cooper.
REQUEST NO. 28: Produce all complaints, criticisms and concerns
regarding the EHR received from providers other than Cooper.
REQUEST NO. 29: Produce all answers and responses to
Interrogatories, Requests for Production, and Requests for Admissions
which Pulse has served in any lawsuit or arbitration concerning the
PMS and/or EHR.
Defendant objected to Requests 21 through 28 as overbroad and unduly burdensome. It
objected to Request 29 as overbroad as to time and subject matter. In response, Plaintiff
proposed limiting Requests 21 through 26 to complaints, documents and e-mails concerning
issues “similar to the case at hand,” and proposed limiting Requests 27 and 28 to “customer
complaints which are similar to Cooper’s complaints.”3 Plaintiff also proposed limiting the
timeframes for documents in Requests 21 through 28 to June 4, 2010, through September 15,
2014, and in Request 29 to June 4, 2010 through the present.4 Counsel for the parties engaged in
several rounds of communication, in which Defendant further explained its objections. Plaintiff
further refined its Requests and argued their relevancy and its need for them. The parties could
not resolve the dispute,5 and Plaintiff filed the instant motion.
Federal Rule of Civil Procedure 26(b)(1) provides, in relevant part, that
Parties may obtain discovery regarding any nonprivileged matter that is relevant
to any party’s claim or defense and proportional to the needs of the case,
considering the importance of the issues at stake in the action, the amount in
controversy, the parties’ relative access to relevant information, the parties’
resources, the importance of the discovery in resolving the issues, and whether the
burden or expense of the proposed discovery outweighs its likely benefit.6
When the discovery sought appears relevant, the party resisting the discovery has the
burden to establish the lack of relevance by demonstrating that the requested discovery (1) does
not come within the scope of relevance as defined under Fed. R. Civ. P. 26(b)(1), or (2) is of
such marginal relevance that the potential harm occasioned by discovery would outweigh the
Defendant states in its Response that it believed all issues between the parties regarding discovery disputes
were resolved. Doc. 57 at 1.
Fed. R. Civ. P. 26(b)(1).
ordinary presumption in favor of broad disclosure.7 Conversely, when the request is overly
broad on its face or when relevancy is not readily apparent, the party seeking discovery has the
burden to show the relevancy of the request.8
This Court “looks with disfavor on conclusory or boilerplate objections that discovery
requests are irrelevant, immaterial, unduly burdensome, or overly broad.”9 The party filing a
motion to compel has the initial burden of addressing each boilerplate objection in its motion,
and by doing so, that party brings the objection “into play” and places the burden on the
objecting party to support its objections.10 “[T]he objecting party must specifically show in its
response to the motion to compel, despite the broad and liberal construction afforded by the
federal discovery rules, how each request for production or interrogatory is objectionable.”11
As a threshold matter, Defendant argues that Plaintiff has failed to meet its burden of
addressing each of Defendant’s objections to the Requests in its motion to compel, and thus the
motion is not ripe for consideration. A cursory review of the motion, however, demonstrates that
Plaintiff adequately addressed the objections.12 While it might have addressed the objections
more specifically or directly, it nonetheless brought them “into play” and analyzed them in its
reply. The Court, therefore, finds that the motion is ripe for consideration. Having resolved this
initial matter, the Court addresses the objections.
Owens v. Sprint/United Mgmt. Co., 221 F.R.D. 649, 652 (D. Kan. 2004) (citation omitted).
Id. (citation omitted).
Sonnino v. Univ. of Kan. Hosp. Auth., 221 F.R.D. 661, 670 (D. Kan. 2004) (quoting Miner v. Kendall, No.
96-1126-MLB, 1997 WL 695587, at *1 (D. Kan. Sept. 17, 1997)).
Id. at 671 n.37.
Id. at 670–71.
See Doc. 56.
Defendant argues that each of Plaintiff’s Requests is overly broad and unduly
burdensome. “As this Court has previously noted, a request may be overly broad or unduly
burdensome on its face ‘if it is couched in such broad language as to make arduous the task of
deciding which of numerous documents may conceivably fall within its scope.’”13 The use of
omnibus terms—such as “relating to,” “pertaining to,” or “concerning”—may signal an overly
broad request when the term modifies a general category or broad range of documents.14 Such a
request for a broad range of documents “requires the respondent either to guess or move through
mental gymnastics . . . to determine which of many pieces of paper may conceivably contain
some detail either obvious or hidden, within the scope of the request.”15 “When, however, the
omnibus phrase modifies a sufficiently specific type of information, document, or event, rather
than large or general categories of information or documents, the request will not be deemed
objectionable on its face.”16
Requests 21 and 22
Requests 21 and 22 seek “all documents and e-mails reflecting problems, issues or
deficiencies with performance” of the PMS software (Request 21) and EHR software (Request
22) programs licensed to providers other than Plaintiff. Defendant argues that these requests are
overbroad because the omnibus term “reflecting” modifies a general category or broad range of
documents, i.e., “problems, issues or deficiencies with performance” of the software. Defendant
also asserts that these Requests “remain unlimited in time.”
Cardenas v. Dorel Juvenile Grp., Inc., 232 F.R.D. 377, 382 (D. Kan. 2005) (quoting Audiotext Commc’ns
Network, Inc. v. U.S. Telecom., Inc., No. 94-2395-GTV, 1995 WL 18759 (D. Kan. Jan. 17, 1995)).
Id. at 381–82.
Id. (quoting Audiotext Commc’ns., 1995 WL 18759, at *1).
Id. at 382 (quoting Sonnino v. Univ. of Kan. Hosp. Auth., 221 F.R.D. 661 (D. Kan. 2004)).
In Cardenas v. Dorel Juvenile Group, Inc., Magistrate Judge David Waxse held that a
request for production of all documents “pertaining to the design of the Maxi-Cosi ‘Side
Protection System’ for [child restraint devices in cars]” was not overbroad.17 Judge Waxse
explained that the omnibus term “pertaining to” did not modify a general category of documents,
but instead modified “a particular Side Protection System and the side impact testing of a certain
group of child restraint devices.”18 Here, Requests 21 and 22 seek documents related to specific
software programs. Further, the omnibus term “reflecting” modifies “problems, issues or
deficiencies with performance” of the software programs. This makes clear that Plaintiff is not
seeking documents reflecting problems with customer service, or with implementation of the
software. Unlike the requests at issue in the cases Defendant cites, here the Requests do not seek
“all documents concerning plaintiff” or all documents “that relate to litigation involving the
plaintiff.”19 Rather, Plaintiff seeks—and Defendant is obligated to provide—only documents
that reflect problems with performance of the specific software programs identified. Thus, it is
clear that the Requests do not, contrary to Defendant’s assertion, require production of “every
customer comment to Pulse from any customer.”20 Additionally, although Defendant suggests
that these Requests are “unlimited in time,” Plaintiff suggested during informal attempts to
resolve this discovery dispute that the time frame be limited to June 4, 2010 through September
15, 2014.21 Applying this time limitation, the Court finds the Requests are not overly broad.
232 F.R.D. 377, 381–82 (D. Kan. 2005).
Id. at 382.
Pulsecard, Inc. v. Discover Card Servs., Inc., No. Civ. A. 94-2304-EEO, 1996 WL 397567, at *10 (D.
Kan. July 11, 1996); Aikens v. Deluxe Fin. Servs., Inc., 217 F.R.D. 533, 538 (D. Kan. 2003); Bradley v. Val-Mejias,
No. 00-2395-GTV, 2001 WL 1249339, at *6 (D. Kan. Oct. 9, 2001).
Doc. 57 at 7.
Doc. 56-2 at 1.
The Court also finds that the Requests are not unduly burdensome. Defendant estimates
that it will take 140 to 160 hours to search its electronically stored information and an additional
140 to 160 hours to search physical documents for information related to the Requests here at
issue. Defense counsel will also need to review the documents before production. The Court
understands that complying with these Requests will place a burden on Defendant and its
counsel. This burden, however, is mitigated by the time limitation applied to the Requests, as
well as the fact that the they seek e-mails and documents related only to performance issues of
the PMS software and EHR software. Although production may be burdensome, moreover, the
Court is not convinced that it will be unduly burdensome, given the importance of the discovery
in resolving the issues and the parties’ relative access to the relevant information.22 There is no
dispute Defendant is the only party with reasonable access to documents and e-mails that may
reflect problems and issues about performance of the PMS and EHR softwares. Documents that
reflect problems, issues, and deficiencies with the software, which Defendant allegedly had
during the requested time period, may be highly relevant to the fraud claim. The Court finds,
therefore, that the Requests are neither overly broad nor unduly burdensome. It overrules the
objections to Requests 21 and 22. Defendant shall produce all documents and e-mails responsive
to these Requests and created between June 4, 2010 and September 15, 2014.
Requests 23 Through 25
Requests 23 through 25 seek production of “all documents and e-mails reflecting claims
for providers other than Cooper,” which either (1) Defendant was unable to submit through the
PMS software; (2) were submitted through the PMS software and Medicare or other payors
rejected; or (3) which Defendant submitted two or more times to Medicare or other payors.
Fed. R. Civ. P. 26(b)(1).
Defendant argues that these Requests are overly broad and unduly burdensome, in that they seek
a general category of documents and use the omnibus term “relating to” without reference to any
limiting descriptors. Defendant contends that “[t]he coupling of the word [‘]reflecting[’] with
the word [‘]claims,[’] in this particular case, would include every document that went through
the PMS because only claims go through the PMS.”23 As the Requests themselves make clear,
however, Plaintiff does not seek every document that went through the PMS software, but rather
only certain claims that were unsuccessfully submitted. This distinction is important, because it
demonstrates that production of only documents related to specific categories of claims is
required, rather than production as to all claims. Accordingly, the Court finds that these
Requests are not overly broad.
The Court further finds that the Requests are not unduly burdensome for three reasons.
First, as Defendant acknowledges, the term “claims” has a specific definition, which will make
searching for documents related to the claims more efficient.24 Second, like Requests 21 and 22,
Plaintiff proposed limiting the relevant time frame for Requests 23 through 25 to June 4, 2010
through September 15, 2014.25 Applying this time frame will reduce the burden of production as
to Requests 23 through 25. Finally, Defendant argues that “[t]he contract between [Plaintiff] and
[Defendant] did not obligate [Defendant] to send claims on behalf of [Plaintiff]. Instead,
[Plaintiff] was responsible for sending its claims to the respective payers [sic].”26 If Defendant’s
assertion is correct, then the burden of production with regard to Requests 23 and 25 will be
Doc. 57 at 8.
Id. (“the ‘claims’ are the requests for payment submitted by other customers of Pulse to insurance
carriers, Medicaid, Medicare, etc”).
Doc. 56-2 at 1.
slight, because those Requests relate to claims submitted directly by Defendant.27 If, however,
Defendant is incorrect, then production of documents and e-mails related to those ultimately
unsuccessful claims submitted by Pulse will be relevant to Plaintiff’s claims. Under either
scenario, the burden of production does not outweigh the benefit and relevancy of the requested
information.28 For these reasons the Court finds that Requests 23 through 25 are not overly
broad or unduly burdensome. The Court thus denies Defendant’s objections. Defendant shall
produce all documents and e-mails relevant to these Requests created between June 4, 2010 and
September 15, 2014.
Request 26 seeks production of “all documents and e-mails reflecting formatting errors or
issues with claims for providers other than [Plaintiff], which were submitted through the PMS.”
Defendant repeats its objections that this Request is overly broad and unduly burdensome.
Although this Request is similar to Requests 23 through 25, there are several key differences.
First, Request 26 does not apply to a specific category of claims, but instead applies to
documents that reflect formatting errors or issues for all claims that were submitted through the
PMS software. Second, unlike Requests 23 and 25, Request 26 applies to claims submitted
either by Defendant or a customer. Finally, and perhaps most importantly, the terms “formatting
errors” and “issues” do not appear well defined in this context. As used here, “issues” may
encompass user errors, noncompliance with payor rules, or other issues not relevant to this
The remaining burden of production as to Request 24 would also be relatively slight, because Request 24
is limited to claims that “were submitted through the PMS software and rejected by Medicare or other payors.”
Fed. R. Civ. P. 26(b)(1); see Ardent Mills, LLC v. Archer-Daniels-Midland Co., No. 12-2171-EFM, 2014
WL 7236760, at *5 (D. Kan. Dec. 17, 2014) (quoting Heartland Surgical Specialty Hosp. v. Midwest Div., Inc., No.
05-2164-MLB-DWB, 2007 WL 3171768, at *2 (D. Kan. Oct. 29, 2007)) (“when considering an undue burden
objection, the court considers whether the burden or expense of complying with a discovery request ‘is unreasonable
in light of the benefits to be secured from discovery’”).
case.29 Searching for any formatting errors or issues with respect to all claims that were
submitted through the PMS software would create a burden of production disproportionate to the
benefit of the information. Accordingly, the Court sustains Defendant’s objections to Request
Requests 27 and 28
Requests 27 and 28 seek production of “all complaints, criticisms and concerns regarding
the [PMS software or EHR software] received from providers other than [Plaintiff].” Defendant
repeats its objections that these Requests are overly broad and unduly burdensome. These
Requests are similar to Requests 21 and 22, which seek documents and e-mails “reflecting
problems, issues or deficiencies with performance” of the software programs. Additionally, the
information sought here would be relevant to Plaintiff’s fraud claim, as it would potentially
demonstrate notice of problems with the software programs.
Requests 27 and 28, however, are more broad than Requests 21 and 22. Requests 27 and
28 seek all complaints, criticisms, and concerns regarding the PMS software or EHR software,
regardless of the subject of the complaints. Whereas Requests 21 and 22 were limited to
performance of the software, Requests 27 and 28 cast a wider net, and may require production of
non-relevant information, including complaints about implementation of the software. The
interests served by such a broad request simply cannot overcome Defendant’s legitimate
concerns about the burden of production. This is especially true where the Court is already
allowing discovery of documents reflecting problems as to the performance of the software,
The use of the term “issues” here is quite different from the use of “issues” in Requests 21 and 22. There,
the Requests make clear that only documents reflecting “issues” as to performance of the PMS software or EHR
software are sought, whereas here documents reflecting “issues” as to any claims submitted through the PMS
software are sought.
which cuts to the heart of this litigation. Accordingly, the Court sustains Defendant’s objections
as to Requests 27 and 28.
Request 29 seeks production of “all answers and responses to Interrogatories, Requests
for Production, and Requests for Admissions which [Defendant] has served in any lawsuit or
arbitration concerning the PMS and/or EHR.” Defendant argues that the Request is overly
broad, requiring production of information concerning collection actions, intellectual property
disputes, and other irrelevant litigation. Defendant also asserts that the Request is not tied to a
specific time frame.
In attempting to resolve this dispute, it appears the parties came close to a solution as to
Request 29, except as to the time frame for production.30 Defendant agreed to provide
information as to lawsuits, arbitrations, and/or mediations for claims similar to Plaintiff’s that
took place between June 2010 and September 2014. Plaintiff maintained its request for this
information, with a time frame of June 2010 through the present. The Court finds that with the
caveat previously discussed by the parties—that production would include information only as to
lawsuits, arbitrations, and/or mediations for claims similar to those of Plaintiff’s—the Request is
not overly broad. Applying this limitation will ensure that Defendant is not obligated to provide
information as to wholly irrelevant litigation.31 Additionally, although applying the time frame
Plaintiff proposed may add to Defendant’s burden of production, this added burden does not
appear significant, especially in light of the potential that discovery responses in other cases
during this extended time period may shed light on what Defendant may have known as to the
performance of the PMS software and EHR software. Therefore, the Court denies Defendant’s
See Doc. 56-6; Doc. 56-7.
See Doc. 57 at 12–13.
objection as to Request 29. Defendant shall provide documents related to relevant litigation that
commenced between June 2010 to the present.
Defendant argues that in the event it is compelled to produce the discovery requested by
Plaintiff, the Court should condition such production on the payment of discovery costs by
Plaintiff. Generally, “the presumption is that the responding party must bear the expense of
complying with discovery requests.”32 Pursuant to Fed. R. Civ. P. 26(c), however, courts have
broad discretion to protect a responding party from undue burden by conditioning discovery on
the requesting party’s payment of the costs of discovery or by restricting discovery.33 Because of
the presumption that the responding party should bear the expense of complying with the
requests, it bears the burden to establish that the discovery expense would be excessive and thus
justify cost-shifting. In determining whether to impose discovery costs upon the requesting
party, courts typically consider the factors set forth in Rule 26(b)(1). These include “the
importance of the issues at stake in the action, the amount in controversy, the parties’ relative
access to relevant information, the parties’ resources, the importance of the discovery in
resolving the issues, and whether the burden or expense of the proposed discovery outweighs its
The Court has considered the Rule 26(b)(1) factors in ruling on Defendant’s objections to
Plaintiff’s Requests. It has also restricted discovery in several ways and sustained the objections
to Requests that were indeed overly broad or unduly burdensome. The Court does not find that
the remaining Requests are overly broad or unduly burdensome in light of the Rule 26(b)(1)
Foreclosure Mgmt. Co. v. Asset Mgmt. Holdings, LLC, No. 07-2388-DJW, 2008 WL 3822773, at *7 (D.
Kan. Aug. 13, 2008) (quoting Oppenheimer Fund, Inc. v. Sanders, 437 U.S. 340, 358 (1978)).
Id. (citing Oppenheimer Fund, 437 U.S. 340; Fed. R. Civ. P. 34, advisory committee note, 1970 Am.).
Fed. R. Civ. P. 26(b)(1).
factors in this case. Further, although providing an affidavit, stating that the estimated time
necessary to comply with the Requests ranges from 280 to 320 hours, it has provided no estimate
cost for the compliance. The estimated number of 280 to 320 hours, however, should be
substantially reduced, because of the limitations the Court has placed on the content and time
frames for the production. Thus, the Court finds no adequate evidence or suggestion that cost
shifting, as allowed by Rule 26(c), should be employed to protect Defendant from unduly
burdensome discovery. Accordingly, it denies the request for discovery costs.
Plaintiff’s Requests 21 through 25 are not overly broad or unduly burdensome in light of
the importance of the issues at stake in this action, the parties’ relative access to relevant
information, the importance of the discovery in resolving the issues, and the balancing of the
expense of the proposed discovery against its likely benefit.35 The Court therefore overrules
Defendant’s objections as to these Requests. By contrast, Requests 26 through 28 are overly
broad and would impose a substantial burden on Defendant. Accordingly, the Court sustains
Defendant’s objections to these Requests. The Court also finds that Request 29 is not overly
broad and not unduly burdensome if Defendant is obligated to produce only responses to
discovery requests in litigation involving claims similar to those of Plaintiff’s, from June 2010 to
present. Finally, because the Court finds that the Requests that remain are not overly broad or
unduly burdensome, the Court denies Defendant’s request for discovery costs.
IT IS THEREFORE ORDERED BY THE COURT that Plaintiff Cooper Clinic,
P.A.’s Motion to Compel Discovery (Doc. 56) is granted as to Requests 21, 22, 23, 24, and 25.
Defendant shall produce all relevant documents and e-mails created between June 4, 2010 and
September 15, 2014. Defendant shall produce all relevant documents and e-mails in response to
these Requests by no later than 45 days after the issuance of this Order.
IT IS FURTHER ORDERED BY THE COURT that Plaintiff Cooper Clinic, P.A.’s
Motion to Compel Discovery (Doc. 56) is granted as to Request 29. Defendant shall produce
all answers and responses to Interrogatories, Requests for Production, and Requests for
Admissions which Defendant has served in any lawsuit, arbitration, or mediation involving
claims similar to those of Plaintiff’s, which commenced between June 4, 2010 and the present.
Defendant shall produce all relevant documents in response to this Request by no later than 45
days after the issuance of this Order.
IT IS FURTHER ORDERED BY THE COURT that Plaintiff Cooper Clinic, P.A.’s
Motion to Compel Discovery (Doc. 56) is denied as to Requests 26, 27, and 28.
IT IS FURTHER ORDERED BY THE COURT that Defendant Pulse System, Inc.’s
request for discovery costs is denied.
Dated: January 30, 2017
/s Gerald L. Rushfelt
Gerald L. Rushfelt
U.S. Magistrate Judge
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