Mayfield et al v. Harvey County Sheriff's Department et al
MEMORANDUM AND ORDER denying 114 Motion to Compel and for Sanctions. Signed by Magistrate Judge Kenneth G. Gale on 6/9/17. Mailed to pro se party Kent Mayfield, Tonya Mayfield by regular mail. (df)
IN THE UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT
FOR THE DISTRICT OF KANSAS
KENT MAYFIELD and
Case No. 14-1307-JTM-KGG
ORDER DENYING MOTION FOR SANCTIONS
Plaintiffs bring their “Motion to Compel Evidence and Impose Sanctions for
Non-Compliance” (Doc. 114) in relation to a subpoena sent to non-party Harvey
County Sheriff’s Department (hereinafter “Sheriff’s Department”). The Court
DENIES the motion on procedural and substantive grounds.
It is undisputed that the subpoena at issue was mailed to the Sheriff’s
Department as well as to counsel for Defendant Bethards. Federal Rule of Civil
Procedure 45 governs subpoenas. This service was insufficient as service must be
made on the person, not by mail. Fed.R.Civ.P. 45(b)(1). This alone is a sufficient
basis to deny Plaintiffs’ motion.
Plaintiffs also failed to provide the requisite notice that they were going to
issue a subpoena. Subsection (a)(4) of the Rule states that “[i]f the subpoena
commands the production of documents, electronically stored information, or
tangible things or the inspection of premises before trial, then before it is served on
the person to whom it is directed, a notice and a copy of the subpoena must be
served on each party.” As the Sheriff’s Department indicates, Plaintiffs “sent only
their 15-item list without context or describing their intent to seek a subpoena,
failed to file notice of their intent, and has [sic] not filed a certificate of service of
such subpoena.” (Doc. 122, at 3.)
The Sheriff’s Department also contends that Plaintiffs failed to fulfill their
duty to confer pursuant to Fed.R.Civ.P. 37(a)(1) and D. Kan. Rule 37.2 prior to
filing the present motion to compel. This is a prerequisite to the Court entertaining
any motion to compel.
Any of these three procedural issues alone would constitute a sufficient basis
for the Court to deny Plaintiffs’ motion. Even so, the Sheriff’s Department has
also outlined several substantive reasons why the motion should fail.
First, the Sheriff’s Department contends that the scope of the information
requested is irrelevant to what is at issue in this litigation. Plaintiffs allege
violations of their Constitutional rights resulting from the alleged shooting of their
dogs, one of which was killed, by Defendant Deputy Bethards. Unfortunately the
Court is not in a position to rule on this issue because it appears that neither party
has provided the Court with a copy of the subpoena at issue.
Next, the Sheriff’s Department argues that “the burden of compliance is
undue because, among other things, the Mayfields have already sought and
obtained this information from Deputy Bethards.” (Doc. 122, at 4.) It is not
improper for Plaintiffs to request the same information from more than one
individual or entity because they have no way of knowing if one individual has the
exact same information or documents as another individual or entity. In this
instance, however, the Sheriff’s Department indicates that all of its responses
“would be the same as Deputy Bethards’ responses.” (Id.) The Sheriff’s
Department also indicates that because “Deputy Bethards was not in possession of
[all of the relevant] items personally, . . . the Sheriff and county officials worked
with him to produce them” to Plaintiffs. (Id., at 4-5) Given the procedural failures
of the subpoena at issue, the Court finds this affirmation of the Sheriff’s
Department to be sufficient.
Finally, Plaintiffs’ subpoena is improper, and their motion must be denied,
because the Sheriff’s Department was only given 4 days to respond to the
subpoena. Fed.R.Civ.P. 45(d)(3)(A)(I) requires a Court to quash or modify a
subpoena that “fails to allow a reasonable time to comply.”
IT IS THEREFORE ORDERED that Plaintiffs’ “Motion to Compel
Evidence and Impose Sanctions for Non-Compliance” (Doc. 114) is DENIED for
the reasons set forth more specifically above.
IT IS SO ORDERED.
Dated at Wichita, Kansas, on this 9th day of June, 2017.
S/ KENNETH G. GALE
KENNETH G. GALE
United States Magistrate Judge
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