Pennington, Jr. v. Kansas University Medical Center Research Institute, Inc. et al
MEMORANDUM AND ORDER granting 3 Motion for Leave to Proceed in forma pauperis; denying 4 Motion to Appoint Counsel; denying 8 Motion to Appoint Counsel. This document also serves as the Report & Recommendation to the District Court to dismiss certain of Plaintiff's claims and certain of the Defendants named in this case. The document is included in the Court's electronic filing system as twice for administrative/tracking purposes. Signed by Magistrate Judge Kenneth G. Gale on 7/31/17. Mailed to pro se party Bruce Clement Pennington, Jr. by regular mail. (df)
IN THE UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT
FOR THE DISTRICT OF KANSAS
BRUCE CLEMENT PENNINGTON, JR., )
KANSAS UNIVERSITY MEDICAL
CENTER RESEARCH INSTITUTE, et al., )
Case No. 17-1152-EFM-KGG
MEMORANDUM & ORDER ON
MOTION TO PROCEED WITHOUT PREPAYMENT OF FEES,
MOTION FOR APPOINTMENT OF COUNSEL and
REPORT & RECOMMENDATION FOR DISMISSAL
OF CERTAIN CLAIMS AND DEFENDANTS
In conjunction with his federal court Complaint (Doc. 1.), pro se Plaintiff
Bruce Clement Pennington, Jr. has filed a Motion for Leave to Proceed In Forma
Pauperis (Doc. 3, sealed) with accompanying financial affidavit (Doc. 3-1, sealed)
as well as a Motion to Appoint Counsel (Doc. 4, sealed).1 The Court entered a
“Notice of Deficiency” instructing Plaintiff that the Complaint and Motion to
Appoint both included personal identifying information and needed to be redacted
The Court notes that there are multiple Plaintiffs listed in the pro se Complaint
filed by Mr. Pennington. (See Doc. 1, at 1-2.) Plaintiff cannot, however, bring a pro se
case on behalf of other individuals. Any such potential Plaintiffs must be signatories to
the Complaint. The Court will, therefore, treat the Complaint as filed on behalf of
immediately. (See June 26, 2017, text entry.) Thereafter, Plaintiff filed a revised
Motion to Appoint Counsel (Doc. 8). Having reviewed Plaintiff’s motions, as well
as his Complaint, the Court GRANTS IFP application and DENIES Plaintiff’s
request for counsel. The Court does, however, RECOMMEND that Plaintiffs’
claims against certain Defendants be dismissed as well as certain causes of action
be dismissed for failure to state a viable federal cause of action.
Plaintiff’s lengthy, hand-written Complaint generally alleges that he and
other Plaintiffs were abducted and subjected to forced (unconsented) surgery
during which “various medical tellemetric [sic] and neurologil [sic] prosthetic
devices” were implanted in them along with
cochlear electrodes from brain mapping and stimulation,
electrodes for prolonged monitoring of laryngeal
electromyographic signals from the trachea, vocal cords
and tongue, conductive wires and ink, electrode plates,
implanted activa pulse generator’s activa system [sic],
deep brain stimulator ventral tagmental [sic] area targeted
electrode, and a form of remote accessible micro patient
(See generally Doc. 1 and at pg. 17-18.) The causes of action alleged by Plaintiff
include aggravated kidnapping, aggravated robbery, torture, violations of the
Electronic Communications Privacy Act, theft of intellectual property, a violation
of the right to equality, and a violation of religious rights. (Id., at 25-28.)
Plaintiff brings his claims against the Kansas University Medical Research
Initiative and at least 22 doctors and other individuals associated with KUMRI.
Additional Defendants include at least three other doctors as well as “Medtronic
Public Limited Company,” Wesley Hospital, and Via Christi Medical Center.
The crux of Plaintiff’s allegations is that he was kidnapped by men in
surgical scrubs and firefighter uniforms and forced to submit to unwanted surgery
during which electronic surveillance devices were implanted in him for a nefarious
purpose, theoretically motivated by revenge for money he was accused of owing
one of the non-KUMRI affiliated doctors. Somehow, according to Plaintiff, his
angering this doctor is related to “studies” being conducted by Defendant KUMRI
in conjunction with Defendant Medtronic. These alleged “series of research
the Medtronic Bio Initiative, the Obama Brain Initiative,
Christian Lechner’s Rewiring the Adictive [sic] Brain
Using Deep Brain Stimulation, Remote Bio Tellemitry
[sic] and Brain Mapping and several similar studies
involving manipulation and altering of the human mind
using frequency based and milla amp [sic] stimulation of
the human brain.
(Id., at 15.) Plaintiff contends these “chronic research studies” are being “practiced
and taught by the Defendants on unwilling and many times unaware victims,
including the Plaintiffs.” (Id., at 15-16.)
Motion to Proceed In Forma Pauperis
Under 28 U.S.C. § 1915(a), a federal court may authorize commencement of
an action without prepayment of fees, costs, etc., by a person who lacks financial
means. 28 U.S.C. § 1915(a). In so doing, the court considers the affidavit of
financial status included with the application. See id.
There is a liberal policy toward permitting proceedings in forma pauperis
when necessary to ensure that the courts are available to all citizens, not just those
who can afford to pay. See generally, Yellen v. Cooper, 828 F.2d 1471 (10th Cir.
1987). In construing the application and affidavit, courts generally seek to
compare an applicant’s monthly expenses to monthly income. See Patillo v. N.
Am. Van Lines, Inc., No. 02-2162, 2002 WL 1162684, at *1 (D.Kan. Apr. 15,
2002); Webb v. Cessna Aircraft, No. 00-2229, 2000 WL 1025575, at *1 (D.Kan.
July 17, 2000) (denying motion because “Plaintiff is employed, with monthly
income exceeding her monthly expenses by approximately $600.00”).
In his supporting financial affidavit, Plaintiff, who is incarcerated, indicates
he is 40 years old and married with one dependant child for whom he cannot
provide monthly financial assistance while he is incarcerated. (Doc. 3-1, sealed, at
1-2.) He does, however, owe a significant amount of past child support. (Id., at 5.)
He is currently unemployed during his incarceration. (Id., at 2.) He does not own
an automobile or real property. (Id., at 3-4.)
Plaintiff lists no cash on hand. (Id., at 4.) The only income he indicates is a
small amount of welfare payments. (Id.) He has not filed for bankruptcy. (Id. at
Considering all of the information contained in his financial affidavit, the
Court finds that Plaintiff has established that his access to the Court would be
significantly limited absent the ability to file this action without payment of fees
and costs. The Court thus GRANTS Plaintiff leave to proceed in forma pauperis.
(Doc. 3, sealed.)
Motion for Appointment of Counsel.
Plaintiff has also filed motions requesting the appointment of counsel.
(Docs. 4, 8.) The Tenth Circuit has identified four factors to be considered when a
court is deciding whether to appoint counsel for an individual: (1) plaintiff’s
ability to afford counsel, (2) plaintiff’s diligence in searching for counsel, (3) the
merits of plaintiff’s case, and (4) plaintiff’s capacity to prepare and present the case
without the aid of counsel. McCarthy v. Weinberg, 753 F.2d 836, 838-39 (10th
Cir. 1985) (listing factors applicable to applications under the IFP statute); Castner
v. Colorado Springs Cablevision, 979 F.2d 1417, 1421 (10th Cir. 1992) (listing
factors applicable to applications under Title VII). Thoughtful and prudent use of
the appointment power is necessary so that willing counsel may be located without
the need to make coercive appointments. The indiscriminate appointment of
volunteer counsel to undeserving claims will waste a precious resource and may
discourage attorneys from donating their time. Castner, 979 F.2d at 1421.
As discussed above, Plaintiff’s financial situation would make it impossible
for him to afford counsel. The second Castner factor is Plaintiff’s diligence in
searching for counsel. Plaintiff’s handwritten motion indicates that he has
contacted five attorneys requesting representation. The Court finds that this is
sufficient to establish his diligence in this regard.
The next Castner factor is the merits of Plaintiff’s case. See McCarthy, 753
F.2d at 838-39 (10th Cir. 1985); Castner, 979 F.2d at 1421. For the reasons set
forth in Section IV, infra, the Court has serious concerns regarding the viability of
Plaintiff’s claims. The Court, however, finds that he has plead sufficient facts for
two of his causes of action to survive as to several of the Defendants he has named.
The appointment of counsel will, therefore, turn on the Court’s analysis of
the final Castner factor – Plaintiff’s capacity to prepare and present the case
without the aid of counsel. 979 F.2d at 1420-21. In considering this factor, the
Court must look to the complexity of the legal issues and Plaintiff’s ability to
gather and present crucial facts. Id., at 1422. The Court finds that the factual and
legal issues in this case are not unusually complex. Cf. Kayhill v. Unified Govern.
of Wyandotte, 197 F.R.D. 454, 458 (D.Kan. 2000) (finding that the “factual and
legal issues” in a case involving a former employee’s allegations of race, religion,
sex, national origin, and disability discrimination were “not complex”). Further,
Plaintiff has drafted his federal court Complaint with an abundance of detail as
well as citations to certain relevant federal statutes.
As such, the Court cannot see a basis to distinguished Plaintiff from the
many other untrained individuals who represent themselves pro se on various types
of claims in Courts throughout the United States on any given day. Although he is
not trained as an attorney, and while an attorney might present this case more
effectively, this fact alone does not warrant appointment of counsel. Plaintiff’s
request for counsel is, therefore, DENIED.
Sufficiency of Complaint.
When a plaintiff is proceeding in forma pauperis, a court has a duty to
review the complaint to ensure a proper balance between these competing interests.
28 U.S.C. §1915(e)(2). Section 1915 of Title 28, United States Code, requires
dismissal of a case filed under that section if the court determines that the action
(1) is frivolous or malicious, (2) fails to state a claim upon which relief may be
granted or (3) seeks monetary relief from a defendant who is immune from suit. 28
U.S.C. §1915(e)(2).2 The purpose of § 1915(e) is “the prevention of abusive or
capricious litigation.” Harris v. Campbell, 804 F.Supp. 153, 155 (D.Kan. 1992)
(internal citation omitted) (discussing similar language contained in § 1915(d),
prior to the 1996 amendment). Sua sponte dismissal under § 1915 is proper when
the complaint clearly appears frivolous or malicious on its face. Hall v. Bellmon,
935 F.2d 1106, 1108 (10th Cir. 1991).
In determining whether dismissal is appropriate under § 1915(e)(2)(B), a
plaintiff’s complaint will be analyzed by the Court under the same sufficiency
standard as a Rule 12(b)(6) Motion to Dismiss. See Kay v. Bemis, 500 F.3d 1214,
1217-18 (10th Cir. 2007). In making this analysis, the Court will accept as true all
well-pleaded facts and will draw all reasonable inferences from those facts in favor
of the plaintiff. See Moore v. Guthrie, 438 F.3d 1036, 1039 (10th Cir.2006). The
Court will also liberally construe the pleadings of a pro se plaintiff. See Jackson v.
Integra Inc., 952 F.2d 1260, 1261 (10th Cir.1991). This does not mean, however,
that the Court must become an advocate for the pro se plaintiff. Hall, 935 F.2d at
Courts have held that the screening procedure set out in § 1915(e)(2) applies to
all litigants, prisoners and non-prisoners alike, regardless of their fee status. See e.g.,
Rowe v. Shake, 196 F.3d 778, 783 (7th Cir. 1999); McGore v. Wigglesworth, 114 F.3d
601, 608 (6th Cir. 1997).
1110; see also Haines v. Kerner, 404 U.S. 519, 92 S.Ct. 594 (1972). Liberally
construing a pro se plaintiff’s complaint means that “if the court can reasonably
read the pleadings to state a valid claim on which the plaintiff could prevail, it
should do so despite the plaintiff’s failure to cite proper legal authority, his
confusion of various legal theories, his poor syntax and sentence construction, or
his unfamiliarity with pleading requirements.” Hall, 935 F.2d at 1110.
A complaint “must set forth the grounds of plaintiff’s entitlement to relief
through more than labels, conclusions and a formulaic recitation of the elements of
a cause of action.” Fisher v. Lynch, 531 F. Supp.2d 1253, 1260 (D. Kan. Jan. 22,
2008) (citing Bell Atlantic Corp. v. Twombly, 550 U.S. 544, 555, 127 S.Ct. 1955,
1964-65, 167 L.Ed.2d 929 (2007), and Hall v. Bellmon, 935 F.2d 1106, 1110 (10th
Cir.1991) (holding that a plaintiff need not precisely state each element, but must
plead minimal factual allegations on those material elements that must be proved)).
“In other words, plaintiff must allege sufficient facts to state a claim which is
plausible – rather than merely conceivable – on its face.” Fisher, 531 F. Supp.2d
at 1260 (citing Bell Atlantic Corp. v. Twombly, 127 S.Ct. at 1974). Factual
allegations in the complaint must be enough to raise a right to relief “above the
speculative level.” Kay v. Bemis, 500 F.3d at 1218 (citing Bell Atlantic Corp. v.
Twombly, 127 S.Ct. At 1965).
Although a complaint generally need not plead detailed facts, Fed.R.Civ.P.
8(a), it must give the defendants sufficient notice of the claims asserted by the
plaintiff so that they can provide an appropriate answer. Monroe v. Owens, Nos.
01-1186, 01-1189, 01-1207, 2002 WL 437964 (10th Cir. Mar. 21, 2002). Rule 8(a)
requires three minimal pieces of information in order to provide such notice to the
defendant: (1) the pleading should contain a short and plain statement of the claim
showing the pleader is entitled to relief; (2) a short and plain statement of the
grounds upon which the court’s jurisdiction depends; and (3) the relief requested.
Fed.R.Civ.P. 8(a). After reviewing Plaintiff’s Complaint (Doc. 1) and construing
the allegations liberally, if the Court finds that he has failed to state a claim upon
which relief may be granted, the Court is compelled to recommend that the action
Plaintiffs have named a long list of Defendants in this action. (See Doc. 1, at
1-2.) At least 22 of the listed Defendants are not, however, mentioned anywhere in
the factual allegations or in the context of the legal assertions contained in
Plaintiffs’ Complaint – Dr. Barbara Atkinson, Dr. Gerald Carlson, Dr. Bruno
Hagenbuch, Dr. Steven Stites, Dr. Hartmut Jaeschke, Dr. Cody Tully, Robert
Klein, Alan Rawitch, Douglas Girod, Anthony F. Rupp, Tara S. Eberline, Dr.
Jeffrey S. Vitter, Dr. Steven S. Warren, Dr. Joseph A. Heppert, Helen Renaud,
Julia Cui, Ivan Csnasky, Jerry Jie Liou, Edugie Ekuase, Donna Gieger, Dr. Curtis
Klaassen, and Dr. Caroll (first name unknown). Thus, the Court is unable to glean
any viable cause of action against these Defendants arising out of the allegations
stated by Plaintiff. The Court recommends that the District Court dismiss these
22 Defendants from this case.
The only reference to Defendants Dr. Bernadette Gray-Little, Dr. Gregory
Kopf, and Dr. Paul Tarranova is that they are Chancellor/Associate Vice
Chancellor/Vice Chancellor of the Kansas University Medical Center Research
Center. (See Doc. 1, at 7-8.) The Court recommends that the District Court
dismiss the claims brought against these Defendants in their individual capacities.
Plaintiff also refers in the body of his Complaint to Dr. Tony Wilbeck and
Dr. Willson (first name unknown). (See Doc. 1, at 10-11, 13, 16, and 29.) While
these individuals are referred to as Defendants, Plaintiff has failed to properly
named them as Defendants in his Complaint. (See id., at 2-4.) Out of an
abundance of caution, the Court recommends that the District Court dismiss Dr.
Wilbeck and Dr. Willson as Defendants in this case.
In addition, Plaintiff contends that Dr. Bryant (first name unknown) and
“other Via Christi St. Francis employees have aided in this malpractice by
accepting cash payment for Medical/Radiological services and then provided
falsified and tampered with results to Plaintiff’s doctors . . . .” (Id., at 16-17.)
Plaintiff does not, however, bring a cause of action for malpractice in his
Complaint. (See id., at 28.) Thus, there are no stated causes of action in Plaintiff’s
Complaint with which these Defendants are associated. The Court recommends
that the District Court dismiss Dr. Bryant and Via Christi St. Francis Medical
Center as Defendants in this case.
This leaves the following Defendants: Dr. Bruce Albright, the Kansas
University Medical Center Research Institute, Inc., Medtronic Public Limited
Company, and Wesley Hospital. Plaintiff brings the following causes of action
against these remaining Defendants: 1) aggravated assault, 2) aggravated
kidnapping (a.k.a. false imprisonment as a civil cause of action), 3) aggravated
robbery (a.k.a. conversion as a civil cause of action), 4) torture (a.k.a. assault as a
civil cause of action), 5) violation of the Electronic Communications Privacy Act,
6) theft of intellectual property, 7) violation of right to equality, and 8) violation of
Plaintiff’s first cause of action is for assault while the fourth is for “torture.”
A civil cause of action for “torture” would be considered a claim for assault. Thus,
these causes of action are synonymous. Plaintiff’s second cause of action is for
kidnapping (which, as a civil cause of action, is known as false imprisonment).
The allegations contained in Plaintiff’s Complaint are alleged to have occurred in
2015. (See generally, id.) Pursuant to K.S.A. § 60–514(b), civil actions for assault
and battery as well as for false imprisonment must be initiated within one year of
the date of the incident giving rise to the action. The Court recommends that the
District Court dismiss Plaintiff’s claims for assault, “torture,” and “kidnapping” as
The third cause of action is for “aggravated robbery,” which as a civil cause
of action would constitute a combination of assault, which is discussed above, and
the tort of conversion. As to this claim, Plaintiff contends that “Defendants and
authorized agents of the defendants committed robbery displaying and using
hypodermic needs with clear drug or liquid to incapacitate the plaintiffs.” (Doc. 1,
at 25.) The factual allegations contained in the Complaint do not, however, link
any of the Defendants to the alleged robbery. Plaintiff merely contends that after
his abduction, the and his family members “awoke at the family home” and various
items including electronics, cash, credit cards, and information regarding his
customers/business were missing. (Id., at 13-14.) There are no factual allegations
contained in the Complaint specifically linking any of the Defendants to the theft
of this property. The Court thus recommends that the District Court dismiss the
cause of action for aggravated robbery against the remaining named Defendants.
Plaintiff also brings a claim for theft of intellectual property. This claim
contends that “[b]rain waves are thoughts and a form of intellectual property.”
(Doc. 1, at 27.) The phrase “intellectual property” is generally understood as a
broad term that encompasses various types of creations of the mind, not the mind
itself. Purac America Inc. v. Birko Corp., No. 14-1669-RBJ, 2015 WL 1598065,
at *3 (D. Colo. April 8, 2015) (citing China: Intellectual Prop. Infringement,
Indigenous Innovation Policies, & Frameworks for Measuring the Effects on the
U.S. Econ., U.S. Int'l Trade Comm'n Inv. No. 332–514 (Nov.2010) (citing World
Intellectual Property Organization definition). For instance, an invention such as a
tool or a machine, which is created using the inventor’s mind, can be considered
intellectual property. The actual brain waves created during the invention process
are not, however, intellectual property. The Court thus recommends that the
District Court dismiss the cause of action for theft of intellectual property against
the remaining named Defendants.
Plaintiff also brings a cause of action for violation of his religious rights.
(Doc. 1, at 28.) As to this cause of action, Plaintiff contends that Defendants’
actions constituted “terroristic chronic research broadcast blasfemy [sic] and the
presence of these implants violates the Plaintiffs religious beliefs.” (Id.) While
Plaintiff’s Complaint contains an abundance of factual allegations, the allegations
do not state a claim upon which relief may be granted regarding Plaintiff’s
As stated above, for purposes of this Order, the Court liberally construes the
allegations in Plaintiff’s Complaint. Plaintiff’s factual allegations fail to allege
“sufficient facts to state a claim” for violations if his religious rights “which is
plausible – rather than merely conceivable – on its face.” Fisher, 531 F. Supp.2d
at 1260 (citing Twombly, 127 S.Ct. at 1974). In determining whether a claim is
“plausible,” the Court must
look to the elements of the particular cause of action,
keeping in mind that the Rule 12(b)(6) standard doesn't
require a plaintiff to ‘set forth a prima facie case for each
element.’ Khalik v. United Air Lines, 671 F.3d 1188,
1192–93 (10th Cir. 2012). See also Kan. Penn Gaming,
LLC v. Collins, 656 F.3d 1210, 1215 (10th Cir. 2011)
(noting that ‘[t]he nature and specificity of the allegations
required to state a plausible claim will vary based on
context’). Rather, a claim is facially plausible if the
plaintiff has pled ‘factual content that allows the court to
draw the reasonable inference that the defendant is liable
for the misconduct alleged.’ Hogan [v. Winder], 762
F.3d [1096,] 1104 (quoting Ashcroft v. Iqbal, 556 U.S.
662, 678, 129 S.Ct. 1937, 173 L.Ed.2d 868 (2009)).
The allegations contained in Plaintiff’s Complaint do not state a claim for a
violation of religious rights to which a defendant could be reasonably expected to
respond, or which could form a basis for relief from this Court. Simply stated, the
Court cannot draw a reasonable inference that Defendants are liable for the
misconduct alleged. As such, the Court finds Plaintiff’s cause of action for
violations of his religious rights to be frivolous. The undersigned Magistrate Judge
thus recommends that the District Court dismiss Plaintiff’s cause of action for
violations of his religious rights (see Doc. 1, at 28).
The Court next turns to Plaintiff’s claim for violations of the Electronic
Communications Privacy Act (“E.C.P.A.”), 18 U.S.C.A. §2520. That federal
statute provides in relevant part for civil recovery for “any person whose wire, oral,
or electronic communication is intercepted, disclosed, or intentionally used in
violation of this chapter . . . .” Id. Liberally construing the allegations contained in
Plaintiff’s Complaint, Jackson, 952 F.2d at 1261, and accepting as true all wellplead facts, Smith v. U.S., 561 F.3d 1090, 1103-04 (10th Cir. 2009), the Court finds
that Plaintiff arguably has sufficiently plead this cause of action to survive a prefiling recommendation of dismissal. In other words, the Court merely finds that
this claim is facially plausible because Plaintiff has pled “factual content that
allows the court to draw the reasonable inference that the defendant is liable for the
misconduct alleged.” Hogan, 762 F.3d at 1104 (citation omitted). The Court is
not, however, making any findings as to the viability of this cause of action or the
veracity of the related factual allegations. “This is not to say that the factual
allegations must themselves be plausible; after all, they are assumed to be true. It is
just to say that relief must follow from the facts alleged.” Bryson v. Gonzales, 534
F.3d 1282, 1286 (10th Cir.2008).
The same is true as to Plaintiff’s cause of action for a violation of Plaintiff’s
right to equality. The Court will liberally construe this as a claim for a deprivation
of rights pursuant to 42 U.S.C.A. §1983. As to this claim, the Court also finds that
Plaintiff arguably has sufficiently plead this cause of action to survive a pre-filing
recommendation of dismissal. Again, the Court is not making any findings as to
the viability of this cause of action or the veracity of the related factual allegations.
IT IS THEREFORE ORDERED that Plaintiff’s motion for IFP status
(Doc. 3) is GRANTED.
IT IS FURTHER ORDERED that Plaintiff’s motions to appoint counsel
(Docs. 4 and 8) are DENIED.
IT IS RECOMMENDED to the District Court that Defendants Barbara
Atkinson, Dr. Gerald Carlson, Dr. Bruno Hagenbuch, Dr. Steven Stites, Dr.
Hartmut Jaeschke, Dr. Cody Tully, Robert Klein, Alan Rawitch, Douglas Girod,
Anthony F. Rupp, Tara S. Eberline, Dr. Jeffrey S. Vitter, Dr. Steven S. Warren, Dr.
Joseph A. Heppert, Helen Renaud, Julia Cui, Ivan Csnasky, Jerry Jie Liou, Edugie
Ekuase, Donna Gieger, Dr. Curtis Klaassen, Dr. Caroll (first name unknown), Dr.
Bryant (first name unknown), and the Via Christi St. Francis Medical Center be
dismissed as Defendants in this action.
IT IS FURTHER RECOMMENDED to the District Court that any claims
potentially brought against Dr. Tony Wilbeck and Dr. Willson (first name
unknown), who were not properly identified as Defendants in the Complaint, be
IT IS FURTHER RECOMMENDED to the District Court that Plaintiff’s
claims against Dr. Bernadette Gray-Little, Dr. Gregory Kopf, and Dr. Paul
Tarranova in their individual capacities be dismissed.
IT IS FURTHER RECOMMENDED to the District Court that Plaintiff’s
causes of action for assault, “kidnapping,” “robbery,” “torture,” theft of intellectual
property, and violation of religious rights be dismissed as to all Defendants.
IT IS THUS RECOMMENDED to the District Court that Plaintiff’s
remaining causes of action are for violation of the E.C.P.A. and violation of the
“right to equality” while only the following Defendants remain in this lawsuit: Dr.
Albright, Dr. Bernadette Gray-Little (in her official capacity), Dr. Gregory Kopf
(in his official capacity), Dr. Paul Tarranova (in his official capacity), the Kansas
University Medical Center Research Institute, Medtronic Public Limited Company,
and Wesley Hospital.
IT IS THEREFORE ORDERED that a copy of the recommendation shall
be sent to Plaintiffs via certified mail. Pursuant to 28 U.S.C. §636(b)(1),
Fed.R.Civ.P. 72, and D.Kan. Rule 72.1.4, Plaintiffs shall have fourteen (14) days
after service of a copy of these proposed findings and recommendations to serve
and file with the U.S. District Judge assigned to the case, their written objections to
the findings of fact, conclusions of law, or recommendations of the undersigned
Magistrate Judge. Plaintiffs’ failure to file such written, specific objections within
the 14-day period will bar appellate review of the proposed findings of fact,
conclusions of law, and the recommended disposition.
IT IS SO ORDERED AND RECOMMENDED.
Dated at Wichita, Kansas, on this 31st day of July, 2017.
S/ KENNETH G. GALE
KENNETH G. GALE
United States Magistrate Judge
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