Mann v. Residential Reentry Manager Chicago
MEMORANDUM OPINION & ORDER: 1. Petitioner Mann's petition for writ of habeas corpus pursuant to 28 U.S.C. 2241 DE 1 is DENIED. 2. This action is DISMISSED and STRICKEN from the Court's docket. 3. Judgment shall be entered contemporaneously with this Memorandum Opinion and Order. Signed by Judge Henry R. Wilhoit, Jr on 7/28/17.(KSS)cc: COR, Mann (via US Mail)
UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT
EASTERN DISTRICT OF KENTUCKY
NORTHERN DIVISION at ASHLAND
THOMAS B. SMITH, Warden,
Civil No. 16-152-HRW
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Petitioner, Jack Mann, is a former inmate of the Federal Correctional
Institution in Ashland, Kentucky ("FCI-Ashland"). Proceeding without an attorney,
Mann filed a petition for a writ of habeas corpus pursuant to 28 U.S.C. § 2241
seeking placement in a halfway house (specifically RRM Chicago) for up to nine
months before his projected release date of January 8, 2018. [D.E. No. l] Mann
indicates that, before filing his petition, he made a request in writing and further
discussed his grievance with case managers at FCI-Ashland, but indicates that he did
not pursue further appeals to the BOP's regional office, or to the BOP's central office
of inmate appeals. [D.E. Nos. 1, 1-1] Rather, Mann asks the Court to accept his
prediction that such an appeal would have been futile. [D.E. No. 1-1]
The Court has conducted its initial review of Mann's habeas corpus petition
pursuant to 28 U.S.C. § 2243, see Alexander v. Northern Bureau of Prisons, 419 F.
App'x 544, 545 (6th Cir. 2011), but concludes for several reasons that it must be
denied because "it plainly appears from the petition and any attached exhibits that
the petitioner is not entitled to relief." Rule 4 of the Rules Governing§ 2254 Cases
in the United States District Courts (applicable to § 2241 petitions pursuant to Rule
First, prisoners must fully exhaust available administrative remedies prior to
seeking habeas relief, Fazzini v. Northeast Ohio Correctional Center, 473 F.3d 229,
231 (6th Cir. 2006), something Mann readily acknowledges he did not do. [D.E.
No. 1-1 at p. 1-2] Mann asks the Court to excuse that failure, contending that further
appeals would be "futile" based upon his belief that the BOP would adhere to its
prior conclusions. Mann also predicts that the appeals process would be so lengthy
that he would be unable to obtain the relief that he seeks. But a court should waive
the exhaustion requirement as futile only where there has been "a prior indication
from the agency that it does not have jurisdiction over the matter or it has evidenced
a strong position on the issue together with an unwillingness to reconsider." Colton
v. Ashcroft, 299 F. Supp. 2d 681, 689-90 (E.D. Ky. 2004) (citing James v. United
States Dept. ofHealth and Human Services, 824 F.2d 1132, 1139 (D.C. Cir. 1987)).
Mann offers only his beliefs, not evidence, in support of his arguments that the BOP
would certainly not reach a different conclusion on appeal to the national office and
that the appeal process would take too long to pursue, something that is insufficient
to establish adequate grounds to invoke the futility exception. McKart v. United
States, 395 U.S. 185, 200 (1969); Sommerville v. Dewalt, No. 5:09-68-KKC, 2009
WL 1211158, at *3 (E.D. Ky. May 1, 2009).
Second, Mann's assertion that the BOP's placement decision is contrary to 18
U.S.C. § 3621(b) suggests, at most, a claim that its decision was "arbitrary and
capricious" in violation of the Administrative Procedures Act, 5 U.S.C. § 706(2)(A)(C). But the BOP's determinations regarding halfway house placement are expressly
insulated from judicial review under the APA. 28 U.S.C. § 3625 ("The provisions
of sections 554 and 555 and 701 through 706 of title 5, United States Code, do not
apply to the making of any determination, decision, or order under this subchapter. ").
Cf. Woodardv. Quintana, No. 5:15-307-KKC, 2015 WL 7185478, at *5-6 (E.D. Ky.
Nov. 13, 2015).
Finally, the BOP's online Inmate Locator Database indicates that Mann has
already been released from prison and transferred to a halfway house in the Chicago,
Illinois area, and that he will be released from that facility on January 6, 2018. See
https://www.bop.gov/inmateloc/ (last visited on July 18, 2017). Mann has also filed
a change of address in the record in this case indicating that he now resides in
Chicago, Illinois. [D.E. No. 6] Mann's release from incarceration to a halfway
house renders his claim seeking an earlier placement moot. Miller v. Whitehead,
527 F. 3d 752, 756 (8th Cir. 2008); Zomber v. Stine, No. 7: 07-402-DCR, 2008 WL
1735169, at *2 (E.D. Ky. Apr. 11, 2008) ("The Sixth Circuit has ruled that a
prisoner's placement in a RRC during the pendency of a habeas corpus petition
seeking earlier placement renders the petition moot, and also falls outside the
exception to mootness for cases 'capable of repetition, yet evading review."') (citing
Brockv. United States Dept. ofJustice, 2007 WL 4163854, at *2 n.3 (6th Cir. 2007)).
For each of the foregoing reasons, Mann's petition must be denied.
Accordingly, it is hereby ORDERED as follows:
Petitioner Mann's petition for a writ of habeas corpus pursuant to 28
U.S.C. § 2241 [D.E. No. 1] is DENIED.
This action is DISMISSED and STRICKEN from the Court's docket.
Judgment shall be entered contemporaneously with this Memorandum
Opinion and Order.
This 28th day of July, 2017.
Henry R. Wilhoit Jr.
United States District Judge
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