White v. Bradley et al
MEMORANDUM OPINION & ORDER; 1)Pla, Christopher White, Jr.'s 8th Amendment claims against Defs, Laura Bradley and Traci Sanchez-Vanhoose are DISMISSED WITH PREJUDICE; 2)White's FTCA claims are DISMISSED WITHOUT PREJUDICE; 3)Whi te's construed 8th Amendment claims against FCI-Victorville prison officials are DISMISSED WITHOUT PREJUDICE to White asserting those claims in the proper judicial district in California; 4)Clerk to send a copy of this Memorandum Opinion and Order and 13 Judgment to White, BOP 33352-037, FCI-McDowell, P.O. Box 1009, Welch, WV 24801; 5)Judgment to be entered in favor of the Defendants. Signed by Judge Henry R. Wilhoit, Jr on 06/15/2011.(LST)cc: COR
UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT
EASTERN DISTRICT OF KENTUCKY
NORTHERN DIVISION AT COVINGTON
CHRISTOPHER WHITE, Jr.,
LAURA BRADLEY, et al.,
Plaintiff Christopher White, Jr. was confined in the Victorville Medium II
Federal Correctional Institution ("FCI-Victorville") in Adelanto, California when he
filed this pro se civil rights action asserting: (1) constitutional claims under 28 U.S .C.
§ 1331, pursuant to the doctrine announced in Bivens v. Six Unknown Federal
Narcotics Agents, 403 U.S. 388 (1971) and (2) negligence claims under the Federal
Tort Claims Act, ("the FTCA") 28 U.S.C. §§ 1346(b), 2671-2680. [D. E. No. 2V
White has been granted permission to proceed in forma pauperis. [D. E. No.9].
By accessing the "Inmate Locator" feature of the Bureau of Prisons' ("BOP") official
website, www.bop.gov, the Court has learned that White, BOP Register No. 33352-037, is now
confined in the Federal Correctional Institution-McDowell ("FCI-McDowell"), located in Welch,
West Virginia. White did not apprise the Court of his new address, as he has been instructed to do.
The Court now screens the Complaint pursuant to 28 U.S.C. § 1915(e) and
McGore v. Wrigglesworth, 114 F.3d 601, 607-8 (6th Cir. 1997). 2 For the reasons set
forth below, the Court will dismiss White's Bivens and FTCA claims as time-barred.
CLAIMS ASSERTED AND RELIEF REQUESTED
White's claims arise from his prior confinement in the Federal Correctional
Institution-Ashland, located in Ashland, Kentucky ("FCI-Ashland"). White alleges
that in 2008, two FCI-Ashland employees, Defendant Laura Bradley, Physician's
Assistant, and Defendant Traci Sanchez-Vanhoose, "medical provider,"3 were
deliberately indifferent to his serious medical needs, in violation of the Eighth
Amendment of the United States Constitution. He demands $10,000,000.00 in
damages and an Order revoking the defendants' medical licenses.
ALLEGATIONS OF THE COMPLAINT
AND SUPPLEMENTAL FILINGS
In 1999 White sustained a fall which resulted in the surgical placement of a
The Court holds a pro se pleading to less stringent standards than those drafted by attorneys.
Burton v. Jones, 321 F.3d 569, 573 (6th Cir. 2003); Hahn v. Star Bank, 190 F.3d 708, 715 (6th Cir.
1999). Yet if a district court determines that the action is frivolous, malicious, or fails to state a
claim upon which the Court may grant relief, it must dismiss the action. 28 U.S.C. § 1915(e)(2)(B).
The Court takes judicial notice of the fact that on May 15,2009, Traci Sanchez-Vanhoose,
M.D., filed a sworn Declaration in another civil action in this Court, stating that she is licensed to
practice medicine in the Commonwealth of Kentucky, and that in 2007 and 2008, she was formerly
employed as the Clinical Director at FCI-Ashland. See Sharpe v. Palton, No. 0:08-CV-00058-HRW
(E.D. Ky.) [Declaration of Sanchez-Vanhoose, D. E. No. 42-4].
titanium rod in his upper right leg. In his original Complaint, [D. E. No.2], White
alleged that in 2008, while confined in FCI-Ashland the injury caused him to
experience pain and discomfort, and that on April 15, 2008, Bradley and Sanchez
Vanhoose refused to authorize both an evaluation by an outside orthopedic specialist
and surgery to correct his hip and leg medical problems. He alleged that Bradley mis
read his X-ray results, refused to give him pain medication and revoked his lower
bunk pass, his soft shoe pass as well as his "light duty"status at his prison job.
White alleged that the denial of "light duty" status at his prison job required
him to perform tasks beyond his physical capabilities, that his physical condition
worsened and that he was placed in the Segregated Housing Unit ("SHU") as a
sanction for not doing his assigned tasks. White claimed that as a result of his SHU
confinement, he lost numerous prison privileges and communication with his family.
White stated that after he was transferred to FCI-Victorville, medical staffthere
properly treated his condition, referred him to an orthopedic specialist who found
evidence of deterioration of the implant in his leg and informed him that Bradley, a
physicians' assistant, had not been qualified either to interpret his X-rays or diagnose
his condition. White attached Dr. Louis C. Redix, Jr. 's January 8, 2010, letter stating
that for White's fracture to heal properly, he should undergo a "dynamization"
procedure to repair a loose screw in the metal rod. [D. E. No.2-I, p. 1].
In 2008, White began to exhaust his claims against Bradley and SanchezVanhoose through the Bureau ofPrisons ' ("BOP") administrative remedy procedure,
set forth in 28 C.F.R. § 542.10-19. 4 White attached to his original Complaint a copy
ofthe Mid-Atlantic Regional Offices' ("MARO") June 5, 2008, response to his BP
10 appeal. [D. E. No. 2-5, p. 1]. The MARO rejected White's appeal and request for
pain medication, a lower bunk pass, and a soft shoe pennit.
The MARO concluded that White had received proper medical treatment and
medication, that the April 15, 2008 evaluation by White's medical provider showed
no limitations of his range of motion or strength in his right hip and knee, that he had
been able to walk with a nonnal gait and perfonn full body squats and that recent Xray results "... revealed no acute boney abnonnalities and good alignment ofthe rod
in [White's] right upper leg." [Id.]. However, the MARO advised White that his
Section 542.13(a) demands that an inmate first infonnally present his complaint to the staff
by filing a BP-8, thereby providing them with an opportunity to correct the problem, before filing
a request for an administrative remedy. Ifthe inmate cannot infonnally resolve his complaint, then
he may initiate the fonnal remedy process by filing a written request (a BP-229 fonn, fonnerly a BP
9) to the Warden. Ifthe inmate is not satisfied with the Warden's response, then he has 20 days from
the date of the Warden's response in which to appeal (BP-230, fonnerly BP-lO) to the Regional
Director for the geographical region in which the inmate's place of confinement is located; for
federal prisoners in the Eastern District to Kentucky, the appeal goes to the Mid Atlantic Regional
Office ofthe BOP in Annapolis Junction, Maryland. Ifthe prisoner is not satisfied with the Regional
Director's response, within 30 days after the date ofthe Regional Director's response, he may appeal
to the Office of General Counsel ofthe BOP, (BP-231, fonnerly BP-11). See § 542.15 (a) - (b). The
BOP administrative remedy process takes approximately ninety (90) days to complete from the time
the prisoner submits his BP-9 request, absent extensions.
primary care provider team would monitor his condition on an "as needed" basis, and
encouraged White to work with that team regarding his health care issues. [Id.].
White attached no documentation showing that he then filed a BP-ll appeal
to the BOP Central Office. However, in Section III of the Complaint form, entitled
"Grievance Procedure," White was asked the following questions about his
exhaustion efforts, and he provided the following responses:
Did you file a grievance based on this complaint? Yes [X] No [ ]
If so, where and when: 2008) 4-15-08 - 1-01-09 Regional Office
What was the result? Denied me because of the PA lies.
Did you appeal? Yes [Box checked affirmatively] No [ ]
Result of appeal: I went through all of my grievances. They all were
knocked down and denied.
[D. E. No.2, p. 3].
In more recent submissions, White states that he continues to experience pain
and discomfort and complains that the medical staffat FCI-Victorville is not properly
treating his condition; [D. E. Nos. 10 and 11]. However, he stated in his letter dated
October 29, 2010, that Dr. Redix had performed the surgery "like three months ago"
but that Dr, Redix "didn't have the right tools." [D. E. No. 10]. White stated that he
developed an infection and alleged that the BOP was denying him proper follow up
surgery and medical care. He asks this Court to order the BOP to send him to an
outside orthopedic specialist for evaluation and to pay for a second surgery to remove
the loose screw and repair the metal rod. White also requested the appointment of
counsel. [D. E. No. 10].
White has also submitted a copy of an FTCA administrative claim form,
Standard Form 95-109, which he states that he submitted to the BOP on May 27,
2010. [D. E. No. 11-2, pp. 1-2]. The Claim Form is addressed to:
Mid-Atlantic Regional Office
Office of the Regional Counsel
Junction Business Park
10010 Junction Drive, Suite 100-N
Annapolis Junction, M.D. 20701
[Id., § 1].5
White identified the date and day of accident as "4/15/2008 /1/8/2010." [Id.,
§ 6]. In Section 8 of the Claim Form, White alleged "[o]n April 15, 2008, the BOP
denied me medical treatment, pain medication, and appropriate surgery to fix my leg
White may have sent his FTCA claim form to the wrong address. According to the BOP's
official website, www.bop.gov.theaddressfortheBOP·sMid-Atlantic Regional office is as follows:
Mid Atlantic Regional Office
Federal Bureau of Prisons
302 Sentinel Drive
Annapolis Junction, MD 2070 I
and hip." [Id., § 8]. He then stated that "... it was all denied through my medical
provider Bradley, Laura PA-C."
He alleged that the negligent medical
treatment he received from Bradley at FCI-Ashland in 2008 caused his medical
condition to worsen, caused him to experience pain and suffering, and subjected him
to other adverse consequences of confinement.
In his November 4,2010 supplemental filing, White stated that he would need
more time to obtain copies ofhis BP-ll appeal and response, and complained that his
his tort claim "... kept getting rejected at the Mid-Atlantic Office. I sent the first tort
claim out on 5/27/10 and it never came back to me nor did anyone contact me telling
me that it was received." [D. E. No. 11].
White states that on August 24, 2010, he submitted a second FTCA
administrative claim form via certified mail, that no one signed for it, that it was
returned to him and that he submitted the returned envelope and green card to the
1. Bivens Constitutional Claims
White's Bivens constitutional claims against the defendants are clearly
time-barred. The applicable statute of limitations for a Bivens action arising in
Kentucky is one year from the date on which the cause of action accrued. Ky. Rev.
Stat. Ann. § 413.140(1)(a); Mitchell v. Chapman, 343 F.3d 811,825 (6th Cir. 2003).
A claim accrues on the date on which the plaintiff first knew of, or had reason to
know of, the existence of his claim. Kelly v. Burks, 415 F.3d 558, 561 (6th Cir.
2005); Collyer v. Darling, 98 F.3d 211, 220 (6th Cir. 1996).
White stated in his Complaint and purported FTCA claim form that he knew
that the defendants denied him proper medical treatment as early as April 15,2008.
Soon after that date he began administratively exhausting his claims through the BOP
administrative remedy process and the MARO denied his BP-l 0 appeal less than two
months later, on June 5, 2008. White stated in his November 4,2010, letter that he
filed a BP-l1 appeal and received a response, neither of which he could locate.
White's responses to the questions in the "Grievance Procedure," section of his
Complaint, albeit somewhat confusing, indicate that the BOP Central Office denied
his BP-l10n January 9, 2009.
Accepting that interpretation as true, because it is the most favorable to White,
he then had one year from January 9,2009, i.e., until January 9, 2010, in which to file
suit on his Eighth Amendment claims. White did not file this action until September
27,2010, over eight months after the one-year deadline had expired on January 9,
2010. Thus, White's Eighth Amendment claims are barred by Kentucky's one-year
statute of limitations for asserting claims for personal injuries.
2. FTCA Claims
The Court lacks subject matter jurisdiction over White's FTCA claims for
several reasons. The FTCA is a limited waiver ofsovereign immunity which permits
an action against the United States for wrongful acts committed by its employees
during the course of their employment. See Fitch v. United States, 513 F.2d 1013,
1015 (6th Cir. 1975); United States v. Orleans, 425 U.S. 807,813 (1975). It is the
exclusive remedy for such acts or omissions. 28 U.S.C. § 2679.
An FTCA action is barred, however, unless: (1) an administrative claim is
presented to the appropriate federal agency for administrative settlement within two
years of its accrual and (2) the agency has denied the claim. 28 U.S.C. § 2675(a);
McNeil v. United States, 508 U.S. 106, III (1993); Garrettv. United States, 640 F.2d
24, 25 (6th Cir. 1981). A claimant must then commence an action in federal court
within six months ofthe agency's denial ofthe claim. 28 U.S.C. § 240 l(b); Blakely
v. United States, 276 F.3d 853, 865 (6th Cir. 2002).
Compliance with both statutory conditions is a jurisdictional prerequisite to
filing suit under the FTCA in a federal court. The claim is barred absent satisfaction
of both requirements. 28 U.S.C. § 2401(b); Blakely v. United States, 276 F.3d 853,
865 (6th Cir. 2002); Rogers v. United States, 675 F.2d 123 (6th Cir.1982); Garrett,
640 F.2d at 25. In other words, timely and complete administrative exhaustion and
compliance with these two statutes oflimitations are conditions ofthe FTCA's waiver
of sovereign immunity. United States v. Kubrick, 444 U.S. 111, 117-18 (1979). If
the plaintiff fails to both file an administrative claim and receive a denial from the
agency before filing suit, the district court has no subject jurisdiction over an FTCA
claim against the United States, and must dismiss it. See Glarner v. U.S., Dep't of
Veterans Admin., 30 F.3d 697, 700 (6th Cir. 1994). The plaintiff has the burden of
demonstrating subject matter jurisdiction. RMI Titanium Co. v. Westinghouse Elec.
Corp., 78 F.3d 1125,1134 (6th Cir. 1996).
White alleges that he has submitted two FTCA administrative claims to the
BOP (on May 27, 2010 and August 24, 2010, respectively) but he has no
documentation showing that the BOP has denied his tort claims, perhaps because as
noted, White may have mailed his FTCA administrative claim forms to the wrong
Yet, even accepting as true White's allegation that he submitted an FTCA
administrative claim on May 27,2010, the claim must be dismissed for two reasons.
First, under 28 U.S.C. § 2675(a), the BOP has six months from the date on which an
FTCA claim is submitted in which to consider such a claim. White filed this action
on September 27,2010, only four months after he submitted his FTCA claim form
and two months prior to the expiration ofthe BOP's six-month consideration period.
Because White did not fully comply with the exhaustion requirement set forth in §
2675(a), his Complaint alleging negligence was premature, and the Court lacks
subject matter jurisdiction over his FTCA claims.
Second, ignoring the defect set forth in preceding paragraph and simply
assuming that the BOP failed to finally dispose of his FTCA claim within six
months, 6 White did not timely submitted his FTCA claim within two-years of its
accrual, as prescribed by 28 U.S.C. § 2675(a).
In his purported FTCA administrative claim form dated May 27, 2010, White
clearly stated "[O]D 4/15/2008 The Bureau of Prisons denied me medical treatment,
pain medication and appropriate surgery to fix my legs and hip." [D. E. No. 11-2, p.
1] (emphasis added). Like his Bivens claims alleging Eighth Amendment deliberate
indifference, White's negligence claims also accrued on April 15, 2008. According
to White's Complaint, he did not submit his FTCA administrative claim until May 27,
2010, which was more than two years past the accrual date of April 15, 2008.
Therefore, White's FTCA claims are time-barred under 28 U.S.C. § 2401(b).
Section 2675(a) provides in relevant part:
The failure of an agency to make final disposition of a claim within six months
after it is filed shall, at the option of the claimant any time thereafter, be deemed a
final denial of the claim for purposes of this section....
Federal Rule of Civil Procedure 12(h)(3) provides that "[i]f the court
determines at any time that it lacks subject-matterjurisdiction, the court must dismiss
the action." On this record, the Court lacks subject matter jurisdiction over White's
FTCA claims, but will dismiss them without prejudice to White filing a new civil
action asserting timely and properly delivered and exhausted FTCA claims. 7
3. Medical Claims Arising at FCI-Victorville
White asserted numerous complaints about the medical treatment he was then
receiving at FCI-Victorville, and asked this Court to order officials there to provide
him with proper and necessary medical treatment. These claims have arose at FCI
Victorville, located in Adelanto, California, not in this district. If White has properly
exhausted his FCI-Victorville claims through the BOP administrative remedy process,
he should bring an action asserting his medical claims in the proper federal court in
California, where venue over those individuals would be proper. See 28 U.S.C. §
1391(b)(2). If White has similar claims against FCI-McDowell prison officials, he
should assert such properly exhausted claims in federal court in West Virginia.
A third reasons exists for dismissing White's FTCA claims for lack of subject matter
jurisdiction. "[T]he FTCA clearly provides that the United States is the only proper defendant in a
suit alleging negligence by a federal employee. Failure to name the United States as defendant in an
FTCA suit results in a fatal lack ofjurisdiction." Allgeier v. United States, 909 F.2d 869, 871 (6th
Cir. 1990). White should note this procedural requirement should he file another FTCA action.
This Court lacks personal jurisdiction over FCI-Victorville officials, who are
out-of-state individuals. See Air Prods. & Controls, Inc. v. Safetech Int'l, Inc., 503
F.3d 544, 550 (6th Cir. 2007). White neither alleges or demonstrates that FCI
Victorville prison officials have any connection, much less a substantial one, with
Kentucky that would be sufficient for this Court to exercise jurisdiction over them.
Finally, because the Court has dismissed White's Bivens and FTCA claims, it
will deny as moot his request for appointment of counsel.
Accordingly, IT IS ORDERED as follows:
Plaintiff Christopher White, Jr.'s Eighth Amendment claims against
Defendants Laura Bradley and Traci Sanchez-Vanhoose are DISMISSED WITH
White's FTCA claims are DISMISSED WITHOUT PREJUDICE.
White's construed Eighth Amendment claims against FCI-Victorville
prison officials are DISMISSED WITHOUT PREJUDICE to White asserting those
claims in the proper judicial district in California.
The Clerk of the Court is directed to send a copy of this Memorandum
Opinion and Order and attached Judgment to White, BOP Register No. 33352-037,
at the Federal Correctional Institution-McDowell, P.O. Box 1009, Welch, West
Judgment shall be entered contemporaneously with this Order in favor
of the Defendants.
This 15 th day of June, 2011.
ttenrY R. Wilhoit Jr.
United States omnct ~
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