Singleton v. Alcala et al
MEMORANDUM OPINION & ORDER: It is ordered that Pla shall SHOW CAUSE why his claims pursuant to 42 USC 1983 should not be dismissed w prejudice and his remaining state law claims should not be dismissed w/o prejudice NLT 21 days from entry of this order. Signed by Judge Joseph M. Hood on 11/20/2015.(SCD)cc: COR,Pro Se Pla(via US Mail)
UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT
EASTERN DISTRICT OF KENTUCKY
ERNEST WILLIAM SINGLETON,
HECTOR ALCALA, et al.,
Civil No. 5: 15-131-JMH
MEMORANDUM OPINION & ORDER
This matter is again before the Court upon its own motion to
conduct screening, pursuant to 28 U.S.C. § 1915A and 1915(e), as
well as to address the Motion to Dismiss filed on behalf of certain
named and unnamed Kentucky State Police (“KSP”) officers [DE 12].
Plaintiff Singleton has filed a Response [DE 21] to this Court’s
Order to Show Cause as to why his claims should not be dismissed
Having considered the response, the Court concludes that
Plaintiff’s claims should be dismissed over his objections for the
reasons stated in its Order to Show Cause and as clarified and
further set forth in this Memorandum Opinion and Order.
In response to the Court’s Order requiring him to show cause
why his claim should not be dismissed without prejudice in light
of Heck v. Humphrey, 512 U.S. 447, 489-90 (1994) (holding that “a
§ 1983 cause of action for damages attributable to an [allegedly]
unconstitutional conviction or sentence does not accrue until the
conviction or sentence has been invalidated.”), Singleton has
directed the Court’s attention to Wallace v. Kato, 549 U.S. 384
(2007), for the proposition that claims such as his should be
stayed rather than dismissed pending resolution of the criminal
matter even if they would impugn an underlying criminal conviction.
The Court has examined Wallace and notes that it also holds that
the Heck rule for deferred accrual “should not be extended to delay
accrual or the running of the statute of limitations for actions
which would impugn an anticipated future conviction.”
Hornback v. Lexington-Fayette Urban Cty. Gov't, 905 F. Supp. 2d
747, 749 (E.D. Ky. 2012) (applying Wallace’s holding in context of
Fourth Amendment search and seizure claim.).
Thus, while Singleton would have this Court determine that
his action is not on hold by virtue of the holding of Heck v.
Humphrey or that it should be placed on hold rather than dismissed
by virtue of Wallace, neither argument is sufficient to salvage
Plaintiff has persuaded the Court that he may proceed
with the instant suit without further delay, but that is the end
of the matter.
He insists that his 42 U.S.C. § 1983 claims have
accrued and, upon further consideration, the Court agrees.
Because all of the facts underlying Singleton’s cause of
action were complete and known or could have been known to him at
the time of the investigatory actions of which he complains, the
statute of limitations began to run at the latest on June 12,
[Amended Complaint, DE 18 at ¶ 32; Page ID# 92 (alleging
that a false MRI report was provided to and, presumably, used by
a confidential informant in the course of the investigation on
June 12, 2012);] see
Bonner v. Perry, 564 F.3d 424, 430–31 (6th
Cir.2009) (holding that Kentucky's one year statute of limitations
period applies to § 1983 actions).
Plaintiff did not bring the
present action until nearly three years after the last action of
which he complains. [See Complaint, DE 1 (filed on May 12, 2015).]
Thus, the action was untimely filed and, whether Plaintiff’s causes
of action ever had merit and whether they would have impugned his
criminal conviction or not, his claims are barred by operation of
the statute of limitations.
The Court concludes that his federal claims pursuant to Fed.
R. Civ. P. 12(b)(6) should be dismissed because the one-year
statute of limitations applicable to Plaintiff’s claims now bars
While it is appropriate for the Court to resolve the
There was no criminal indictment in place at that time – not until
January 10, 2013. [See Lexington Civil Action No. 5:13-cr-00008KKC-REW, DE 1.] Had he filed his action at any time in the one
year period following accrual and the indictment had been handed
down, then the Court presiding over the civil action could have
stayed it pending the resolution of the criminal case or until the
likelihood of a criminal case was ended or the criminal conviction
Wallace v. Kato, 549 U.S. 384, 393-94 (2007)
(citing Heck v, Humphrey, 512 U.S. 447, 487 (1994)).
matter at this time, the Court concludes that it may do so only
after permitting Singleton an opportunity to be heard with respect
to this argument.
His claims shall be dismissed with prejudice
unless he can show cause why the Court should not do so.
should limit any response, if he has one, to the issue of accrual
of his § 1983 claims and the running of the statute of limitations.
Accordingly, IT IS ORDERED that Plaintiff shall SHOW CAUSE
why his claims pursuant to 42 U.S.C. § 1983 should not be dismissed
with prejudice and his remaining state law claims should not be
dismissed without prejudice no later than twenty-one (21) days
from entry of this order.
This the 20th day of November, 2015.
Disclaimer: Justia Dockets & Filings provides public litigation records from the federal appellate and district courts. These filings and docket sheets should not be considered findings of fact or liability, nor do they necessarily reflect the view of Justia.
Why Is My Information Online?