Benedict v. SSA
MEMORANDUM OPINION & ORDER: It is ordered that the 10 MOTION for Summary Judgment be OVERRULED and 12 MOTION for Summary Judgment be SUSTAINED. Judgment in favor of the Dft will be entered herewith. Signed by Judge Henry R. Wilhoit, Jr on 9/19/2017.(SCD)cc: COR
UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT
EASTERN DISTRICT OF KENTUCKY
Civil Action No. 16-272-HRW
WALTER SHELTON BENEDICT,
MEMORANDUM OPINION AND ORDER
NANCY A. BERRYHILL,
ACTING COMMISSIONER OF SOCIAL SECURITY,
Plaintiff has brought this action pursuant to 42 U.S.C. §405(g) to challenge a final
decision of the Defendant denying Plaintiff's application for disability insurance benefits and
supplemental security income benefits. The Court having reviewed the record in this case and
the dispositive motions filed by the parties, and being otherwise sufficiently advised, for the
reasons set forth herein, finds that the decision of the Administrative Law Judge is supported by
substantial evidence and should be affirmed.
I. FACTUAL BACKGROUND AND PROCEDURAL HISTORY
Plaintiff filed his current application for disability insurance benefits and supplemental
security income benefits in January 2013, alleging disability beginning in May 2012, due to
fibromylagia, fibrosis and OCD (Tr. 280) 1• This application was denied initially and on
reconsideration. Thereafter, upon request by Plaintiff, an administrative hearing was conducted
by Administrative Law Judge Karen R. Jackson (hereinafter "ALJ"), wherein Plaintiff,
accompanied by counsel, testified. At the hearing, Betty Hale, a vocational expert (hereinafter
At the administrative hearing, he included back pain as a disabling impairment
"VE"), also testified.
At the hearing, pursuant to 20 C.F.R. § 416.920, the ALJ performed the following fivestep sequential analysis in order to determine whether the Plaintiff was disabled:
Step 1: If the claimant is performing substantial gainful work, he is not disabled.
Step 2: If the claimant is not performing substantial gainful work, his impairment(s) must
be severe before he can be found to be disabled based upon the requirements in 20 C.F.R.
Step 3: If the claimant is not performing substantial gainful work and has a severe
impairment (or impairments) that has lasted or is expected to last for a continuous period
of at least twelve months, and his impairments (or impairments) meets or medically
equals a listed impairment contained in Appendix 1, Subpart P, Regulation No. 4, the
claimant is disabled without further inquiry.
Step 4: If the claimant's impairment (or impairments) does not prevent him from doing
his past relevant work, he is not disabled.
Step 5: Even if the claimant's impairment or impairments prevent him from performing
his past relevant work, if other work exists in significant numbers in the national
economy that accommodates his residual functional capacity and vocational factors, he is
The ALJ issued a decision finding that Plaintiff was not disabled. Plaintiff was 40 years
old on the date of the alleged onset of disability. He has a high school education education (Tr.
281 ). His past relevant work experience consists of work as a Bindery supervisor (Tr. 281 ).
At Step 1 of the sequential analysis, the ALJ found that Plaintiff had not engaged in
substantial gainful activity since the alleged onset date of disability (Tr. 19).
The ALJ then determined, at Step 2, that Plaintiff suffers from right carpal tunnel
syndrome, OCD, pain disorder, generalized anxiety disorder, obesity, fibromyalgia and rule-out
cognitive disorder, which he found to be "severe" within the meaning of the Regulations (Tr. 19-
At Step 3, the ALJ found that Plaintiffs impairments did not meet or medically equal any
of the listed impairments (Tr. 20-22).
The ALJ further found that Plaintiff could not return to his past relevant work (Tr. 27) but
determined that he has the residual functional capacity ("RFC") to perform light work with the
Stand, walk, and sit for up to six hours each in an eight-hour day; Occasionally
stoop, kneel, crouch, crawl, and climb ramps or stairs; Never climb ladders, ropes,
or scaffolds; Avoid exposure to hazards, full-body vibration, and use of vibratory
hand tools; Occasionally reach overhead; Frequently handle and finger; Perform
simple routine tasks; Concentrate for two-hour segments during an eight-hour
day; Interact occasionally with supervisors and co-workers in a non-public work
setting involving an object-focused work environment; Adapt to gradual changes
in a routine work environment; and Have no requirement for fast-paced
The ALJ finally concluded that these jobs exist in significant numbers in the national and
regional economies, as identified by the VE (Tr. 24). Therefore, the ALJ found Plaintiff tone
not disabled at Step 5 of the sequential evaluation process.
The Appeals Council denied
Plaintiffs request for review and adopted the ALJ' s decision as the final decision of the
Commissioner . Plaintiff thereafter filed this civil action seeking a reversal of the
Commissioner's decision. Both parties have filed Motions for Summary Judgment and this
matter is ripe for decision.
The essential issue on appeal to this Court is whether the ALJ' s decision is supported by
substantial evidence. "Substantial evidence" is defined as "such relevant evidence as a
reasonable mind might accept as adequate to support a conclusion;" it is based on the record as a
whole and must take into account whatever in the record fairly detracts from its weight. Garner
v. Heckler, 745 F.2d 383, 387 (6 1h Cir. 1984). If the Commissioner's decision is supported by
substantial evidence, the reviewing Court must affirm. Kirk v. Secretary of Health and Human
Services, 667 F.2d 524, 535 (6th Cir. 1981), cert. denied, 461 U.S. 957 (1983). "The court may
not try the case de nova nor resolve conflicts in evidence, nor decide questions of credibility."
Bradley v. Secretary of Health and Human Services, 862 F.2d 1224, 1228 (6th Cir. 1988).
Finally, this Court must defer to the Commissioner's decision "even if there is substantial
evidence in the record that would have supported an opposite conclusion, so long as substantial
evidence supports the conclusion reached by the ALJ." Key v. Callahan, 109 F.3d 270, 273 (6th
On appeal, Plaintiff contends that the ALJ erred at Step Two of the sequential analysis by
failing to find that his spine impairments, depression, panic attacks, sleep apnea and
hypothyroidism are "severe", as defined by the relevant regulations.
It is the burden of the claimant to prove the severity of her impairments. Higgs v. Bowen,
880 F.2d 860, 863 (6th Cir. 1988), citing, Murphy v. Secretary of Health and Human Services,
801F.2d182, 185 (6th Cir. 1986). The Court is mindful of the fact that the Step 2 severity
regulation, codified at 20 C.F.R. §§ 404.1520© and 404.1521, has been construed as a de
minimus hurdle and that, in the majority of cases, "a claim for disability may not be dismissed
without consideration of the claimant's vocational situation". See Higgs v. Bowen, 880 F.2d 860,
862 (61h Cir. 1988).
Given that the ALJ did, in fact, find some impairments which passed the Step 2 hurdle,
and continued with the sequential evaluation of Plaintiffs claim, detracts from Plaintiff;' s
contention that any alleged error at Step 2 warrants remand. See Maziarz v. Sec '.Y of Health &
Human Servs., 837 F.2d 240, 244 (6th Cir. 1987).
What Plaintiff appears to be arguing is that the ALJ did not take into account all the
evidence, medical and otherwise, in formulating the RFC. In reviewing the decision of the
Administrative Law Judge (ALJ) in Social Security cases, the only issue before the court is
whether the decision is supported by substantial evidence. "The findings of the Commissioner
are not subject to reversal merely because there exists in the record substantial evidence to
support a different conclusion. Even if the evidence could also support another conclusion, the
decision of the Administrative Law Judge must stand if the evidence could reasonably support
the conclusion reached." Alexander v. Apfel, 2001WL966284 (6 1h Cir. 2001)(citing Buxton v.
Halter, 246 F.3d 762, 772-73 (6 1h Cir. 2001 )).
The court, however, finds that the ALJ extensively analyzed the doctors' reports in
question and determined their credibility by looking at the objective medical records. The
regulations provide that a treating physician's opinion will not be given controlling weight unless
it is "well-supported by medically acceptable clinical and laboratory diagnostic techniques." 20
C.F.R. §404.1527(d)(2). If an ALJ does not find a treating source's opinion to be entirely
credible, the ALJ may reject it, provided that good reasons are specified. Bogle v. Sullivan, 998
F.2d 342, 347-49 (6 1h Cir. 1993).
It also evident from the ALJ's decision that she considered Plaintiff's testimony in
making her determination. It is well established that as the "ALJ has the opportunity to observe
the demeanor of a witness, his conclusions with respect to credibility should not be discarded
lightly and should be accorded deference." Hardaway v. Secretary of Health and Human
Services, 823 F.2d 922, 928 (6th Cir. 1987).
The Court finds no error in the ALJ's analysis. Although the burden is upon him, Plaintiff
fails to show what, exactly, in the record would support additional limitations, or what those
limitations might be.
The Court finds that the ALJ' s decision is supported by substantial evidence on the
record. Accordingly, it is HEREBY ORDERED that the Plaintiff's Motion for Summary
Judgment be OVERRULED and the Defendant's Motion for Summary Judgment be
SUSTAINED. A judgment in favor of the Defendant will be entered contemporaneously
This 19th day of September, 2017.
Henry R. Wilhoit,
United States District Judge
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