Eversole v. Ballard et al
MEMORANDUM ORDER: 1. Report and Recommendation of United States Magistrate Judge Candace J. Smith 32 is ADOPTED and INCORPORATED by reference. 2. Defendant Rodney Ballard's Motion for Judgment on the Pleadings 20 is GRANTED. 3. claims assert ed by Plaintiff Michael Eversole against Defendant Rodney Ballard are DISMISSED, with prejudice. 4. The claims asserted by Plaintiff Michael Eversole against Defendant Chase Jourdan are DIMISSED, without prejudice. Signed by Judge Danny C. Reeves on 9/6/2017.(STC)cc: COR,Plt
UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT
EASTERN DISTRICT OF KENTUCKY
RODNEY BALLARD, Jailer, et al.,
Civil Action No. 5: 17-155-DCR
Plaintiff Michael Eversole is currently an inmate at the Roederer Correctional Complex
in LaGrange, Kentucky. Prior to his transfer to state prison, Eversole was held at the Fayette
County Detention Center (“FCDC”) in Lexington, Kentucky. Eversole claims that, while
housed at the FCDC in April 2016, he fell from a top bunk and injured his back. He later sued
Rodney Ballard,1 corrections officer Chase Jourdan, and nurse Jennifer Privett, asserting
various claims under 42 U.S.C. § 1983.
Eversole file this action in the Fayette Circuit Court on February 27, 2017. However,
on March 29, 2017, the two defendants who had been served with process removed the case
to this Court. The matter was later referred to a United States Magistrate Judge to manage pretrial matters and submit proposed findings of fact and recommendations regarding any
Although sued in the capacity of “jailer,” it appears that Rodney Ballard was employed by the
Lexington-Fayette Urban County Government as Director of the Division of Community
Corrections prior to his resignation on March 12, 2016.
On May 30, 2017, Defendant Ballard moved the Court for judgment on the pleadings
with respect to all claims asserted against him. Eversole did not respond to the motion.
Thereafter, on August 7, 2017, United States Magistrate Judge Candace J. Smith issued a
Report and Recommendation addressing the claims asserted against Defendants Ballard and
Jourdan. With respect to Ballard, Magistrate Judge Smith recommended that the claims
asserted against him in his individual and official capacity be dismissed, with prejudice. In
making this recommendation, Magistrate Judge Smith fully evaluated Eversole’s allegations
but found them lacking in several respects.
Next, Magistrate Smith recommended that Eversole’s claims against officer Jourdan be
dismissed, without prejudice, because the plaintiff failed to serve or provide an address for
service of process. In making this recommendation, the Magistrate Judge was cognizant that
dismissal without prejudice would likely prevent the plaintiff’s claims from being reasserted
in a subsequent action against Jourdan.
While this Court must make a de novo determination of those portions of the Magistrate
Judge’s recommendations to which an objection is made, 28 U.S.C. § 636(b)(1)(C), “[i]t does
not appear that Congress intended to require district court review of a magistrate’s factual or
legal conclusions, under a de novo or any other standard, when neither party objects to those
findings.” Thomas v. Arn, 474 U.S. 140, 150 (1985). Moreover, a party who fails to file
objections to a magistrate judge’s proposed findings of fact and recommendation waives the
right to appeal. See United States v. Branch, 537 F.3d 582, 587 (6th Cir. 2008).
As outlined above, Plaintiff Eversole failed to respond to Defendant Ballard’s motion
for judgment on the pleadings and failed to object to the Magistrate Judge’s Report and
Recommendation. Notwithstanding this failure, Magistrate Judge Smith fully evaluated his
claims. The undersigned has proceeded in like fashion. And after fully reviewing the matter,
the undersigned agrees with Magistrate Judge Smith in all respects.
The relevant facts are fully outlined in Magistrate Smith’s Report and Recommendation
at pages 2-4. Plaintiff Eversole contends that he was housed at the FCDC during a period from
October 2015, through at least the end of April 2016. Around April 25, 2016, Eversole alleges
that fell from a top bunk while sleeping, injuring his back. He contends that for some period
of time prior to the alleged injury, he told Defendant Jourdan that he had been restricted to a
bottom bunk. However, Eversole claims that Jourdan ignored his complaints, advising him
that “there was nothing he could do about it.” [Record No. 1 at pp. 18-19]
Eversole received medical attention following his fall from the top bunk. However, he
contends that the attention and treatment was inadequate, causing his injuries to worsen. The
plaintiff claims that he asked to be sent for an MRI after the pain he was experiencing from
the fall worsened. However, he asserts that Defendant Privett advised that he would not be
sent to an outside doctor for an MRI.2
In recommending that all claims against Ballard be dismissed, with prejudice,
Magistrate Judge Smith did not rely on the facts outlined in Ballard’s affidavit which indicates
that he resigned as the Director of the Division of Community Corrections approximately six
weeks before Eversole’s alleged fall. Likewise, the Magistrate Judge did not consider the
Defendant Privett moved for summary judgment on September 5, 2017.
impact of the one year statute of limitations applicable to Eversole’s claims which would
preclude any actions of Defendant Ballard occurring prior to March 2, 2016.
Magistrate Judge Smith fully evaluated the merits of the plaintiff’s allegations and found them
lacking as a matter of law.
Eversole’s “official capacity” claims against Ballard are subject to dismissal because
the plaintiff has failed allege any custom, policy or practice that was the moving force behind
the alleged violation of his constitutional rights. Likewise, to the extent that Eversole’s filings
could be construed as asserting official capacity claims based on a failure to supervise, he has
not pled sufficient facts to assert such claims. He does not reference any specific policy and
does not mention any facts that could be construed as demonstrating that LFUCG acted with
deliberate indifference toward him. Thus, as explained more fully at pages 7 through 10 of the
Magistrate Judge’s Report and Recommendation, Eversole’s official capacity claims must be
Further, the individual capacity claims asserted against Defendant Ballard also must be
dismissed. Simply put, Eversole has not alleged sufficient facts to “raise a plausible inference
of wrongdoing against Ballard in his individual capacity to support an Eighth Amendment
deliberate indifference claim.” [Record No. 32, p. 10] In the present case, the plaintiff alleges
that Eversole is responsible for his damages due to his position as supervisor of the facility
where the fall occurred and because he is “responsible for the health and safety of all
prisoners.” [Record No. 1] However, he does not claim that Ballard knew of and disregarded
an excessive risk of inmate health or safety. And his (former) position with LFUCG is simply
insufficient to fill this evidentiary gap.3
As noted by Magistrate Judge Smith:
Plaintiff’s Complaint and Response to Answers do not contain any facts raising
a plausible inference that Defendant Ballard authorized, approved, or knowingly
acquiesced in any potentially unconstitutional conduct so as to state a claim for
supervisory liability. Nor does Plaintiff allege sufficient facts that, if true, would
show Ballard subjectively perceived a risk of harm and then disregarded the
[Record No. 32, p. 15] The undersigned agrees with this concise summary. As a result all
claims asserted against Defendant Rodney Ballard will be dismissed, with prejudice.
Officer Chase Jourdan
The claims against Defendant Jourdan will be dismissed, without prejudice, based on
the plaintiff’s failure to serve this defendant. Because of the applicable one-year statute of
limitations relevant to the claims asserted against Jourdan, this dismissal will effectively
prevent similar claims from being reasserted in any subsequent proceeding that Eversole might
Notwithstanding the fact that the plaintiff is incarcerated, he must make some effort to
obtain an address for the subject defendant. Fitts v. Sicker, 232 F. App’x 436, 443 (6th Cir.
2007). He has totally failed in that regard here. By Order dated April 10, 2017, Eversole was
advised of his obligation to provide a correct address for service for Defendant Jourdan so that
Eversole claims that he filed a grievance the day after the fall and after being moved to a medical
cell for treatment. He does not claim that Defendant Ballard was aware prior to his fall that he
was assigned to a top bunk. Likewise, he does not claim that Ballard had specific knowledge of
any bottom bunk restriction or that he was reassigned to a top bunk after the fall. Finally, Eversole
does not claim that Ballard had any knowledge or involvement in the medical treatment he received
following the fall from the bunk.
service could be accomplished through the United States Marshal’s Service. [Record No. 11]
Eversole failed to comply with this directive within the period provided.
A second Order was issued on June 2, 2017, noting Eversole’s failure to provide an
address for service and explaining the consequences for such failure (i.e., “[i]f Plaintiff fails to
provide an address where Officer Jourdan can be served or otherwise comply with Civil Rule
4(m), the undersigned will recommend to the presiding District Judge that Plaintiff’s claim
against Officer Jourdan be dismissed without prejudice.”) Again, however, Eversole did not
serve or provide any information for service upon Defendant Jourdan.
Under the facts presented, Eversole has neither shown good cause for failure to effect
service and has not requested that the time for service be extended by any reasonable period.4
Based on the foregoing analysis and discussion, it is hereby
ORDERED as follows:
The Report and Recommendation of United States Magistrate Judge Candace J.
Smith [Record No. 32] is ADOPTED and INCORPORATED by reference.
Defendant Rodney Ballard’s Motion for Judgment on the Pleadings [Record No.
20] is GRANTED.
The claims asserted by Plaintiff Michael Eversole against Defendant Rodney
Ballard are DISMISSED, with prejudice.
See footnote 9 of the Magistrate Judge’s Report and Recommendation regarding the letter from
Plaintiff Eversole requesting that time deadlines be extended generally during his period of
incarceration. In addition to the reasons given by the Magistrate Judge, the undersigned does not
consider such an ex parte request reasonable under the Federal Rules of Civil Procedure.
The claims asserted by Plaintiff Michael Eversole against Defendant Chase
Jourdan are DIMISSED, without prejudice.
This 6th day of September, 2017.
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