Gilmore v. Ormond
MEMORANDUM OPINION & ORDER: IT IS ORDERED that: 1. Gilmores petition for a writ of habeas corpus [R. 1] is DENIED. 2. This action is DISMISSED and STRICKEN from the Court's docket. 3. A corresponding judgment will be entered this date. Signed by Judge Gregory F. VanTatenhove on 05/25/2017.(KJA)cc: COR, mailed paper copy to pro se filer
UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT
EASTERN DISTRICT OF KENTUCKY
J. RAY ORMOND, Warden,
Civil Action No. 6:16-cv-237-GFVT
*** *** *** ***
Tyganda Gilmore is an inmate who was previously confined at federal penitentiaries in the
Eastern District of Kentucky. Gilmore filed two petitions for a writ of habeas corpus pursuant to
28 U.S.C. § 2241. The first petition was filed in a case before another Judge in this district. See
Gilmore v. Coakley, No. 6: 16-cv-189-DCR (E.D. Ky. 2016). The Court will refer to that other
case as Gilmore I. The second petition was filed in this case, which the Court will refer to as
Gilmore II. Since the two cases involve overlapping matters, the Court takes judicial notice of the
documents filed by Gilmore in each case, and it will refer to those documents by citing the record
in either Gilmore I or Gilmore II.
The habeas petition in Gilmore II is now before this Court for an initial review. See 28
U.S.C. § 2243; Alexander v. Northern Bureau of Prisons, 419 F. App’x 544, 545 (6th Cir. 2011).
For the reasons set forth below, the Court will deny that petition.
In August 2005, a Magistrate in Richland County, South Carolina issued an arrest warrant
against Gilmore for allegedly committing “assault/simple assault and battery.” [Gilmore I at R. 1-
2 at 23]. In October 2005, a Family Court Judge in the same county issued a bench warrant against
Gilmore for allegedly failing to pay child support as ordered. [Gilmore I at R. 1-2 at 25-26].
Before these state charges could be resolved, Gilmore pled guilty to a federal drug-related charge,
and he began serving time in federal prison. See United States v. Gilmore, No. 3: 05-cr-759-JFA
(D.S.C. July 27, 2006). The Richland County Sherriff’s Office subsequently lodged a detainer
against Gilmore with the Federal Bureau of Prisons (BOP). [Gilmore I at R. 1-2 at 33]. It appears
that this initial detainer referred only to the outstanding warrant for assault. [Gilmore I at R. 1-2
In October 2006, pursuant to the Interstate Agreement on Detainers Act (IADA), the BOP
gave Gilmore a form notifying him of the outstanding warrant against him for assault. [Gilmore I
at R. 1-2 at 12]. Gilmore signed that form and another document indicating that he wished to
exercise his rights under the IADA and, thus, was formally requesting a final disposition on the
assault charge. [Gilmore I at R. 1-2 at 11-12]. It appears that BOP officials then sent these forms
and other letters to the Richland County Solicitor’s Office, informing that office that Gilmore
requested disposition of the assault charge. [Gilmore I at R. 1-2 at 6-13]. The BOP noted that,
under the IADA, “Inmate Gilmore is to be brought to trial on these charges within 180 days from
the date the forms were received in your office as noted on the certified mail receipt.” [Gilmore I
at R. 1-2 at 13].
In January 2007, the Richland County Solicitor’s Office sent a response letter to one of the
BOP officials acknowledging the 180-day time period, but adding that it had no charges pending
against Gilmore. [Gilmore I at R. 1-2 at 14]. The Richland County Solicitor’s Office explained
that “[i]t could be that this warrant belongs to the Richland County Sheriff’s Department and has
not been received in our office.” [Gilmore I at R. 1-2 at 14]. The Richland County Solicitor’s
Office then suggested that the BOP contact the Richland County Sheriff’s Department directly.
[Gilmore I at R. 1-2 at 14].
A few days later, a BOP official sent a letter back to the Richland County Solicitor’s Office,
saying that “the necessary [IADA] paperwork was sent to your office as the primary prosecutor
for Richland County, as we believe your office is the primary authority for prosecution and
extradition matters in your county.” [Gilmore I at R. 1-2 at 15]. The BOP official then added that
“[i]t was this office’s intention that your office would forward the paperwork to the appropriate
Court in the case you did not have such jurisdiction. In any event, the warrant specifies the case
is assigned to Hopkins Magistrate Court, and therefore, I will forward the necessary paperwork
directly to the Hopkins Magistrate Court.” [Gilmore I at R. 1-2 at 15].
The BOP then sent a letter to the Richland County Magistrate – Hopkins Division
indicating that Gilmore had “requested disposition of pending charges in your jurisdiction pursuant
to the . . . IADA.” [Gilmore I at R. 1-2 at 17]. The BOP also sent another letter to the Richland
County Solicitor’s Office and more letters to the Magistrate again stating that Gilmore was seeking
final disposition of the pending charges pursuant to the IADA. [Gilmore I at R. 1-2 at 19-21].
However, it is not clear whether the BOP reached out directly to the Richland County Sherriff’s
Department, as the Richland County Solicitor’s Office had suggested.
Gilmore claims that he did not hear anything from Richland County within the 180-day
time frame established by the IADA. [Gilmore I at R. 1 at 6-7]. In fact, Gilmore suggests that
nothing happened until 2011, when the Richland County Sherriff’s Department sent a letter asking
the BOP to once again place a detainer on Gilmore because it held warrants against him for assault
and failure to pay child support. [Gilmore I at R. 1-2 at 27]. It appears that the BOP acknowledged
the existence of this detainer in 2014. [Gilmore I at R. 1-2 at 24]. Then, in March 2015, Gilmore
wrote his own letter to a Judge in Richland County attempting to explain the situation and asking
that his assault charge finally be resolved. [Gilmore I at R. 1-2 at 1-2]. A few months later, the
BOP sent more correspondence to the Richland County Solicitor’s Office indicating that Gilmore
was requesting disposition on the outstanding assault and failure-to-pay-child-support charges.
[Gilmore II at R. 1-1 at 1-6]. Nevertheless, Gilmore claims that neither he nor the BOP ever
received a response. [Gilmore I at R. 1-2 at 29; Gilmore II at R. 1 at 2].
Gilmore then requested an administrative remedy with the BOP, arguing that the state of
South Carolina failed to remove him from federal custody to answer the pending charges against
him within the 180-day time frame specified under the IADA. [Gilmore I at R. 1-2 at 28-32]. In
response, the Warden noted that the BOP “did alert prosecuting officials of the 180-day lapse.”
[Gilmore I at R. 1-2 at 28]. Similarly, the BOP’s Mid-Atlantic Regional Director acknowledged
that the BOP “sent correspondence to the Richland County, South Carolina, Solicitor and Richland
County, South Carolina, Magistrate several times pointing out that you have applied for disposition
of the charges against you. Bureau staff have indicated the time frames and have asked that the
state take appropriate action. To date there has been no response from the state.” [Gilmore I at R.
1-2 at 31]. Nevertheless, the BOP officials directed Gilmore to contact his attorney or state
authorities in South Carolina, saying that only the state could authorize the removal of its detainer.
[Gilmore I at R. 1-2 at 28, 31].
After pursuing his administrative remedies, Gilmore filed two federal habeas petitions with
the United States District Court for the District of South Carolina—(1) the petition in Gilmore I,
which alleges a violation of the IADA with respect to the assault charge, and (2) the petition in
this case, which alleges a violation of the IADA with respect to the charge of failing to pay child
support. [Gilmore I at R. 1; Gilmore II at R. 1]. However, since Gilmore was confined at a federal
prison in the Eastern District of Kentucky when he filed each petition, the court transferred these
matters to this district. [Gilmore I at R. 15; Gilmore II at R. 9].
Gilmore argues in his petitions that the state of South Carolina has run afoul of the IADA
and his speedy trial rights by not bringing him to trial or otherwise disposing of the charges against
him. [Gilmore I at R. 1; Gilmore II at R. 1]. Gilmore complains that since the state’s charges and
corresponding detainer remain pending, he has lost certain prison privileges and is unable to
participate in specific programs, such as the BOP’s Residential Drug Abuse Program (RDAP).
[Gilmore I at R. 26, 27, 34; Gilmore II at R. 14]. Gilmore has submitted evidence from the BOP
that supports this assertion.
[Gilmore I at R. 26 at 2 and R. 27-1; Gilmore II at R. 14-1].
Ultimately, Gilmore asks the Court to remove the state’s detainer. [Gilmore I at R. 26, 27, 34;
Gilmore II at R. 1 at 8-9 and R. 14 at 1]. Gilmore also recently asked the Court to transfer both of
his cases to the United States District Court for the District of Arizona because he is currently
being held at the United States Penitentiary in Tucson, Arizona. [Gilmore I at R. 34].
As an initial matter, the Court will deny Gilmore’s request to transfer this case to the federal
district court in Arizona. That is because jurisdiction over a § 2241 habeas petition is determined
at the time the petition is filed. Since Gilmore filed his petition while he was incarcerated in the
Eastern District of Kentucky, this Court retains jurisdiction over his petition even though he has
since been transferred. See White v. Lamanna, 42 F. App’x 670, 671 (6th Cir. 2002).
The Court will also deny Gilmore’s habeas petition at this time because he has not fully
pursued the remedies available to him in state court. Gilmore claims that he has requested final
disposition of the assault and failure-to-pay-child-support charges pursuant to the IADA, and he
attaches the letters and other correspondence between him, the BOP, and officials in Richland
County, South Carolina. [Gilmore I at R. 1 at 3 and R. 1-2 at 1-27; Gilmore II at R. 1 at 2, 6-10
and R. 1-1 at 1-6]. Gilmore claims that he has done “everything in my power to have these
detainers cleared up.” [Gilmore I at R. 26 at 1]. Gilmore has certainly taken numerous steps to
try to resolve the charges against him. But since Gilmore is claiming that the state of South
Carolina violated the IADA and his speedy trial rights, his remedy at this point is to formally
initiate proceedings in state court in Richland County, South Carolina, and to move that court to
dismiss the charges against him and quash the detainer. Gilmore does not allege and the record
does not reflect that he has taken these steps; therefore, his habeas petition is, at best, premature.
As a result, the Court will deny Gilmore’s petition at this time.
This outcome is consistent with case law in this district. Indeed, in a similar case, the Court
noted that the petitioner “does not allege and the record does not reflect that he pursued state legal
action . . . following the IAD violation—not even a motion to dismiss the charges or indictment.”
Miles v. Rees, No. 6: 07-cv-089-KKC, 2007 WL 1455872, *2 (E.D. Ky. May 15, 2007). The Court
recognized that “state procedures exist to remedy the alleged IAD violation that [the petitioner]
must first exhaust,” and the Court directed the petitioner to initiate proceedings in state court “in
the nature of a motion to dismiss based on a violation of the IAD.” Id. Likewise, in another case,
the Court indicated that where “the state court has yet to rule upon the merits of [the petitioner’s]
motion to dismiss the indictment, . . . the Court cannot conclude that there is yet any defect to
correct at all, let alone one qualifying as so fundamental it warrants preemptive federal habeas
relief.” Davenport v. Kentucky, No. 6: 16-cv-210-GFVT, 2016 WL 7446389, *2 (December 27,
It also appears the IADA itself designates the state court in Richland County, South
Carolina, as the appropriate forum to address the alleged IADA violation. After all, the IADA
provides that if there is a violation of the 180-day time limit, then “the appropriate court of the
jurisdiction where the indictment, information, or complaint has been pending shall enter an order
dismissing the same with prejudice, and any detainer based thereon shall cease to be of any force
or effect.” 18 U.S.C. app. 2, § 2 art. V(c). Thus, as this Court has previously recognized, the
IADA “does not explicitly grant authority to courts in the sending/custodial jurisdiction to render
a detainer invalid or to dismiss another jurisdiction’s charges underlying the detainer.” Howard v.
Rees, No. 6: 06-cv-136-DCR, at 4 (E.D. Ky. September 20, 2006). Instead, the “[a]uthority to
render a detainer invalid and to dismiss the underlying charges is afforded to the charging—not
the sending—jurisdiction.” Id.; see also Davenport, 2016 WL 7446389, at *2 (“[R]ights under the
IADA are properly asserted as a defense to the continued prosecution of charges in the underlying
criminal proceeding itself, not in ancillary proceedings in a separate court challenging the detainer
resulting from those charges.”); Phipps v. Kentucky State Parole Board, No. 3: 13-cv-060-GFVT,
2013 WL 5964678, *2 (“If [the petitioner] wants the . . . detainer quashed, he must file an action
in the Kentucky state courts under the [IADA].”). 1
The Court recognizes that there is some case law indicating that it can quash a state’s
detainer under limited circumstances. See, e.g., Schofs v. Warden, FCI, Lexington, 509 F. Supp.
78 (E.D. Ky. 1981). However, that case law still suggests that the petitioner must first pursue the
remedies available to him in state court. For example, in Schofs, a habeas petitioner confined in
the Eastern District of Kentucky asked this Court to quash a detainer lodged against him by the
Another court has emphasized that, “[b]y its terms, the IADA is implicated when a prisoner is subject to
an ‘untried indictment, information or complaint on the basis of which the detainer has been lodged.’”
Owens v. Virginia, 2016 WL 2621957, *2 (E.D. Va. 2016) (quoting Va. Code Ann. § 53.1-210, Art. III(a)).
As a result, that court has concluded that the IADA “does not apply where a detainer is based on a felony
arrest warrant.” Owens, 2016 WL 2621957, at *2. Since the detainer placed against Gilmore by the South
Carolina authorities appears to have been based on arrest and bench warrants, there is an argument that the
IADA may not even be implicated in this case.
state of Connecticut and to dismiss the underlying charges. See id. at 79. However, the Court first
directed the petitioner to “initiate proper proceedings in Connecticut” before it would consider the
petitioner’s motion to quash. See id. at 81. The Court explained that “[e]xhaustion of available
state court remedies, not including a return for trial, is still required.” Id. Similarly, other courts
have said that a jurisdiction’s authority to quash a state’s detainer exists in the context of a situation
“where the prisoner’s rights under the IAD have been violated and the receiving jurisdiction has
failed to act to dismiss the indictment.” Tungate v. Thoms, 45 F. App’x 502, 504 (6th Cir. 2002)
(emphasis added) (citing Schofs, 509 F. Supp. at 82); see also Mace v. Whitehead, 2010 WL
1490001, *6 (D. Md. 2010). Here, despite Gilmore’s other efforts, there is no indication that he
has formally initiated proceedings in state court and tried to dismiss the charges against him.
For the reasons stated above, the Court will deny Gilmore’s habeas petition. At this point,
Gilmore’s remedy is to formally initiate proceedings in state court in Richland County, South
Carolina, and to move that court to dismiss the charges against him and quash the detainer. There
is no indication that Gilmore has taken these steps.
Accordingly, IT IS ORDERED that:
Gilmore’s petition for a writ of habeas corpus [R. 1] is DENIED.
This action is DISMISSED and STRICKEN from the Court’s docket.
A corresponding judgment will be entered this date.
This the 25th day of May, 2017.
Disclaimer: Justia Dockets & Filings provides public litigation records from the federal appellate and district courts. These filings and docket sheets should not be considered findings of fact or liability, nor do they necessarily reflect the view of Justia.
Why Is My Information Online?