Marcus J. v. The United States of America et al
MEMORANDUM OPINION by Judge Greg N. Stivers on 9/20/2016; For the foregoing reasons and Plaintiff having failed to establish this Court's subject-matter jurisdiction, the Court will dismiss the action under Fed. R. Civ. P. 12(h)(3) by separate Order. cc: Plaintiff, pro se; Defendants (CDR)
UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT
WESTERN DISTRICT OF KENTUCKY
AT BOWLING GREEN
MARCUS J. LAWRENCE, SR.
CIVIL ACTION NO. 1:16-CV-P115-GNS
UNITED STATES OF AMERICA et al.
Plaintiff Marcus J. Lawrence Sr. filed a complaint which he captioned as a “FEDERAL
WARRANT OF ARREST” (DN 1). Plaintiff sues the following six Defendants: (1) the United
States of America; (2) the State of Kentucky; (3) the County of Warren; (4) the City of Bowling
Green; (5) the Commonwealth of Kentucky; and (6) Renae M. Tuck. For the reasons that
follow, this action will be dismissed for lack of subject-matter jurisdiction.
As grounds for his complaint, Plaintiff states,
IT IS NOW ORDERED, COMMANDED & DEMANDED THAT ALL UNITED
STATES COURTS, CLERKS, OFFICERS, JUDGES, PROSECUTORS,
AGENTS, CONGRESSMAN, SENATORS & MARSHALS in America are
compelled under Title 28 U.S.C.A Section 1361 of the Federal Rules of Civil
Procedure to perform your mandatory, statutory, regulatory, guaranteed, sworn
oath & government official duty to collect, procure & Obtain the recorded video
surveillance tape with Marcus J. of the Lawrence family being assaulted, battered,
tortured, nearly murdered & committed hate crimes against until hospitalized in
the Intensive Care Unit.
Plaintiff maintains that “violent crimes” have been committed against him and that Defendants
conspired against him to destroy surveillance videos of the crimes which would have shown the
truth about the events. In this regard, Plaintiff states that on July 8, 2011, he was assaulted while
incarcerated which resulted in his hospitalization. According to Plaintiff, “a wall mounted 240
hour video recording camera . . . captured every event.” Plaintiff continues as follows:
This defendant & large group of (15) white individuals personally “hated &
disliked” what this record, video file & material evidence would show, tell, prove
& demonstrate beyond all reasonable doubt in any UNITED STATES
(FEDERAL) COURT OF LAW. This large group of white individuals employed
by the government knew that the actions they took against him were heinous,
violent, illegal, unnecessary, a violation, & a crime that no law, policy, procedure
or rule could justify. This group of white individuals “hated & disliked” what the
Warren County Regional Jail’s intake, booking & processing room’s cameras
clearly recorded them doing to a Brown Skinned Man. Avoiding this record &
material evidence; knowing it would be destroyed, they made sure that no other
Brown Skinned People or the public would ever get a chance to view this public
record, file, eye-witness, informant, information, discovery process item &
material evidence of this serious event & violent crime done against a person
opposite to their race. . . . Avoiding this impeaching video record “knowing” that
eventually the system would destroy it “ACCIDENTALLY”, means their intent,
target and goal was to make sure they would never be seen, caught and observed
doing the illegal acts committed against him on camera. . . . Arresting this
defendant is warranted and a statutory, mandatory and regulatory duty that must
be performed by all United States Officials without exceptions. This defendant’s
arrest is lawful and their conviction will be upheld in any court of law. This
defendant’s conviction can not be appealed & all relief must be denied; until this
defendant provides the record, file and evidence to 100% captured this event.
Although this Court recognizes that pro se pleadings are to be held to a less stringent
standard than formal pleadings drafted by lawyers, Haines v. Kerner, 404 U.S. 519 (1972), the
duty “does not require us to conjure up unpled allegations.” McDonald v. Hall, 610 F.2d 16, 19
(1st Cir. 1979). Additionally, this Court is not required to create a claim for Plaintiff. Clark v.
Nat’l Travelers Life Ins. Co., 518 F.2d 1167, 1169 (6th Cir. 1975). In fact, to do so would
require the “courts to explore exhaustively all potential claims of a pro se plaintiff, [and] would
also transform the district court from its legitimate advisory role to the improper role of an
advocate seeking out the strongest arguments and most successful strategies for a party.”
Beaudett v. City of Hampton, 775 F.2d 1274, 1278 (4th Cir. 1985).
Rule 12(h)(3) of the Federal Rules of Civil Procedure provides, “If the court determines
at any time that it lacks subject-matter jurisdiction, the court must dismiss the action.” It is
axiomatic that federal district courts are courts of limited jurisdiction, and their powers are
enumerated in Article III of the Constitution. Kokkonen v. Guardian Life Ins. Co. of Am.,
511 U.S. 375, 377 (1994); Hudson v. Coleman, 347 F.3d 138, 141 (6th Cir. 2003) (“[I]t is well
established that federal courts are courts of limited jurisdiction, possessing only that power
authorized by the Constitution and statute.”). Therefore, “[t]he first and fundamental question
presented by every case brought to the federal courts is whether it has jurisdiction to hear a case,
even where the parties concede or do not raise or address the issue.” Douglas v. E.G. Baldwin &
Assocs. Inc., 150 F.3d 604, 606-07 (6th Cir. 1998), overruled on other grounds by Cobb v.
Contract Transp., Inc., 452 F.3d 543, 548-49 (6th Cir. 2006). “Jurisdiction defines the contours
of the authority of courts to hear and decide cases, and, in so doing, it dictates the scope of the
judiciary’s influence.” Id. at 606. The party that seeks to invoke a federal district court’s
jurisdiction bears the burden of establishing the court’s jurisdiction. Kokkonen v. Guardian Life
Ins. Co. of Am., 511 U.S. at 377.
“It is well settled that the question of whether and when prosecution is to be instituted is
within the discretion of the Attorney General.” Powell v. Katzenbach, 359 F.2d 234, 235
(D.C. Cir. 1965). Only federal prosecutors, and not private citizens, have authority to initiate
federal criminal charges. See Sahagian v. Dickey, 646 F. Supp. 1502, 1506 (W.D. Wis. 1986);
see also United States v. Nixon, 418 U.S. 683, 693 (1974) (“Executive Branch has exclusive
authority and absolute discretion to decide whether to prosecute a case.”); Saro v. Brown,
11 F. App’x 387, 388 (6th Cir. 2001) (“A private citizen has no authority to initiate a federal
criminal prosecution; that power is vested exclusively in the executive branch.”); McCrary v.
Cty. of Nassau, 493 F. Supp. 2d 581, 588 (E.D.N.Y. 2007) (“A private citizen does not have a
constitutional right to compel government officials to arrest or prosecute another person.”);
Osuch v. Gregory, 303 F. Supp. 2d 189, 194 (D. Conn. 2004) (“An alleged victim of a crime
does not have a right to have the alleged perpetrator investigated or criminally prosecuted.”).
Plaintiff is a private citizen and cannot initiate criminal charges against anyone. He therefore
fails to establish the Court’s subject-matter jurisdiction over this action, and the action must be
To the extent that any of the claims could be construed as claims brought under 42 U.S.C.
§ 1983, Plaintiff states, “Using Pro Se Court forms & applications to proceed is not appropriate
in this serious matter & in forma pauperis contracts and agreements & payments to U.S. Officials
to arrest this terrorist is not necessary.” Plaintiff has already filed actions under § 1983 in which
he raises the alleged conspiracy to destroy the video of the July 8, 2011, events. See Lawrence v.
United States District Court, Case No. 3:16CV-131-JHM; Lawrence v. Brown, Case No.
1:15CV-11-GNS. Further a § 1983 action apparently would be barred by the one-year statute of
limitations; thus, so construing this action would be futile. Therefore, the Court does not
construe any of the claims as being brought under § 1983.
For the foregoing reasons and Plaintiff having failed to establish this Court’s subjectmatter jurisdiction, the Court will dismiss the action under Fed. R. Civ. P. 12(h)(3) by separate
September 20, 2016
Plaintiff, pro se
Greg N. Stivers, Judge
United States District Court
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