Colter v. Bowling Green-Warren County Regional Airport Board et al
MEMORANDUM OPINION AND ORDER by Chief Judge Joseph H. McKinley, Jr. on 2/6/2018 denying 38 Plaintiff's Motion to Alter, Amend, or Vacate Memorandum Opinion and Order entered 11/15/2017 (DN 34 ). cc: Counsel (CDR)
UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT
WESTERN DISTRICT OF KENTUCKY
BOWLING GREEN DIVISION
CIVIL ACTION NO: 1:17-CV-00118-JHM
BOWLING GREEN-WARREN COUNTY
REGIONAL AIRPORT BOARD, et al.,
MEMORANDUM OPINION AND ORDER
This matter is before the Court on Plaintiff’s Motion to Alter, Amend, or Vacate
Memorandum Opinion and Order Entered November 15, 2017 [DN 38]. Fully briefed, this
matter is ripe for decision. For the following reasons, the Plaintiff’s Motion is DENIED.
Plaintiff Greg Coulter brought this lawsuit after he was terminated from his position at
the Bowling Green-Warren County Regional Airport (the “Airport”). On June 13, 2017, Plaintiff
filed this action in Warren County Circuit Court against the Airport, Robert Barnett, the City of
Bowling Green and Warren County. On July 5, 2017, Defendants jointly removed this action to
this Court on the basis of federal question jurisdiction pursuant to 28 U.S.C. § 1331. (Joint
Notice of Removal [DN 1].) Plaintiff’s Amended Complaint included five claims: Family and
Medical Leave Act interference, disability discrimination, age discrimination, tortious
interference with a contract, and hostile work environment. (Amend. Compl. [DN 12].) In a
Memorandum Opinion and Order dated November 15, 2017 [DN 34], this Court dismissed
Plaintiff’s claims of tortious interference with a contract and hostile work environment, as well
as all claims against Warren County and Robert Barnett. Plaintiff now brings this motion, asking
the Court to reconsider his claims for tortious interference with a contract (which would make a
plausible claim against Robert Barnett) and hostile work environment.
II. STANDARD OF REVIEW
The Sixth Circuit recognizes that a district court has authority both under common law
and under Rule 54(b) “to reconsider interlocutory orders and to reopen any part of a case before
entry of final judgment.” Rodriguez v. Tenn. Laborers Health & Welfare Fund, 89 F. App'x 949,
959 (6th Cir. 2004).1 “Traditionally, courts will find justification for reconsidering interlocutory
orders when there is (1) an intervening change of controlling law; (2) new evidence available; or
(3) a need to correct a clear error or prevent manifest injustice.” Id. (citing Reich v. Hall Holding
Co., 990 F. Supp. 955, 965 (N.D. Ohio 1998)); see also United States v. Lexington-Fayette
Urban County Gov't, No. 06-386-KSF, 2008 U.S. Dist. LEXIS 77478, at *3, 2008 WL 4490200,
at *1 (E.D. Ky. Oct. 2, 2008); Edmonds v. Rees, No. 3:06-CV-P301-H, 2008 U.S. Dist. LEXIS
61839, at *7, 2008 WL 3820432, at *2 (W.D. Ky. Aug. 13, 2008). A motion to reconsider under
Rule 54(b) may not, however, “serve as a vehicle to identify facts or raise legal arguments which
could have been, but were not, raised or adduced during the pendency of the motion of which
reconsideration [is] sought.” Owensboro Grain Co., LLC v. AUI Contr., LLC, No. CIV.A.
4:08CV-94-JHM, 2009 U.S. Dist. LEXIS 18025, at *6, 2009 WL 650456, at *2 (W.D. Ky. Mar.
10, 2009) (quoting Jones v. Casey's Gen. Stores, 551 F. Supp. 2d 848, 854-55 (S.D. Iowa 2008)).
“Motions for reconsideration are not intended to re-litigate issues previously considered by the
Court or to present evidence that could have been raised earlier.” Ne. Ohio Coal. for Homeless v.
Although Plaintiff moves to alter, amend, or vacate under Rule 59(e), “Rule 59(e) does not provide an appropriate
means to challenge a non-final order.” Saunders v. Ford Motor Co., No. 3:14-CV-00594-JHM, 2015 U.S. Dist.
LEXIS 101659, *2 (W.D. Ky. Aug. 3, 2015) (citing Simmerman v. Ace Bayou Corp., 304 F.R.D. 516, 518 (E.D. Ky.
2015)). As there has been no final order or judgment in this case, see Davey v. St. John Health, 297 F. App'x 466,
469 (6th Cir. 2008) (when a plaintiff's case has remaining claims, an order of dismissal as to less than all defendants
is not a final order), the relief Plaintiff seeks is only available under Rule 54(b), see Edmonds v. Rees, No. 3:06-CVP301-H, 2008 WL 3820432, at *2 (W.D. Ky. Aug. 13, 2008) (“both Rule 59 and Rule 60 are only applicable to final
orders or judgments”); Fed. R. Civ. P. 54(b).
Brunner, 652 F. Supp. 2d 871, 877 (S.D. Ohio 2009). “The moving party has the burden of
showing that reconsideration is warranted, and that some harm or injustice would result if
reconsideration were to be denied.” Pueschel v. Nat'l Air Traffic Controllers' Ass'n, 606 F. Supp.
2d 82, 85 (D.D.C. 2009).
Applying the above standard to this motion, the Court denies Plaintiff’s Motion to Alter,
Amend, or Vacate. The arguments raised in Plaintiff’s motion were previously advanced by
Plaintiff in his Response and Objection to Defendant Airport Board’s Motion to Dismiss [DN
26]. Neither the law nor the facts as set forth by the Plaintiff have changed since the Court
previously ruled on these matters. Further, Plaintiff has not met his burden of proving that the
Court committed a clear error in its earlier decision. “A Rule 59(e) motion is not properly used as
a vehicle to re-hash old arguments or to advance positions that could have been argued earlier,
but were not.” Gray v. Commissioner of Social Sec., 2006 U.S. Dist. LEXIS 98264, 2006 WL
3825066, *2 (E.D. Mich. December 13, 2006) (citing Sault Ste. Marie Tribe of Chippewa
Indians v. Engler, 146 F.3d 367, 374 (6th Cir. 1998)). Plaintiff may disagree with the Court's
decision, but that is an issue for appeal, not reconsideration.
For the reasons set forth above, IT IS HEREBY ORDERED that Plaintiff’s Motion to
Alter, Amend, or Vacate Memorandum Opinion and Order Entered November 15, 2017 is
cc: counsel of record
February 6, 2018
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