Osmon v. Commissioner of Social Security
MEMORANDUM OPINION by Magistrate Judge Colin H. Lindsay on 10/17/2016: The Court will deny Osmon's motion for summary judgment. The Court will enter an order in accordance with this opinion. cc: counsel (JBM)
UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT
WESTERN DISTRICT OF KENTUCKY
Case No. 3:15-cv-561-CHL
COMMISSIONER OF SOCIAL SECURITY,
Frances Osmon filed this lawsuit following the Commissioner’s decision to deny her
application for disability insurance and supplemental security income benefits. Compl. (DN 1).
Osmon moves for summary judgment. Mot. Summ. J., DN 16.1
For the reasons below, the Court will deny Osmon’s motion for summary judgment.
Summary judgment standard
A party moving for summary judgment must show that “there is no genuine dispute as to
any material fact and the movant is entitled to judgment as a matter of law.” Fed. R. Civ. P.
56(a). “By its very terms, this standard provides that the mere existence of some alleged factual
dispute between the parties will not defeat an otherwise properly supported motion for summary
judgment; the requirement is that there be no genuine issue of material fact.” Anderson v.
Liberty Lobby, Inc., 477 U.S. 242, 247 – 48 (1986).
The parties consented to magistrate judge jurisdiction over all proceedings in this case,
including entry of judgment. DN 13.
On January 16, 2013, Osmon applied for disability insurance and supplemental security
income benefits. Adm. Rec. 126 – 27.2 Osmon claimed in her application that her paralyzed
vocal cord, neuropathy in the legs, difficulty raising arms, and other ailments disabled her since
July 2011. Id. at 235 – 57; Def.’s Mem. 1 (DN 22); but see, Pl.’s Mem. 1 (DN 17-1) (asserting
that Osmon’s application alleged disability “since January 16, 2013.”). The Commissioner
denied Osmon’s claims on March 25, 2013 and upon reconsideration on July 3, 2013. Adm.
On September 10, 2014, the Administrative Law Judge (“ALJ”) held a hearing at
Osmon’s request. Id. at 60. Osmon testified about her history of breast cancer, vocal cord
paralysis, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, and other health issues. See, e.g., id. at 64.
On November 21, 2014, the ALJ denied Osmon’s claim. Id. at 34. The ALJ found that
Osmon met the insured status requirements of the Social Security Act through December 31,
2011, and she had not engaged in substantial gainful activity since July 1, 2011. Id. at 39. The
ALJ further found:
The claimant has the following severe impairments: breast cancer with
lumpectomy and chemotherapy with complications, vocal cord paralysis, chronic
obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), bilateral shoulder bursitis/arthritis,
peripheral neuropathy, degenerative disc disease of the cervical and lumbar
spines, depression, and anxiety.
Id. at 39 (citing 20 C.F.R. §§ 404.1520(c) & 416.920(c)). Ultimately, the ALJ determined that
Osmon had not met the Social Security Act’s definition of disability. Id. at 51.
Standard of review
The Court should affirm the Commissioner’s conclusion unless the ALJ failed to apply
the correct legal standard or made fact findings unsupported by substantial record evidence.
The administrative record includes DNs 12-1 through 12-11. For ease of reading, the
Court cites to the page number of the administrative record without reference to the document
Kyle v. Comm’r Soc. Sec., 609 F.3d 847, 854 (6th Cir. 2010). “Substantial evidence is ‘such
evidence as a reasonable mind might accept as adequate to support a conclusion.’” Id. (quoting
White v. Comm’r of Soc. Sec., 572 F.3d 272, 281 (6th Cir. 2009)).
The Commissioner evaluates whether a claimant is disabled through a sequential fivestep process. 20 C.F.R. § 404.1520(a)(1). Only steps four and five are at issue in this case.
At step four, the ALJ considers the claimant’s residual functional capacity and past
relevant work. Id. § 404.1520(f). Residual functional capacity is an assessment of the
claimant’s “remaining capacity for work once her limitations have been taken into account.”
Webb v. Comm’r of Soc. Sec., 368 F.3d 629, 632 (6th Cir. 2004) (internal quotation marks
omitted). The claimant has the burden of proof during the first four steps. Jones v. Comm’r of
Soc. Sec., 336 F.3d 469, 474 (6th Cir. 2003).
At step five, the ALJ assesses the claimant’s residual functional capacity along with age,
education, and work experience. 20 C.F.R. § 404.1520(g)(1). A claimant who cannot make an
adjustment to other work is disabled. 20 C.F.R. § 404.1520(g)(1). At step five, the burden shifts
to the Commissioner. Walters v. Comm’r of Soc. Sec., 127 F.3d 525, 529 (6th Cir. 1997).
A. Whether substantial evidence supports the ALJ’s conclusion regarding the plaintiff’s
Osmon argues that the ALJ’s residual functional capacity determination was
“impermissibly vague” because it failed to detail the limitation on her speaking ability. Pl.’s
Mem. 3.3 The ALJ determined that Osmon had the following speaking limitation on her residual
Under the heading, “Summary of Issues,” Osmon says, “The ALJ’s [residual functional
capacity], which failed to define the duration of Plaintiff’s need to stand or clearly define the
limitations on her ability to speak, is impermissibly vague as a matter of Agency Policy.” Pl.’s
Mem. 3 (brackets added). Osmon made no argument regarding the ALJ’s determination of the
functional capacity: she “can only speak for fifteen minutes at a time.” Admin. Rec. 41. Osmon
takes issue because the ALJ’s residual functional capacity “does not indicate whether plaintiff
can speak for 15 minutes, take a one minute rest and then speak again for 15 minutes (which
would [mean] essentially no limitation in an 8 hour [workday]), or whether he meant that she
needed much longer breaks.” Pl.’s Mem. 4 – 5 (brackets added).
Substantial evidence supports the ALJ’s conclusion on Osmon’s speaking limitation.
First, a limitation that an individual “can only speak for fifteen minutes at a time,” is not
impermissibly vague. The limitation implies that the individual should take a break after
speaking for fifteen minutes. While the fifteen-minute limitation could have spelled out the
length of breaks in between speaking stints, the absence of such language does not make the
entire fifteen-minute limitation impermissibly vague.
Second, the ALJ discussed Osmon’s vocal cord paralysis in detail. Admin Rec. 44. In
particular, the ALJ cited a 2012 treatment note indicating that the paralysis had improved. Id. at
45. Osmon did testify as to her difficult speaking in a crowded room, id. at 78, but she points to
no medical record which would suggest that she had a speaking limitation during the relevant
period. On the other hand, the ALJ found, “the claimant’s complaints with regards to her history
of vocal cord paralysis are not fully supported by medical evidence of record, especially with
regards to the frequency and severity of her symptoms.” Id. at 45.
Third, Osmon points to no part of the administrative record that would provide further
clarity as to her speaking limitation. Osmon’s own testimony provides little clarity on this point.
Q: So in a crowded room with lots of people talking, it’s going to be much more
limitations on Osmon’s ability to stand, and the Court has no duty to address an undeveloped
A: After awhile, I’ll start and like where it sounds like I’m talking through my
Q: Okay, so you’re –
Q: You can speak relatively so that people can hear you pretty well for about how
long before that happens, would you say?
A: It depends. I might walk from one room to another.
Q: Well, assume you’re sitting like you are now. You’re not having to exert
yourself, like walk or move around. You’re sitting down, and if you’re just sitting
down, can you speak for, say a half an hour before you start getting really kind of
out of breath with the speaking?
A: It depends.
Q: It’s kind of close?
A: Yeah, it really just depends.
Q: Okay, so you’re not long on the phone anymore?
A: There’s no way. There’s no way.
Q: Can you talk for about 15 minutes at a time without too much trouble?
A: Well, here’s another problem I have. It’s almost like 15 medications I’m on at
home. And each one of those is either drowsiness or something. So just, you
know, I have a hard time concentrating sometimes.
Id. at 77 – 79.
Altogether, the ALJ’s determination that Olson had a fifteen-minute speaking limitation
was not impermissibly vague. Rather, substantial evidence supported the fifteen-minute
speaking limitation on Osmon’s residual functional capacity.
B. Whether the ALJ erred in relying on the vocational expert’s testimony
Next, Osmon argues that the ALJ erred by relying on vocational expert testimony that
conflicted with job descriptions in the regulations. Pl.’s Mem. 5 – 7.
Sharon B. Lane, a vocational expert, testified that someone with Osmon’s same age,
education, and work history would be unable to perform her past work. Adm. Rec. 92. Lane
further testified as to what jobs an individual with Osmon’s same age, education, work history,
and limitations, including “no use of the upper extremities above shoulder level,” could perform.
Id. Lane suggested three jobs: mailroom clerk, marking clerk, and office helper. Id.
The ALJ determined that Osmon had the following limitation on her residual functional
capacity: “no use of the upper extremities above shoulder level.” Id. at 41. The ALJ found
Lane’s testimony consistent with the Dictionary of Occupational Titles. Id. at 51.
Osmon argues that the jobs Lane suggested conflict with the descriptions in the
Dictionary of Occupational Titles. Pl.’s Mem. 6. For example, in the Dictionary of
Occupational Titles, the position of mailroom clerk requires “frequent reaching,” and defines
“reaching” as “extending hand(s) and arm(s) in any direction.” Id. (emphasis in original).
Osmon argues that Lane’s testimony suggesting three jobs which require reaching conflicts with
the ALJ’s assessment that she could not use her upper extremities above the shoulder level. Id.
Osmon did not raise this conflict with the ALJ. See Adm. Rec. 91 – 92.
Under the regulations, if the vocational expert’s evidence “appears to conflict with the
DOT, the adjudicator will obtain a reasonable explanation for the apparent conflict.” Soc. Sec.
Reg. 00-4P. However, when the claimant does not bring the conflict to the ALJ’s attention, the
regulations do not require the ALJ to resolve an unapparent conflict. Ledford v. Astrue, 311
F.App’x 746, 757 (6th Cir. 2008).
In Lane’s testimony, she referred to the Dictionary of Occupational Tables to support her
assessment that Osmon could perform the work of a mailroom clerk, marking clerk, or office
helper. Adm. Rec. 92. The conflict between the three jobs suggested by Lane, in which the
descriptions require the individual to be able to reach in any direction, and Osmon’s limitation,
that she could not use her upper extremities above shoulder level, was not apparent from Lane’s
testimony. See Adm. Rec. 92 – 93. Therefore, the ALJ did not err in relying on Lane’s
testimony, even though it conflicted with the Dictionary of Occupational Titles.
The Court will deny Osmon’s motion for summary judgment.
Judgment independent of the motion
The Commissioner has not moved for summary judgment.
Under Rule 56, the Court may grant summary judgment to a nonmovant after giving
notice and a reasonable opportunity to respond. Fed. R. Civ. P. 56(f).
In its order, the Court will provide notice that it may grant judgment independent of the
motion for the Commissioner. The Court will give Osmon thirty days to respond to this notice.
If Osmon responds, the Court will entertain that response in deciding whether judgment for the
Commissioner is appropriate. If Osmon does not respond within thirty days, the Court will grant
summary judgment to the Commissioner and dismiss the case with prejudice.
The Court will deny Osmon’s motion for summary judgment. The Court will enter an
order in accordance with this opinion.
cc: Counsel of record
October 17, 2016
Colin Lindsay, MagistrateJudge
United States District Court
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