Stone v. United States
MEMORANDUM OPINION by Judge Claria Horn Boom on 4/23/21: TheCourt will dismiss the action under Fed. R. Civ. P. 12(h)(3) by separate Order. cc: Plaintiff(pro se) (DJT)
UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT
WESTERN DISTRICT OF KENTUCKY
DANTE´ CORVETTE STONE,
UNITED STATES, 1
Civil Action No. 3:21-CV-P164-CHB
Plaintiff Dante´ Corvette Stone initiated this action by filing approximately sixty-seven
criminal complaint forms against various individuals [R. 1]. In an attachment to the complaint,
Plaintiff alleges that the individuals violated “criminal laws against kidnapping, organized
criminal syndication, robbery, terrorism, tampering with physical evidence, intimidating a
witness in the legal process, tampering with a witness, perjury 1st degree, and forgery 2nd degree
(lesser crimes in copious counts).” [R. 1-2]
Rule 12(h)(3) of the Federal Rules of Civil Procedure provides, “If the court determines
at any time that it lacks subject-matter jurisdiction, the court must dismiss the action.” It is
axiomatic that federal district courts are courts of limited jurisdiction, and their powers are
enumerated in Article III of the Constitution. Kokkonen v. Guardian Life Ins. Co. of Am., 511
U.S. 375, 377 (1994); Hudson v. Coleman, 347 F.3d 138, 141 (6th Cir. 2003) (“[I]t is well
established that federal courts are courts of limited jurisdiction, possessing only that power
authorized by the Constitution and statute.”). “Jurisdiction defines the contours of the authority
Plaintiff did not name the United States as a Defendant. The Clerk’s Office, however, listed the United
States as Defendant in the docket sheet for the purposes of opening the case.
of courts to hear and decide cases, and, in so doing, it dictates the scope of the judiciary’s
influence.” Douglas v. E.G. Baldwin & Assocs., 150 F.3d 604, 606 (6th Cir. 1998), overruled on
other grounds by Cobb v. Contract Transp., Inc., 452 F.3d 543, 548–49 (6th Cir. 2006). The
party that seeks to invoke a federal district court’s jurisdiction bears the burden of establishing
the court’s jurisdiction. Kokkonen, 511 U.S. at 377.
The “[a]uthority to initiate a criminal complaint rests exclusively with state and federal
prosecutors.” Sahagian v. Dickey, 646 F. Supp. 1502, 1506 (W.D. Wis. 1986); see also United
States v. Nixon, 418 U.S. 683, 693 (1974) (“[T]he Executive Branch has exclusive authority and
absolute discretion to decide whether to prosecute a case.”). A “private citizen . . . has no
authority to initiate a federal criminal prosecution of the defendants for their alleged unlawful
acts.” Williams v. Luttrell, 99 F. App’x 705, 707 (6th Cir. 2004); see also Saro v. Brown, 11 F.
App’x 387, 388 (6th Cir. 2001) (“A private citizen has no authority to initiate a federal criminal
prosecution; that power is vested exclusively in the executive branch.”).
As a private citizen, Plaintiff cannot bring criminal charges against any individual. He
therefore cannot establish that the Court has subject-matter jurisdiction over this action. The
Court will dismiss the action under Fed. R. Civ. P. 12(h)(3) by separate Order.
This the 23rd day of April, 2021.
Plaintiff, pro se
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