Brown v. Kentucky State Penitentiary et al
MEMORANDUM & ORDER denying 29 Motion for Protective Order. Signed by Chief Judge Thomas B. Russell on 4/11/2011. cc:counsel (KJA)
UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT
WESTERN DISTRICT OF KENTUCKY
MARK E. BROWN
CIVIL ACTION NO. 5:10CV-P188-R
KENTUCKY STATE PENITENTIARY et al.
MEMORANDUM AND ORDER
Plaintiff Mark E. Brown has filed a motion for protective order (DN 29). He alleges that he
needs such an order “as insurance here at Kentucky State Penitentiary to the serious and extreme
measures of Plaintiff’s civil action lawsuit.” He asserts that there have been numerous small verbal
accusations against Plaintiff by staff and other inmates. Therefore he asks for injunctive relief
prohibiting the “use of unnecessary physical force, mace, any restraints, any smart remarks,” or
The Court interprets Plaintiff’s motion as a motion for preliminary injunction. “A preliminary
injunction is an extraordinary remedy which should be granted only if the movant carries his or her
burden of proving that the circumstances clearly demand it.” Overstreet v. Lexington-Fayette Urban
County Gov’t., 305 F.3d 566, 573 (6th Cir. 2002). “There are four factors that are particularly
important in determining whether a preliminary injunction is proper: (1) the likelihood of the
plaintiff’s success on the merits; (2) whether the injunction will save the plaintiff from irreparable
injury; (3) whether the injunction would harm others; and (4) whether the public interest would be
served.” Int’l Longshoremen’s Ass’n, AFL-CIO, Local Union No. 1937 v. Norfolk S. Corp., 927 F.2d
900, 903 (6th Cir. 1991). The Court must balance these four criteria, with the degree of proof
necessary for each factor depending on the strength of Plaintiff’s case on the other factors. Golden v.
Kelsey-Hayes Co., 73 F.3d 648, 657 (6th Cir. 1996). The district court is required to make findings
concerning all four of these factors unless fewer factors dispose of the issue. Int’l Longshoremen’s
Ass’n, 927 F.2d at 903.
The Court will consider the second of the four preliminary injunction factors first since a
specific finding of irreparable injury to the movant is the single most important element which a court
must examine when evaluating a motion for a preliminary injunction. City of Los Angeles v. Lyons,
461 U.S. 95, 111 (1983) (remedy of preliminary injunction is unavailable absent showing of
irreparable injury); Friendship Materials, Inc. v. Mich. Brick, Inc., 679 F.2d 100, 102-03 (6th Cir.
1982). To demonstrate irreparable harm, the plaintiff must show “‘actual and imminent’ harm rather
than harm that is speculative or unsubstantiated.” Abney v. Amgen, Inc., 443 F.3d 540, 552 (6th Cir.
2006). Plaintiff’s allegation of harm by Defendants is purely speculative, and “[t]he speculative
nature of [Plaintiff’s] claim of future injury requires a finding that this prerequisite of equitable relief
has not been fulfilled.” Lyons, 461 U.S. at 111. Because Plaintiff has not shown irreparable harm, a
preliminary injunction is not warranted. See Friendship Materials, Inc., 679 F.2d at 103.
Consequently, the Court DENIES Plaintiff’s motion (DN 29).
April 11, 2011
Plaintiff, pro se
Counsel of record
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