Barcelona Equipment, Inc. v. David Boland, Inc. et al
ORDER AND REASONS denying 490 Motion for Summary Judgment of Bauer-Pileco, Inc. Signed by Judge Stanwood R. Duval, Jr on 8/12/2014. (Reference: 11-2295)(swd)
UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT
EASTERN DISTRICT OF LOUISIANA
UNITED STATES OF AMERICA, for the use
and benefit of BARCELONA EQUIPMENT, INC.
DAVID BOLAND, INC., INC., ET AL.
Target Construction, Inc. v. Bauer-Pileco, Inc.
C.A. NO. 11-2295
ORDER AND REASONS
Before the Court is a "Motion for Summary Judgment of Bauer-Pileco, Inc." (Doc. 490).
Bauer-Pileco, Inc. ("Bauer-Pileco") contends that there is no evidence to support the claim of
Target Construction, Inc.'s ("Target") that Bauer-Pileco breached any implied or expressed
warranties allegedly owed to Target. Having reviewed the pleadings, memoranda and the
relevant law, the Court finds that there are material questions of fact which preclude summary
This Court has discussed the background of this case in its previous ruling denying
Target's Motion for Partial Summary Judgment (Rec. Doc. 396), and incorporates and reiterates
that opinion herein. The gravamen of this suit concerns Target's contract with Bauer-Pileco for
piledriving equipment to drive paired segments of sheetpile which were to be linked together to
form an I-wall structure. This work was to be performed by Target pursuant to a sub-subcontract
it had with Boland to execute work at the Lakefront Airport Project.
In the Court's previous ruling, it found that Texas law was to apply to this cause of
action, and granted Target's motion insofar as it found Paragraph 17 of the Rental Agreement,
which purported to be a warranty disclaimer provision, was unenforceable as a matter of law.
(Rec. Doc. 396 at 7-8 of 10). As the Court noted at that time, as to any express warranties upon
which Target relies, Texas law provides:
(a) Express warranties by the lessor are created as follows:
(1) any affirmation of fact or promise made by the lessor to the lessee that
relates to the goods and becomes part of the basis of the bargain creates an
express warranty that the goods will conform to the affirmation or
promise. . . .
(b) It is not necessary to the creation of an express warranty that the lessor use formal
words, such as "warrant" or guarantee," or that the lessor have a specific intention to
make a warranty, but an affirmation merely of the value of the goods or a statement
purporting to be merely the lessor's opinion or commendation of the goods does not
create a warranty.
Tex. Bus. & Com. Code § 2A210.
Texas state law also recognizes an implied warranty of fitness for a particular purpose in
lease contracts as set forth in Tex. Bus. & Com. Code § 2A213. It provides:
Except in a finance lease, if the lessor at the time the lease contract is made has
reason to know of any particular purpose for which the goods are required and
that the lessee is relying on the lessor's skill or judgment to select or furnish
suitable goods, there is in the lease contract an implied warranty that the goods
will be fit for that purpose.
Tex. Bus. & Com. Code § 2A213.
In the instant motion, Bauer-Pileco maintains that there is no evidence to support Target's
claims for breach of expressed or implied warranties allegedly owed to Target. In support of this
motion, Bauer-Pileco has filed the 28 U.S.C. § 1746 Declaration of John Burns. Mr. Burns is a
former employee of Bauer-Pileco and was involved in the primary contact for Target on this
project. (Rec. Doc. 490-2). Also filed is the 28 U.S.C. § 1746 Declaration of Dirk Himborg.
(Rec. Doc. 490-3). Mr. Himborg was also involved in the Target-Bauer-Pileco project. (Rec.
Doc. 490-3) In response, Target has filed the 28 U.S.C. §1746 Declaration of Royce Jennings, a
former employee of Target who participated in and oversaw the management of the construction
projects at issue. (Rec. Doc. 620-2). In addition, Target has filed the 28 U.S.C. §1746
Declaration of Edward Riggs who participated in the management of the construction projects
and the negotiation for the piledriving equipment at issue. (Rec. Doc. 620-3).
STANDARD FOR MOTION FOR SUMMARY JUDGMENT
Rule 56(a) of the Federal Rules of Civil Procedure provides that summary judgment
should be granted "if the movant shows that there is no genuine dispute as to any material fact
and the movant is entitled to judgment as a matter of law." The party moving for summary
judgment bears the initial responsibility of informing the district court of the basis for its motion,
and identifying those portions of the record "which it believes demonstrate the absence of a
genuine issue of material fact." Stults v. Conoco, 76 F.3d 651 (5th Cir.1996), citing Skotak v.
Tenneco Resins, Inc., 953 F.2d 909, 912-13 (5th Cir.), quoting Celotex Corp. v. Catrett, 477
U.S. 317, 323, 106 S.Ct. 2548, 2552-53, 91 L.Ed.2d 265 (1986). When the moving party has
carried its burden under Rule 56, its opponent must do more than simply show that there is some
metaphysical doubt as to the material facts. The nonmoving party must come forward with
"specific facts showing that there is a genuine issue for trial." Matsushita Elec. Industrial Co. v.
Zenith Radio Corp., 475 U.S. 574, 588, 106 S.Ct. 1348, 1356, 89 L.Ed.2d 538 (1986); Tubacex,
Inc. v. M/V Risan, 45 F.3d 951, 954 (5th Cir.1995).
“A genuine issue of material fact exists ‘if the evidence is such that a reasonable jury
could return a verdict for the nonmoving party.’ ” Pylant v. Hartford Life and Accident
Insurance Company, 497 F.3d 536, 538 (5th Cir. 2007) quoting Anderson v. Liberty Lobby, Inc.,
477 U.S. 242, 248, 106 S.Ct. 2505, 91 L.Ed.2d 202 (1986). Summary judgment evidence must
be “viewed in the light most favorable to the nonmovant, with all factual inferences made in the
nonmovant’s favor.” Bazan ex rel Bazan v. Hildago County, 246 F.3d 481, 489 (5th Cir. 2001),
citing Anderson v. Liberty Lobby, Inc., 477 U.S. at 255, 106 S.Ct. at 2513.
[C]onclusory statements, speculation, and unsubstantiated assertions cannot
defeat a motion for summary judgment. The Court has no duty to search the
record for material fact issues. Rather, the party opposing the summary judgment
is required to identify specific evidence in the record and to articulate precisely
how this evidence supports his claim.
RSR Corporation v. International Insurance Company, 612 F.3rd 851,857 (5th Cir. 2010). The
Court will now turn to the individual claims and the issue of prescription as applicable.
Bauer-Pileco filed this motion based on its contention that it never made any express
warranties as alleged by Target and that Target never conveyed its specific equipment needs to
Bauer-Pileco to create an implied warranty. The affidavits of Mr. Burns and Mr. Himborg have
been filed into the record support these contentions. Mr. Burns maintains that the project details
conveyed to him were scarce, and even conflicting. He avers that Mr. Riggs initially told him
that the sheet piles were 45 feet long and relying on that representation, Mr. Burns sent
specification for two different machines that could handle sheet pile of 49.2 (RG-14T) and
52.5(RG-16T) in length respectively.
Mr. Burns then avers that a few weeks later, Mr. Riggs stated that the piles might be
longer than 45 feet and in response, Mr. Burns sent information on the RG-19T which could hold
sheet piles up to 62.3 feet in length and RG-20S which was even larger. However, Mr. Burns
contends that Mr. Riggs responded that Target would not rent the RG-20S because it would
exceed the maximum weight limit for equipment on the levee and would be rejected by the
Corps of Engineers. Mr. Burns further states that he was never provided with the project's
drawings or specifications and that Target did not provide any details as to how the sheet piles
were to be oriented.
In response, Target has produced the affidavits of Mr. Jennings and Mr. Riggs which
directly contradict the statements of the Bauer-Pileco representatives to indicate that BauerPileco was fully apprised of the technical requirements for the subject piledriving operations
during the negotiations for the subject pile-driving equipment. These affidavits establish
Target's position that through the actions of Mr. Riggs and Mr. Jennings, Target apprised BauerPileco of the size, weight and other physical dimensions of the sheetpile segments; that a BauerPileco representative inspected the site conditions under which the work was to take place; that
Bauer-Pileco was provided copies of all specification concerning the work to be performed using
the Bauer-Pileco equipment on the Lakefront Airport Project; that Bauer-Pileco was also fully
apprised of all applicable height and weight restriction for equipment to be used on the project;
that Bauer-Pileco was aware of the need for the machinery to produce at a certain rate because of
the deadline that Target was facing. Specifically, Target maintains that Bauer-Pileco represented
to it that the RG-19T would be capable of driving 60-foot long sheetpile at the rate of 50 paired
segments per day. Indeed, Target's president has averred that in reliance upon these
representations as to the production rate of the piledriver, Target actually changed its
construction schedule to account for the rates which Bauer-Pileco warranted the RG-19T to be
capable of meeting. Rec. Doc. 361-3 at ¶ 49.
Based on these conflicting versions of the facts underlying this case, clearly, there are
material questions of fact which preclude summary judgment with respect to the express and
implied warranty claims of Target. Accordingly,
IT IS ORDERED that the "Motion for Summary Judgment of Bauer-Pileco, Inc." (Doc.
490) is DENIED.
New Orleans, Louisiana, this 12th day of August, 2014.
STANWOOD R. DUVAL, JR.
UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT JUDGE
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