Waste Management of Louisiana, L.L.C. v. River Birch, Inc. et al
ORDER and REASONS denying Plaintiff's 321 Motion for Partial Summary Judgment against Defendant River Birch, Inc., for the reasons stated within document. Signed by Chief Judge Kurt D. Engelhardt on 11/16/2017. (cc: Chief Magistrate Judge Karen Wells Roby) (cbs)
UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT
EASTERN DISTRICT OF LOUISIANA
WASTE MANAGEMENT OF LOUISIANA, LLC
RIVER BIRCH, INC.,
HIGHWAY 90, LLC,
FREDERICK R. HEEBE and
ALBERT WARD, JR.
SECTION "N" (4)
ORDER AND REASONS
Presently before the Court is Plaintiff's motion for partial summary judgment (Rec.
Doc. 321) against Defendant River Birch, Inc. For the reasons stated herein, IT IS ORDERED that
the motion is DENIED.
Summary Judgment Standard
Pursuant to Rule 56(a) of the Federal Rules of Civil Procedure, summary judgment
shall be granted "if the movant shows that there is no genuine dispute as to any material fact and
the movant is entitled to a judgment as a matter of law." Fed. R. Civ. P. 56(a). The materiality of
facts is determined by the substantive law's identification of which facts are critical and which facts
are irrelevant. Anderson v. Liberty Lobby, Inc., 477 U.S. 242, 248 (1986). A fact is material if it
"might affect the outcome of the suit under the governing law." Id.
If the dispositive issue is one on which the nonmoving party will bear the burden of
proof at trial, the moving party may satisfy its summary judgment burden by merely pointing out
that the evidence in the record contains insufficient proof concerning an essential element of the
nonmoving party's claim. See Fed. R. Civ. P. 56(c); Celotex Corp. v. Catrett, 477 U.S. 317, 325
(1986); see also Lavespere v. Liberty Mut. Ins. Co., 910 F.2d 167, 178 (5th Cir. 1990). Once the
moving party carries its burden pursuant to Rule 56(a), the nonmoving party must "go beyond the
pleadings and by [his] own affidavits, or by the 'depositions, answers to interrogatories, and
admissions on file,' designate 'specific facts showing that there is a genuine issue for trial.'" Celotex,
477 U.S. at 324; see also Matsushita Elec. Indus. Co., Ltd. v. Zenith Radio Corp., 475 U.S. 574, 587
(1986); Auguster v. Vermillion Parish School Bd., 249 F.3d 400, 402 (5th Cir. 2001).
When considering a motion for summary judgment, the Court views the evidence in
the light most favorable to the nonmoving party, Gillis v. Louisiana, 294 F.3d 755, 758 (5th Cir.
2002), and draws all reasonable inferences in favor of that party. Hunt v. Rapides Healthcare
System, L.L.C., 277 F.3d 757, 764 (2001). Factual controversies are to be resolved in favor of the
nonmoving party, "but only when there is an actual controversy, that is, when both parties have
submitted evidence of contradictory facts." Little v. Liquid Air Corp., 37 F.3d 1069, 1075 (5th
Cir.1994) (citations omitted). The Court will not, "in the absence of any proof, assume that the
nonmoving party could or would prove the necessary facts." See id. (emphasis in original) (citing
Lujan v. Nat'l Wildlife Fed'n, 497 U.S. 871, 888 (1990)).
Although the Court is to consider the full record in ruling on a motion for summary
judgment, Rule 56 does not obligate it to search for evidence to support a party's opposition to
summary judgment. See Fed. R. Civ. P. 56(c)(3)("court need consider only the cited materials");
Malacara v. Garber, 353 F.3d 393, 405 (5th Cir. 2003) ("When evidence exists in the summary
judgment record but the nonmovant fails even to refer to it in the response to the motion for
summary judgment, that evidence is not properly before the district court."). Thus, the nonmoving
party should "identify specific evidence in the record, and articulate" precisely how that evidence
supports his claims. Forsyth v. Barr, 19 F.3d 1527, 1537 (5th Cir.), cert. denied, 513 U.S. 871
The nonmovant's burden is not satisfied merely by creating "some metaphysical doubt
as to the material facts," "by conclusory allegations," by "unsubstantiated assertions," or "by only
a scintilla of evidence." Little, 37 F.3d at 1075. Rather, a factual dispute precludes a grant of
summary judgment only if the evidence is sufficient to permit a reasonable trier of fact to find for
the nonmoving party. Smith v. Amedisys, 298 F.3d 434, 440 (5th Cir. 2002).
The Racketeer Influenced and Corrupt Organizations Act (“RICO”), 18 U.S.C.
§§1962(c) and (d), provides a private cause of action to “[a]ny person injured in his business or
property by reason of a violation of section 1962 of this chapter.” 18 U.S.C. § 1964(c). Section
1962, which contains RICO's criminal provisions, makes it “unlawful for any person employed by
or associated with any enterprise engaged in, or the activities of which affect, interstate . . .
commerce, to conduct or participate, directly or indirectly, in the conduct of such enterprise's affairs
through a pattern of racketeering activity.” See 18 U.S.C. §1962(c). Conspiring to violate §1962(c)
also is unlawful. Id. at §1962(d).
An “enterprise” includes any individual, partnership, corporation, association, or
other legal entity, and any union or group of individuals associated in fact although not a legal
entity. 18 U.S.C. §1961(5). “‘[R]acketeering activity’ means (A) any act or threat involving murder,
kidnapping, gambling, arson, robbery, bribery, extortion, dealing in obscene matter, or dealing in
a controlled substance or listed chemical . . . which is chargeable under State law and punishable by
imprisonment for more than one year. . . .” 18 U.S.C. §1961(1). “A ‘pattern of racketeering
activity’ requires at least two acts of racketeering activity . . . .” 18 U.S.C. §1961(5).
In Holmes v. Securities Investor Protection Corporation, 503 U.S. 258 (1992), the
Supreme Court set forth the standard of causation applicable to civil RICO claims. See Hemi Group,
LLC v. City of New York, N.Y., 559 U.S. 1 (2010) (citing Holmes, 503 U.S. at 268-74). Specifically,
to state a civil claim under RICO, the plaintiff is required to show that a RICO predicate offense “not
only was a ‘but for’ cause of his injury, but was the proximate cause as well.” Hemi Group, 559
U.S. at 8-9 (citing Holmes, 503 U.S. at 268). Proximate cause, which is evaluated in light of its
common-law foundations, requires “some direct relation between the injury asserted and the
injurious conduct alleged.” Id. at 9 (internal citations omitted). “A link that is ‘too remote,’ ‘purely
contingent,’ or ‘indirect’ is insufficient. Id. (citing Holmes, 503 U.S. at 271, 274).
With its motion, Plaintiff asks the Court to render partial summary judgment in its
favor relative to certain elements of its RICO claims, i.e., that Defendant River Birch, Inc.: (1)
formed an enterprise; (2) engaged in a pattern of illegal conduct targeting other landfill competitors
that could serve the New Orleans area; and (3) conspired to engage in that pattern of illegal conduct.
Having carefully considered the parties' voluminous evidentiary submissions, the remainder of the
record in this matter, and applicable law, the Court, on the instant showing made, does not find
Plaintiff to be entitled to the summary relief sought with its motion. Accordingly, IT IS
ORDERED that Plaintiff's motion for partial summary judgment is DENIED. In short, given the
nature of the claims alleged and the elements in dispute, the Court finds the competing evidence
such that it should be presented to the trier of fact for evaluation.
New Orleans, Louisiana, this 16th day of November 2017.
KURT D. ENGELHARDT
United States District Judge
Clerk to Copy:
Chief Magistrate Judge Karen Wells Roby
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