Bovie-Clark v. Sentry Select Insurance Company et al
ORDER denying 116 Motion for New Trial; denying 117 Motion for Judgment as a Matter of Law; denying 118 Motion to Alter Judgment. Signed by Judge Jay C. Zainey on 6/21/13. (jrc, )
UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT
EASTERN DISTRICT OF LOUISIANA
TRUDY A. BOVIE-CLARK
SENTRY SELECT INSURANCE CO., ET
SECTION: "A" (2)
ORDER AND REASONS
Plaintiff Trudy A. Bovie-Clark filed this lawsuit to recover for personal injuries that she
claims to have sustained in a vehicular collision with defendant Lance R. Thomas. At the time of
the accident Thomas was operating a commercial tractor-trailer under the dispatch of Theodore
Sadowski d/b/a Sadowski Trucking Co. The collision occurred when both Thomas and BovieClark were attempting to execute a right turn from South Claiborne Avenue onto Poydras Street in
New Orleans. The case was tried to a jury on April 22-24, 2013. The jury returned its verdict
finding that Thomas was not at fault for the accident. (Rec. Doc. 109-3). The Court entered
judgment accordingly. (Rec. Doc. 112).
Bovie-Clark has filed a Motion for New Trial (Rec. Doc. 116), Renewed Motion for
Judgement as a Matter of Law (Rec. Doc. 117), and a Motion to Alter or Amend the
Judgment (Rec. Doc. 118). Bovie-Clark contends that the jury’s verdict is inconsistent with the
evidence presented at trial. Bovie-Clark argues that the jury could not, as a matter of law, have
concluded that she was wholly at fault for the accident, and that the jury’s failure to assess any
fault whatsoever against Thomas is inconceivable.
The Court disagrees. Thomas’s contention in this lawsuit was that after properly signaling
and ensuring that he could safely make the turn, he began to execute a right turn and was in the
process of executing that turn when Bovie-Clark ran into him. Thomas’s contention was that the
accident occurred because Bovie-Clark failed to keep a proper lookout for what should have been
obvious to a prudent driver. Bovie-Clark and Thomas were the only two eye-witnesses to the
accident who testified at trial and they told conflicting stories about how the accident occurred.
The objective evidence, such as the damage to the vehicles and their location in the street after the
accident, could have supported either Bovie-Clark’s or Thomas’s version of how the accident
happened. Thus, the case came down to a credibility call that only the jury could resolve and it is
clear that the jury found Thomas to be the more credible witness. The jury could very well have
concluded that Thomas was in fact in the process of executing the turn, when Bovie-Clark either
intentionally tried to beat him to the turn or negligently failed to observe what should have been
obvious to a prudent motorist. None of Bovie-Clark’s other witnesses, all of whom were personal
acquaintances of hers, had witnessed the accident so their testimony was not especially probative
as to who was at fault for the accident. The jury could have easily found those witnesses to be
biased, or simply just of marginal value.
Bovie-Clark contends that the jury’s Question #11 suggests that the jurors relied on the
faded lane divider lines on South Claiborne to absolve Thomas of fault. Yet none of the Court’s
jury instructions dealt with faded street divider markings and its effect on the negligence of a
motorist like Thomas.
The evidence at trial demonstrated that the separate lanes on South Claiborne Avenue
near the accident scene were not clearly marked. Rather, the street divider markings were severely
faded and barely visible. The jury could very well have been moved to some degree by the faded
lines. But even if the jury was influenced by the state of the street divider lines—which need not
have occurred for the jury to reach the verdict that it did—that does not impugn the jury’s verdict.
Thomas is not responsible for the street departments’s failure to maintain the City’s streets. And
even had South Claiborne been clearly marked it does not necessarily follow that Thomas was at
fault. It is undisputed as a matter of physical science that Thomas did have to pull to the left to
“Does a driver have less liability if street divider (markers) are worn (illegible)”? (Rec.
some degree in order to execute the turn with his tractor-trailer. Even with clearly marked lanes
the jury could have concluded that he had properly signaled the turn, ensured that he could safely
make the turn, and then begun executing the turn when Bovie-Clark came along. Again, the case
turned on credibility.
Bovie-Clark also complains of problems with the jury during the course of the trial. She
notes that jurors 2 and 4 were sleeping during the trial on multiple occasions, and that the Court
even had to wake up juror 4 twice.
The Court observed the jury very carefully during the entire three days of trial. The Court
recessed the trial whenever it noticed that the jurors might benefit from a break. The Court is not
persuaded that the jury’s verdict was tainted by inattention on the part of the jurors.
Finally, Bovie-Clark contends that the jury’s verdict could very well have been the product
of Thomas’s intimidation. Bovie-Clark points to the facial gestures that Thomas was admonished
for making during trial, gestures that Bovie-Clark contends were antagonizing and harassing.
The Court is unpersuaded that the jury’s verdict was the product of intimidation. The
Court had the opportunity to spend time with the jurors after the trial. Their deliberations were
not discussed with the Court but the jurors talked freely about their experience in federal court,
and their impressions of the parties and their attorneys. The Court is confident that this jury’s
verdict was not improperly influenced by anything that Thomas did during the trial.
Accordingly, and for the foregoing reasons;
IT IS ORDERED that the Motion for New Trial (Rec. Doc. 116), Renewed
Motion for Judgement as a Matter of Law (Rec. Doc. 117), and Motion to Alter or
Amend the Judgment (Rec. Doc. 118) filed by plaintiff Trudy A. Bovie-Clark are DENIED.
June 21, 2013
JAY C. ZAINEY
UNITED STATES DISTRICT JUDGE
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