Joseph et al v. Louisiana Department of Corrections et al
ORDERED that 73 Motion for Leave to File Third Supplemental and Amending Complaint is DENIED. Signed by Magistrate Judge Karen Wells Roby. (tm)
UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT
EASTERN DISTRICT OF LOUISIANA
JERRY JOSEPH, ET AL
LOUISIANA DEPARTMENT OF
CORRECTIONS, ET AL
SECTION: “S” (4)
Before the Court is a Motion for Leave to File Third Supplemental and Amending
Complaint (R. Doc. 73) filed by Plaintiffs, Jerry Joseph and Merline Joseph seeking to add
Murinda Perez on behalf of her minor child as a Plaintiff in this action. The motion is opposed. R.
Doc. 74. The motion was submitted on August 9, 2017 and heard with argument that same day.
For the following reasons, the motion is DENIED.
This action was filed in the District Court on March 9, 2015. R. Doc. 1. The Plaintiffs
allege that the Plaintiff’s son Keith Joseph (“Deceased”) was booked as an inmate at the
Tangipahoa Parish Prison in Tangipahoa, Louisiana on or about February 19, 2014. Id. at p. 4. The
Plaintiffs further state that the Deceased suffered from various health conditions, including blood
clots surrounding his lungs and a severe heart condition which left untreated caused him to suffer
intolerable chest pain. Id. at p. 5. The Plaintiffs allege that throughout the Deceased’s time at the
Tangipahoa Parish Prison the Defendants in this action were informed of his medical condition
and that the Tangipahoa Parish Prison was in control of the Deceased’s medication. On March 3,
2014, the Deceased’s physical condition deteriorated to the point that he was having intolerable
chest pain and began requesting his medication from Defendant Officer Brock. Id. On March 11,
2014, the Deceased was brought to the on-duty Nurse for evaluation, but was returned to his cell
despite his complaints. After returning to his cell, the Deceased allegedly continued to complain
to Office Brock until he collapsed in front of Officer Brock and a number of other inmates. Id. at
p. 6. Following his collapse, the Deceased was not administered Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation
until a period of at least thirty minutes. Id. The Deceased died allegedly as a result of this neglect.
As such, the Plaintiffs have filed this action against the Louisiana Department of Corrections and
a number of other individuals associated with the prison seeking damages for mental pain, anguish,
and distress, burial expenses, loss of love and affection, and all other damages. Id. at p. 8.
At this time, the Plaintiffs have filed a motion seeking to add Murinda Perez as the natural
tutrix and surviving parent of Keith Joseph’s only child, “DJJ.” R. Doc. 73-1. The Plaintiffs argue
that they are seeking to supplement their complaint under Federal Rule of Civil Procedure 15(d)
to add Perez as a Plaintiff. R. doc. 73-2, p. 1. They argue that Perez only learned of Joseph’s death
in the calendar year of 2017. Id. at p. 2.
The Defendants have opposed the instant motion. R. Doc. 74. The Defendants essentially
argue that the motion should be denied as futile because the child’s claim has prescribed and the
claim should not relate back.
During oral argument, the Court was troubled by a number of the statements put forth by
the Plaintiffs’ counsel in support of the instant motion. Two of those arguments bear noting here.
First, the Court questioned the propriety and potential conflicts of interest at play in the Plaintiffs’
motion seeking to add Perez as a party given that counsel indicated that he represented both parties.
However, while the Court remains skeptical, counsel indicated that he had informed all parties of
the potential conflict. Second, counsel’s arguments also made the Court question when the
Plaintiffs were actually aware of DJJ’s existence. In particular, while counsel stated that he had
questioned the Plaintiffs who stated that the deceased had no children, counsel also appeared to
indicate that he was in possession of the Funeral Program, which indicates that DJJ was the
deceased son, R. Doc. 74-6, p. 5, prior to its being filed into the record by the Defendant’s counsel
and before the lawsuit was filed.
Standard of Review
Rule 15(a) allows a party to amend its pleadings “only with the other party’s written
consent or the court’s leave.” Fed. R. Civ. P. 15(a)(2). Moreover, the Rule urges that the Court
“should freely give leave when justice so requires.” Id. In taking this liberal approach, the Rule
“reject[s] the approach that pleading is a game of skill in which one misstep by counsel may be
decisive to the outcome and accept the principle that the purpose of pleading is to facilitate a proper
decision on the merits.” Conley v. Gibson, 355 U.S. 41, 48 (1957).
“Rule 15(a) requires a trial court ‘to grant leave to amend freely,’ and the language of this
rule ‘evinces a bias in favor of granting leave to amend.’” Jones v. Robinson Prop. Grp., 427 F.3d
987, 994 (5th Cir. 2005) (internal quotations marks omitted) (quoting Lyn–Lea Travel Corp. v.
Am. Airlines, 283 F.3d 282, 286 (5th Cir.2002)). When denying a motion to amend, the court must
have a “substantial reason” considering such factors as “‘undue delay, bad faith or dilatory motive
on the part of the movant, repeated failures to cure deficiencies by amendments previously
allowed, undue prejudice to the opposing party ...and futility of the amendment.’” Marucci Sports,
LLC v. Nat’l Collegiate Athletic Ass’n, 751 F.3d 368, 378 (5th Cir. 2014) (quoting Jones, 427 F.3d
at 994). An amendment is deemed to be futile if it would be dismissed under a Rule 12(b)(6)
motion. Id. (citing Briggs v. Miss., 331 F.3d 499, 508 (5th Cir 2003)).
At this time, the Plaintiffs have filed a motion seeking to add Murinda Perez as the natural
tutrix and surviving parent of Keith Joseph’s only child. R. Doc. 73-1. The Plaintiffs argue that
they are seeking to supplement their complaint under Federal Rule of Civil Procedure 15(d) to add
Perez as a Plaintiff. R. doc. 73-2, p. 1. They argue that Perez only learned of Joseph’s death in the
calendar year of 2017. Id. at p. 2. However, the Defendants have countered that the claim is
prescribed and the motion to amend should be denied.
“[F]ederal courts apply the state statutes of limitation and tolling provisions to § 1983
claims.” Sanchez v. Tangipahoa Parish Sheriff’s Office, No. 08-1227, 2010 WL 1729381, at *2
(E.D. La. Apr. 22, 2010) (Lemmon, J.). Here, the claims for wrongful death and any survival
actions are subject to a one year prescriptive period under Louisiana law. La. Civ. Code art. 2315.2;
La. Civ. Code art. 3492. See, id.; see also, Williams v. United States, 353 F. Supp. 1226, 1230
(E.D. La. 1973) (“It is undisputed that the Louisiana one-year prescriptive period for tort actions
is applicable to this § 1983 action.”).
While Louisiana law “provides the applicable [prescriptive period], ‘the standard
governing the accrual of a cause of action under section 1983 is determined by federal law.’” Pena
v. Texas Med. Bd., 675 F. App’x 465, 467 (5th Cir. 2017) (quoting Burrell v. Newsome, 883 F.2d
416, 418 (5th Cir. 1989)). As such, for purpose of calculating the limitations period, a § 1983 cause
of action, similar to a Louisiana tort claim, accrues when the plaintiff knows or has reason to know
of the injury which forms the basis of his action. Id. (quoting Piotrowski v. City of Houston, 237
F.3d 567, 576 (5th Cir. 2001)) (“[T]he statute of limitations ‘begins to run the moment the plaintiff
becomes aware that he has suffered an injury or has sufficient information to know that he has
been injured.’”); see also Gonzales v. Wyatt, 157 F.3d 1016, 1020 (5th Cir. 1998).
As such, DJJ’s claim would prescribe one year from Joseph’s death on March 11, 2014,
the point at which DJJ—or his mother and alleged grandparents—had sufficient information to
know that he had a claim. R. Doc. 74, p. 5. Here, Perez has filed the instant amendment on behalf
of her minor child on July 24, 2017. R. Doc. 70. As such, the claim sought to be added in the
amendment would be futile because the claim is prescribed unless some tolling provision applies.
“In Walker v. Armco Steel Corp., 446 U.S. 740, (1980), the Supreme Court held that a
states' tolling rules are an integral part of the policies served by the state statute of limitation and
they generally govern in the absence of overriding federal rule or affirmative countervailing federal
considerations.” Bergeron v. Celotex Corp., 766 F. Supp. 518, 521 (E.D. La. 1991). In Ducre v.
Mine Safety Appliance Co., 634 F. Supp. 696 (E.D. La. 1986), the Court noted that in Giroir v.
South Louisiana Medical Center, Division of Hospitals, 475 So. 2d 1040 (La. 1985) the Louisiana
Supreme Court “allowed the late filing of the children's claim for wrongful death of their mother
to relate back to the date when their father, in his own name, had timely filed a wrongful death
action.” Ducre, 634 F. Supp. at 699. In doing, the Giroir Court established a four-part analysis to
determine if the claim should relate back, which included:
1) The amended claim arises out of the same conduct, transaction or occurrence set
forth in the original pleading; (2) The defendant either knew or should have known
of the existence and involvement on the new plaintiff; (3) The new and the old
plaintiffs are sufficiently related so that the added or substituted party is not wholly
new or unrelated; (4) The defendant will not be prejudiced in preparing and
conducting his defense.
Bergeron, 766 F. Supp. at 522 (citing Grioir, 475 So. 2d at 1044).
Based on the foregoing analysis, DJJ’s claim would not relate back because there is no
showing that the defendant knew or should have known of the existence and involvement of the
new plaintiff. First, there is no duty on the Defendants to track down Joseph’s minor child. See id.
at 523. Moreover, there is nothing in the record demonstrating that the Defendants knew or should
have known about DJJ’s existence. If not for a careful and through investigation and review of the
decedents medical records, the Defendants would have never learned of DJJ. R. Doc. R. Doc. 74,
p. 8-9. Moreover, if the Plaintiffs are to be believed, 1 the existence of DJJ as a potential plaintiff
was even unknown to the Plaintiffs at the time of the filing of the action. Id. at p. 6-9.
Moreover, neither Perez nor the Plaintiffs have put forth any evidence other than the
unsupported allegations by the Plaintiffs’ lawyer that demonstrate to the Court that the doctrine of
contra non vlaentem should be applied to this case as an exception to the prescriptive period. See
Terrebonne Parish Sch. Bd. v. Mobile Oil Corp., 310 F.3d 870, 877 (5th Cir. 2002) (“[O]nce it is
shown that more than a year has elapsed between the time of the tortious conduct and the filing of
a tort suit, the burden shifts to the plaintiff to prove either suspension, interruption, or some
exception to prescription, utilizing one of any number of legal constructs including but not limited
to the doctrine of contra non valentem and the theory of continuing tort.”). Therefore, the Court
finds that the claim should not relate back to the time of the filing of the Plaintiff’s complaint and
the claim is prescribed, making the instant motion to amend futile. The Court therefore denies the
IT IS ORDERED that Motion for Leave to File Third Supplemental and Amending
Complaint (R. Doc. 73) is DENIED.
New Orleans, Louisiana, this 10th day of August 2017.
KAREN WELLS ROBY
CHIEF UNITED STATES MAGISTRATE JUDGE
And, the Court notes that there remains some serious questions as to the veracity of those claims. Notably,
Perez has indicated that she lived during her pregnancy with the deceased and Merline Joseph. R. Doc. 68-5.
Moreover, Perez appears to have indicated in an email to the Defendant’s counsel prior to the instant attempt to join
the litigation that “[i]f [the Plaintiffs] knew nothing about my son it’s funny how they put him in the funeral booklet,
they are just crazy.” R. Doc. 74-6.
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