Wright's Well Control Services, LLC v. Oceaneering International, Inc. et al
ORDER & REASONS granting 121 Motion to Dismiss. Plaintiff's patent claims are DISMISSED WITHOUT PREJUDICE and with leave to amend within 14 days of this order. Signed by Judge Sarah S. Vance on 2/13/2017. (mmm)
UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT
EASTERN DISTRICT OF LOUISIANA
WRIGHT’S WELL CONTROL
INC. AND CHRISTOPHER MANCINI
SECTION “R” (3)
ORDER AND REASONS
Defendants Oceaneering International, Inc. and Christopher Mancini
move the Court to dismiss plaintiff Wright’s Well Control Services, LLC’s
patent infringement claims under Rule 12(b)(6). For the following reasons,
the Court grants defendants’ motion.
WWCS’s Hydrate Remediation System
This patent infringement, breach of contract, and unfair competition
case arises out of a dispute between plaintiff Wright’s Well Control Services,
LLC (WWCS) and defendants Oceaneering International, Inc. and
Christopher Mancini, an Oceaneering employee. 1 The dispute concerns a
The facts here are limited to a background of WWCS’s patents
and its patent claims against defendants. For a more in-depth understanding
technological system that WWCS developed for removing hydrates from
subsea, deepwater pipelines.
According to WWCS’s third amended
complaint, a hydrate is an ice-like solid that forms when water becomes
mixed with oil and/or gas at high pressure and low temperature.2 Hydrates
can cause a pipeline to become blocked by “hydrate plugs,” resulting in a loss
of production.3 WWCS alleges that in 2008, Oceaneering tried and failed to
remove hydrates from a pipeline for ATP Oil and Gas Corporation.4 ATP
then asked WWCS to review Oceaneering’s work, prompting WWCS to spend
18 months researching, testing, and developing a new system for preventing
and removing hydrates in deepwater environments.5 According to WWCS,
its remediation system overcame many of the design challenges that plagued
earlier systems and provided a faster, safer, and more cost-effective way to
clear hydrates in deepwater environments.6
of the relationship between WWCS and defendants and the procedural
history of this case, see R. Doc. 56 at 1-9.
R. Doc. 119 at 3 ¶ 12.
Id. at 3-4 ¶¶ 12-13.
Id. at 7 ¶¶ 23-23.
Id. ¶ 24.
Id. at 5 ¶ 17.
The Patent Applications
On December 24, 2010, David Wright and Jeffery Dufrene filed two
U.S. non-provisional patent applications, each of which was directed to
specific aspects of WWCS’s remediation system.7 According to WWCS, U.S.
Patent Application No. 12/978,486, now issued as U.S. Patent No. 8,413,725
(the ‘725 Patent), describes and claims the subsea separator used in WWCS’s
remediation system. 8 Application No. 12/978,448, now issued as U.S. Patent
No. 9,435,185 (the ‘185 Patent), describes aspects of the entire remediation
system, focusing specifically on the system’s use of a subsea hydraulic
positive displacement pump. 9 The United States Patent and Trademark
Office published both patent applications on June 30, 2011. 10
The ‘725 Patent contains 20 claims, three independent and 17
The main independent claim is the subsea separator,
Id. at 13 ¶ 44.
Id. According to WWCS, Wright and Dufrene assigned all rights
and interests in both the 725 and the 185 Patents to WWCS, and WWCS is
the owner of both Patents. Id. ¶ 25.
See R. Doc. 119-1 at 2 (725 Patent); R. Doc. 119-17 at 2 (185
R. Doc. 119-1 at 12. Independent patent claims stand alone,
whereas dependent claims narrow the scope of the claim from which it
depends by adding further subject matter to it. See, e.g., Karlin Tech., Inc.
v. Surgical Dynamics, Inc., 177 F.3d 968, 972 (Fed. Cir. 1999). For example,
in the ‘725 Patent, WWCS first claim is a subsea separator, and its second
claim is “the separator of claim 1 wherein the separator has a pressure
comprising an inlet for receiving fluid mixture, a non-gaseous fluid outlet
and a gas outlet, baffle type members, and a ball valve assembly to open and
seal the gas outlet, all meant to operate under vacuum.12 The other two
independent claims are a deep water separator for separating gas from a
liquid/gas mixture, and the method of separating gas from a liquid/gas
mixture in a subsea environment.13 The second and third independent
claims both have six limitations. 14
The ‘185 Patent contains thirteen claims, three independent and 10
dependent. 15 The main independent claim is a method of recovering a
pipeline fluid from a source located in a subsea environment by connecting
a fluid powered motor and a pump to the source of the fluid. 16 The other two
independent claims are a method for hydrate remediation and fluid recovery
from a subsea location, and a method for acting on or removing a blockage
differential of about 227 bar.” R. Doc. 119-1 at 12 (emphasis in original).
Thus, claim one is independent, and claim two is dependent because it
depends on claim one.
Id. “Limitations” refer to distinct aspects of a claim within a
R. Doc. 119-17 at 22-23.
Id. at 22.
from a pipeline fluid in a subsea environment.17 The first independent claim
has eight limitations, the second has five, and the third has six. 18
Defendants’ Motion to Dismiss
WWCS filed its amended complaint on December 8, 2015, asserting
patent infringement, breach of contract, and tort claims.19 On September 26,
2016, Plaintiff filed a third amended complaint to add a patent infringement
claim as to WWCS’s second patent, which was issued on September 6,
2016. 20 WWCS’s third amended complaint brings both direct and indirect
patent infringement claims against defendants as to both the ‘725 and the
‘185 Patents. Defendants now jointly move to dismiss WWCS’s patent
infringement claims pursuant to Federal Rule of Civil Procedure 12(b)(6).21
Defendants argue that WWCS’s patent claims must fail because WWCS does
not plausibly allege that defendants infringe each and every element of at
least one of the claims in both the ‘725 and the ‘185 Patents. Before the Court
can address the merits of defendants’ challenge, it must determine the
proper standard to apply.
Id. at 22-23.
R. Doc. 69.
R. Doc. 119.
R. Doc. 121.
Twombly, Iqbal, Rule 84 and Form 18
Bell Atlantic Corporation v. Twombly, 550 U.S. 544 (2007), and
Ashcroft v. Iqbal, 556 U.S. 662 (2009), govern the sufficiency of complaints
under Federal Rule of Civil Procedure 12(b)(6). Together, they require that
to survive a Rule 12(b)(6) motion to dismiss, plaintiffs must plead enough
facts “to state a claim to relief that is plausible on its face.” Iqbal, 556 U.S. at
678 (quoting Twombly, 550 U.S. at 547). A claim is facially plausible when
a plaintiff pleads facts that allow the court to “draw the reasonable inference
that the defendant is liable for the misconduct alleged.” Id. at 678. A legally
sufficient complaint need not contained detailed factual allegations, but it
must go beyond labels, legal conclusions, or formulaic recistations of the
elements of a cause of action. Twombly, 550 U.S. at 555.
Patent infringement claims are governed by 35 U.S.C. § 271(a), which
states, “whoever without authority makes, uses, offers to sell, or sells any
patented invention, . . . infringes the patent.” Before it was eliminated, Form
18 in the Appendix of Forms of the Rules of Civil Procedure provided that to
plead a direct infringement patent claim sufficiently, a plaintiff could merely
assert the following:
(1) An allegation of jurisdiction; (2) a statement that the plaintiff
owns the patent; (3) a statement that defendant has been
infringing the patent by “making, selling, and using [the device]
embodying the patent”; (4) a statement that the plaintiff has
given the defendant notice of its infringement; and (5) a demand
for an injunction and damages.
K-Tech Telecomm., Inc. v. Time Warner Cable, Inc., 714 F.3d 1277, 1283
(Fed. Cir. 2013) (quoting McZeal v. Sprint Nextel Corp., 501 F.3d 1354, 1357
(Fed. Cir. 2007)). Rule 84 of the Federal Rules of Civil Procedure provided
that “the Forms in the Appendix suffice under these rules and illustrate the
simplicity and brevity that these rules contemplate.” Further, the Federal
Circuit made clear that Form 18 controlled, even in the event of conflict
between the form and Twombly and Iqbal. See id. (“[T]o the extent any
conflict exists between Twombly (and its progency) and the Forms regarding
pleading requirements, the Forms control.”) (citation omitted). 22
Amendments to the Federal Rules of Civil Procedure, which took effect
on December 1, 2015, deleted Rule 84. The Supreme Court stated that the
new rules “shall govern in all proceedings in civil cases thereafter
commenced [after December 1, 2015] and, insofar as just and practicable, all
Other courts disagreed with the Federal Circuit and found that
Twombly and Iqbal applied to patent claims and therefore Form 18 was
insufficient. See, e.g., Gradient Enters., Inc. v. Skype Techs. S.A., 848 F.
Supp. 2d 404, 407 (W.D.N.Y. 2012) (noting disagreement); Macronix
Intern. Co., Ltd. v. Spansion Inc., 4 F. Supp. 3d 797, 802 (E.D. Va. 2014).
proceedings then pending.” Lyda v. CBS Corp., 838 F.3d 1331, 1337 n.2
(Fed. Cir. 2016) (quoting
Supreme Court of the United States, Order
Regarding Amendments to the Federal Rules of Civil Procedure (U.S. Apr.
29, 2015)). 23
Defendants argue that the abrogation of Rule 84 (and Form 18) should
apply to both WWCS’s claims relating to the ‘725 Patent and the ‘185 Patent.
At the outset, it is clear that Form 18 would not apply to WWCS’s claims
related to the ‘185 Patent, as that patent was not issued until September
2016. And while the claims related to the ‘725 Patent were initially filed
before the abrogation of Rule 84, plaintiff’s most recent amendment of its
complaint was in September 2016, nine months after Rule 84 was abrogated.
Further, plaintiff makes no argument that it would be unjust or
impracticable to apply the new rule to the ‘725 claims. Therefore, the Court
finds that it is just and practicable to apply the new rules to WWCS’s ‘725
patent claims. See, e.g., Erfindergemeinschaft Uropep GbR v. Eli Lilly &
Co., No. 15-1202, 2016 WL 1643315, at *4 n.3 (E.D. Tex. Apr. 26, 2016).
pdf (last visited February 1, 2017).
Pleading Direct Infringement Patent Claims in a
Post-Form 18 World
With the abrogation of Rule 84, Twombly and Iqbal now clearly apply
to patent claims. Therefore, to state a claim of direct patent infringement,
the complaint must contain enough factual allegations to show that the
patent claim is “plausible on its face.” Iqbal, 556 U.S. at 678 (quoting
Twombly, 550 U.S. at 547). In other words, the factual allegations must
plausibly support the assertion that the defendant “without authority,
makes, uses, offers to sell, or sells any patented invention during the term of
the patent.” 35 U.S.C. § 271(a). Defendant asserts WWCS fails to satisfy the
plausibility requirement of Twombly and Iqbal because it fails to plead
factual allegations that make it plausible that “each and every element of a
patent claim” has been infringed. 24
The Federal Circuit has yet to provide guidance as to the specificity
needed to satisfy the requirements of Twombly and Iqbal for direct patent
infringement claims in the post-Rule 84 environment. Recognizing the lack
of guidance from the Federal Circuit, both WWCS and defendants point to
non-precedential district court cases to support their arguments.
R. Doc. 121-1 at 13-14 (emphasis added).
Defendants point to a litany of cases which, when taken together,
suggest that in order to satisfy Twombly and Iqbal a plaintiff must plead
facts alleging that the accused product infringes each element or limitation
of at least one patented claim.25 See Raindance Techs. Inc. v. 10x Genomics,
Inc., No. 15-152, 2016 WL 927143, at *2 (D. Del. Mar. 4, 2016) (dismissing
patent claim because complaint did not make allegations comparing
limitations of patent with elements of defendant’s product); Atlas IP LLC v.
Pac. Gas & Elec. Co., No. 15-5469, 2016 WL 1719545, at *5 (N.D. Cal. Mar. 9,
2016) (dismissing direct infringement claim because complaint made no
allegations relating to a necessary element and a necessary limitation of the
claim); Atlas IP, LLC v. Exelon Corp., 189 F. Supp. 3d 768, 775 (N.D. Ill.
2016) (finding that “factual allegations that do not permit a court to infer that
the accused product infringes each element of at least one claim are not
infringement”); TeleSign Corp. v. Twilio, Inc., No. 16-2106, 2016 WL
4703873, at *4 (C.D. Cal. Aug. 3, 2016) (noting that under Twombly and
Patent caselaw often uses the terms “element” and “limitation”
interchangeably to refer to aspects of a patent claim. The Federal Circuit
states that “it is preferable to use the term ‘limitation’ when referring to claim
language and the term ‘element’ when referring to the accused device. Festo
Corp. v. Shoketsu Kinzoku Kogyo Kabushiki Co., Ltd., 234 F.3d 558, 563 n.1
(Fed. Cir. 2000), vacated on other grounds, 535 U.S. 722 (2002). Courts
continue to use the terms interchangeably.
Iqbal a “plaintiff must still plausibly allege that a defendant’s product or
products practice all elements of at least one patent claim”) (citations
e.Digital Corp. v. iBaby Labs, Inc., No. 15-5790, 2016 WL
4427209, at *3-4 (N.D. Cal. Aug. 22, 2016) (applying “each of the limitations”
standard); Scripps Research Institute v. Illumina, Inc., No. 16-661, 2016 WL
6834024, at *5 (S.D. Cal. Nov. 21, 2016) (“[T]he Court joins several other
courts in holding that in order to properly plead direct infringement under
Twombly and Iqbal, a plaintiff must plausibly allege that a defendant
directly infringes each limitation in at least one asserted claim.”) (citations
The Court finds this authority persuasive and that WWCS’s arguments
against are not compelling. WWCS argues that its burden at this stage is
solely to provide defendants notice that their product infringes at least one
claim in WWCS’s patents. But while Twombly noted that a complaint’s
plausibility requirement is meant to “give the defendant fair notice of what
the . . . claim is,” Twombly also makes clear that the complaint must go
beyond simple notice and explain the grounds on which the claim rests. 550
U.S. at 555 (quoting Conley v. Gibson, 355 U.S. 41, 47 (1957)). Therefore,
simply putting defendants on notice that their product allegedly infringes at
least one of the claims within WWCS’s patents, without more, does not
satisfy the plausibility standard. See Robern, Inc. v. Glasscrafters, Inc., No.
16-1815, 2016 WL 3951726, at *6 (D.N.J. July 22, 2016) (rejecting similar
notice argument in direct patent infringement case).
WWCS also relies on a few cases that it argues depart from the majority
view that Twombly and Iqbal require an element-by-element or limitationby-limitation standard. See Blitzsafe Texas, LLC v. Volkswagon Group of
Am. Inc., No. 15-1274, 2016 WL 4778699 (E.D. Tex. Aug. 19, 2016);
Transcript of Order Granting in Part and Denying in Part Defendants’
Motion to Dismiss at 4, Incom Corp. v. Walt Disney Co., No. 15-3011 (C.D.
Cal. Feb. 4, 2016), ECF No. 39; Simplivity Corp. v. Springpath, Inc., No. 1513345, 2016 WL 5388951, at *3-4 (D. Mass. July 15, 2016).
The Court finds that the cases cited by WWCS are either
distinguishable or less persuasive than the cases cited by defendant.
Blitzsafe addressed a direct infringement claim relating to patents for
devices that allowed MP3 and other audio players to be integrated with car
radio systems using USB or Bluetooth. 2016 WL 4778699, at *2-3. Blitzsafe
did not explicitly reject an element-by-element standard, but instead took
pains to find that the missing elements could be “inferred” from the
allegations in plaintiff’s complaint. Id. at *3. Blitzsafe made clear that it was
relying “heavily on the factual context out of which the claim arises” to infer
allegations of elements like codes, microcontrollers, and interfaces because
they “generically exist in many modern electronic devices that play MP3s and
work with USB and Bluetooth.” Id.; see also id. at *4 (“This context provides
a basis for inferring that generic electronic components such as codes,
microcontrollers, and interfaces exist in the Accused Systems.”). Whether or
not these inferences were warranted in Blitzsafe, that case has no
applicability in the context of very different products like hydraulic pumps
and subsea separators. 26
Incom and Simplivity are likewise not compelling. Neither Incom nor
Simplivity mentions the disagreement from the majority of courts that have
addressed this question. Further, both cases are of the view that a plaintiff
need only “specifically identify [a defendant’s] products and alleg[e] that
they perform the same unique function as [p]laintiff’s patented system.”
Incom, supra, at 4 (citation omitted); Simplivity, 2016 WL 5388951, at *4.
This standard resembles the minimal requirements of now-defunct Form 18.
Such a standard requiring only that the plaintiff identify a product and allege
WWCS ignores the focus on context in Blitzsafe and describes the
case as “finding that ‘a fulsome description of the asserted patents and
accused technology will be enough.’” R. Doc. 124 at 7 (citing 2016 WL
4778699, at *4). The full sentence quoted by WWCS from Blitzsafe reads
“[i]n some cases, a fulsome description . . . will be enough.” 2016 WL
4778699, at *4 (emphasis added).
that it performs the same unique function as the plaintiff’s product would be
ill-suited for products with multiple functions and could easily be
manipulated depending on the level of generality asserted.
Finally, the “each limitation and element of a claim” standard is more
consistent with the law on direct infringement claims. There is simply no
infringement unless “‘every limitation set forth in a [patent] claim [is] found
in an accused product, exactly.’” Advanced Steel Recovery, LLC v. X-Body
Equip., Inc., 808 F.3d 1313, 1319 (Fed Cir. 2015) (quoting Southwall Techs.
Inc. v. Cardinal IG Co., 54 F.3d 1570, 1575 (Fed. Cir. 1995)); see also Laitram
Corp. v. Rexnord, Inc., 939 F.2d 1533, 1535 (Fed. Cir. 1991) ([T]he failure to
meet a single limitation is sufficient to negate infringement of the claim.”).
Unless plaintiffs allege that every element or limitation of at least one claim
is found in an accused product, it will always be plausible that the accused
product merely resembles or shares similarities with, but does not infringe,
their claim. See Exelon, 189 F. Supp. 3d at 775 (“Because the failure to
practice even a single element is all that separates innovation from
infringement . . . there is always an obvious explanation where a plaintiff
does not allege facts about each element.”) (citations omitted). Therefore, the
Court finds that Twombly and Iqbal require plaintiffs to allege facts showing
that an accused product contains each and every limitation or element of at
least one patented claim.
The Standard Applied
To determine if WWCS has plausibly alleged a patent infringement
claim, the Court starts with the language of the claims of WWCS’s patents.
See Fantasy Sports Properties, Inc. v. Sportsline.com, Inc., 287 F.3d 1108,
1118 (Fed. Cir. 2002) (“[I]n every infringement analysis, the language of the
claims, as well as the nature of the accused product, dictates whether an
infringement has occurred.”).
The ‘725 Patent contains 20 claims, including a subsea separator, a
deep water separator, and the method of separating gas from a liquid/gas
mixture in a subsea environment. 27 The ‘185 Patent contains 13 claims,
including a method for recovering a pipeline fluid from a source in a subsea
environment, a method for hydrate remediation, and a method for acting on
or removing a blockage from a pipeline fluid from a subsea environment. 28
WWCS’s complaint is devoid of any factual allegations relating to any
of the limitations contained in the claims in its patents. For example, claim
one of the ‘725 patent is limited by “baffle type members,” 29 but WWCS’s
R. Doc. 119-1 at 12.
R. Doc. 119-17 at 22-23.
R. Doc. 119-1 at 12.
complaint makes no mention whatsoever of baffle type members. WWCS’s
complaint merely alleges that “Oceaneering has, and continues to directly
infringe one or more claims of the ‘725 (and ‘185) Patent by making, using,
selling, or offering for sale systems and methods covered by the claimed
inventions of the ‘725 (and ‘185) Patent.”30 WWCS makes no attempt to
relate the factual allegations in its complaint to the specific claims contained
in its patents. Without identifying a specific claim that defendants allegedly
infringe, including the practice of all of the limitations of that claim, WWCS
does not plausibly state a claim of direct infringement. See Robern, 2016 WL
3951726, at *5 (granting motion to dismiss because direct infringement
claim was not plausible under Twombly and Iqbal); Exelon, 189 F. Supp. 3d
at 775 (granting motion to dismiss because complaint failed to allege
infringement of each element of at least one claim, rendering the complaint
merely “compatible with infringement”).
Therefore, WWCS’s direct
infringement claims for both the ‘725 and ‘185 Patents must be dismissed.
WWCS also brings indirect infringement claims as to both Patents. But
indirect infringement claims can arise only in the presence of direct
infringement. Thus, the flaws in WWCS’s direct infringement claims are
fatal to its indirect claims. See, e.g., In re Bill of Lading Transmission &
R. Doc. 119 at 23 ¶¶ 82, 85.
Processing Sys. Patent Litig., 681 F.3d 1323, 1333 (Fed. Cir. 2012) (“Indirect
infringement, whether inducement to infringe or contributory infringement,
can only arise in the presence of direct infringement.”) (internal quotation
marks and citation omitted). WWCS’s indirect infringement claims for both
the ‘725 and ‘185 Patents must therefore be dismissed. See iBaby Labs, 2016
WL 4427209, at *5 (“[B]ecause the Court has already concluded that
[plaintiff] has failed to state a claim for direct infringement, [plaintiff]’s
claims for indirect infringement must fail as well.”). 31
Leave to Amend
WWCS seeks leave to amend in the event the Court grants defendants’
motion. 32 Defendants rely on Lyda to argue that no further amendments
should be allowed. Lyda affirmed the district court’s refusal to allow plaintiff
to amend his complaint after the court found his patent claim insufficient
under Twombly and Iqbal. 838 F.3d at 1340-41. Lyda noted that plaintiff
Defendants’ reply brief additionally argues that all claims against
Mancini in his individual capacity should be dismissed because WWCS’s
allegations focus on Oceaneering and Mancini’s role as an employee of
Oceaneering. Because defendants did not raise this in their motion to
dismiss, this argument is not properly before the Court. See Benefit
Recovery, Inc. v. Donelon, 521 F.3d 326, 329 (5th Cir.2008) (“[A]rguments
cannot be raised for the first time in a reply brief.”); Cooper v. Faith
Shipping, No. 06-892, 2008 WL 5082890, at *4 (E.D. La. Nov. 25, 2008)
R. Doc. 124 at 13-14.
was given the opportunity to amend his complaint after seeing the motion to
dismiss, but the plaintiff instead chose to oppose the motion to dismiss. Id.
at 1341. Defendants likewise notified plaintiff of their belief that WWCS’s
patent claims were deficient, and offered WWCS the chance to amend its
complaint. 33 Plaintiff refused.34 But the district court in Lyda had a local
rule in place that “curtails leave to amend where the plaintiff declines to do
so until after the court finds the pleadings insufficient, and the Lyda court
saw “no reason to disturb the district court’s applications of its own internal
rules.” Id. This district has no such rule. Further, WWCS should not be
penalized for rejecting defendants’ offer in this case, given that the Federal
Circuit has not weighed in on the effect of the demise of Rule 84 and Form
Nevertheless, the Court has entered a scheduling order in this case,
which established a deadline to amend pleadings of May 2, 2016.35 As that
deadline has come and gone, WWCS’s request to amend its complaint is not
governed by the liberal standards of Rule 15(a), but instead by Rule 16(b)(4),
which neither party addressed. Under this rule, the Court can modify its
scheduling order to allow an amended complaint only “for good cause.” Fed.
R. Doc. 121-2 at 1-2.
R. Doc. 121-3.
R. Doc. 80 at 2.
R. Civ. P. 16(b)(4); see also S & W Enters., L.L.C. v. SouthTrust Bank of Ala.,
NA, 315 F.3d 533, 535 (5th Cir. 2003) (noting that Rule “16(b) governs
amendment of pleadings once a scheduling order has been issued by the
district court”). If the Court finds good cause, the liberal standards for rule
15(a) apply. Id. at 536.
In the context of untimely motions to amend pleadings, the Court
considers four factors to determine if there is good cause: “(1) the
explanation for the failure to timely move for leave to amend; (2) the
importance of the amendment; (3) potential prejudice in allowing the
amendment; and (4) the availability of a continuance to cure such prejudice.”
Id. (internal modifications and quotation marks omitted).
The Court finds that the amendment is important because WWCS’s
patent claims fail without it. Further, defendants did not object to WWCS’s
filing a third amended complaint in September 2016, and offered WWCS the
opportunity to file a fourth amended complaint on October 24, 2016. 36
Therefore, while defendants may be prejudiced in the sense that they spent
time and resources on their motion to dismiss, their willingness to allow a
fourth amended complaint suggests any resulting prejudice is minimal, and
is further offset by the trial’s scheduled date of July 17, 2017.
R. Doc. 121-2 at 2.
The Court therefore finds there is good cause to allow WWCS to amend
its complaint. Having found good cause, the Court must still apply the more
liberal standard of Rule 15(a). Under Rule 15, the Court “should freely give
leave [to amend] when justice so requires.” Fed. R. Civ. P. 15(a)(2). In
deciding whether to allow amendment of the complaint, the Court must
consider any “undue delay, bad faith, or dilatory motive on the part of the
movant, repeated failure to cure deficiencies by amendments previously
allowed, undue prejudice to the opposing party by virtue of allowance of the
amendment, [and] futility of amendment.” Foman v. Davis, 371 U.S. 178, 182
(1962); Smith v. EMC Corp., 393 F.3d 590, 595 (5th Cir. 2004). For the same
reasons stated in the Rule 16 analysis, justice requires the Court to allow the
There is no evidence of bad faith or dilatory motive on the part of
WWCS, and while WWCS has already amended its complaint more than
once, none of these amendments related to the deficiencies addressed here.
Further, there is no showing that the amendment would be futile. Therefore,
the Court grants WWCS leave to amend its complaint with respect to its
patent claims within 14 days of the entry of this order.
For the foregoing reasons, the Court GRANTS defendants’ motion to
dismiss. Plaintiff’s patent claims are DISMISSED WITHOUT PREJUDICE
and with leave to amend within 14 days of this order.
New Orleans, Louisiana, this _____ day of February, 2017.
SARAH S. VANCE
UNITED STATES DISTRICT JUDGE
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