Buisson Creative Strategies, L.L.C. et al v. Roberts et al
ORDERED that 134 Motion to Quash is GRANTED. IT IS FURTHER ORDERED that the depositions of Deborah Cunningham Foshee and Ben Zahn are QUASHED. Signed by Magistrate Judge Karen Wells Roby. (cml)
UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT
EASTERN DISTRICT OF LOUISIANA
BUISSON CREATIVE STRATEGIES, L.L.C,
CHRISTOPHER ROBERTS, ET AL
SECTION: “H” (4)
Before the Court is a Motion to Quash (R. Doc. 134), filed by the Defendant, Jefferson
Parish, seeking an order from the Court quashing the depositions of Deborah Foshee and Ben Zahn
noticed by Defendant Christopher Roberts for January 6, 2017 and January 9, 2017. R. Doc. 134,
p. 1. The motion is opposed. R. Doc. 137; R. Doc. 141; R. Doc. 143. The motion was submitted
on January 5, 2017 and decided without oral argument. For the following reasons, th
.0e motion is GRANTED.
This dispute involves an Ordinance that was enacted by the Jeff0erson Parish Council.
Greg Buisson, the owner of Buisson Creative Strategies, alleges that Ordinance No. 25045 was
enacted as retaliation for him being a political consultant to the candidate that ran against
Councilman Christopher Roberts. R. Doc. 1, p. 8. Ordinance No. 25045 which was enacted after
the Fall 2015 primary election prohibits the Parish from contracting with firms or persons owning
a five percent or more interest in a company that manages or provides consulting to political
campaigns during the preceding election cycle. Id. at 10. Plaintiff alleges that the subject
Ordinance illegally terminated its marketing and event management contracts with the Parish
which include a contract to provide marketing services to the Jefferson Convention and Visitors
Bureau. Plaintiff alleges that the Ordinance was enacted in violation of a number of rights protected
by the United States Constitution, including rights protected by the First Amendment, the Equal
Protection Clause, and Due Process. Id. at 13.
At this time, Defendant Jefferson Parish (“The Parish”) has filed a motion to quash the
depositions of Deborah Foshee and Ben Zahn noticed by Defendant Christopher Roberts
(“Roberts”) for January 6, 2017 and January 9, 2017. R. Doc. 134, p. 1. Roberts noticed these
depositions on December 26, 2016. Jefferson Parish argues that these depositions should be
quashed because they fall well outside the Court’s deadline for depositions to be completed. R.
Doc. 134-1, p. 1. In the Court’s scheduling order, “[d]epositions for trial use shall be taken and all
discovery shall be completed no later than NOVEMBER 30, 2016.” R. Doc. 82, p. 2 (emphasis
Roberts argues that the motion to quash should be denied. R. Doc. 137. Roberts states
during the deposition of the Plaintiffs that Plaintiff Greg Buisson indicated for the first time that a
secret meeting occurred between Plaintiff Buisson, Jefferson Parish Attorney Deborah
Cunningham Foshee, and Councilman Ben Zahn. Id. at p. 2. That deposition occurred on
November 28, 2016, two days prior to the discovery deadline. Id. Based on that deposition
testimony, Roberts states that he determined that he needed to depose both Foshee and Zahn in
order to determine more about that meeting and if that meeting possibly waived any of the
privileges afforded to Roberts. As such, Roberts argues that he has a need to conduct that
deposition and that there will be no prejudice to the other parties if the depositions occur.
The Plaintiffs have also filed an opposition to the motion. In short, the Plaintiffs argue that
they would like the deposition of both Foshee and Zahn to go forward, but would like the
depositions to be moved to a time when all parties may participate. R. Doc. 141.
Standard of Review
Federal Rule of Civil Procedure 16(b) limits changes in the deadlines set by a scheduling
order “only for good cause and with the judge’s consent.” Fed. R. Civ. P. 16(b)(4). “In determining
whether good cause has been shown, the court should consider four factors: (1) the explanation for
the untimely conduct; (2) the importance of the requested untimely action; (3) potential prejudice
in allowing the untimely conduct; and (4) the availability of a continuance to cure such prejudice.”
Huey v. Super Fresh/Sav-A-Center, Inc., No. 07-1169, 2008 WL 633767 at *1 (E.D. La. June 25,
2008) (citing S & W Enterprises, L.L.C. v. Southtrust Bank of Ala., 315 F.3d 533, 535–36 (5th
Cir.2003)). Moreover, “[t]he good cause standard requires the ‘party seeking relief to show that
the deadlines cannot reasonably be met despite the diligence of the party needing the extension.’”
S & W Enterprises, L.L.C, 315 F.3d at 535 (quoting 6A Charles Alan Wright et al., Federal
Practice and Procedure § 1522.1 (2d ed. 1990)); see also Jackson v. Wilson Welding Servs., Inc.,
No. 10-2843, 2012 WL 14265 (E.D. La. Jan. 4, 2012).
Here, Roberts now seeks to take the depositions of Deborah Foshee and Ben Zahn. R. Doc. 137.
The Parish has filed the instant motion to quash. R. Doc. 134. However, the deadline for taking a
deposition expired on November 30, 2016. R. Doc. 82, p. 2. As such, the depositions are technically
untimely and in violation of the Court’s scheduling orders. See Fairley v. Wal-Mart Stores, Inc. No. 140462, 2016 WL 2992534, at *1 (E.D. La. May 24, 2016) (“It is axiomatic that to complete discovery
means that all disputes relative to discovery. . .must be filed and resolved prior to that date.”).
In order for the depositions to survive the instant motion to quash then, Roberts must demonstrate
good cause under Rule 16. As a threshold inquiry for the good cause standard, the untimely actor must
demonstrate that the deadline could not have been met despite the diligence of the party. S & W
Enterprises, L.L.C, 315 F.3d at 535. Roberts has explained that he only learned of a secret meeting
between the Plaintiffis, Fohsee, and Zahn on November 28, 2016, or two days before the deposition
deadline. During the meeting, certain documents were allegedly shown to the Plaintiffs, which may have
waived the attorney-client, legislative, and deliberative process privileges being asserted by the
defendants. As such, Roberts explains that, because he learned during the deposition for the first time that
Zahn had attended the meeting, he wanted to question both Foshee and Zahn about what occurred at that
meeting to determine if those privileges had been waived. R. Doc. 143, p. 2. Roberts stated that he did not
act sooner because he wanted to wait for the transcript of the deposition to arrive. Id. The deposition
transcript arrived on December 14, 2016; however, Plaintiff Buisson had not yet read or signed the
transcript, thereby leaving open the possibility that Buisson would change his testimony. Id. As such,
Roberts did not notice the depositions of Foshee or Zahn until December 22, 2016 and December 26,
The Parish argues that Robert’s arguments are unavailing because the meeting had previously been
revealed in documents filed by the Plaintiffs, including Record Document 99-4. In that document, Plaintiff
Greg Buisson states that “the former Parish Attorney, Deborah Cunningham Foshee, met with [Buisson]
and others, including her client and representative, in person, in early November 2015.” R. Doc. 99-4, p.
2, ¶ 6. Similarly, the Plaintiffs acknowledge that this meeting existed in the known universe of alleged
facts. R. Doc. 141, p. 5-6. Moreover, the Plaintiff states that this meeting was used in connection with
their argument that privileges had been waived. Id.
Giving the foregoing, the Court finds Roberts’ explanation for the untimely action to be
unpersuasive. From the facts and record before the Court, Roberts should have known about this meeting
well before the discovery/deposition deadline, even if the exact persons involved were unknown. Had
Roberts acted with the necessary diligence, the deadlines could have been met. As such, Roberts has not
met Rule 16(b)(4)’s good cause standard which “require[s] the movant to show that the deadlines cannot
reasonably be met despite the diligence of the party needing the extension.” Puig v. Citibank, N.A., 514
F. App’x 483, 487-88 (5th Cir. 2013). As such, the Court will grant the order and quash the depositions. 1
IT IS ORDERED that the Defendant's Motion to Quash (R. Doc. 134) is GRANTED.
IT IS FURTHER ORDERED that the depositions of Deborah Cunningham Foshee and
Ben Zahn are QUASHED.
New Orleans, Louisiana, this 6th day of January 2017.
KAREN WELLS ROBY
UNITED STATES MAGISTRATE JUDGE
The Court also notes that even if it went beyond the threshold question, good cause would not be found.
Robert’s explanation for the untimely motion is unsuccessful because he should have known about the meeting prior
to the Plaintiff’s deposition based on what was already on the record. Second, Roberts admits that the meeting and
facts concerning the meeting are “undamaging” to his claims concerning privilege. Third, the other Parties would be
prejudiced by these depositions occurring less than one month before the scheduled trial. Fourth, allowing the
untimely act might create unnecessary delay given that trial is scheduled to begin in approximately one month. As
such, the good cause factors weigh against allowing the depositions.
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