Parker v. Gusman et al
ORDER AND REASONS re 81 Objection to Report and Recommendations filed by Desmond C. Parker. The Court will liberally construe document as a motion for reconsideration. That motion for reconsideration is DENIED. Signed by Magistrate Judge Janis van Meerveld.(gec)
UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT
EASTERN DISTRICT OF LOUISIANA
MARLIN GUSMAN, ET AL.
ORDER AND REASONS
On May 19, 2017, the undersigned United States Magistrate Judge entered an order
dismissing plaintiff’s claim against Sheriff Marlin N. Gusman. 1 Plaintiff thereafter filed a
document entitled “Objection to Magistrate Judge’s Ruling Dismissing Claim(s) Against Marlin
Gusman.” 2 Because plaintiff is proceeding pro se, the Court will liberally construe that document
as a motion for reconsideration. 3
However, for the following reasons, that motion for
reconsideration is DENIED.
In plaintiff’s original complaint, he claimed that on June 19, 2015, “Gusman & his
employees breached their duty of care” when plaintiff and inmate Jamal Hatton “were left in a cell
at OPP for hours on end without water or bathroom.” 4 In the challenged order, the Court identified
that as being “[t]he only claim against Gusman” in this lawsuit and dismissed that claim as
frivolous and/or for failing to state a claim upon which relief may be granted. 5 In his motion,
Rec. Doc. 80.
Rec. Doc. 81.
“The Federal Rules of Civil Procedure do not expressly allow motions for reconsideration of an order. However,
the Fifth Circuit has consistently recognized that parties may challenge a judgment or order under Federal Rules of
Civil Procedure 59(e) or 60(b).” Gates v. Strain, Civ. Action No. 07-6983 c/w 13-6425, 2017 WL 2406726, at *1
(E.D. La. June 1, 2017) (citation omitted).
Rec. Doc. 1, p. 4.
Rec. Doc. 80, pp. 7-8.
plaintiff does not challenge the dismissal of the claim; rather, he challenges the Court’s
characterization of the claim as the “only” claim against Gusman. Plaintiff states:
As you can see from the enclosed exhibit (transcript of deposition) Gusman
is directly involved in the Feb. 8th, 2016 sexual assault claim. Gusman was
personally aware of the improper gesture(s) & lewd comments made by Deputy
Woods to the plaintiff & took no action to stop this malicious harassment.
Gusman was also made fully aware that a civil action was pending against
Woods for the sexual assault upon the plaintiff.
Gusman is equally held liable in his area of responsibility when he was put
on notice (7/26/16 see transcript page(s) 124 to 127) of the predicted violation of
right(s) by not taking action to prevent further sexual harassment/assault. 6
The Court has carefully reviewed plaintiff’s pleadings in this matter, and the foregoing
allegations were not included in either his original complaint or the amendments. Even under the
rules of liberal construction applicable to pro se litigants, it simply cannot be said that plaintiff’s
pleadings were sufficient to alert Sheriff Gusman that the foregoing claims were being asserted
against him in this lawsuit, and, as a result, he has not been afforded an opportunity to defend
against them. 7 Therefore, they cannot be considered claims in this civil action.
Moreover, plaintiff will not now be permitted to amend his complaint assert such claims.
Plaintiff requires leave of Court to further amend his complaint, Fed. R. Civ. P. 15(a), and such
Rec. Doc. 81, pp. 1-2.
“The test of the adequacy of the pleadings is whether the adversary has sufficient notice of the pleader’s claim so
that he can prepare his responsive pleadings or prepare for trial. … District courts are not required to be mind readers,
or to conjure questions not squarely presented to them.” Harris v. Angliker, Nos. 91-7118, 91-720, and 91-7620, 1992
WL 21375 (4th Cir. Feb. 10, 1992). The United States Fifth Circuit Court of Appeals has explained:
Despite our general willingness to construe pro se filings liberally, we still require pro se parties to
fundamentally “abide by the rules that govern the federal courts.” Frazier v. Wells Fargo Bank,
N.A., 541 Fed. Appx. 419, 421 (5th Cir. 2013) (internal quotation marks omitted). Pro se litigants
must properly plead sufficient facts that, when liberally construed, state a plausible claim to relief,
serve defendants, obey discovery orders, present summary judgment evidence, file a notice of
appeal, and brief arguments on appeal.
E.E.O.C. v. Simbaki, Ltd., 767 F.3d 475, 484 (5th Cir. 2014) (footnotes omitted).
leave will not be granted. In its scheduling order, the Court directed that “[a]ll amendments to
pleadings must be filed on or before February 13, 2017.” 8 Therefore, any request for further
amendments is untimely. Moreover, the deadlines for the discovery and the filing of motions have
passed, and a jury trial is scheduled to commence in this matter in two months. Justice simply
does not require that plaintiff be allowed to further amend his complaint to add new claims at this
late stage of the proceeding.
New Orleans, Louisiana, this thirteenth day of June, 2017.
JANIS VAN MEERVELD
UNITED STATES MAGISTRATE JUDGE
Rec. Doc. 69.
Disclaimer: Justia Dockets & Filings provides public litigation records from the federal appellate and district courts. These filings and docket sheets should not be considered findings of fact or liability, nor do they necessarily reflect the view of Justia.
Why Is My Information Online?