Cameron v. Greater New Orleans Federal Credit Union
ORDER: ORDERED that 38 Motion for Attorney Fees is GRANTED. The Defendant is awarded reasonable attorneys fees and expenses in the amount of$1,562.50. FURTHER ORDERED that the Plaintiff shall satisfy its obligation to Defendant no later than twenty-one (21) days from the issuance of this Order. Signed by Magistrate Judge Karen Wells Roby. (Reference: All Cases)(cml)
UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT
EASTERN DISTRICT OF LOUISIANA
GREATER NEW ORLEANS FEDERAL CREDIT UNION
SECTION: “H” (4)
Before the Court is a Motion to Fix Attorneys’ Fees (R. Doc. 38) filed by the Defendant,
Greater New Orleans Credit Union, seeking an order from the Court to fix the attorneys’ fees in
the amount of $1,682.50. The motion is opposed. R. Doc. 39. The motion was submitted on April
On March 16, 2017, the Court granted the Plaintiff’s Motion to Compel finding in part that
the Defendant was entitled to attorneys’ fees under Federal Rule of Civil Procedure 37(a)(5). R.
Doc. 37. As part of that order, the Court ordered that the Defendant file a motion to fix attorney’s
fees and costs. Id. The Defendant thereafter filed the subject motion on March 28, 2017 requesting
$1,682.50 in attorneys’ fees. R. Doc. 38-1, p. 3.
The Plaintiff has opposed the award of attorney’s fees as well as the amount requested. R.
Doc. 39. As an initial matter, the Plaintiff’s opposition to the award of fees is unfounded. The
Plaintiff argues that he tendered the requested discovery to the Plaintiff on March 6, 2017. Id. at
p. 5. However, under Federal Rules of Civil Procedure 37(a)(5)(A) provides that the Court must
award fees when the motion to compel is granted “or if the disclosure or requested discovery is
provided after the motion was filed.” Here, the motion was filed on February 20, 2017, and the
requested discovery was provided after that date. As such, the Court’s award of fees was proper.
Standard of Review
The Supreme Court has specified that the “lodestar” calculation is the “most useful starting
point” for determining the award for attorney’s fees. Hensley v. Eckerhart, 461 U.S. 424, 433
(1983). Lodestar is computed by “… the number of hours reasonably expended on the litigation
multiplied by a reasonable hourly rate.” Id. The lodestar calculation, “...provides an objective basis
on which to make an initial estimate of the value of a lawyer’s services.” Id. Once the lodestar has
been determined, the district court must consider the weight and applicability of the twelve factors
delineated in Johnson. See Watkins v. Forcide, 7 F.3d 453, 457 (5th Cir. 1993).1 Subsequently, if
the Johnson factors warrant an adjustment, the court may make modifications upward or
downward to the lodestar. Id. However, the lodestar is presumed to be a reasonable calculation
and should be modified only in exceptional circumstances. Id. (citing City of Burlington v. Dague,
505 U.S. 557, 562 (1992)).
The party seeking attorney’s fees bears the burden of establishing the reasonableness of the
fees by submitting “adequate documentation of the hours reasonably expended”, and
demonstrating the use of billing judgement. Creecy v. Metro. Prop. & Cas. Ins. Co., 548 F. Supp.
2d 279, 286 (E.D. La. 2008) (citing Wegner v. Standard Ins. Co., 129 F.3d 814, 822 (5th
Reasonable Hourly Rate
The “appropriate hourly rate. . .is the market rate in the community for this work.” Black
v. SettlePou, P.C., 732 F.3d 492, 502 (5th Cir. 2013) (citing Smith & Fuller, P.A. v. Cooper Tire
The twelve Johnson factors are (1) the time and labor involved; (2) the novelty and difficulty of the
questions; (3) the skill required to perform the legal services properly; (4) the preclusion of other employment by the
attorney due to this case; (5) the customary fee; (6) whether fee is fixed or contingent; (7) time limitations; (8) the
amount involved and results obtained; (9) the experience, reputation and ability of counsel; (10) the “undesirability”
of the case; (11) the nature and length of the professional relationship with the client; and (12) awards in similar cases.
See Johnson v. Georgia Highway Express, Inc., 488 F.2d 714, 717-719 (5th Cir. 1974).
& Rubber Co., 685 F.3d 486, 490 (5th Cir.2012)). Moreover, the rate must be calculated “at the
‘prevailing market rates in the relevant community for similar services by attorneys of reasonably
comparable skills, experience, and reputation.’” Int’l Transp. Workers Fed’n v. Mi-Das Line, SA,
13–00454, 2013 WL 5329873, at *3 (E.D. La. Sept. 20, 2013) (quoting Blum v. Stenson, 465 U.S.
886, 895 (1984)). Satisfactory evidence of the reasonableness of the rate necessarily includes an
affidavit of the attorney performing the work and information of rates actually billed and paid in
similar lawsuits. Blum, 465 U.S. at 896 n.11. Finally, if the hourly rate is not opposed, then it is
prima facie reasonable. Powell v. C.I.R., 891 F.2d 1167, 1173 (5th Cir. 1990) (quoting Islamic Ctr.
of Mississippi v. City of Starkville, 876 F.2d 468, 469 (5th Cir. 1989)).
Here, the Defendant has requested a reasonable hourly rate of $225 for work completed
prior to March 1, 2017 and $300 for work completed after March 1, 20172 for Carla Crapster and
$190 for Kaile Mercuri. R. Doc. 38-2, p. 3-4. Crapaster has roughly nine years of experience. Id.
at p. 3. Mercuri has roughly four years of experience. The Court finds these rates to be reasonable.
See, e.g., EnVen Energy Ventures, LLC v. Black Elk Energy Offshore Operations, LLC, No. 14424, 2015 WL 3505099, at *2 (E.D. La. June 2, 2015) (awarding $300 for an attorney with 10
years of experience); see also see also Calix v. Marine, LLC, No. 14-2430, 2016 WL 4194119, at
*6 (E.D. La. July 14, 2016) report and recommendation adopted, 2016 WL 4180977 (approving
$180 for first year associate); Atel Mar. Investors, LP v. Sea Mar Mgmt., LLC, No: 08–1700, 2011
U.S. Dist. LEXIS 68436, 2011 WL 2550505 (E.D. La. June 27, 2011) (Roby, M.J.) (awarding
$175 for an associate with two (2) years of experience);Construction South, Inc. v. Jenkins, No.
11–1201, 2011 U.S. Dist. LEXIS 99254, 2011 WL 3882271 (E.D.La. July 29, 2011) (Knowles,
M.J.) (awarding $180/hour for an associate with two (2) years of experience).
Crapster was promoted from associate to partner at that time.
Additionally, the Plaintiff does not appear to have challenge these rates. Therefore, they
are prima facie reasonable. Powell 891 F.2d at 1173.
Hours Reasonably Spent on Litigation
Next, the Court must determine what hours of time were reasonably expended on the
litigation. The party seeking the fee bears the burden of documenting and supporting the
reasonableness of all time expenditures that compensation is sought. Hensley, 461 U.S. at 437. The
“[c]ounsel for the prevailing party should make a good faith effort to exclude from fee request
hours that are excessive, redundant, and otherwise unnecessary…” Id. at 434. Hours that are not
properly billed to one’s client also are not properly billed to one’s adversary. Id. The Supreme
Court calls on fee applicants to make request that demonstrate “billing judgement”. Id. The
remedy for failing to exercise “billing judgment” is to exclude hours that were not reasonably
expended. See Hensley, 461 U.S. at 434; Walker v. City of Mesquite, 313 F.3d 246, 251 (5th Cir.
2002) (quoting Walker v. HUD, 99 F.3d 761, 770 (5th Cir.1996)) (“If there is no evidence of billing
judgment, however, then the proper remedy is not a denial of fees, but a reduction of ‘the hours
awarded by a percentage intended to substitute for the exercise of billing judgment.’”).
Alternatively, this Court can conduct a line-by-line analysis of the time report. See Green v.
Administrators of the Tulane Educational Fund, 284 F.3d 642, 662 (5th Cir.2002) overruled on
other grounds by Burlington Northern and Santa Fe Railway Co. v. White, 548 U.S. 53 (2006).
Here, the Defendant has provided a billing statement demonstrating that Crapster has
worked 5.8 hours on the motion to compel and Mercuri worked 1 hour. R Doc. 28-2, p. 7-8; 38-3,
p. 6. The Plaintiff has challenged the amount of hours, arguing that the 5.8 hours expended are
unreasonable and excessive for a motion to compel, review of an opposition memorandum, and
the drafting of a reply memorandum.
In reviewing the hours expended by the Crapster, the Court does not find the 3.3 hours
expended in preparing the initial motion to compel or the 2.1 hours preparing the reply to Plaintiff’s
opposition to be unreasonably expended. See R. Doc. 38-2, p. 7. Nor does the Court find the 1 hour
expended by Mercuri to be unreasonable. R. Doc. 38-3, p. 6. However, the Court finds that the .4
hours expended by Crapster in reviewing this Court’s order granting the motion and corresponding
with other counsel and the Defendant are not reasonably expended in connection with this award
of attorney’s fees. R. Doc. 38-2, p. 7; see Rock the Ocean Productions, LLC v. H1 Events LLC,
No. 15-5189, 2016 WL 4272931, at *3 (E.D. La. Aug. 15, 2016) (quoting Stagner, 2004 U.S. Dist.
LEXIS 1936) (“‘Rule 37(a) only provides for the expenses in bringing the motion, not for expenses
relating to the underlying discovery dispute.’”). Therefore, the Court will reduce Crapster’s hours
by .4 for those hours expended after March 1, 2017 for a total of 5.4 hours expended.
Given the foregoing reasonable rates and hours, the Court calculates the following Lodestar
amount for each attorney as:
The total Lodestar amount then is $1,562.50.
Adjusting the Lodestar
After the lodestar is determined, the Court may then adjust the lodestar upward or
downward depending on the twelve factors set forth in Johnson, 488 F.2d at 717-19. However,
“the Supreme Court has limited greatly the use of the second, third, eighth, and ninth factors for
enhancement purposes, and accordingly, the Fifth Circuit has held that ‘[e]nhancements based
upon these factors are only appropriate in rare cases supported by specific evidence in the record
and detailed findings by the courts.’” Wells Fargo Equip. Fin., Inc. v. Beaver Const., LLC, No.
CIV. 6:10-0386, 2011 WL 5525999, at *3 (W.D. La. Oct. 18, 2011) (citing Walker v. U.S.
Department of Housing and Urban Development, 99 F.3d 761, 771–72 (5th Cir. 1996)). Finally,
to the extent that any Johnson factors are subsumed in the lodestar, they should not be reconsidered
when determining whether an adjustment to the lodestar is required. Migis v. Pearle Vision, Inc.,
135 F.3d 1041, 1047 (5th Cir. 1998). The Court has carefully evaluated the Johnson factors and
finds no adjustment of the lodestar is warranted.
IT IS ORDERED that Defendant’s Motion to Fix Attorney’s Fees (R. Doc. 38) is
GRANTED. The Defendant is awarded reasonable attorney’s fees and expenses in the amount of
IT IS FURTHER ORDERED that the Plaintiff shall satisfy its obligation to Defendant
no later than twenty-one (21) days from the issuance of this Order.
New Orleans, Louisiana, this 19th day of April 2017.
KAREN WELLS ROBY
UNITED STATES MAGISTRATE JUDGE
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