Wilbert et al v. Starr Indemnity & Liability Company et al
ORDER AND REASONS. The Motion for Contempt, Sanctions and to Compel Independent Medical Examination (Rec. Doc. 25 ) is DENIED as to contempt and sanctions and, as ordered by this Court on December 15, 2016 (Rec. Doc. 30 ), GRANTED as to compelling the independent medical examination; and the Motion for Sanctions (Rec. Doc. 26 ) is DENIED. Signed by Magistrate Judge Janis van Meerveld. (gec)
UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT
EASTERN DISTRICT OF LOUISIANA
CATHERINE WILBERT, SHARON
STARR INDEMNITY & LIABILITY CO.,
CIMARRON UNDERGROUND, INC.
CIVIL ACTION NO. 16-11113
JUDGE KURT D. ENGELHARDT
JANIS VAN MEERVELD
ORDER AND REASONS
Before the Court are (1) Defendants’ Motion for Contempt, Sanctions and to Compel
Independent Medical Examination (Rec. Doc. 25) and (2) Defendants’ Motion for Sanctions (Rec.
Doc. 26) referred to the magistrate judge for consideration by the District Judge. For the following
reasons, (1) the Motion for Contempt, Sanctions and to Compel Independent Medical Examination
(Rec. Doc. 25) is DENIED as to contempt and sanctions and, as ordered by this Court on December
15, 2016 (Rec. Doc. 30), GRANTED as to compelling the independent medical examination; and
(2) the Motion for Sanctions (Rec. Doc. 26) is DENIED.
The Plaintiffs in this case allege injuries arising out of a car accident that occurred on July
20, 2015. (Complaint, at 2, Rec. Doc. 1). Plaintiffs allege that a 2011 Toyota Sequoia driven by
plaintiff Sharon Schluter with plaintiff Catherine Wilbert as passenger was struck by a 2008 F-450
truck and trailer owned by defendant Cimarron Underground, Inc. (“Cimarron”) and driven by
Thomas Hite. Id. They allege that defendant Starr Indemnity & Liability Co. (“Starr” and with
Cimarron, the “Defendants”) provided the liability insurance policy covering the Cimarron
vehicle. Id. at 3.
On November 18, 2016, Defendants filed a motion to compel the depositions of Wilbert
and Schluter, arguing that Wilbert and Schluter should be deposed in advance of the December 16,
2016, deadline for the Defendants’ expert reports. (Rec. Doc. 14). 1 The undersigned held a status
conference with the parties and ordered that the Plaintiffs appear for their depositions on November
28, 2016 and November 29, 2016. (Rec. Doc. 17). On December 1, 2016, the Defendants moved
to compel Wilbert to appear for an independent medical examination (“IME”) with a neurosurgeon
in advance of the expert report deadline. (Rec. Doc. 19). The Defendants argued that Wilbert had
revealed at her deposition on November 28 that she was suffering from headaches that were
different from any other headaches she had felt before. 2 Id. at 1. On December 5, 2016, the Court
held an expedited hearing on the motion by telephone and ordered that Wilbert appear for an IME
with Dr. Robert on December 9, 2016, at 10:45 a.m. “provided that she arrive thirty minutes early
as requested by Dr. Robert’s office.” (Rec. Doc. 24).
Wilbert did not appear for her IME as ordered. The parties dispute the details of Wilbert’s
failure to appear. Wilbert asserts that she was late because she had trouble arranging for care of
her mother who suffers from Alzheimer’s. (Mem. Opp., at 2, Rec. Doc. 36). It appears that Dr.
Robert’s office informed the Defendants that Wilbert called the office after the appointment start
time of 10:45, at which point Dr. Robert had already left. (So. Brain & Spine Email, at 1, Rec.
Doc. 25-2). Dr. Robert’s office staff reported that Wilbert said she was not told to arrive prior to
10:45 a.m. and that by 11:00 she was not at the office. Id.
As a result of Wilbert’s failure to appear for her IME, the Defendants filed the present
Motion for Contempt, Sanctions and to Compel Independent Medical Examination. (Rec. Doc.
The motion to compel and associated motion to expedite were marked as deficient by the clerk of court. Defendants
never refiled the motions.
The Court notes that Wilbert alleged in her Complaint that the accident “caused [her] to suffer headaches and
migraines.” (Complaint, at 2, Rec. Doc. 1).
25). Defendants represented in their memorandum in support that Wilbert’s counsel had indicated
that Wilbert would be available for a rescheduled IME on December 27, 2016, at 9:00 a.m. and
would appear 30 minutes early at 8:30 a.m. (Rec. Doc. 25-1, at 3). On an expedited basis, the
undersigned ordered that Wilbert appear for her IME on December 27, 2016, and deferred ruling
on Defendants’ request for sanctions until the originally scheduled submission date of December
28, 2016. (Rec. Doc. 30). The Defendants had also filed a Motion to Continue their expert report
deadline and a Motion for Sanctions before the District Judge. (Rec. Doc. 26). The District Judge
granted the Motion to Continue the expert report deadline but referred the Motion for Sanctions to
the undersigned magistrate judge. (Rec. Doc. 29).
Defendants argue that this Court should impose sanctions against Wilbert because she
willfully violated this Court’s December 5, 2016, order. (Mem. Supp., at 2, Rec. Doc. 25-1). They
point out that this is the third motion to compel that they have had to file. Id. at 1. They say they
have spent hours researching case law and drafting these motions. Id. at 2. Defendants seek to be
awarded their costs, attorney’s fees and their IME expenses. Id. at 4. In the Motion for Sanctions,
which Defendants filed in conjunction with their Motion to Continue the expert report deadline,
the Defendants argue that they are entitled to an award of their attorney’s fees under Federal Rule
of Civil Procedure 37. (Rec. Doc. 26-1, at 3).
Wilbert responds that her failure to appear was not willful but was a result of unforeseen
issues concerning the care of her mother. (Rec. Doc. 36, at 3). Her counsel submit that they have
assured Defendants’ counsel that she will arrive at Dr. Robert’s office promptly at 8:30 a.m. on
December 27, 2016. Id. at 2. Wilbert’s counsel further argue that they have attempted to work
with Defendants’ counsel in good faith to set appointment dates and times for multiple
examinations without Court intervention while managing the recent death of counsel’s mother and
Defendants’ reply memorandum underscores the time and effort expended in filing the
motions to compel. (Rec. Doc. 39). They insist that these resources would not have been spent if
Plaintiffs had cooperated in good faith in the discovery of their claims. Id. at 4. They add that
Wilbert has offered no competent evidence of her unanticipated problems related to her mother.
Id. at 3.
Law and Analysis
1. Standard of Review
“If a party or a party’s officer, director, or managing agent . . . fails to obey an order to
provide or permit discovery . . . the court where the action is pending may issue further just orders.”
Fed. R. Civ. Proc. 37(b)(2)(A). Possible sanctions include an order directing that certain facts be
taken as established for purposes of the action, prohibiting the disobedient party from supporting
designated claims, or even dismissing the action. Id. 3 In addition or instead of one of the sanctions
enumerated in Rule 37(b)(2)(A), the court may order “the disobedient party, the attorney advising
that party, or both, to pay the reasonable expenses, including attorney’s fees, caused by the failure,
unless the failure was substantially justified or other circumstances make an award of expenses
unjust.” Id. R. 37(b)(2)(C).
“[U]sually, . . . a finding of bad faith or willful misconduct [is required] to support the
severest remedies under Rule 37(b)—striking pleadings or dismissal of a case.” Smith & Fuller,
P.A. v. Cooper Tire & Rubber Co., 685 F.3d 486, 488 (5th Cir. 2012) (quoting Pressey v.
Patterson, 898 F.2d 1018, 1021 (5th Cir. 1990)). “Lesser sanctions do not require a finding of
Rule 37(b)(2)(A)(viii) also authorizes the Court to treat the failure to obey an order as contempt of court, however,
this sanction is not available when the failure is a failure to submit to a physical or mental examination.
willfulness.” Id. But even an award of attorney’s fees is penal in nature. Batson v. Neal Spelce
Assocs., Inc., 765 F.2d 511, 516 (5th Cir. 1985). As the Fifth Circuit explained, such an award
“it is designed to penalize those who engage in the charged conduct and to deter others who
might be tempted to follow in similar conduct.” Id. Importantly, when awarding attorney’s fees,
the Court can only order payment of those expenses actually “caused by the failure to comply.”
2. Failure to Appear for IME
There is no dispute that Wilbert failed to timely appear for her IME on December 9,
2016, as ordered by this Court. While failing to appear for a Court ordered IME may warrant
sanctions against the offending party, the Court finds that sanctions are not justified here. First,
the Court notes that Plaintiffs’ counsel were managing a death in the family the very same week
this Court ordered the IME and in which the IME was to be performed. It appears that this
unfortunate circumstance played a role in Plaintiffs’ counsel’s failure to ensure that their client
would appear on time for her IME and/or her pre-appointment paperwork. The Court also notes
that this appears to be the first instance that personal issues have prevented Wilbert from
appearing for a scheduled examination or deposition. While there is some dispute about how late
Wilbert was for her appointment, it appears that she was making an effort to arrive and attempted
to notify the doctor’s office of her delay. The Court finds no evidence that Wilbert willfully
failed to appear for her IME.
The Court is cognizant that the parties’ inability to work out their discovery disputes
between themselves has required the filing of several motions before this Court. However, these
previous motions did not result from the failure to obey a Court order. The Court also notes that
prior to filing the present motion, it appears that Wilbert had already agreed to timely appear for
a rescheduled IME. Accordingly, in light of all of these circumstances, the Court finds that
imposing an award of attorney’s fees or other sanction at this juncture would be unjust. The
Court cautions that further failures by the Plaintiffs or their counsel to obey court orders or
comply with discovery obligations may warrant sanctions.
For the foregoing reasons, (1) the Motion for Contempt, Sanctions and to Compel
Independent Medical Examination (Rec. Doc. 25) is DENIED as to contempt and sanctions and,
as ordered by this Court on December 15, 2016 (Rec. Doc. 30), GRANTED as to compelling the
independent medical examination; and (2) the Motion for Sanctions (Rec. Doc. 26) is DENIED.
New Orleans, Louisiana, this ____ day of December, 2016.
Janis van Meerveld
United States Magistrate Judge
Disclaimer: Justia Dockets & Filings provides public litigation records from the federal appellate and district courts. These filings and docket sheets should not be considered findings of fact or liability, nor do they necessarily reflect the view of Justia.
Why Is My Information Online?