Harris v. BP Exploration & Production, Inc. et al

Filing 68

ORDER AND REASONS: IT IS ORDERED that Defendants' 52 Motion in Limine and 53 Motion for Summary Judgment are GRANTED. IT IS FURTHER ORDERED that all of Plaintiff's claims are DISMISSED WITH PREJUDICE. Signed by Judge Jane Triche Milazzo on 09/15/2022. (am)

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Case 2:17-cv-03265-JTM-DPC Document 68 Filed 09/15/22 Page 1 of 7 UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT EASTERN DISTRICT OF LOUISIANA CHARLES HARRIS CIVIL ACTION VERSUS NO. 17-3265 BP EXPLORATION & PRODUCTION, INC. ET AL. SECTION: H ORDER AND REASONS Before the Court is a Motion in Limine to Exclude the General Causation Opinions of Plaintiff’s Expert, Dr. Jerald Cook (Doc. 52) and a Motion for Summary Judgment Due to Plaintiff’s Inability to Prove Medical Causation (Doc. 53), both filed by Defendants BP Exploration & Production, Inc.; BP America Production Company; BP p.l.c.; Transocean Holdings, LLC; Transocean Deepwater, Inc.; Transocean Offshore Deepwater Drilling, Inc.; and Halliburton Energy Services, Inc. For the following reasons, these Motions are GRANTED. BACKGROUND This case is one among the “B3 bundle” of cases arising out of the Deepwater Horizon oil spill. 1 This bundle comprises “claims for personal injury and wrongful death due to exposure to oil and/or other chemicals used during the oil spill response (e.g., dispersant).” 2 These cases were originally part of a See In Re: Oil Spill by the Oil Rig “Deepwater Horizon” in the Gulf of Mexico, on April 20, 2010, No. 10-md-02179, R. Doc. 26924 at 1 (E.D. La. Feb. 23, 2021). 2 Id. 1 1 Case 2:17-cv-03265-JTM-DPC Document 68 Filed 09/15/22 Page 2 of 7 multidistrict litigation (“MDL”) pending in the Eastern District of Louisiana before Judge Barbier. During this MDL, Judge Barbier approved the Deepwater Horizon Medical Benefits Class Action Settlement Agreement, but the B3 plaintiffs either opted out of this agreement or were excluded from its class definition. 3 Subsequently, Judge Barbier severed the B3 cases from the MDL to be reallocated among the judges of this Court. 4 This case was reassigned to Section H. Plaintiff Charles Harris alleges continuous exposure to oil and dispersants while decontaminating boats and booms following the Deepwater Horizon oil spill. 5 Plaintiff claims to suffer from a host of medical conditions because of the exposure, including “[a]bdominal cramps and pain, nausea, vomiting, headaches, dehydration, skin issues including rashes, irritation, and itching, chest pain, anxiety, decreased appetite, sleep disorders, decreased concentration, lethargy, depression, [and] GI bleed.” 6 Plaintiff asserts claims under the general maritime law of negligence, negligence per se, and gross negligence with respect to the spill and its cleanup. 7 Now before the Court are Defendants’ Motion in Limine to Exclude the General Causation Opinions Testimony of Plaintiff’s Expert and their Motion for Summary Judgment Due to Plaintiff’s Inability to Prove Medical Causation. In the Motion in Limine, Defendants argue that Plaintiff’s expert on medical causation, Dr. Jerald Cook, fails to satisfy the Fifth Circuit’s requirements for an admissible general causation opinion in toxic tort cases and should therefore be excluded as unreliable. In the Motion for Summary Id. at 2 n.3. Id. at 7–8. 5 See Doc. 52-2. 6 See Doc. 1-1 at 5. 7 See Doc 33. 3 4 2 Case 2:17-cv-03265-JTM-DPC Document 68 Filed 09/15/22 Page 3 of 7 Judgment, Defendants argue that assuming their Motion in Limine is granted, Plaintiff lacks expert testimony on general causation and therefore fails to present a genuine issue of material fact as to whether his injuries were caused by exposure to oil and dispersants. Plaintiff opposes. LEGAL STANDARDS I. Daubert Motion Federal Rule of Evidence 702 provides that a witness who is qualified as an expert may testify if: (1) the expert’s “specialized knowledge will help the trier of fact to understand the evidence or to determine a fact in issue”; (2) the expert’s testimony “is based on sufficient facts or data”; (3) the expert’s testimony “is the product of reliable principles and methods”; and (4) the principles and methods employed by the expert have been reliably applied to the facts of the case. In Daubert v. Merrell Dow Pharmaceuticals, Inc., the U.S. Supreme Court held that Rule 702 “requires the district court to act as a gatekeeper to ensure that ‘any and all scientific testimony or evidence admitted is not only relevant, but reliable.’” 8 All types of expert testimony are subject to this gatekeeping. 9 The party offering the expert testimony bears the burden of proving its reliability and relevance by a preponderance of the evidence. 10 The reliability of expert testimony “is determined by assessing whether the reasoning or methodology underlying the testimony is scientifically valid.” 11 The Court may consider several nonexclusive factors in determining Metrejean v. REC Marine Logistics, LLC, No. 08-5049, 2009 WL 3062622, at *1 (E.D. La. Sept. 21, 2009) (quoting Daubert v. Merrell Dow Pharms., Inc., 509 U.S. 579, 589 (1993)). 9 See Kumho Tire Co. v. Carmichael, 526 U.S. 137, 147 (1999). 10 See Moore v. Ashland Chem. Co., 151 F.3d 269, 276 (5th Cir. 1998). 11 Knight v. Kirby Inland Marine, Inc., 482 F.3d 347, 352 (5th Cir. 2007). 8 3 Case 2:17-cv-03265-JTM-DPC Document 68 Filed 09/15/22 Page 4 of 7 reliability, including: (1) whether the technique has been tested, (2) whether the technique has been subject to peer review and publication, (3) the technique’s potential error rate, (4) the existence and maintenance of standards controlling the technique’s operation, and (5) whether the technique is generally accepted in the relevant scientific community. 12 Granted, the reliability analysis is a flexible one and “not every Daubert factor will be applicable in every situation.” 13 As the gatekeeper of expert testimony, this Court enjoys broad discretion in determining admissibility. 14 II. Motion for Summary Judgment Summary judgment is appropriate “if the pleadings, depositions, answers to interrogatories, and admissions on file, together with affidavits, if any, show that there is no genuine issue as to any material fact and that the moving party is entitled to a judgment as a matter of law.” 15 A genuine issue of fact exists only “if the evidence is such that a reasonable jury could return a verdict for the nonmoving party.” 16 In determining whether the movant is entitled to summary judgment, the Court views facts in the light most favorable to the non-movant and draws all reasonable inferences in her favor. 17 “If the moving party meets the initial burden of showing that there is no genuine issue of material fact, the burden shifts to the non-moving party to produce evidence or designate specific facts showing the existence of a genuine issue for trial.” 18 Summary judgment is appropriate if the non-movant “fails to make a showing sufficient to establish See Burleson v. Tex. Dep’t of Crim. Just., 393 F.3d 577, 584 (5th Cir. 2004). Guy v. Crown Equip. Corp., 394 F.3d 320, 325 (5th Cir. 2004). 14 See Wellogix, Inc. v. Accenture, L.L.P., 716 F.3d 867, 881 (5th Cir. 2013). 15 Sherman v. Hallbauer, 455 F.2d 1236, 1241 (5th Cir. 1972). 16 Anderson v. Liberty Lobby, Inc., 477 U.S. 242, 248 (1986). 17 Coleman v. Houston Indep. Sch. Dist., 113 F.3d 528, 532 (5th Cir. 1997). 18 Engstrom v. First Nat’l Bank of Eagle Lake, 47 F.3d 1459, 1462 (5th Cir. 1995). 12 13 4 Case 2:17-cv-03265-JTM-DPC Document 68 Filed 09/15/22 Page 5 of 7 the existence of an element essential to that party’s case.” 19 “In response to a properly supported motion for summary judgment, the non-movant must identify specific evidence in the record and articulate the manner in which that evidence supports that party’s claim, and such evidence must be sufficient to sustain a finding in favor of the non-movant on all issues as to which the nonmovant would bear the burden of proof at trial.” 20 “We do not . . . in the absence of any proof, assume that the nonmoving party could or would prove the necessary facts.” 21 Additionally, “[t]he mere argued existence of a factual dispute will not defeat an otherwise properly supported motion.” 22 LAW AND ANALYSIS “B3 plaintiffs must prove that the legal cause of the claimed injury or illness is exposure to oil or other chemicals used during the response.” 23 “The plaintiff’s burden with respect to causation in a toxic tort case involves proof of both general causation and specific causation.” 24 “General causation is whether a substance is capable of causing a particular injury or condition in the general population, while specific causation is whether a substance caused a particular individual’s injury.” 25 Here, Dr. Cook is listed as Plaintiff’s only expert witness on causation. 26 On this topic, Dr. Cook produced a report dated June 21, 2022 Celotex Corp. v. Catrett, 477 U.S. 317, 324 (1986). John v. Deep E. Tex. Reg. Narcotics Trafficking Task Force, 379 F.3d 293, 301 (5th Cir. 2004) (internal citations omitted). 21 Badon v. R J R Nabisco, Inc., 224 F.3d 382, 394 (5th Cir. 2000) (quoting Little v. Liquid Air Corp., 37 F.3d 1069, 1075 (5th Cir. 1994)). 22 Boudreaux v. Banctec, Inc., 366 F. Supp. 2d 425, 430 (E.D. La. 2005). 23 In re Oil Spill by Oil Rig “Deepwater Horizon” in the Gulf of Mexico, on April 20, 2010, MDL NO. 2179, 2021 WL 6053613, at *11 (E.D. La. Apr. 1, 2021). 24 Davis v. BP Expl. & Prod., Inc., No. 17-4664, 2022 WL 2789027, at *1 (E.D. La. July 15, 2022). 25 Knight v. Kirby Inland Marine Inc., 482 F.3d 347, 351 (5th Cir. 2007) (internal quotation marks omitted). 26 See Doc. 61. 19 20 5 Case 2:17-cv-03265-JTM-DPC Document 68 Filed 09/15/22 Page 6 of 7 and entitled “Health Effects Among Deepwater Horizon Oil Spill Response and Cleanup Workers: A Cause and Effect Analysis.” 27 This report is not unique to this case; another judge of this Court has described it as “an omnibus, non-case specific general causation expert report that has been used by many B3 plaintiffs.” 28 Seven sections of the Eastern District of Louisiana, including this one, excluded an earlier version of Dr. Cook’s report dated March 14, 2022. 29 Dr. Cook’s June report does not appear to make any changes that disturb the reasons for excluding the March version. Indeed, at least two sections have already excluded the June 21, 2022 report as well. 30 Accordingly, for the same reasons articulated by Judges Africk, Ashe, Vance, Barbier, Morgan, and Zainey, the Court grants Defendants’ Motion in Limine. Accordingly, Plaintiff cannot prove general causation, and the Court also grants Defendants’ Motion for Summary Judgment. See Doc. 52-3. McIntosh v. BP Expl. & Prod., Inc., No. 13-1020, 2022 WL 2342480, at *1 (E.D. La. June 29, 2022). 29 See, e.g., Johns v. BP Expl. & Prod. Inc., No. 17-3304, 2022 WL 1811088 (E.D. La. June 2, 2022) (Ashe, J.); Coleman v. BP Expl. & Prod., Inc., No. 17-4158, 2022 WL 2314400 (E.D. La. June 28, 2022) (Vance, J.); McIntosh, 2022 WL 2342480 (Barbier, J.); Harrison v. BP Expl. & Prod. Inc., No. 17-4346, 2022 WL 2390733 (E.D. La. July 1, 2022) (Morgan, J.); Davis, 2022 WL 2789027 (Zainey, J.); Turner v. BP Expl. & Prod. Inc., No. CV 17-3225, 2022 WL 2967441 (E.D. La. July 27, 2022) (Africk, J.); Reed v. BP Expl. & Prod., Inc., No. CV 17-3603, 2022 WL 3099925 (E.D. La. Aug. 4, 2022) (Milazzo, J.). 30 Moore v. BP Expl. & Prod., Inc., No. CV 17-4456, 2022 WL 3594631, at *10 (E.D. La. Aug. 23, 2022) (Vance, J.); Cantillo v. BP Expl. & Prod., No. 17-3226, R. Doc. 35 (E.D. La. Aug. 5, 2022) (Barbier, J.); Seay v. BP Expl. & Prod., No. 17-4244, R. Doc. 53 (E.D. La. Aug. 5, 2022) (Barbier, J.); Yarbrough v. BP Expl. & Prod., No. 17-4292, R. Doc. 53 (E.D. La. Aug. 5, 2022) (Barbier, J.). 27 28 6 Case 2:17-cv-03265-JTM-DPC Document 68 Filed 09/15/22 Page 7 of 7 CONCLUSION For the foregoing reasons, Defendants’ Motion in Limine and Motion for Summary Judgment are GRANTED. IT IS ORDERED that all of Plaintiff’s claims are DISMISSED WITH PREJUDICE. New Orleans, Louisiana this 15th day of September, 2022. ____________________________________ JANE TRICHE MILAZZO UNITED STATES DISTRICT JUDGE 7

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