Wade v. BP Exploration & Production, Inc. et al
ORDER AND REASONS denying 66 Motion for Reconsideration re 63 Order and Reasons, 64 Judgment for the reasons stated herein. Signed by Judge Sarah S. Vance on 11/17/2022. (mm)
Case 2:17-cv-04624-SSV-JVM Document 68 Filed 11/17/22 Page 1 of 8
UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT
EASTERN DISTRICT OF LOUISIANA
JAMES R. WADE
BP EXPLORATION &
PRODUCTION, INC., ET AL.
SECTION “R” (1)
ORDER AND REASONS
Before the Court is plaintiff’s motion for reconsideration 1 of this
Court’s Order and Reasons2 excluding plaintiff’s sole causation expert and
granting summary judgment to defendants. Defendants BP Exploration &
Production, Inc., BP America Production Company, and BP p.l.c.
(collectively, the “BP parties”) oppose plaintiff’s motion for reconsideration. 3
For the following reasons, the Court denies plaintiff’s motion for
R. Doc. 66.
R. Doc. 63.
R. Doc. 67. The remaining defendants, Halliburton Energy Services,
Inc., Transocean Deepwater, Inc., Transocean Holdings, LLC, and
Transocean Offshore Deepwater Drilling, Inc., joined in the BP parties’
motion for summary judgment and motion in limine. Id. at 1.
Case 2:17-cv-04624-SSV-JVM Document 68 Filed 11/17/22 Page 2 of 8
This case arises from plaintiff’s alleged exposure to toxic chemicals
following the Deepwater Horizon oil spill in the Gulf of Mexico. 4 Plaintiff
alleged that he performed cleanup work collecting oil and contaminated
debris from breaches in Mississippi beginning in April 2010, and that
through this work, he was exposed to crude oil and dispersants that caused a
variety of health issues. 5 Plaintiff brought claims for general maritime
negligence, negligence per se, and gross negligence against defendants. 6
Plaintiff submitted an expert report from Dr. Jerald Cook, an
occupational and environmental physician, to demonstrate that exposure to
crude oil, weathered oil, and dispersants can cause the symptoms he alleged
in their complaint.7 Dr. Cook was plaintiff’s only expert on the issue of
This Court excluded the testimony of Dr. Cook as
unreliable and unhelpful under Fed. R. Civ. P. 702 because, among other
issues, Dr. Cook did not identify what level of exposure to the specific
chemicals to which plaintiff was exposed is necessary to be capable of causing
the specific conditions plaintiff complained of. 9 Because expert testimony is
R. Doc. 63 at 2.
Id. at 2.
Id. at 3.
Id. at 31.
Id. at 19.
Case 2:17-cv-04624-SSV-JVM Document 68 Filed 11/17/22 Page 3 of 8
required to establish general causation in toxic tort cases, and plaintiff’s sole
expert witness on the issue of general causation was excluded, this Court
granted defendants’ motion for summary judgment.10
Plaintiff now moves under Rule 59(e) for reconsideration of the Court’s
Order and Reasons excluding Dr. Cook’s testimony and granting defendants’
motion for summary judgment. Plaintiff contends that because defendants
did not timely produce an adequate 30(b)(6) deponent, it has only recently
been able to depose witnesses on the issue of the BP parties’ alleged failure
to conduct biomonitoring. 11 He argues that this evidence goes “to the heart
of the general causation issue,” so he should be able to respond to defendants’
summary judgment motion with the benefit of this new deposition
In response, the BP parties contend that plaintiff presents no new
evidence or argument; rather, he simply rehashes the arguments he
presented in response to defendants’ motion in limine in contravention of
Rule 59(e).13 They further argue that the issue of discovery sanctions is
irrelevant to general causation. 14
Id. at 32-33.
R. Doc. 66-1 at 1.
Id. at 3.
R. Doc. 67 at 5.
Id. at 6.
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The Court considers the motion below.
A district court has “considerable discretion” under Rule 59(e). See
Edward H. Bohlin Co. v. Banning Co., 6 F.3d 350, 355 (5th Cir. 1993). That
said, “[r]econsideration of a judgment after its entry is an extraordinary
remedy that should be used sparingly.” Templet v. HydroChem Inc., 367
F.3d 473, 479 (5th Cir. 2004). “The Court must strike the proper balance
between two competing imperatives: (1) finality, and (2) the need to render
just decisions on the basis of all the facts.” Edward H. Bohlin Co., 6 F.3d at
A motion to reconsider under Rule 59(e) “must clearly establish either
a manifest error of law or fact or must present newly discovered evidence.”
Matter of Life Partner Holdings, Inc., 926 F.3d 103, 128 (5th Cir. 2019)
(quoting Schiller v. Physicians Res. Grp. Inc., 342 F.3d 563, 567 (5th Cir.
2003)). Courts have held that the moving party must show that the motion
is necessary based on at least one of the following criteria: (1) “correct[ing]
manifest errors of law or fact upon which the judgment is based;” (2)
“present[ing] newly discovered or previously unavailable evidence;” (3)
“prevent[ing] manifest injustice,” and (4) accommodating “an intervening
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change in the controlling law.” Fields v. Pool Offshore, Inc., No. 97-3170,
1998 WL 43217, at *2 (E.D. La. Feb. 3, 1998).
Plaintiff contends he is entitled to reconsideration of this Court’s Order
and Reasons excluding the testimony of Dr. Cook and granting defendants’
motion for summary judgment because he was not able to depose key BP
witnesses on the issue of defendants’ biomonitoring efforts before he
responded to defendants’ motions.
Plaintiff advanced the very same
argument about defendants’ biomonitoring failures, and highlighted the
possibility that defendants would be sanctioned for their alleged discovery
abuses in the Torres-Lugo case, in response to defendants’ motion in
limine.15 This Court granted defendants’ motion in the face of plaintiff’s
argument. The fact that sanctions were granted in the Torres-Lugo case does
not change the Court’s conclusion. Plaintiff’s “recitation of duplicative and
meritless arguments that have already been exhaustively considered does
not entitle [him] to a second bite at the apple” through reconsideration under
Rule 59(e). Vesoulis v. Reshape Lifesciences, Inc., No. 19-1795, 2021 WL
2267676, at *1 (E.D. La. June 3, 2021).
See R. Doc. 50 at 2-3.
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Plaintiff does not indicate what the new evidence he wants to use to
rebut defendants’ motion for summary judgment reveals. But even if the new
evidence conclusively establishes that BP failed to take adequate
biomonitoring measures, reconsideration is not warranted, because the
biomonitoring issue is not outcome determinative of defendants’ motion in
limine on the issue of admissibility of Dr. Cook’s report, or on the merits of
defendants’ summary judgment motion. See Nestle v. BP Expl. & Prod., Inc.,
No. CV 17-4463, 2022 WL 6550095, at *1 (E.D. La. Sept. 12, 2022) (noting
that “[t]he additional discovery plaintiff seeks would not produce
information germane to the motions at issue”). Plaintiff does not contend
the new evidence on the issue of biomonitoring from the recent depositions
would supply the missing dose-response relationship or cure the lack of fit
between Dr. Cook’s opinion and the facts of his case, which were the bases
for this Court’s decision. Compare Bailey v. KS Management Services, LLC,
35 F.4th 397, 402 (5th Cir. 2022) (holding that district court abused its
discretion by ruling on summary judgment motion without first permitting
plaintiff to take discovery of evidence “likely to create a material fact issue”
that could “alter the district court’s conclusion”).
Other sections of this Court have made similar observations, noting
that “the point of an expert on general causation is to explain whether the
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exposure to a particular chemical is capable generally of causing a certain
health issue in the general population,” and that “is not dependent on data
from the particular incident at issue.” Carpenter v. BP Expl. & Prod. Inc.,
No. 17-3645, 2022 WL 2757416, at *1 n.1, 6 (E.D. La. July 14, 2022) (Ashe,
J.) (“BP’s alleged failure to monitor the oil-spill workers is irrelevant to the
resolution of these motions.”); see also Beverly v. BP Expl. & Prod. Inc., No.
17-3045, 2022 WL 2986279, at *4 (E.D. La. July 28, 2022) (Barbier, J.),
reconsideration denied, No. 17-3045, 2022 WL 4242515 (E.D. La. Sept. 14,
2022) (“[T]his [general causation] inquiry does not depend upon
environmental sampling data taken as part of the incident.”); Reed v. BP
Expl. & Prod. Inc., No. 17-3603, R. Doc. 66 at 2 (E.D. La. July 28, 2022)
(Milazzo, J.) (“[T]he Court finds that the outcome of the additional discovery
in Torres-Lugo does not affect the issues presented in Defendants’
Plaintiff does not claim to have discovered new evidence that bears on
the admissibility of Dr. Cook’s testimony, nor does he point to intervening
changes in controlling law. He further fails to establish that this Court’s
order works a manifest injustice. His bare assertion that the new deposition
testimony implicates questions that “go to the heart of the general causation
Case 2:17-cv-04624-SSV-JVM Document 68 Filed 11/17/22 Page 8 of 8
issue” is insufficient to establish that he is entitled to the “extraordinary
remedy” of reconsideration under Rule 59(e). Templet, 367 F.3d at 479.
For the foregoing reasons, plaintiff’s motion for reconsideration is
17th day of November, 2022.
New Orleans, Louisiana, this _____
SARAH S. VANCE
UNITED STATES DISTRICT JUDGE
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