C&G Welding, Inc. v. Smith
ORDER AND REASONS granting 5 Motion to Dismiss. Plaintiff's claim is DISMISSED WITH PREJUDICE. Signed by Judge Jane Triche Milazzo on October 24, 2017. (ecm)
UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT
EASTERN DISTRICT OF LOUISIANA
C&G WELDING, INC.
ALLEN SMITH, JR.
ORDER AND REASONS
Before the Court is Defendant Alan Smith, Jr.’s Motion to Dismiss (Doc.
5). For the following reasons, the Motion is GRANTED.
This action arises from injuries that Defendant Allen Smith, Jr. suffered
to his lower back and shoulder. Plaintiff C&G Welding, Inc. (“C&G”) alleges
that Defendant worked as an oiler for Plaintiff, and that Defendant claims to
have been injured while working for Plaintiff in service of the M/V SWING
THOMPSON on June 30, 2016. 1 Plaintiff alleges that Defendant demanded
maintenance and cure benefits from Plaintiff. Plaintiff has paid maintenance
Doc. 1 at 2.
since the demand, and has paid some, but not all, cure invoices. Plaintiff
further alleges that Defendant injured his lower back in 2006 while working
for another employer, filed a suit relating to that injury, and failed to disclose
the injury to Plaintiff in 2012 when Defendant applied for his job. 2
Plaintiff seeks a declaratory judgment that Defendant is not entitled to
maintenance and cure benefits from Plaintiff. 3 Defendant now stipulates that
“he is not seeking maintenance and cure from the named Plaintiff, and is owed
none,” and moves to dismiss Plaintiff’s complaint for lack of an actual
controversy. 4 Plaintiff submits no opposition to the Motion.
To survive a Rule 12(b)(6) motion to dismiss, a plaintiff must plead
enough facts “to state a claim to relief that is plausible on its face.” 5 A claim is
“plausible on its face” when the pleaded facts allow the court to “draw the
reasonable inference that the defendant is liable for the misconduct alleged.” 6
A court must accept the complaint’s factual allegations as true and must “draw
all reasonable inferences in the plaintiff’s favor.” 7 The Court need not,
however, accept as true legal conclusions couched as factual allegations. 8
To be legally sufficient, a complaint must establish more than a “sheer
possibility” that the plaintiff’s claims are true. 9 “A pleading that offers ‘labels
and conclusions’ or ‘a formulaic recitation of the elements of a cause of action’’’
Doc. 1 at 2–3.
Doc. 1 at 4.
Doc. 5-1 at 1.
Ashcroft v. Iqbal, 556 U.S. 662, 678 (2009) (quoting Bell Atl. Corp. v. Twombly, 550 U.S.
544, 570 (2007)).
Lormand v. U.S. Unwired, Inc., 565 F.3d 228, 232 (5th Cir. 2009).
Iqbal, 556 U.S. at 678.
will not suffice. 10 Rather, the complaint must contain enough factual
allegations to raise a reasonable expectation that discovery will reveal evidence
of each element of the plaintiff’s claim. 11
LAW AND ANALYSIS
The Declaratory Judgment Act allows a federal court to issue a
declaratory judgment “[i]n a case of actual controversy.” 12 Whether an action
for declaratory judgment has become moot depends on “whether the facts
alleged, under all the circumstances, show that there is a substantial
controversy, between parties having adverse legal interests, of sufficient
immediacy and reality to warrant the issue of a declaratory judgment.” 13
Here, Defendant has stipulated on the record that he does not seek
maintenance and cure benefits. 14 Because this was the only issue on which
Plaintiff sought a declaratory judgment, there remains no controversy at all. 15
For the foregoing reasons, Defendant’s Motion to Dismiss is GRANTED
and Plaintiff’s claim is DISMISSED WITH PREJUDICE.
Id. at 678 (quoting Twombly, 550 U.S. at 555).
Lormand, 565 F.3d at 255–57.
12 28 U.S.C. § 2201(a) (2012).
13 Connell v. Shoemaker, 555 F.2d 483, 486 (5th Cir. 1977) (quoting Maryland Cas. Co. v.
Pacific Coal & Oil Co., 312 U.S. 270, 273 (1941)).
14 Doc. 5-1 at 2.
15 Cf. Janssen Pharmaceutica, N.V. v. Apotex, Inc., 540 F.3d 1353, 1360 (Fed. Cir. 2008)
(holding that defendant’s stipulation that a patent was valid destroyed the court’s
jurisdiction over a declaratory action as to the patent’s validity).
New Orleans, Louisiana this 24th day of October, 2017.
JANE TRICHE MILAZZO
UNITED STATES DISTRICT JUDGE
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