Trigueros v. New Orleans City et al
ORDER & REASONS that the Defendants' 5 Motion to Dismiss for Failure to State a Claim is DENIED at this time. Defendant may reurge the motion at a later date. IT IS FURTHER ORDERED that Plaintiff may amend her complaint to plead additional facts. Plaintiff's amendment must be submitted within thirty (30) days of this order. Signed by Judge Eldon E. Fallon on 3/13/18. (dno)
UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT
EASTERN DISTRICT OF LOUISIANA
NEW ORLEANS CITY ET AL
SECTION "L" (4)
ORDER & REASONS
Before the Court is Defendant’s motion to dismiss, R. Doc. 5. Plaintiff responds in
opposition, R. Doc. 7. Having considered the parties’ briefs and the applicable law, the Court
issues this Order & Reasons.
From February 2015 to January 2017, Plaintiff Jennifer Trigueros was employed by
Defendants New Orleans City (“City”) and Coroner Jeffrey Rouse (“Rouse”) as a death
investigator. R. Doc. 1 at 2. The position of death investigator was classified as exempt from
overtime and Plaintiff was not paid overtime though she was often required to work more than 40
hours per week. R. Doc. 1 at 3. Plaintiff alleges that Defendants misclassified her job position and
that she was entitled to overtime wages. R. Doc. 1 at 3. Plaintiff further alleges that she was
terminated from her position because she complained about the lack of overtime wages on
Facebook. R. Doc. 1 at 3-4. Plaintiff brings claims for overtime wages and damages for retaliatory
termination under the FLSA. R. Doc. 1 at 4. Plaintiff additionally brings claims for overtime and
vacation pay under the LWPA. R. Doc. 1 at 5.
Defendant New Orleans City answers the complaint generally denying Plaintiff’s
allegations. R. Doc. 6. City also asserts the following defenses: failure to state a claim, prescription,
and failure to mitigate. R. Doc. 6 at 1.
Defendant Rouse has filed a motion to dismiss for failure to state a claim. R. Doc. 5.
First, Defendant argues that the FLSA does not apply to Plaintiff’s claims because she only
worked in intrastate commerce. R. Doc. 5 at 4-5. Defendant claims that Plaintiff only worked
within Orleans Parish and was not connected with interstate commerce. R. Doc. 5 at 5. Second,
and in the alternative, Defendant argues that if the FLSA does apply it preempts Plaintiff’s
Louisiana state law claims. R. Doc. 5 at 5. Third, Defendant argues that Plaintiff has not alleged
a protected activity under the FLSA. R. Doc. 5 at 6. Defendant argues that posting to Facebook is
not a protected activity because does not qualify as “filing a complaint” under the FLSA. R. Doc.
5 at 6-7. Finally, Defendant argues that he is entitled to qualified immunity and state statutory
immunity. R. Doc. 5 at 8.
Plaintiff responds in opposition arguing that she has clearly alleged that Defendant is
subject to and has violated the FLSA. R. Doc. 7 at 3. Plaintiff argues that it is too early to dismiss
her claims based on the information in Defendant’s motion because she has made the asserted
allegations in her complaint. Plaintiff requests that if any portion of her complaint is deficient she
be allowed to amend. R. Doc. 7 at 4.
LAW & ANALYSIS
a. Motion to Dismiss Standard
The Federal Rules of Civil Procedure permit a defendant to seek a dismissal of a complaint
based on the “failure to state a claim upon which relief can be granted.” Fed. R. Civ. P. 12(b)(6).
A complaint should not be dismissed for failure to state a claim “unless it appears beyond doubt
that the plaintiff can prove no set of facts in support of his claim which would entitle him to relief.”
Conley v. Gibson, 355 U.S. 41, 47 (1957). Generally, when evaluating a motion to dismiss pursuant
to Rule 12(b)(6), the court should not look past the pleadings.
“To survive a motion to dismiss, a complaint must contain sufficient factual matter,
accepted as true, to ‘state a claim to relief that is plausible on its face.’” Ashcroft v. Iqbal, 556 U.S.
662, 678 (2009) (quoting Bell Atlantic Corp. v. Twombly, 550 U.S. 544, 570 (2007)). The district
court must construe facts in the light most favorable to the nonmoving party and must accept as
true all factual allegations contained in the complaint. Ashcroft, 556 U.S. at 678. “A claim has
facial plausibility when the plaintiff pleads factual content that allows the court to draw the
reasonable inference that the defendant is liable for the misconduct alleged.” Id. A court “do[es]
not accept as true conclusory allegations, unwarranted factual inferences, or legal conclusions.”
Plotkin v. IP Axess Inc., 407 F.3d 690, 696 (5th Cir. 2005).
Here, the Court has been provided only the bare bones facts in Plaintiff’s complaint.
Therefore, the Court finds that it does not have sufficient information to make a determination
regarding Defendant’s motion to dismiss. It is appropriate in this case to allow the Plaintiff to
amend her complaint in order to provide sufficient facts to determine application of the FLSA
IT IS ORDERED that Defendant’s motion to dismiss, R. Doc. 5, is DENIED at this time.
Defendant may reurge the motion at a later date.
IT IS FURTHER ORDERED that Plaintiff may amend her complaint to plead additional
facts. Plaintiff’s amendment must be submitted within thirty (30) days of this order.
New Orleans, Louisiana, this 13th day of March, 2018.
UNITED STATES DISTRICT JUDGE
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