McMillan et al v. JPMorgan Chase Bank NA et al
ORDER: The 21 Motion for Reconsideration or to Alter or Amend Judgment, is GRANTED IN PART to the extent it seeks reconsideration of the Courts 8/26/2016 19 Order and DENIED IN PART to the extent it seeks alteration of that Order. Chase's 20 Amended Answer shall remain in the record. Signed by Magistrate Judge Richard L. Bourgeois, Jr. on 9/22/2016. (LLH)
UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT
MIDDLE DISTRICT OF LOUISIANA
DAVID MCMILLAN, INDIVIDUALLY
AND ON BEHALF OF HIS MINOR
CHILDREN, KATELYNN ELIZABETH,
BRIANNA LYNNE, SOPHIA LORENA,
AND QUILLAN DAVID MCMILLAN, ET AL.
J.P. MORGAN CHASE
BANK, N.A., ET AL.
Before the Court is Plaintiffs’ Motion for Reconsideration or to Alter or Amend
Judgment (R. Doc. 21) filed on August 29, 2016. The motion is opposed. (R. Doc. 22).
On August 25, 2016, J.P. Morgan Chase, N.A. (Chase) filed an “Unopposed Motion to
Amend Answer.” (R. Doc. 18). Chase sought leave to file an amended answer to raise the
affirmative defense of tort immunity “pursuant to Louisiana Revised Statute 23:1031 and any
other applicable statutory or jurisprudential rules limiting plaintiff’s recovery to only workers’
compensation from his employer.” (R. Doc. 18-2 at 1). In support of its motion, Chase
acknowledged that the deadline to amend the pleadings expired on March 16, 2016, and that the
motion was governed by Rule 16(b)(4) of the Federal Rules of Civil Procedure. (R. Doc. 18-1 at
3-4). Finding good cause to allow amendment, the Court granted the motion (R. Doc. 19) and
entered the Amended Answer (R. Doc. 20) into the record.
Plaintiffs now represent that counsel for Chase misconstrued Plaintiffs’ position with
regard to the amended answer, which Plaintiffs did indeed oppose. (R. Doc. 21-1 at 2). After the
Court issued its Order, Plaintiffs’ counsel notified defense counsel of the misunderstanding and
that Plaintiff would file the instant motion seeking reconsideration of the Court’s order. (R. Doc.
After a scheduling order is in place, amendments to pleadings beyond the date set by the
scheduling order are governed by Rule 16 of the Federal Rules of Civil Procedure, which
requires a showing of “good cause” for modifying the deadline set by the scheduling order. See S
& W Enter., LLC v. South Trust Bank of Alabama, 315 F.3d 533, 536 (5th Cir. 2003). In order to
show “good cause” the party seeking modification must show the deadlines could not
“reasonably be met despite the diligence of the party needing the extension.” S & W Enter., 315
F.3d at 545 (citation omitted). The Court considers four factors for determining whether “good
cause” exists to grant an untimely motion to amend a pleading: “(1) the explanation for the
failure to timely move for leave to amend; (2) the importance of the amendment; (3) potential
prejudice in allowing the amendment; and (4) the availability of a continuance to cure such
prejudice.” See id. (citing Reliance Ins. Co. v. Louisiana Land & Exploration Co., 110 F.3d 253,
257 (5th Cir. 1997)).
In support of its original motion, Chase represented that the need to amend the answer
only became clear after new counsel entered on its behalf on July 14, 2016. (R. Doc. 18-1 at 4).
Chase further argued that assertion of the affirmative defense is important because additional
discovery might reveal that an employer-employee relationship, for the purposes of tort
immunity, existed between Chase and the injured plaintiff. (R. Doc. 18-1 at 4). Chase further
argued that the amendment would not prejudice Plaintiffs because the motion is unopposed and
discovery does not close until October 31, 2016. (R. Doc. 18-1 at 4). Finally, Chase argued that
To be clear, Plaintiffs’ counsel does not assert that the misunderstanding was deliberate or a result of bad faith.
if there was any prejudice, the Court could allow a continuance of the discovery deadlines in
light of the April 10, 2017 trial date. (R. Doc. 18-1 at 4).
In support of the instant motion, Plaintiffs argue that Chase has not demonstrated good
cause for amendment because over five months passed after the deadline to amend before it
sought amendment, and its new counsel waited two months to amend after being made counsel
of record. (R. Doc. 21-1 at 3). Plaintiffs further argue that they are prejudiced by the amendment
because of they will need to conduct additional discovery prior to the October 31, 2016 deadline.
(R. Doc. 21-1 at 3). Plaintiffs do not address the importance of the amendment or whether a
continuance of the discovery deadline would cure any prejudice to them.
In opposition, Chase apologizes for its misunderstanding that the motion was opposed.
(R. Doc. 22 at 2). Among other things, Chase represents that its new counsel did not
immediately seek amendment because a review of certain documents was needed and new
counsel had hoped to take the deposition of Plaintiffs prior to seeking amendment, but the
historic flood in the area caused the deposition to be cancelled and reset. (R. Doc. 22 at 2).
The Court has fully considered all of the foregoing arguments and representations. The
Court concludes that there is good cause to allow Chase to amend its answer pursuant to Rule
16(b)(4), and therefore the amended answer will remain in the record. In order to address any
potential need for additional discovery, the Court will provide a modest extension of the fact
discovery deadlines for the purpose of addressing any discovery related to this new defense.
This extension will be provided in a separate order. Plaintiffs’ diligent pursuit of any needed
additional discovery should cure any potential or perceived prejudice. Accordingly,
IT IS ORDERED that Plaintiffs’ Motion for Reconsideration or to Alter or Amend
Judgment (R. Doc. 21) is GRANTED IN PART to the extent it seeks reconsideration of the
Court’s August 26, 2016 Order (R. Doc. 19) and DENIED IN PART to the extent it seeks
alteration of that Order. Chase’s Amended Answer (R. Doc. 20) shall remain in the record.
Signed in Baton Rouge, Louisiana, on September 22, 2016.
RICHARD L. BOURGEOIS, JR.
UNITED STATES MAGISTRATE JUDGE
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