Million et al v. Exxon Mobil Corporation et al
ORDER granting 46 Motion to Compel Discovery Responses. Signed by Magistrate Judge Richard L. Bourgeois, Jr. on 3/13/2018. (LLH)
UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT
MIDDLE DISTRICT OF LOUISIANA
JAMES MILLION, ET AL.
EXXON MOBIL CORPORATION, ET AL.
Before the Court is defendant Protherm Services Group, LLC’s (“Protherm”) Motion to
Compel Discovery Responses from Plaintiff (R. Doc. 46) filed on February 18, 2018. The
motion is opposed. (R. Doc. 49).
On October 18, 2017, Protherm propounded Interrogatories and Requests for Production
on plaintiff James Million. (R. Doc. 46-4).
On November 21, 2017, having not received timely responses to the foregoing written
discovery, defense counsel scheduled a telephone discovery conference. (R. Doc. 46-5). That
same day, Plaintiffs’ counsel informed defense counsel that responses would be provided by
December 20, 2017, and a Social Security Earnings printout would be provided in the interim.
(R. Doc. 46-6). Plaintiffs’ counsel provided the Social Security records later that day. (R. Doc.
On December 14, 2017, Plaintiffs’ counsel requested an additional extension to January
22, 2018 in light of Mr. Million’s hospitalization. (R. Doc. 46-7 at 2). Defense counsel agreed to
an extension to January 8, 2018. (R. Doc. 46-7 at 1).
On February 18, 2018, having received no responses to the discovery requests, Protherm
filed the instant motion, seeking an order requiring responses to be provided within 10 days of
the order and an award of reasonable expenses incurred in bringing the motion. (R. Doc. 46).
In opposition, Mr. Million represents that he has been unable to provide responses to the
written discovery requests in light of his multiple hospitalizations, deteriorating health, and
treatment for cancer. (R. Doc. 49-1 at 1-2). Mr. Million further argues that Protherm should not
be awarded expenses under the circumstances. (R. Doc. 49-1 at 2-3). Referencing Louisiana
law, Mr. Million further argues that certain discovery requests (namely Interrogatory Nos. 5, 8,
and 7 and Request for Production No. 10) are objectionable. (R. Doc. 49-1 at 4-5). Finally, Mr.
Million argues that he should be awarded fees incurred in defending the instant motion. (R. Doc.
49-1 at 5).
Law and Analysis
“Unless otherwise limited by court order, the scope of discovery is as follows: Parties
may obtain discovery regarding any non-privileged matter that is relevant to any party’s claim or
defense and proportional to the needs of the case, considering the importance of the issues at
stake in the action, the amount in controversy, the parties’ relative access to relevant information,
the parties’ resources, the importance of the discovery in resolving the issues, and whether the
burden or expense of the proposed discovery outweighs its likely benefit. Information within
this scope of discovery need not be admissible in evidence to be discoverable.” Fed. R. Civ. P.
26(b)(1). The court must limit the frequency or extent of discovery if it determines that: “(i) the
discovery sought is unreasonably cumulative or duplicative, or can be obtained from some other
source that is more convenient, less burdensome, or less expensive; (ii) the party seeking
discovery has had ample opportunity to obtain the information by discovery in the action; or (iii)
the proposed discovery is outside the scope permitted by Rule 26(b)(1).” Fed. R. Civ. P.
“The court may, for good cause, issue an order to protect a party or person from
annoyance, embarrassment, oppression, or undue burden or expense.” Fed. R. Civ. P. 26(c)(1).
Rule 26(c)’s “good cause” requirement indicates that the party seeking a protective order has the
burden “to show the necessity of its issuance, which contemplates a particular and specific
demonstration of fact as distinguished from stereotyped and conclusory statements.” In re Terra
Int'l, Inc., 134 F.3d 302, 306 (5th Cir. 1998) (quoting United States v. Garrett, 571 F.2d 1323,
1326 n.3 (5th Cir. 1978)).
Rules 33 and 34 provide a party with 30 days after service of the discovery to respond or
object. See Fed. R. Civ. P. 33(b)(2) and 34(b)(2)(A). If a party fails to respond fully to discovery
requests made pursuant as to Rules 33 and 34 in the time allowed by the Federal Rules of Civil
Procedure, the party seeking discovery may move to compel disclosure and for appropriate
sanctions under Rule 37. An “evasive or incomplete disclosure, answer, or response must be
treated as a failure to disclose, answer or respond.” Fed. R. Civ. P. 37(a)(4).
Having considered the arguments of the parties, the Court finds no basis for denying the
instant motion to compel. There is no dispute that the written discovery was properly served on
October 18, 2017, Protherm extended the deadline to respond to January 8, 2018, and then
waited another month to receive responses prior to seeking relief from the Court on February 18,
2018. At no point in this litigation has Mr. Million sought a stay of discovery or any protective
order regarding discovery pursuant to Rule 26(c) of the Federal Rules of Civil Procedure.
Furthermore, Mr. Million provides no timeline in his opposition for when he anticipates that
responses will be provided.
Accordingly, the Court will grant the instant motion to the extent it seeks an order
requiring Mr. Million to provide responses to Protherm’s Interrogatories and Requests for
Production within the timeframe requested. The Court takes no position as to whether any
particular discovery request is overly broad or otherwise objectionable. To the extent there is
any dispute regarding the permissible scope of the requests or the sufficiency of any responses,
counsel must confer directly to discuss any dispute before filing any additional motion to compel
or motion for a protective order pursuant to Rule 26(c). In addition to any requirements set forth
in the Federal Rules of Civil Procedure, any discovery related motions in this matter must
contain an appropriate certification regarding the parties’ attempt to resolve the dispute without
judicial intervention. That certification shall specifically identify (1) who participated in the
conference, (2) how the conference was conducted (by phone or in person), (3) how long the
conference lasted (number of minutes), (4) what topics were discussed, and (5) what topics
Given the circumstances, the Court finds an award of expenses to be unjust. See Fed. R.
Civ. P. 37(a)(5)(A)(iii).
Based on the foregoing,
IT IS ORDERED that Protherm’s Motion to Compel (R. Doc. 46) is GRANTED. The
plaintiff James Million must provide complete responses to Protherm’s Interrogatories and
Requests for Production (R. Doc. 46-4) on or before March 23, 2018.
IT IS FURTHER ORDERED that the parties shall bear their own costs.
Signed in Baton Rouge, Louisiana, on March 13, 2018.
RICHARD L. BOURGEOIS, JR.
UNITED STATES MAGISTRATE JUDGE
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