Cormier v. Edwards et al
ORDER denying 3 Motion for Preliminary Injunction Pursuant to F.R.C.P. 65(a). Signed by Judge James J. Brady on 4/27/2017. (LLH)
UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT
MIDDLE DISTRICT OF LOUISIANA
TONY CORMIER (#278001)
JOHN BEL EDWARDS, ET AL.
The Plaintiff, Tony Cormier, an inmate confined at the Elayn Hunt Correctional Center, St.
Gabriel, Louisiana, proceeding pro se, filed this civil action complaining of alleged violations of
his constitutional rights. The Plaintiff has now filed a Motion for Preliminary Injunction Pursuant
to F.R.C.P. 65(a) (R. Doc. 3).
In his Motion, the Plaintiff asserts the following pertinent allegations: On August 4, 2016,
a biopsy was taken and the plaintiff was later diagnosed with Hepatitis-C (Stage-3, Borderline
Stage-4), exhibiting a progression of the infection over a four year period. Despite his diagnosis,
the defendants have failed to provide him with medications that could cure his illness. The plaintiff
asserts that if his Hepatitis remains untreated, he may develop and die from liver cancer. For relief,
the Plaintiff asks the Court to order that he be provided with one of the current medications used
to treat Hepatitis-C.
The relief sought by the Plaintiff in his Motion is generally co-extensive with the relief
sought in his Complaint. As a general rule, preliminary injunctions and temporary restraining
orders are designed to preserve the status quo prior to the court's consideration of a case on its
merits, and they are not intended as a substitute for relief on the merits of the case.1 Otherwise,
See generally Federal Savings & Loan Insurance Corp. v. Dixon, 835 F.2d 554, 558 (5th Cir.1987); Shanks v. City
of Dallas, Texas, 752 F.2d 1092, 1096 (5th Cir.1985).
the normal procedures of litigation would be circumvented by trying a case on the merits through
a motion for injunctive relief. For this reason, the Plaintiff’s Motion should be denied, along with
the Plaintiff’s failure to meet his onerous burden of proof as discussed below.
“A preliminary injunction is an extraordinary and drastic remedy; it is never awarded as of
right.”2 The decision whether to grant or deny a request for a preliminary injunction is within the
sound discretion of the Court.3
At all times, the burden of persuasion remains with the Plaintiff as to each of the four
elements. Specifically, a Plaintiff must establish: (1) a substantial likelihood of prevailing on the
merits; (2) a substantial threat of irreparable injury if the injunction is not granted; (3) the
threatened injury outweighs any harm that will result to the non-movant if the injunction is granted;
and (4) the injunction will not disserve the public interest.4 If a plaintiff fails to meet his burden
regarding any of the necessary elements, the Court need not address the other elements necessary
for granting a preliminary injunction.5
The Plaintiff herein has failed to show the facts and law clearly favor his request for a
preliminary injunction. The Plaintiff’s Motion, which relies solely on his own allegations, fails to
show he has a substantial likelihood of prevailing on the merits or that there is a substantial threat
he will suffer irreparable injury if the requested relief is not granted, much less that the law and
the facts clearly favor him. Instead, the Plaintiff offers only unsubstantiated allegations concerning
Munaf v. Geren, 553 U.S. 674, 689-90 (2008) (internal citations and quotations omitted). See also Allied Mktg. Grp.,
Inc. v. CDL Mktg., Inc., 878 F.2d 806, 809 (5th Cir. 1989) (preliminary injunctive relief “is an extraordinary remedy
and should be granted only if the movant has clearly carried the burden of persuasion with respect to all four factors”);
Mississippi Power & Light Co. v. United Gas Pipe Line Co., 760 F.2d 618, 621 (5th Cir. 1985) (“[t]he decision to
grant a request for preliminary injunction is to be treated as the exception rather than the rule”).
See Allied Mlttg. Grp., Inc., 878 F.2d at 809.
See Ridgely v. Fed. Emergency Mgmt. Agency, 512 F.3d 727, 734 (5th Cir. 2008).
See Roho, Inc. v. Marquis, 902 F.2d 356, 261 (5th Cir. 1990) (declining to address the remaining elements necessary
to obtain a preliminary injunction after finding that the plaintiff failed to show a substantial likelihood of success on
his medical condition, which do not show that the Plaintiff is not receiving treatment, only that the
Plaintiff believes he is in need of additional treatment. Additionally, any harm which may come
to the Plaintiff is likely to not be irreparable and can be compensated for monetarily and, if
warranted, redressed by way of a post-judgment injunction and/or restraining order.
Furthermore, the Plaintiff has not shown that the injunction will not disserve the public
interest. Considerations of federalism weigh heavily against interference by federal courts through
the issuance of preliminary injunctions against state agencies. The Supreme Court has stated that
prison administrators are to be accorded wide-ranging deference in their adoption and execution
of policies and practices that in their judgment are needed to preserve internal order and discipline
and to maintain internal security.6 Consequently, the Court has noted that federal district courts
are not to allow themselves to become “enmeshed in the minutiae of prison operations.”7 The
Plaintiff asks this Court to enmesh itself into the internal operations of the prison in order for him
to receive the medical treatment which he believes to be most appropriate. The Plaintiff has failed
to overcome his onerous burden of proof, and his request for injunctive relief cannot be granted.
IT IS HEREBY ORDERED that Plaintiff’s Motion for Preliminary Injunction Pursuant
to F.R.C.P. 65(a) (R. Doc. 3).is DENIED.
Signed in Baton Rouge, Louisiana, on April 27, 2017.
JUDGE JAMES J. BRADY
UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT
MIDDLE DISTRICT OF LOUISIANA
Block v. Rutherford, 468 U.S. 576, 584–85 (1984).
Lewis v. Casey, 518 U.S. 343 (1996), citing Bell v. Wolfish, 441 U.S. 520, 562 (1979).
Disclaimer: Justia Dockets & Filings provides public litigation records from the federal appellate and district courts. These filings and docket sheets should not be considered findings of fact or liability, nor do they necessarily reflect the view of Justia.
Why Is My Information Online?