June Medical Services, LLC, et al v. Rebekah Gee, et al
ORDER granting 40 Motion to Stay Discovery. Discovery in this action will remain STAYED until resolution of the pending 22 Motion to Dismiss or unless otherwise ordered by theCourt. Signed by Magistrate Judge Richard L. Bourgeois, Jr. on 1/10/2018. (LLH)
UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT
MIDDLE DISTRICT OF LOUISIANA
JUNE MEDICAL SERVICES, LLC, ET Al.
REBEKAH GEE, ET AL.
Before the Court is Defendants’ Motion to Stay Discovery (R. Doc. 40) filed on October
20, 2017. The motion is opposed. (R. Doc. 45).
On June 27, 2017, June Medical Services, LLC, on behalf of its patients, physicians, and
staff, as well as certain physicians proceeding as “John Doe” plaintiffs (collectively, “Plaintiffs”)
commenced this action against Rebekah Gee, in her official capacity as Secretary of the
Louisiana Department of Health (“LDH”), and James R. Stewart, Sr., in his official capacity as
District Attorney for Caddo Parish (collectively, “Defendants”). (R. Doc. 1, “Compl.”).
Plaintiffs challenge the constitutionality of Louisiana’s Outpatient Abortion Facility Licensing
Law (“OAFLL”), La. R.S. 40:2175.1–2175.6, including the term “outpatient abortion facility” in
La. R.S. 40:2199(A)(1), and various health regulations described by Plaintiffs as “Sham Health
Statutes” located in Title 14 and Title 40 of the Louisiana Revised Statutes. (Compl. ¶ 4).
Plaintiffs allege that “LDH requires licensed abortion facilities to meet over a thousand
requirements.” (Compl. ¶ 23). Plaintiffs allege that as applied and enforced by LDH through its
implementing regulations and enforcement practices, the OAFLL and the “Sham Health
Statutes” violate the Fourth and Fourteenth Amendments of the U.S. Constitution. (Compl. ¶¶ 9,
On August 29, 2017, Defendants filed a Motion to Dismiss seeking dismissal pursuant to
Rule 12(b)(6), or in the alternative, Rule 12(b)(1). (R. Doc. 22). Defendants argue that
Plaintiffs’ substantive due process claim under the Fourteenth Amendment must be dismissed
because it challenges various statutes collectively and appears to challenge various unidentified
implementing regulations. (R. Doc. 22-1 at 9-19). Defendants argue that Plaintiffs’ procedural
due process claim under the Fourteenth Amendment must be dismissed because it is unripe and
waived in light of a settlement agreement between the parties. (R. Doc. 22-1 at 19-22). Finally,
Defendants argue that Plaintiffs’ unreasonable search claim under the Fourth Amendment must
be dismissed because Plaintiffs fail to plead a justiciable challenge regarding a particular
inspection, and because abortion clinics are closely regulated entities with lesser Fourth
Amendment protections. (R. Doc. 22-1 at 22-26). Plaintiffs filed an Opposition. (R. Doc. 32).
On October 3, 2017, Plaintiffs served their First Request for Production of Documents on
Rebekah Gee. (R. Doc. 40-2).
On October 5, 2017, the Court held a telephone scheduling conference with the parties.
(R. Doc. 34). Given Defendants’ position that discovery should be stayed pending resolution of
their motion to dismiss, the Court stayed formal discovery pending further order by the Court
and required Defendants to file a motion to stay on or before October 20, 2017.
On October 20, 2017, Defendants filed the instant Motion to Stay Discovery (R. Doc.
40). Defendants argue that given the breadth of the allegations in the Complaint, which touch
upon the entire regulatory structure governing abortions in Louisiana, the Court should first rule
on the pending Motion to Dismiss prior to the commencement of discovery given the possibility
that Plaintiffs’ claims will be dismissed or narrowed as a matter of law. Defendants further
argue that the overbreadth of the Requests for Production underscores the need for a stay of
discovery in this action.
In opposition, Plaintiffs argue that the possibility that an action may be resolved on the
pleadings does not, without more, justify a stay, and Defendants have not otherwise met their
burden of demonstrating justification for a stay of discovery. (R. Doc. 45).
Oral argument on the pending Motion to Dismiss has been scheduled before the district
judge on January 30, 2018. (R. Doc. 53).
Law and Analysis
Rule 26(c) allows the Court to issue a protective order after a showing of good cause “to
protect a party or person from annoyance, embarrassment, oppression, or undue burden or
expense.” Fed. R. Civ. P. 26(c)(1). Rule 26(c)’s “good cause” requirement indicates that the
party seeking a protective order has the burden “to show the necessity of its issuance, which
contemplates a particular and specific demonstration of fact as distinguished from stereotyped
and conclusory statements.” In re Terra Int'l, Inc., 134 F.3d 302, 306 (5th Cir. 1998) (quoting
United States v. Garrett, 571 F.2d 1323, 1326 n. 3 (5th Cir. 1978)). “A trial court has broad
discretion and inherent power to stay discovery until preliminary questions that may dispose of
the case are determined.” Petrus v. Bowen, 833 F.2d 581, 583 (5th Cir. 1987); see also Landry v.
Air Line Pilots Ass'n Int'l AFL-CIO, 901 F.2d 404, 436 n.114 (5th Cir. 1990) (“Trial courts
possess broad discretion to supervise discovery.”) (citation omitted).
Having considered the record as a whole, the Court finds good cause for staying
discovery until the district judge issues a ruling on the pending Motion to Dismiss. Given the
wide-ranging legal challenges to LDH’s implementing regulations and enforcement practices
regarding OAFLL and the “Sham Health Statutes,” a stay of discovery in this action pending
resolution of the Motion to Dismiss will prevent any undue burden and expense on Defendants
should the allegations in the Complaint be dismissed or narrowed.
In reaching the decision, the Court notes that this decision is consistent with the Court’s
handling of a related matter brought in this district. See June Medical Services, LLC v. Rebekah
Gee, Civ. Act. No. 16-444-BAJ-RLB, ECF No. 18, at 3 (M.D. La.). In that action, the district
judge has ruled on Defendants’ Motion to Dismiss, and the Court is in the process of issuing a
Scheduling Order based on the proposals set forth in the Amended Joint Status Report.
Given the nature of the legal challenges raised in the instant action, the Court finds the
foregoing procedure, which was agreed upon by the parties in a related action, to be appropriate
for this action as well.
Based on the foregoing,
IT IS ORDERED that Defendants’ Motion to Stay Discovery (R. Doc. 40) is
IT IS FURTHER ORDERED that discovery in this action will remain STAYED until
resolution of the pending Motion to Dismiss (R. Doc. 22) or unless otherwise ordered by the
Court. If necessary, Plaintiffs’ counsel shall file an Amended Status Report within 14 days of the
district judge’s ruling on the pending Motion to Dismiss and contact the undersigned for the
purpose of resetting the scheduling conference.
Signed in Baton Rouge, Louisiana, on January 10, 2018.
RICHARD L. BOURGEOIS, JR.
UNITED STATES MAGISTRATE JUDGE
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