Taj Al Khairat Ltd v. Swiftships Shipbuilders L L C
ORDER granting in part and denying in part 151 Motion for Delivery Order. The Plaintiff's Motion for Delivery Order is GRANTED to the extent that it seeks delivery of cash proceeds paid to Defendant pursuant to the SOC contract and it is ORD ERED that Swiftships Shipbuilders LLC deliver to the United States Marshal, for subsequent delivery to Plaintiff, such cash proceeds of contract payments from SOC in the amount of $5,846,000.00. The motion is DENIED to the extent it seeks any payment due, but not yet paid, pursuant to the contract. Signed by Magistrate Judge Carol B Whitehurst on 5/15/2017. (crt,Chicola, C)
UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT
WESTERN DISTRICT OF LOUISIANA
TAJ AL KHAIRAT, LTD
CIVIL ACTION NO. 6:13-CV-2609
JUDGE ROBERT JAMES
SWIFTSHIPS SHIPBUILDERS, L.L.C.
MAG. JUDGE WHITEHURST
Before the Court, is Plaintiff’s Motion for Delivery Order (Rec. Doc. 151),
Defendant’s Memorandum in Opposition (Rec. Doc. 153), Plaintiff’s Reply (Rec.
Doc. 162) and Defendant’s Sur-Reply (Rec. Doc. 164). For the reasons that follow,
the motion is GRANTED in part and DENIED in part.
I. Background Facts and Procedural History
Plaintiff is the judgment creditor of Defendant in the amount of §6,700,000.00,
along with legal interest and costs from May 27, 2015, until paid. According to
Plaintiff, the judgment remains unsatisfied. By the present motion, Plaintiff seeks an
Order from this Court directing Defendant to deliver to the United States Marshal, for
subsequent delivery to Plaintiff, “the cash proceeds of a certain contract payment
from South Oil Company in the amount of $5,846,000.00.”
II. Contentions of the parties
Plaintiff contends that it is entitled to an order, pursuant to La. Rev. Stat.
13:3862, based on this Court’s issuance of a Writ of Fieri Facias (Rec. Doc. 50)
directing the United States Marshal, by seizure and sale of Defendant’s property, real
and personal, rights and credits, to raise the funds necessary to satisfy judgment. In
support of its motion, Plaintiff submits the Declaration of Marcus J. Green, an
attorney for Plaintiff, which states that Defendant is a party to a supply contract with
South Oil Company (“SOC”), which was executed in February 2013. (Rec. Doc. 1512). According to Plaintiff, the contract is for the supply of two 148 foot multipurpose
support and maintenance vessels and provides for payments to Defendant totaling
Plaintiff submits that the contract further provides that a payment of
$5,846,000.00 was to be paid to the Defendant upon successful sea trials, and another
$5,846,000.00 upon the physical delivery of the vessels to Iraq. Id. Additionally,
Plaintiff contends that the Defendant completed construction on the vessels by
February 15, 2016 and, as of March 2017, both vessels have arrived in Iraq. Id.
According to Plaintiff, approximately $9,000,000 in payments remain due to
Defendant on the SOC contract. (Rec. Doc. 162, at p. 5). Plaintiff contends that, of
the outstanding amount, $5,846,000 came due to Defendant upon delivery of the
vessels to Iraq, and an additional $2,923,000 will become due to Defendant in the
Defendant opposes Plaintiff’s motion and submits that Plaintiff has not met its
burden of proving that the contract proceeds referenced in Plaintiff’s motion are
either on the person of, in the possession of, or under the control of Defendant, such
that they would be subject to a delivery order under La. Rev. Stat. 13:3862. (Rec.
Doc. 153, at p.1). According to Defendant, because the property which Plaintiff
seeks – the right to payment on the SOC contract – constitutes intangible property,
a delivery order is not the proper vehicle by which to execute on Plaintiff’s judgment.
(Rec. Doc. 164, at pp. 5-9). Rather, a writ of garnishment is the process by which
assets due a judgment debtor by third persons are attached. Id.
III. Law and Analysis
Rule 69 of the Federal Rules of Civil Procedure provides that a money
judgment is enforced by a writ of execution, unless the court directs otherwise. The
procedure on execution – and in proceedings supplementary to and in aid of judgment
or execution – must accord with the procedure of the state where the court is located,
but a federal statute governs to the extent it applies. Fed. R. Civ. P. 69(a)(1).
Louisiana’s “turnover” statute provides:
On ex parte motion of a party who has caused to be issued a writ
directing the seizure of property, the court may order that money or
other property on the person or party against whom the order is directed,
or otherwise in his possession or under his control, be delivered to the
Sheriff immediately upon personal service of the order. If it is proved
that at the time of such service the person ordered to deliver the money
or other property had it on his person, or otherwise in his possession or
under his control, the failure to comply with the order shall be punished
as a contempt of court, unless it is shown that the property is exempt
La. Rev. Stat. § 13:3862. Pursuant to this statute, “[t]he two factual issues that are
critical to the turnover proceeding are (i) the past existence of the property or money
in the debtor’s possession and (ii) the fact that it is ‘yet within the power’ of the
debtor to produce the property to the court.” Johnson & Placke v. Norris, 874 So.2d
340, 350 (La. App. 2d Cir. 2004), writ denied, 882 So. 2d 1137 (La. 2004).
Generally, in Louisiana in a civil case, the plaintiff has the burden of proving
each and every essential element of his claim by a preponderance of the evidence.
Gustafson v. Koch, 460 So.2d 655 (La. App. 1st Cir. 1984).
Once the plaintiff
establishes a prima facia case, the burden shifts to the defendant:
The burden is on the plaintiff to initially establish a prima facia case,
and failure to establish such a case defeats his cause of action. Prima
facie evidence is evidence sufficient to establish a given fact, which, if
not rebutted or contradicted, will remain sufficient. Once a prima facie
case has been established by the plaintiff by a preponderance of the
evidence, the burden shifts to the defendant.
Gulf Wide Towing, Inc. v. F.E. Wright (U.K.) Limited, 554 So.2d 1347 (La. App. 1st
Cir. 1989)(emphasis in original, citing Harrigan v. Freeman, 498 So.2d 58 (La. App.
1st Cir. 1986)).
In Plaintiff’s original motion it seeks to have delivered “cash proceeds of a
certain contract payment from South Oil Company in the amount of $5,846,000.00."
(Rec. Doc. 151, p. 1). Plaintiff submits evidence of a contract between SOC and
Defendant, in which Defendant was to supply two vessels to SOC for payments
totaling $29,230,000.00. (Rec. Doc. 151-3). The contract provides that a payment of
$5,846,000.00 was to be paid to the Defendant upon successful sea trials, and another
$5,846,000.00 upon the physical delivery of the vessels to Iraq. Id. Plaintiff
concludes that, because Defendant completed construction on the vessels and both
vessels have been delivered to Iraq, the proceeds of payments from the SOC to
Defendant is in Defendant’s possession or under its control.
Clearly, cash proceeds would constitute tangible property which, if in the
possession of the Defendant, would be the proper subject of a delivery order. In its
Reply Memorandum, however, Plaintiff states that approximately $9,000,000.00
“remains due to the Defendant on the SOC Contract.” (Rec. Doc. 162, p. 5). Thus,
Plaintiff concedes that the some of the proceeds of the contract are not within
Defendant’s possession at this time, but contends that “the right to payment on the
SOC Contract belongs to the Defendant. . .” Id.
Plaintiff attaches the deposition testimony of Shehraze Shah, the owner and
CEO of Swiftships, LLC, which confirms that Defendant has received five of the
seven payments due under the SOC contract. (Rec. Doc. 162-1, pp. 9-16). The last
two payments in the amounts of $5,546,000.00 and $2,923,000.00, however, still
remain due. Id.
The writ of fieri facias issued in this case directs the United States Marshall to
physically seize the property of Defendant to satisfy the judgment rendered against
Defendant in this Court. (Rec. Doc. 50). The Marshall cannot physically seize that
which the plaintiff is seeking with regard to the final two payments– the right
Defendant may have to collect payment on its contract with SOC. Thus, a delivery
order is not the proper vehicle by which Plaintiff may seek to execute its judgment
against the unpaid proceeds of the contract. Rather, a writ of garnishment is the
process by which assets due a judgment debtor by third persons are attached.
Granada Bank v. Willey, 694 F.2d 85 (5th Cir. 1982).1
Accordingly, Plaintiff’s Motion for Delivery Order (Rec. Doc. 151) is
GRANTED to the extent it that is seeks delivery of cash proceeds paid to Defendant
pursuant to the SOC contract and it is ORDERED that Swiftships Shipbuilders LLC
deliver to the United States Marshal, for subsequent delivery to Plaintiff, such cash
proceeds of contract payments from SOC in the amount of $5,846,000.00. The motion
is DENIED to the extent it seeks any payments due, but not yet paid, pursuant to the
Signed May 15, 2017 at Lafayette, Louisiana.
Granada Bank applied Mississippi law which is virtually identical to Louisiana law on
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