Leleux v. Hassan
MEMORANDUM RULING re 6 MOTION to Dismiss For Failure to State a Claim Pursuant to Fed. R. Civ. P. and 10 REPORT AND RECOMMENDATION of the Magistrate Judge. Signed by Judge Robert G James on 1/8/2018. (crt,Crawford, A)
UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT
WESTERN DISTRICT OF LOUISIANA
CIVIL ACTION NO. 17-1237
JUDGE ROBERT G. JAMES
MAG. JUDGE PATRICK J. HANNA
Before the Court is a “Motion to Dismiss Pursuant to Fed. R. Civ. P. 12(b)(6) [Doc. No. 6]
filed by Defendant Lutfe Hassan. On December 4, 2017, Magistrate Judge Patrick J. Hanna issued
a Report and Recommendation [Doc. No. 10] in which he recommends denying Defendant’s motion.
Defendant objected to the Report and Recommendation on December 18, 2017. [Doc. No. 13].
Finding that the Magistrate Judge’s ultimate recommendation is correct under the applicable
law and the record, the Court ADOPTS the Report and Recommendation. The Court issues this
Ruling to address Defendant’s objection that the Magistrate Judge erred in declining to consider
documents attached to his motion.
In reviewing Defendant’s motion to dismiss, the Magistrate declined to consider any
documents other than Plaintiff’s Complaint, reasoning:
When considering a Rule 12(b)(6) motion, such as the one before the court at this
time, a court has complete discretion to consider documents other than the complaint1
if those documents are attached to the motion, referenced in the complaint, and
central to the plaintiff’s claims.2 If a court considers materials outside of the
Isquith for and on behalf of Isquith v. Middle South Utilities, Inc., 847 F.2d 186, 193
n.3 (5th Cir. 1988); Ware v. Associated Milk Producers, Inc., 614 F.2d 413, 414-15 (5th Cir.
In re Katrina Canal Breaches Litigation, 495 F.3d 191, 205 (5th Cir. 2007); Collins v.
Morgan Stanley Dean Witter, 224 F.3d 496, 498-99 (5th Cir. 2000).
pleadings, however, the motion must be treated as a motion for summary judgment,3
and the nonmovant must be afforded the procedural safeguards of Fed. R. Civ. P. 56.4
[Doc. No. 10, pp. 7-8 (footnotes in original)].
As the Fifth Circuit opined in Isquith, 847 F.2d at 196, courts do have discretion to consider
documents other than the complaint: “when non-pleading materials are filed with a motion to
dismiss . . . a district court has complete discretion under the Federal Rules of Civil Procedure to
either accept the exhibits submitted or not . . . .” However, if the documents in question are attached
to a motion to dismiss, referenced in the complaint, and central to the plaintiff’s claims, they are
considered pleading materials. In re Katrina Canal Breaches Litig., 495 F.3d at 205. Courts may
consider documents meeting these criteria without converting the motion to dismiss into one for
summary judgment. See Causey v. Sewell Cadillac-Chevrolet, Inc., 394 F.3d 285, 288 (5th Cir.
Here, Plaintiff’s Complaint tenuously references the documents that Defendant attaches to
his motion, and the documents are central to Plaintiff’s claims. [Compare Doc. Nos. 1, 6].
Therefore , the Court has considered the documents. Nevertheless, the Court finds no basis to depart
from the Magistrate Judge’s ultimate recommendation. The documents do not squarely conflict with
Fed. R. Civ. P. 12(d).
Fernandez–Montes v. Allied Pilots Ass’n, 987 F.2d 278, 283 (5th Cir. 1993);
Washington v. Allstate Ins. Co., 901 F.2d 1281, 1284 (5th Cir. 1990).
As the Fifth Circuit explained: “Generally, in deciding a motion to dismiss for failure to
state a claim, if matters outside the pleading are presented to and not excluded by the court, the
motion shall be treated as one for summary judgment. But because the defendants attached the
contracts to their motions to dismiss, the contracts were referred to in the complaints, and the
contracts are central to the plaintiffs’ claims, we may consider the terms of the contracts in
assessing the motions to dismiss.” In re Katrina Canal Breaches Litig., 495 F.3d at 205.
Plaintiff’s claims or otherwise render Plaintiff’s claims implausible. See Simmons v. Peavy-Welsh
Lumber Co., 113 F.2d 812, 813 (5th Cir. 1940) (“Where there is a conflict between allegations in
a pleading and exhibits thereto, it is well settled that the exhibits control.”); Sheppard v. Tex. Dep’t
of Transp., 158 F.R.D. 592, 597 (E.D. Tex. 1994) (contrasting earlier case that did not consider
references to documents that “did not even completely refute the assertions made in the plaintiff’s
complaint” with case where document “directly refutes the complaint’s assertions.”). Accordingly,
Defendant’s “Motion to Dismiss Pursuant to Fed. R. Civ. P. 12(b)(6) [Doc. No. 6] is DENIED.
MONROE, LOUISIANA, this 8th day of January, 2018.
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