ST PIERRE v. SOCIAL SECURITY ADMINISTRATION COMMISSIONER
REPORT AND RECOMMENDED DECISION re 8 Social Security Statement of Errors/Fact Sheet. Objections to R&R due by 5/20/2020. By MAGISTRATE JUDGE JOHN H. RICH III. (slg)
UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT
DISTRICT OF MAINE
RYAN M. ST. P.,
ANDREW M. SAUL,
Commissioner of Social Security,1
REPORT AND RECOMMENDED DECISION2
This Social Security Disability (“SSD”) appeal raises the question of whether the
administrative law judge (“ALJ”) supportably found the plaintiff capable of performing work
existing in significant numbers in the national economy through his date last insured for SSD
benefits, December 31, 2016. The plaintiff seeks remand on the basis that the ALJ erred in
evaluating the opinions of his treating therapist, Janet Wentworth, L.C.S.W., and of a U.S.
Department of Veterans Affairs (“VA”) physician who conducted a compensation and pension
examination, Sally D. Haley, M.D. See Itemized Statement of Errors Pursuant to Local Rule 16.3
Submitted by Plaintiff (“Statement of Errors”) (ECF No. 8) at 2-7. I find no reversible error and,
accordingly, recommend that the court affirm the commissioner’s decision.
Pursuant to Federal Rule of Civil Procedure 25(d), Andrew M. Saul is substituted as the defendant in this matter.
This action is properly brought under 42 U.S.C. § 405(g). The commissioner has admitted that the plaintiff has
exhausted his administrative remedies. The case is presented as a request for judicial review by this court pursuant to
Local Rule 16.3(a)(2), which requires the plaintiff to file an itemized statement of the specific errors upon which he
seeks reversal of the commissioner’s decision and to complete and file a fact sheet available at the Clerk’s Office, and
the commissioner to file a written opposition to the itemized statement. Oral argument was held before me pursuant
to Local Rule 16.3(a)(2)(D), requiring the parties to set forth at oral argument their respective positions with citations
to relevant statutes, regulations, case authority, and page references to the administrative record.
Pursuant to the commissioner’s sequential evaluation process, 20 C.F.R. § 404.1520;
Goodermote v. Sec’y of Health & Human Servs., 690 F.2d 5, 6 (1st Cir. 1982), the ALJ found, in
relevant part, that the plaintiff met the insured status requirements of the Social Security Act
through December 31, 2016, Finding 1, Record at 17; that, through his date last insured, he had
the severe impairments of post-traumatic stress disorder (“PTSD”), an affective disorder, and an
anxiety disorder, Finding 3, id. at 18; that, through his date last insured, he had the residual
functional capacity (“RFC”) to perform a full range of work at all exertional levels but with the
nonexertional limitations that he was limited to performing simple and non-complex tasks and
could not tolerate interaction with the public, Finding 5, id. at 20; that, through his date last insured,
considering his age as of that date (31 years old, defined as a younger individual), education (at
least high school), work experience (transferability of skills immaterial), and RFC, there were jobs
existing in significant numbers in the national economy that he could perform, Findings 7-10, id.
at 27; and that he, therefore, had not been disabled from May 1, 2013, his alleged onset date of
disability, through December 31, 2016, his date last insured, Finding 11, id. at 28. The Appeals
Council declined to review the decision, id. at 1-3, making the decision the final determination of
the commissioner, 20 C.F.R. § 404.981; Dupuis v. Sec’y of Health & Human Servs., 869 F.2d 622,
623 (1st Cir. 1989).
The standard of review of the commissioner’s decision is whether the determination made
is supported by substantial evidence. 42 U.S.C. § 405(g); Manso-Pizarro v. Sec’y of Health &
Human Servs., 76 F.3d 15, 16 (1st Cir. 1996). In other words, the determination must be supported
by such relevant evidence as a reasonable mind might accept as adequate to support the conclusion
drawn. Richardson v. Perales, 402 U.S. 389, 401 (1971); Rodriguez v. Sec’y of Health & Human
Servs., 647 F.2d 218, 222 (1st Cir. 1981).
The ALJ reached Step 5 of the sequential evaluation process, at which stage the burden of
proof shifts to the commissioner to show that a claimant can perform work other than his past
relevant work. 20 C.F.R. § 404.1520(g); Bowen v. Yuckert, 482 U.S. 137, 146 n.5 (1987);
Goodermote, 690 F.2d at 7. The record must contain substantial evidence in support of the
commissioner’s findings regarding the plaintiff’s RFC to perform such other work. Rosado v.
Sec’y of Health & Human Servs., 807 F.2d 292, 294 (1st Cir. 1986).
Absent a material error in an ALJ’s resolution of conflicts in the evidence, including the
expert opinion evidence of record, this court defers to an ALJ’s weighing of such evidence – the
core duty of an ALJ. See, e.g., Rodriguez, 647 F.2d at 222 (“The Secretary may (and, under his
regulations, must) take medical evidence. But the resolution of conflicts in the evidence and the
determination of the ultimate question of disability is for him, not for the doctors or for the
courts.”); Malaney v. Berryhill, No. 2:16-cv-00404-GZS, 2017 WL 2537226, at *2 (D. Me. June
11, 2017) (rec. dec., aff’d July 11, 2017), aff’d, No. 17-1889, 2019 WL 2222474 (1st Cir. May 15,
2019) (“The mere fact that a claimant can point to evidence of record supporting a different
conclusion does not, in itself, warrant remand.”).
The plaintiff argues that the ALJ made material errors in handling both the Wentworth and
Haley opinions, undermining his determination of the plaintiff’s RFC and, hence, his ultimate
finding that the plaintiff retained the ability to perform work existing in substantial numbers in the
national economy. See Statement of Errors at 2-7. For the reasons that follow, I find no reversible
error in the ALJ’s weighing of that evidence. The plaintiff’s bid for remand, accordingly, amounts
to an invitation to the court to reweigh the evidence, which the court must decline.
A. Treatment of Wentworth Opinion
LCSW Wentworth, who began treating the plaintiff in July 2014, submitted a Medical
Assessment of Ability to Do Work-Related Activities (Mental) dated August 17, 2018, in which
she checked boxes indicating that the plaintiff (i) could not understand, remember, and carry out
simple instructions, respond appropriately to supervision, coworkers, and usual work situations,
or deal with changes in a routine work setting on a sustained, 40 hour per week basis, (ii) would
be off-task at least 15 percent of the time due to mental and/or physical impairments, and (iii)
would miss work or leave early at least two times per month due to mental and/or physical
impairments. See Record at 865. She stated that these limitations existed prior to December 31,
2016, and continued through the date of her opinion. See id.
The ALJ deemed this opinion unpersuasive, explaining that it was “in contradiction to her
treatment notes[.]” Id. at 26. He elaborated:
As discussed above, the [plaintiff] generally had normal mental status
examinations, except for mood, was not taking psychotropic medications and was
deemed stable, using medical marijuana. This is inconsistent with [LCSW
Wentworth’s] opinion . . . . Moreover, the [plaintiff] has built several properties,
established and maintained an isolated farm, married, divorced and engaged in a
new relationship during the relevant period, suggesting greater functioning than
Ms. Wentworth’s opinion suggests. . . .
The plaintiff contends that, in so finding, the ALJ misconstrued LCSW Wentworth’s
treatment notes, which are in fact consistent with her opinion. See Statement of Errors at 3-5. He
cites a number of passages reflecting “distress and severe difficulties functioning with others[,]”
for example, “impulse to anger, spending time alone, struggle to get along with others,” feeling
that “other people are ignorant” and responding “wanting to be violent,” “frustration at being out
of control,” “stress and pressure with conflict in relationship,” inability to handle “‘dumb
customers’” while doing carpentry work, “increased conflict with separation, wife filed [for] PFA
[Protection from Abuse],” and having “a breakdown and end[ing] up at [a] hospital[.]” Id. at 4
He contends that the other factors mentioned by the ALJ likewise reflect consistency, rather
than inconsistency, with LCSW Wentworth’s opinion, for example, that (i) the “‘isolated farm’”
exemplifies his inability to function with others, (ii) he “‘built several properties’” in the context
of inability to maintain a carpentry business due to his difficulty dealing with others, (iii) his
attempt to run the carpentry business failed because of his difficulty dealing with others, including
“‘dumb customers[,]’” and (iv) he made himself travel to Puerto Rico for his wife and “‘felt out
of place’” there. Id. at 4-5 (citations omitted).
The plaintiff, finally, contends that the ALJ failed to follow the prescribed procedure for
claims such as his filed after March 27, 2017, pursuant to which, as concerns the opinion of a
medical source such as LCSW Wentworth, an ALJ must consider and articulate his or her findings
regarding the relevant factors of supportability, consistency, relationship with the claimant,
specialization, and other factors. See Statement of Errors at 6; 20 C.F.R. § 404.1520c. He asserts
that, instead, the ALJ wrongly deemed LCSW Wentworth’s opinion inconsistent with her
treatment notes and failed to address her treatment relationship with him or her specialization, both
of which “weigh[ed] heavily” in favor of the Wentworth opinion. Statement of Errors at 6.
Nonetheless, as the commissioner rejoins, see Defendant’s Opposition to Plaintiff’s
Itemized Statement of Errors (“Opposition”) (ECF No. 10) at 3-10, the ALJ supportably chose to
discount LCSW Wentworth’s opinion pursuant to 20 C.F.R. § 404.1520c.
First, section 404.1520c provides that an ALJ “will not defer or give any specific
evidentiary weight, including controlling weight, to any medical opinion(s)[.]” 20 C.F.R. §
404.1520c(a) (emphasis added).
Second, while an ALJ must consider the listed factors –
supportability, consistency, relationship with the claimant, specialization, and other factors – “as
appropriate[,]” id. § 404.1520c(a) & (c), he or she need only explain his or her consideration of
the two “most important factors[,]” supportability and consistency, and “may, but [is] not required
to, explain how [he or she] considered” the remaining three factors, id. § 404.1520c(b)(2).
In essence, the ALJ discounted the Wentworth opinion because it was not supported by,
and indeed was inconsistent with, LCSW Wentworth’s own extensive treatment notes. See Record
at 26. In turn, as the commissioner argues, see Opposition at 6-10, that was a reasonable
characterization of the Wentworth notes. LCSW Wentworth repeatedly deemed the plaintiff
“stable” on medications or medical marijuana despite his struggles in interacting with others. See,
e.g., Record at 632, 634, 640, 759-60, 764, 766. While, in conducting mental status examinations,
she did record abnormalities in mood or affect (such as frustration, anger, and/or agitation), see,
e.g., id. at 757-59, 761-62, 764, on some occasions her findings on mental status examination were
entirely normal, see, e.g., id. at 630-31, 756, 758-60, 765-66. As the commissioner notes, “‘largely
normal mental status examinations’” are a reasonable basis on which to discount a treating source’s
opinion. Opposition at 8 (quoting Campagna v. Berryhill, No. 1:16-cv-00521-JDL, 2017 WL
5037463, at *5 (D. Me. Nov. 3, 2017) (rec. dec., aff’d Jan. 2, 2018).3
Moreover, the ALJ reasonably inferred that the plaintiff’s activities of building several
properties, establishing and maintaining an isolated farm, and marrying, divorcing, and engaging
At oral argument, the plaintiff’s counsel correctly noted that, while the ALJ deemed LCSW Wentworth’s opinion
inconsistent with her own treatment notes, the regulatory factor of “consistency” does not contemplate consistency
with a source’s own notes but, rather, with other evidence of record. See 20 C.F.R. § 404.1520c(c)(2) (“The more
consistent a medical opinion(s) or prior administrative medical finding(s) is with the evidence from other medical
sources and nonmedical sources in the claim, the more persuasive the medical opinion(s) or prior administrative
medical finding(s) will be.”). However, the plaintiff does not explain, and it is not apparent, how the error is
prejudicial; that is, that proper consideration and articulation of this factor would have led to the adoption of the
in a new relationship during the relevant period suggested a higher level of functioning than found
by LCSW Wentworth, who indicated, inter alia, that he could neither understand, remember, and
carry out simple instructions, respond appropriately to supervisors, coworkers, or usual work
situations, nor deal with changes in a routine work setting on a sustained, 40-hour per week basis,
and would be off-task at least 15 percent of the time. See Record at 865.
Remand, accordingly, is unwarranted on the basis of this point of error.
B. Treatment of Haley Opinion
In the body of her compensation and pension form, Dr. Haley noted, inter alia, “lots of
altercations with supervisors, coworkers; tendency to violence[.]” Id. at 359. Ultimately, she
expressed the opinion that it was “unlikely that [the plaintiff] is capable of managing employment
due to the severity of his mood disorder unless the work is isolated.” Id. at 361.
The ALJ deemed the Haley opinion unpersuasive as well, explaining:
Dr. Haley’s report appears to be part of a rating examination. It is not clear that she
actually saw the [plaintiff] or if her report was based on reports by other
practitioners as her clinical findings were based on an evidence review. There was
no treating relationship between Dr. Haley and the [plaintiff]. Her findings were
based on the diagnosis only of Bipolar disorder and she added a note that some
providers had mentioned PTSD symptoms but there was no definitive diagnosis
yet. At the time, she noted the only physical impairment was gastro-esophageal
reflux disease. Moreover, it is unclear if she is a mental health specialist as she
signed as the staff physician. In addition, her opinion is not consistent with the
mental health treatment notes from the VA, which generally noted normal mental
status examinations[,] and she did not have access to records throughout the
relevant period through December 2016, the [plaintiff]’s date last insured.
Id. at 24 (citations omitted).
The plaintiff complains that the ALJ wrongly deemed the Haley opinion inconsistent with
the Wentworth notes and ignored the consistency between the Haley and Wentworth opinions. See
Statement of Errors at 7. However, as the commissioner observes, see Opposition at 12, the
plaintiff does not challenge most of the bases on which the ALJ discounted the Haley opinion.
Moreover, for the same reasons that the ALJ supportably deemed the Wentworth treatment notes
inconsistent with the Wentworth opinion, he supportably deemed them inconsistent with the Haley
Finally, that the Haley and Wentworth opinions were consistent with each other did not, in
itself, oblige the ALJ to credit either opinion. He instead found persuasive and/or chose to give
great weight to the opinions of three other experts, agency nonexamining consultants Susan
Lichtman, Ph.D., Lewis Lester, Ph.D., and Robert Maierhofer, Ph.D. See id. at 25-26. The
plaintiff does not argue that these opinions cannot stand as substantial evidence of his mental RFC.
See Statement of Errors at 2-7.
Remand, accordingly, is unwarranted on the basis of this final point of error.
For the foregoing reasons, I recommend that the commissioner’s decision be AFFIRMED.
A party may file objections to those specified portions of a magistrate judge’s report or
proposed findings or recommended decisions entered pursuant to 28 U.S.C. § 636(b)(1)(B) for
which de novo review by the district court is sought, together with a supporting memorandum,
within forty-four (44) days after being served with a copy thereof.4 A responsive memorandum
shall be filed within fourteen (14) days after the filing of the objection.
Failure to file a timely objection shall constitute a waiver of the right to de novo review
by the district court and to appeal the district court’s order.
Dated this 6th day of April, 2020.
/s/ John H. Rich III
John H. Rich III
United States Magistrate Judge
Federal Rule of Civil Procedure 72(b)(2) provides for a 14-day objection period. The Court, however, recently
extended by 30 days any deadline between the date of the order (March 18, 2020) and May 1, 2020. (General Order
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