Carlisle v. McDonald
MEMORANDUM. Signed by Chief Judge Catherine C. Blake on 2/10/2017. (c/m by ch)(bmhs, Deputy Clerk)
IN THE UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT
FOR THE DISTRICT OF MARYLAND
KENNETH J. CARLISLE, JR.
: CIVIL NO. CCB-16-2792
ROBERT MCDONALD, SECRETARY,
DEPARTMENT OF VETERANS AFFAIRS :
Plaintiff Kenneth J. Carlisle, Jr., representing himself, brings suit against Robert
McDonald, Secretary of the Department of Veterans Affairs (“VA”), for alleged unlawful actions
taken against him during and in connection with his employment at the VA Regional Office
(“VARO”) in Philadelphia. Secretary McDonald moves under Federal Rule of Civil Procedure
12(b)(3) to dismiss for improper venue, or, in the alternative, to transfer the case to the Eastern
District of Pennsylvania. For the reasons set forth below, the motion to transfer will be granted.
Mr. Carlisle, a U.S. Army veteran who served in the Gulf War, was employed in the
Philadelphia VARO as a veterans’ service representative from March 15, 2009 through July 20,
2011. He was hired into the Philadelphia VARO after successful completion of a vocational
rehabilitation program administered by the Baltimore VARO. Mr. Carlisle owns property and
currently resides in Frederick, Maryland. While he worked in Philadelphia, however, he rented
an apartment and lived in Pennsylvania. The actions he complains of include a hostile work
environment, a failure by the Philadelphia VARO to accommodate his disability, and a related
loss of employment based on a “manipulated” Performance Improvement Plan. (Compl., ECF
No. 1, at 4-7; see Opp., ECF No. 11, at 7.)
After his discharge, Mr. Carlisle filed an administrative complaint with the EEOC.
Apparently, he was awarded monetary relief and offered reinstatement to a position in the
Philadelphia VARO. The monetary relief was processed through the Baltimore VARO; Mr.
Carlisle decided not to return to work in Philadelphia. He filed a complaint in this court on
August 8, 2016.
Mr. Carlisle relies on various federal laws, including Title VII of the Civil Rights Act
(“Title VII”), the Americans with Disabilities Act (“ADA”), and the Rehabilitation Act. Venue
is controlled by Title VII, which provides that suit may be brought in (1) any judicial district in
the state where the unlawful employment practice is alleged to have been committed, (2) in the
district where the employment records relevant to the unlawful practice are maintained and
administered, or (3) in the district where the plaintiff would have worked but for the unlawful
practice. 42 U.S.C. § 2000e-5(f)(3). If none of these three choices can been satisfied, then the
case may be brought in the district where the defendant has his principal office.1 Id.
The court is sympathetic to Mr. Carlisle’s preference to bring suit in Maryland, where he
resides. It is clear, however, that the alleged unlawful acts took place in Philadelphia while Mr.
Carlisle was employed in the Philadelphia VARO, and that he would have continued working in
Philadelphia but for the alleged unlawful practice (or if he had accepted reinstatement). The
connection to the Baltimore VARO prior to his employment, and the processing of monetary
relief through Baltimore after his discharge, simply do not satisfy the requirements of the statute.
Regarding his employment records, it is undisputed that the paper copies of his employment
records, including his Official Personnel File (“OPF”), were maintained and administered in
Pennsylvania during his employment. Apparently, Mr. Carlisle’s personnel records now exist
only in electronic form and are maintained in and accessible from Missouri. (Reply Decl. of
Lina Giampa, ECF No. 16-1, ¶ 6.)
The existence of electronic rather than paper records
complicates the applicability of the second prong of the venue statute. See Taylor v. Shinseki, 13
The VA’s principal office is in the District of Columbia.
F. Supp. 3d 81, 87-89 (D.D.C. 2014). There is no evidence, however, that the records related to
the alleged unlawful employment practices are or ever were maintained in Maryland.
Given that the first and third prongs show venue to be proper in the Eastern District of
Pennsylvania, and that the second prong, even if less clear, appears satisfied by placing venue in
Philadelphia rather than Baltimore, the defendant’s motion must be granted. Under 28 U.S.C. §
1406(a), however, in the interest of justice, the case will be transferred rather than dismissed.
Mr. Carlisle has indicated he is prepared to pursue his case in the federal court in the Eastern
District of Pennsylvania. (Opp. at 10, 28.)
A separate order follows.
February 10, 2017
Catherine C. Blake
United States District Judge
Disclaimer: Justia Dockets & Filings provides public litigation records from the federal appellate and district courts. These filings and docket sheets should not be considered findings of fact or liability, nor do they necessarily reflect the view of Justia.
Why Is My Information Online?