Marshall v. Warden et al
MEMORANDUM. Signed by Chief Judge Catherine C. Blake on 12/21/2016. (c/m 12/21/2016)(ko, Deputy Clerk)
IN THE UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT
FOR THE DISTRICT OF MARYLAND
GREGORY MARSHALL, #183-459
WARDEN, Patuxent Institution
J. ALLEN, Case Manager, Patuxent
MS. BOWMAN, Pre-Release Coordinator,
P. JAMES, Director of Patuxent
MS. ALLEN, Case Manager Supervisor
Civil Action No. CCB-16-4021
Gregory Marshall, a Maryland Division of Correction prisoner housed at Patuxent
Institution, is scheduled for release on January 5, 2017. He states that defendants have not yet
provided him with items needed for release, including winter clothing, a photo identification
card, a social security card, his birth certificate, an application for social services and disability
assistance, and medical coverage. (ECF 1 at p. 2). Marshall, who is proceeding under 42 U.S.C.
§ 1983, also requests leave to proceed in forma pauperis. (ECF 2). For the reasons stated below,
the lawsuit must be dismissed.
Marshall seeks injunctive relief mandating he be provided with certain items prior to his
upcoming release. Marshall cannot prevail, because while incarcerated, he has repeatedly filed
complaints subject to dismissal under 28 U.S.C. § 1915A and 28 U.S.C. § 1915(e)(2), and thus is
barred generally from civil filings under the Athree strikes@ provision of 28 U.S.C. § 1915(g).1
Because Marshall has “three strikes” under the PLRA, he is not permitted to file a civil action
See Marshall v. Lanham, No. AW-97-990 (D. Md. 1997); Marshall v. Corr. Center of Howard Cnty., No.
AW-97-2536 (D. Md. 1997); and Marshall v. Kemmerer, No. AW-02-2133 (D. Md. 2003).
unless he pays the full filing fee or proves he is in imminent danger of serious physical injury.
As noted, Marshall has not paid the filing fee.2 Aside from his claim that he has yet to receive
various items that would assist him after his upcoming release, Marshall does not demonstrate
that he is in imminent danger of serious harm.
Federal courts have long recognized that the grant of interim equitable relief is an
“extraordinary remedy involving the exercise of a very far-reaching power.” Direx Israel, Ltd. v.
Breakthrough Med. Corp., 952 F.2d 802, 811 (4th Cir. 1991). A plaintiff seeking such relief
must establish that he is “likely to succeed on the merits, that he is likely to suffer irreparable
harm in the absence of preliminary relief, that the balance of equities tips in his favor, and that an
injunction is in the public interest.” Winter v. National Resource Defense Council, Inc., 555 U.S.
7, 20 (2008). All four of these requirements must be established before injunctive relief can be
granted. See The Real Truth About Obama, Inc., v. Federal Election Commission, 575 F.3d 342,
346 (4th Cir. 2009), vacated on other grounds, 559 U.S. 1089 (2010), reinstated in relevant part
on remand, 607 F.3d 355 (4th Cir. 2010) (per curiam).
The first and second Winter factors are dispositive here: Marshall has not
demonstrated that he is likely to succeed on the merits, or that he is likely to suffer irreparable
harm if not provided the requested items at this time. He has not shown a basis for this court to
order the DOC to provide the items he requests.
For these reasons, a separate order shall be entered denying in forma pauperis status and
dismissing the case without prejudice.3
December 21, 2016
Catherine C. Blake
United States District Judge
Given his “three strikes” status, Marshall’s motion for leave to proceed in forma pauperis (ECF 2) will be denied.
Marshall may of course refile the action and pay the full $400 filing fee at the time of filing.
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