Van Meter v. Hite Roofing et al
ORDER granting 29 Defendants' Unopposed Motion for Summary Judgment. Entering Judgment in favor of Defendants. Signed by Magistrate Judge J. Mark Coulson on 10/27/2017 (cags, Deputy Clerk)
UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT
DISTRICT OF MARYLAND
101 West Lombard Street
Baltimore, Maryland 21201
Phone: (410) 962-4953
Fax: (410) 962-2985
J. Mark Coulson
U.S. Magistrate Judge
October 27, 2017
LETTER TO ALL COUNSEL OF RECORD
Van Meter v. Hite Roofing et al
Civil No. 1:16–cv–04061–JMC
Dear Counsel and Mr. Van Meter:
In this employment discrimination case, Plaintiff Landon Scott Van Meter alleges that
Defendants Hite Roofing, Hite Associates, Inc., and Carl Belt Inc. (collectively, the “Defendants”)
committed various violations of the Americans with Disabilities Act (“ADA”), Americans with
Disabilities Act Amendments Act (“ADAAA”), and Maryland law, including disability
discrimination, denial of accommodation, and retaliation. (ECF No. 1). This case has been referred to
me by consent of the parties for all proceedings pursuant to 28 U.S.C. § 636 and Local Rules 301 and
302. (ECF No. 16). Currently pending before the Court is Defendants’ unopposed Motion for
Summary Judgment, filed on September 8, 2017. (ECF No. 29). As the Clerk of Court advised in her
September 8, 2017 letter to Plaintiff, Plaintiff’s response to that motion was due September 25, 2017.
(ECF No. 30). Because no such response had been received by that date, the Court then issued a
Letter Order to Plaintiff explaining that if no response or properly supported Motion for Additional
Time was filed with the Court by October 16, 2017, the Court would rule upon the Defendants’
Motion for Summary Judgment accordingly. (ECF No. 31). No response from Plaintiff has been filed
to date. Thus, the Court will consider Defendants’ Motion as unopposed. No hearing is necessary.
See Local Rule 105.6 (D. Md. 2016). For the reasons outlined below, Defendants’ Motion is
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Federal Rule of Civil Procedure 56(a) requires the Court to “grant summary judgment if the
movant shows that there is no genuine dispute as to any material fact and the movant is entitled to
judgment as a matter of law.” A dispute as to a material fact “is genuine if the evidence is such that a
reasonable jury could return a verdict for the nonmoving party.” J.E. Dunn Const. Co. v. S.R.P.
Development Ltd. Partnership, 115 F.Supp.3d 593, 600 (D. Md. 2015) (quoting Anderson v. Liberty Lobby,
Inc., 477 U.S. 242, 248 (1986)). Specifically, a district court is obligated to carefully review an
unopposed motion for summary judgment. Thomas-Fish v. Ford Motor Co., Civ. No. GLR–16–496, 2017
WL 2954772, *2 (D. Md. Mar. 2, 2017) (citing Maryland v. Universal Elections, Inc., 729 F.3d 370, 380 (4th
Cir. 2013)). “Although the failure of a party to respond to a summary judgment motion may leave
uncontroverted those facts established by the motion,” the Court must still determine whether the
moving party is entitled to summary judgment as a matter of law pursuant to Rule 56. Custer v. Pan
American Life Ins. Co., 12 F.3d 410, 416 (4th Cir. 1993).
As a preliminary matter, Defendants’ Motion is supported by a declaration from the president
of Defendant Carl Belt, Inc. stating that Plaintiff was not at any time an employee of Carl Belt Inc.,
Carl Belt Inc. is a separate corporation distinct from Hite Roofing and Hite Associates, Inc., and Carl
Belt Inc. does not do business as Hite Roofing or Hite Associates, Inc. (ECF No. 29–3 [Decl. of Carl O.
Belt, Jr.]). Based on this unchallenged declaration, there is no basis for liability against Defendant
Carl Belt, Inc. See Lofthouse Manufacturing Ltd. V. Ports America Baltimore, Inc., Civ. No. CCB–15–3821,
2016 WL 4662337, *3 (D. Md. Sep. 7, 2016). The Court’s analysis will proceed with regard to Hite
Roofing and Hite Associates, Inc., the remaining Defendants.
The Court first considers Plaintiff’s claims under the ADA and ADAAA in Counts I, II, and IV
of the Complaint. As a threshold matter, to bring a claim based on the ADA, Plaintiff must show that
he is a qualified individual with a disability. Taylor v. Rite Aid, Corp., 993 F.Supp.2d 551, 563 (D. Md.
2014). The ADA defines a disability as “(A) a physical or mental impairment that substantially limits
one or more major life activities of such individual; (B) a record of such an impairment; or (C) being
regarded as having such an impairment.” 42 U.S.C. § 12102(1). Plaintiff attached to his Complaint
medical records that establish he had an accident at work that required medical treatment and
follow-up appointments. Without more, the Court is reluctant to find that Plaintiff has created a
factual issue as to being impaired in a way that limits a major life activity. This is especially so
considering that the record contains medical certifications from Plaintiff’s physicians reflecting the
fact that he was cleared to return to work two days before his purported discharge. (ECF No. 29–4
[Ex. 6 to Decl. of Randy Rice]).
Furthermore, even if the Court were to assume that Plaintiff meets the statutory definition set
forth above, Plaintiff has not offered any evidence that he was discharged beyond the allegations in
his Complaint. By contrast, Defendant Hite offers a Declaration from its president unequivocally
stating that Plaintiff was not discharged, but was merely sent home from work for the day because he
was being disruptive. (ECF No. 29–4 [Ex. 6 to Decl. of Randy Rice]). Plaintiff’s employment status
was clarified with his union and in follow-up communications with him, yet Plaintiff refused to
return to work. Id. This is buttressed by the findings of the Department of Labor, Licensing, and
Regulation regarding Plaintiff’s subsequent claim for unemployment. Id. Accordingly, the Court will
grant Defendants’ Motion as to Plaintiff’s claims for disability discrimination and failure to
The Court next turns to Plaintiff’s claim of retaliation in Count III. To analyze a retaliation
claim under the ADA when the plaintiff does not have sufficient direct or indirect evidence of
retaliation, the Court must engage in a three-part, burden-shifting analysis. Parkinson v. Anne Arundel
Medical Center, Inc., 214 F.Supp.2d 511, 517 (D. Md. 2002). “[U]nder the burden-shifting method of
proof, to establish a prima facie case of retaliation, a plaintiff must show that: (1) [h]e engaged in a
protected activity; (2) [his] employer acted adversely against him; and (3) h[is] protected activity was
causally connected to his employer’s adverse action.” Rhoads v. F.D.I.C., 257 F.3d 33, 392 (4th Cir.
2001). The employer then has the burden “to rebut the presumption of retaliation by articulating a
legitimate nonretaliatory reason for its actions.” Id. If the employer does so, the plaintiff “must
demonstrate that the proffered reason is a pre-text for forbidden retaliation.” Id. (internal citations
omitted). At all times, the plaintiff retains “the ultimate burden of persuading the trier of fact that
she was the victim of retaliation.” Rhoads v. F.D.I.C., 286 F.Supp.2d 532, 539 (D. Md. 2003). Here,
Plaintiff has met no such burden because he has not offered evidence to prove that Defendants took
adverse action against him as noted above. Although his Complaint alleges that, after a conversation
with Randy Rice, President of Hite Associates, Inc., “Plaintiff took this exchange to mean he was
terminated,” Defendants thereafter clarified that Plaintiff had not been terminated and repeatedly
requested his return to work without response. (ECF No. 29 [Defs.’ Mot. for Summ. J., at 6–7]). The
Court will grant Defendants’ Motion as to Plaintiff’s retaliation claim.
Finally, the Court considers Plaintiff’s claim of “violation of Maryland public policy” in Count
V of his Complaint for “adverse employment action as a result of filing workers’ compensation
claim.” (Compl., at 13). The Court assumes that Plaintiff’s claim is based on § 9–1105(a) of the Labor
and Employment Article of the Maryland Code, which provides, “An employer may not discharge a
covered employee from employment solely because the covered employee files a claim for
compensation under this title.” As previously considered, Plaintiff has failed to prove that such a
discharge took place. Moreover, Plaintiff’s failure to file a union grievance and exhaust his remedies
under the collective bargaining agreement governing his employment as established by Defendants’
supporting affidavit (ECF No. 29–4 [Decl. of Randy Rice, at ¶14]) independently deprive him of
asserting such a claim. Childers v. C & P Telephone Co., 881 F.2d 1259, 1264 (4th Cir. 1989). The Court
will grant Defendants’ Motion as to Plaintiff’s Maryland law claim.
For the foregoing reasons, Defendants’ unopposed Motion for Summary Judgment (ECF No.
29) is GRANTED and judgment is entered in favor of the Defendants. The Clerk is directed to
CLOSE this case. Despite the informal nature of this letter, it is an Order of the Court and will be
docketed as such.
J. Mark Coulson
United States Magistrate Judge
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