Mills v. Shaw et al
MEMORANDUM. Signed by Judge James K. Bredar on 6/28/2017. (c/m 6/29/2017)(ko, Deputy Clerk)
IN THE UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT
FOR THE DISTRICT OF MARYLAND
ANTHONY JEROME MILLS
KEEFE SUPPLY COMPANY, and
KEEFE REGINAL SERVICE CENTER
Civil Action No. JKB-17-1711
The above-captioned complaint was filed on June 22, 2017, together with a motion to
proceed in forma pauperis. ECF 2. Because he appears indigent and the complaint must be
dismissed, the motion shall be granted.
Plaintiff Anthony Mills, an inmate at Jessup Correctional Institution, alleges that
employees from Keefe Supply, the private corporation that provides commissary goods to the
Maryland state prisons, slandered him when they accused him of stealing goods and breached a
contract for sale of goods. He seeks 3 million dollars in damages. ECF 1.
Plaintiff filed this Complaint in forma pauperis pursuant to 28 U.S.C. § 1915(a)(1), which
permits an indigent litigant to commence an action in this Court without prepaying the filing fee.
To guard against possible abuses of this privilege, the statute requires dismissal of any claim that
is frivolous or malicious or fails to state a claim on which relief may be granted. 28 U.S.C.
§ 1915(e)(2)(B)(i) and (ii). This Court is mindful, however, of its obligation to liberally construe
self-represented pleadings, such as the instant Complaint. See Erickson v. Pardus, 551 U.S. 89,
94 (2007). In evaluating such a Complaint, the factual allegations are assumed to be true. Id. at
93 (citing Bell Atlantic Corp. v. Twombly, 550 U.S. 544, 555–56 (2007)). Nonetheless, liberal
construction does not mean that this Court can ignore a clear failure in the pleading to allege
facts that set forth a cognizable claim. See Weller v. Dep't of Soc. Servs., 901 F.2d 387 (4th Cir.
1990); see also Beaudett v. City of Hampton, 775 F.2d 1274, 1278 (4th Cir. 1985) (stating a
district court may not “conjure up questions never squarely presented”).
In making this
determination, A[t]he district court need not look beyond the complaint's allegations . . . . It must
hold the pro se complaint to less stringent standards than pleadings drafted by attorneys and must
read the complaint liberally.@ White v. White, 886 F. 2d 721, 722-723 (4th Cir. 1989).
Federal courts are courts of limited jurisdiction and “may not exercise jurisdiction absent
a statutory basis.” Exxon Mobil Corp. v. Allapattah Servs., Inc., 545 U.S. 546, 552 (2005). They
“have an independent obligation to determine whether subject-matter jurisdiction exists, even
when no party challenges it.” Hertz Corp. v. Friend, 559 U.S. 77, 94 (2010). Although a
complaint need not contain detailed allegations, the facts alleged must be enough to raise a right
to relief above the speculative level; this requires “more than labels and conclusions,” as “‘courts
are not bound to accept as true a legal conclusion couched as a factual allegation.’” Bell Atlantic
Corp. v. Twombly, 550 U.S. 544, 555 (2007). The Complaint must contain “enough facts to state
a claim to relief that is plausible on its face.” Id. at 570. Once a claim has been stated
adequately, it may be supported by showing any set of facts consistent with the allegations in the
complaint. Id. at 561.
The claim raised in the instant complaint does not arise under a federal statute nor does it
include allegations regarding a constitutional rights violation. Defamation and breach of contract
are state law claims that may only be raised in this court if the requirements for diversity
jurisdiction are satisfied. Diversity jurisdiction applies “where the matter in controversy exceeds
the sum or value of $75,000, exclusive of interest and costs, and is between . . . citizens of
different States.” 28 U.S.C. § 1332(a)(1). Plaintiff provides a Maryland address for Keefe;
states the cause of action arose in Maryland; and is himself a citizen of Maryland. Thus, the
diversity of citizenship is not satisfied.
In addition, the amount in controversy does not meet the jurisdictional amount in this
instance. Although plaintiff seeks 3 million dollars in damages, the amount sought does not
appear to be a good-faith claim for damages. “The test for determining jurisdiction based upon
the amount involved is primarily one of good faith.” Gauldin v. Va. Winn–Dixie, Inc., 370 F.2d
167, 170 n.1 (4th Cir. 1966). “[I]f it appears to a legal certainty that the plaintiff cannot recover
the jurisdictional amount,” the case should be dismissed for want of jurisdiction. McDonald v.
Patton, 240 F.2d 424, 426 (4th Cir. 1957) (citing St. Paul Mercury Indemnity Co. v. Red Cab
Co., 303 U.S. 283, 289 (1938)). Plaintiff’s good faith cannot be assumed by this Court where,
as here, it appears to a legal certainty that the claim is really less than the jurisdictional amount
of $75,000. See St. Paul, 303 U.S. at 289 (“It must appear to a legal certainty that the claim is
really for less than the jurisdictional amount to justify dismissal”).
The complaint must be dismissed for lack of jurisdiction and for failure to state a claim
upon which relief may be granted. Plaintiff is reminded that under 28 U.S.C. § 1915(g) he will
not be granted in forma pauperis status if he has Aon 3 or more prior occasions, while
incarcerated or detained in any facility, brought an action or appeal in a court of the United
States that was dismissed on the grounds that it is frivolous, malicious, or fails to state a claim
upon which relief may be granted, unless the prisoner is under imminent danger of serious
A separate order follows.
June 28, 2017
James K. Bredar
United States District Judge
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