Pearsall v. State Of Maryland
MEMORANDUM OPINION. Signed by Judge Paula Xinis on 5/18/2023. (c/m to P on 5/18/2023 heps, Deputy Clerk)
Case 1:22-cv-01367-PX Document 30 Filed 05/18/23 Page 1 of 4
IN THE UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT
FOR THE DISTRICT OF MARYLAND
DANNY K. PEARSALL,
Civil Action No. PX-22-1367
Danny K. Pearsall has filed suit alleging that James Kucharczyk, a Commitment Records
Specialist with the Maryland Division of Correction (“DOC”), improperly calculated Pearsall’s
sentence, in violation of the Fifth, Sixth, Eighth, Ninth, Eleventh, and Fourteenth Amendments to
the United States Constitution. 1 ECF Nos. 1, 4. Pearsall seeks $500,000 in monetary damages.
ECF No. 4 at 5.
Defendant has moved to dismiss the claims or alternatively for summary judgment in his
favor. ECF Nos. 16, 16-1. Pursuant to Roseboro v. Garrison, 528 F.2d 309 (4th Cir. 1975), the
Court advised Pearsall of his right to respond. Pearsall has not only responded to the motion (ECF
No. 17), he has moved for summary judgment in his favor, as well as for appointment of counsel
and to subpoena and summon the defense counsel in his state criminal case. ECF Nos. 7, 21, 27,
28, 29; see also State of Maryland v. Danny K. Pearsall, Case No. C-03-CR-20-001577 (Cir. Ct.
for Balt. Cnty.).
Previously, the Court advised Pearsall that if he wished to challenge the fact or duration of his confinement
sentence, he could file a Petition for Writ of Habeas Corpus pursuant to 28 U.S.C. § 2241. ECF No. 3 at 1 n.1 (citing
In re Vial, 1 15 F.3d l 192, 1 194 n.5 (4th Cir. 1997) (stating that a § 2241 petition may be filed to attack the manner
in which a sentence is executed). Pearsall has not yet filed such a petition.
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The matter is now ripe for review, with no need for a hearing. See Loc. R. 105.6. For the
reasons that follow, Defendant’s Motion to Dismiss shall be granted and Plaintiff’s motions shall
On January 31, 2022, the Baltimore County Circuit Court sentenced Pearsall to seven
years’ imprisonment for various handgun offenses. ECF No. 4. The Amended Complaint alleges
that Defendant negligently erred in calculating Pearsall’s sentence expiration date as March 6,
2032. ECF No. 4 at 2-4. Defendant attests that the initial calculation was wrong but has since
been corrected, reducing the mandatory release date substantially. ECF No. 16-2.
Standard of Review
When reviewing a motion to dismiss brought pursuant to Federal Rule of Civil Procedure
12(b)(6), the Court accepts the well-pleaded allegations as true and most favorable to the plaintiff.
Bell Atl. Corp. v. Twombly, 550 U.S. 544, 555 (2007). “However, conclusory statements or a
‘formulaic recitation of the elements of a cause of action will not [suffice].’”
Performance Food Grp., Inc., 16 F. Supp. 3d 584, 588 (D. Md. 2014) (quoting Twombly, 550 U.S.
at 555). “Factual allegations must be enough to raise a right to relief above a speculative level.”
Twombly, 550 U.S. at 555. “‘[N]aked assertions’ of wrongdoing necessitate some ‘factual
enhancement’ within the complaint to cross ‘the line between possibility and plausibility of
entitlement to relief.’” Francis v. Giacomelli, 588 F.3d 186, 193 (4th Cir. 2009) (quoting
Twombly, 550 U.S. at 557). Although pro se pleadings are construed generously to allow for the
development of a potentially meritorious case, Hughes v. Rowe, 449 U.S. 5, 9 (1980), courts cannot
ignore a clear failure to allege facts setting forth a cognizable claim. See Weller v. Dep’t of Soc.
Servs., 901 F.2d 387, 391 (4th Cir. 1990). “A court considering a motion to dismiss can choose to
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begin by identifying pleadings that, because they are not more than conclusions, are not entitled to
the assumption of truth.” Ashcroft v. Iqbal, 556 U.S. 662, 665 (2009).
The Amended Complaint pursues a money damages claim under 42 U.S.C. § 1983 for the
alleged erroneous sentence computation. ECF No. 1. Section 1983 provides the sole vehicle to
sue a person who, acting under color of law, “subjects, or causes to be subjected, any citizen of the
United States or other person within the jurisdiction thereof to the deprivation of any rights,
privileges, or immunities secured by the Constitution and laws” of the United States. 42 U.S.C. §
1983; see also Albright v. Oliver, 510 U.S. 266, 271 (1994) (quoting Baker v. McCollan, 443 U.S.
137, 144 n.3 (1979)); Wahi v. Charleston Area Med. Ctr., 562 F.3d 599, 615 (4th Cir. 2009).
The Amended Complaint, asserts without explanation, that an erroneous but sincecorrected sentence computation violates Pearsall’s rights under the Fifth, Sixth, Eighth, Ninth,
Eleventh, and Fourteenth Amendments to the United States Constitution. See ECF No. 4. This
conclusory incantation of alleged constitutional violations is insufficient to make the claim
plausible. Performance Food Grp., Inc., 16 F. Supp. 3d at 588 (quoting Twombly, 550 U.S. at
555). Further, to the extent Pearsall challenges the “fact or length of his custody,” he cannot pursue
the claim under Section 1983. Preiser v. Rodriguez, 411 U.S. 475, 499 (1973) (emphasis added
and citation omitted). A challenge to the “very fact or duration of his physical imprisonment,”
must be brought as a petition for writ of habeas corpus. Id. at 500.
The Amended Complaint, at best, avers a negligent miscalculation in the length of
Pearsall’s sentence; but this alone does not make plausible that any of Pearsall’s constitutional
rights were violated. See Farmer v. Baltimore Cnty. Dep’t of Corr., No. CIV. CCB-11-2126, 2012
WL 3155650, at *4 (D. Md. July 31, 2012) (dismissing complaint that challenged, inter alia,
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calculation of term of imprisonment by local and state authorities). 2 Defendant’s Motion to
Dismiss shall be granted and, consequently, Pearsall’s motions for summary judgment shall be
denied. Because the case is not proceeding, Pearsall’s motions for counsel, as well as to subpoena
and summon his trial counsel, shall also be denied.
Based on the foregoing, Defendant’s Motion to Dismiss is granted and Pearsall’s motions
are denied. A separate Order follows.
United States District Judge
To the extent the Amended Complaint pleads state common law claims, the Court declines to exercise
supplemental jurisdiction. See 28 U.S.C. § 1367(c).
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