United States of America v. One 2003 Chevrolet Avalanche VIN 3GNEK13T03G279386
REPORT AND RECOMMENDATION re 1 Complaint for Forfeiture filed by United States of America, 8 MOTION for Default Judgment as to One 2003 Chevrolet Avalanche. Signed by Magistrate Judge Jillyn K Schulze on 10/8/2014. (aos, Deputy Clerk)
IN THE UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT
FOR THE DISTRICT OF MARYLAND
UNITED STATES OF AMERICA
One 2003 Chevrolet Avalanche
Civil No. PWG 12-1078
REPORT AND RECOMMENDATION
This case was referred to me pursuant to 28 U.S.C. § 636(b) and Local Rule 301.6 for
review of Plaintiff’s Motion for Default Judgment and Order of Forfeiture. No opposition has
been filed, and for the following reasons, I recommend that the motion be granted.
On April 9, 2012, the United States filed a Verified Complaint against the defendant
Property. The complaint alleges that the Property is a vehicle which constitutes proceeds
traceable to the sale or exchange of controlled substances and was used and intended to be used to
commit and facilitate the commission of a violation of the Controlled Substances Act. ECF No. 1
at 1-2. The motion for default judgment similarly alleges that the vehicle is subject to forfeiture
pursuant to 21 U.S.C. § 881(a)(4) and (6) because it is a vehicle used in the transportation, sale,
receipt, possession or concealment of a controlled substance and because it constitutes proceeds
traceable to the sale or exchange of controlled substances. ECF No. 8 at 1-2. It also states that
notice of the case was posted pursuant to Rule G of the Supplemental Rules for Admiralty or
Maritime Claims and Asset Forfeiture Actions and that no claim to the Property was filed within
the required time periods, and notes that the Clerk entered Default on December 12, 2013. ECF
Nos. 7, 8 at 3.
In determining whether to award default judgment, the court takes as true the wellpleaded factual allegations in the complaint as to liability. Ryan v. Homecomings Fin. Network,
253 F.3d 778, 780 (4th Cir. 2001). Where no claimant has sought to set aside the default as
provided by Federal Rule of Civil Procedure 55(c), or suggested in any way that it has a
meritorious claim, the standard for default judgment has been satisfied. See Fanning v. Hotel
Management Advisors-Troy, LLC, 282 F.R.D. 280, 283 (D. D.C. 2012).
Property is subject to forfeiture by default upon a failure to defend where, as here, the
United States alleges that the property meets the standard for forfeiture set out in Section 881.
United States v. $10,409.00 in U. S. Currency, 585 F. Supp. 2d 10, 11 (D.D.C. 2008). The
United States has pled facts which establish its right to forfeiture of this Property, facts which are
verified by counsel for the United States and by the affidavit of DEA Special Agent Christopher
Hoffman. ECF No. 1 at 3-7. Agent Hoffman affirms that the vehicle was observed being used
during a narcotics transaction and, pursuant to a search, was found to contain a hidden
compartment as is often used by drug traffickers. ECF No. 1 at 3-4. In sum, the complaint and
affidavit establish that the vehicle is subject to forfeiture pursuant to Section 881(a)(4) because it
was used to transport a controlled substance.
Where the United States has submitted with its motion for default judgment evidence
which is sufficient to establish the amount that should be awarded, no hearing is necessary.
Federal Rule of Civil Procedure 55 (b)(2). Accordingly, the court should execute the Default
Judgment and Order of Forfeiture attached to the motion.
Date: October 8, 2014
JILLYN K. SCHULZE
United States Magistrate Judge
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