Choice Hotels International, Inc. v. Fellsmere Investments, LLC et al
MEMORANDUM OPINION AND ORDER denying 23 MOTION for Clerk's Entry of Default ; denying 24 MOTION for Judgement of Default; Ordering Plaintiff to Show Cause as to why the case against Fellsmere Investments, LLC should not be dismissed; granting 19 Correspondance treated as a motion for reconsideration; vacating 13 Clerk's Entry of Default. Signed by Judge Roger W Titus on 10/22/2015. (c/m 10/22/2015 bus, Deputy Clerk)
IN THE UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT
FOR THE DISTRICT OF MARYLAND
INVESTMENTS, LLC, et al.
Case No. RWT 14cv1333
MEMORANDUM OPINION AND ORDER
This is an action to recover an arbitration award against a now-defunct limited liability
company and four individuals.
On April 21, 2014, Choice Hotels filed an Application to
Confirm Arbitration Award. ECF No. 1. The following month summons were served on
Defendants Fellsmere Investments, LLC, Michael Schlitt, Richard Schlitt, Christopher Schlitt
and Garrett Guidroz. ECF Nos. 3–6. Only Michael Schlitt responded, ECF No. 7, and on
July 7, 2014, Choice Hotels moved for an entry of default and a default judgment against all
defendants. ECF Nos. 9 and 10. In an Order dated January 22, 2015, this Court directed the
entry of a default as to Defendants Richard Schlitt, Christopher Schlitt and Garrett Guidroz, but
denied the motion as to (1) Michael Schlitt because he had filed an answer, and (2) Fellsmere
Investments because service was improper. ECF No. 14. The Court instructed Choice Hotels to
serve Fellsmere Investments’ registered agent within twenty-one days of the order.1
Meanwhile, on February 20, 2015, Defendants Richard Schlitt, Christopher Schlitt and Garrett
Under Federal Rule of Civil Procedure 4(m), if a Plaintiff fails to serve a Defendant within 120 days after filing a
complaint, the Court must either dismiss the action or “order that service be made within a specific time.” The
Court took the more lenient approach and offered Choice Hotels another chance to effect service within 21 days.
Guidroz sent this Court a letter asking the Court to reconsider the entries of default and
describing their view of the events that led to the arbitration. ECF No. 19.
On September 25, 2015, after purporting to serve a summons on Fellsmere
Investments, LLC, Plaintiff again filed a Motion for Clerk’s Entry of Default and a Motion for
Default Judgment as to Defendant Fellsmere. ECF Nos. 23 and 24. Because service of process
on Fellsmere Investments is once again improper and now significantly belated, Plaintiff’s
motions will be denied and Plaintiff will be ordered to show cause why the case against
Fellsmere should not be dismissed. Treating the letter, ECF No. 19, from Defendants Richard
Schlitt, Christopher Schlitt and Garrett Guidroz, as a Motion for Reconsideration, the Court will
grant it and direct that the order of default be vacated as to them and that their letter be filed as
Improper Service as to Fellsmere Investments, LLC
Plaintiff has again failed to serve Fellsmere Investments properly. See ECF No. 14. The
affidavit of service as to Fellsmere indicates that it was served on March 12, 2015 by “leaving a
copy of this 21-Day Summons . . . at . . . 4700 S Dixie Highway, Palm Bay, FL 32905, which is
the address of the “Tropical Inn Resort,” to “Shawn Quickly as Manager on Duty.”
ECF No. 22.
The affidavit of service indicated that “Ms. Quickly stated that Fellsmere
Investments LLC owns the hotel. She stated that Charles Whalen2 resides in Colorado, but
comes to town to check on things once in a while.”
Under Federal Rule of Civil
Procedure 4(h)(1)(B), service on a business association may be effected by either complying
with Maryland’s rules governing service of process, or by serving an “officer, a managing or
general agent, or any other agent authorized by appointment or by law to receive service of
Mr. Whalen’s name is spelled “Wahlen” in the corporate filings of Fellsmere Investments, LLC, including his
designation as the registered agent. Florida Department of State, Division of Corporations Corporation Search by
Entity Name, http://search.sunbiz.org/Inquiry/CorporationSearch/ByName.
process.” Proper service is made upon a limited liability company by serving its resident agent,
or, if there is no resident agent, by serving “any member or other person expressly or impliedly
authorized to receive service of process.” Maryland Rule 2‐124(h); see also Brown v. Am.
Institutes For Research, 487 F. Supp. 2d 613, 616 (D. Md. 2007) (citing Fed. R. Civ. P. 4(e)(2)
and Maryland Rule 2-121(a)(2)). Ms. Quickly cannot reasonably be described as any of those
individuals. Thus, leaving the papers with her was insufficient process for a limited liability
company with a resident agent.
Maryland Rule 2-121(a) also allows for service in a foreign jurisdiction as “prescribed by
[a] foreign jurisdiction if reasonably calculated to give actual notice,” but Plaintiff still did not
meet the requirements of process in Florida, despite Florida’s more lenient provisions. Florida
Statute 48.062(1) allows for service on a registered agent’s employee.3 Ms. Quickly stated that
the Tropical Inn Resort was owned by Fellsmere Investments, ECF No. 22-1, making her an
employee of Fellsmere; Mr. Wahlen is a managing member of Fellsmere in addition to its
registered agent. These facts notwithstanding, relying on her statement as proof of adequate
process is problematic. First, the Tropical Inn Resort is located at 4700 Dixie Highway NE, not
4700 S Dixie Highway, the address provided as that of the registered agent.4
4700 Dixie Highway NE is owned by STF Investments, not Fellsmere Investments, and the Inn’s
In addition to Florida Statute 48.062, the affidavit of service also cites Florida Statute 608.463(1)(a), which appears
to have been repealed January 1, 2015.
See Florida Senate, 2014 Florida Statutes,
http://www.flsenate.gov/Laws/Statutes/2014/608.463. Florida Statute 605.0117 is the current section governing
service of process on limited liability companies and notably does not contain a provision for serving a limited
liability company, “In accordance with chapter 48 or chapter 49, as if the limited liability company were a
partnership,” as was contained in 608.463(1)(a).
4700 S Dixie Highway is in West Palm Beach, so the error is likely on the part of the Defendants.
owners have been reported to be STF Investments.5 STF Investments lists Charles Wahlen as its
managing member and registered agent, and so it is still plausible that Ms. Quickly is in some
way an employee of Charles Wahlen; however, Ms. Quickly stated that Mr. Wahlen no longer
lived in Florida and only checked in “once in awhile.” ECF No. 22-1. Florida Statute 48.062(1)
allows for service on an employee of the registered agent if the agent is “temporarily absent.”
The statute does not contemplate the infrequent visits on which the Plaintiff hopes to rely.
Besides straining Florida’s service of process provisions, the combined effect of the uncertainty
present in the proposed service prevents that service from meeting the standard of “reasonably
calculated to give actual notice” required by the Maryland Rule 2-121(a).
Finally, even if the execution of service had been proper, Plaintiff failed to serve
Fellsmere Investments within twenty-one days as required by this Court’s order on
January 23, 2015. ECF No. 14. Plaintiff did not request a reissuance of the summons until
March 3, 2015, ECF No. 20, and the summons was not served until March 25, 2015,
ECF No. 22-1, over sixty days after the January order and almost a year after Plaintiff first filed
suit. Thus far, Plaintiff has given no explanation for the delay. Therefore, Plaintiff’s request for
an entry of default against Fellsmere Investments, LLC and motion for default judgment will be
denied and, in accordance with Federal Rule of Civil Procedure 4(m), Plaintiff will be ordered to
show cause why the case against Fellsmere should not be dismissed.
See generally, Florida Department of State, Division of Corporations Corporation Search by Entity Name,
http://search.sunbiz.org/Inquiry/CorporationSearch/ByName; Brevard County, Property Appraiser, Search by
Address, https://www.bcpao.us/asp/real_search.asp; Stacy Barchenger, Neighbors worry about proposed change to
Palm Bay motel, Florida Today (Aug. 6, 2014), ttp://www.floridatoday.com/story/news/local/2014/08/06/neighborsworry-about-proposed-change-to-palm-bay-motel/13693485/ (reporting that STF Investments owns the Tropical Inn
Defendants Richard Schlitt, Christopher Schlitt and Garrett Guidroz’s
Motion to Reconsider and Answer
On February 2, 2015, Defendants Richard Schlitt, Christopher Schlitt and Garrett
Guidroz filed a letter asking for reconsideration of this Court’s entries of default against them.
ECF No. 19. The Court has an obligation to liberally construe the pleadings of self-represented
litigants. See Erickson v. Pardus, 551 U.S. 89, 94 (2007). Reviewing their letter, it is clear the
Defendants wish their correspondence to be treated as both a request for reconsideration and as
their answer to Plaintiff’s Application to Confirm Arbitration Award.
Schlitt, Christopher Schlitt and Garrett Guidroz’s Motion to Reconsider will be granted and the
entries of default against them will be vacated.
Accordingly, it is, this 22nd day of October, 2015, by the United States District Court for
the District of Maryland
ORDERED, that Plaintiff’s Motion for Clerk’s Entry of Default [ECF No. 23] is hereby
DENIED; and it is further
ORDERED, that Plaintiff’s Motion for Judgment of Default [ECF No. 24] is hereby
DENIED; and it is further
ORDERED, that Plaintiff SHOW CAUSE on or before November 6, 2015, why the
case against Fellsmere Investments, LLC should not be dismissed; and it is further
ORDERED, that Defendants Richard Schlitt, Christopher Schlitt and Garrett Guidroz’s
correspondence [ECF No. 19], treated as a Motion for Reconsideration is hereby GRANTED,
and the Clerk is directed to file it as their answer to the Application to Confirm Arbitration
Award; and it is further
ORDERED, that the Clerk’s entries of default entered against Defendants Richard
Schlitt, Christopher Schlitt and Garrett Guidroz [ECF No. 13] are hereby VACATED.
ROGER W. TITUS
UNITED STATES DISTRICT JUDGE
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