FLETCHER v. SOCIAL SECURITY ADMINISTRATION et al
MEMORANDUM OPINION. Signed by Magistrate Judge Thomas M. DiGirolamo on 9/30/2017. (c/m 10/2/2017 tds, Deputy Clerk)
IN THE UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT
FOR THE DISTRICT OF MARYLAND
DEBORAH DIANE FLETCHER,
NANCY A. BERRYHILL,
Acting Commissioner of Social Security,
Civil No. TMD 14-2948
MEMORANDUM OPINION GRANTING DEFENDANT’S
MOTION TO DISMISS
This matter is before the Court on the Motion to Dismiss filed by the Commissioner of
Social Security (“Defendant” or the “Commissioner”) (ECF Nos. 10, 14), to which Plaintiff filed
a Response (ECF No. 16). For the reasons stated below, the Motion is GRANTED.
Plaintiff filed a civil action on August 29, 2014, in the United States District Court for the
District of Columbia that was transferred to the United States District Court for the District of
Maryland. Plaintiff claims that she did not receive the proper amount of benefits between 2007
and 2011 and that she is entitled to retirement benefits. As the Commissioner points out,
however, res judicata applies in this case. For the doctrine of res judicata to apply, there must be
(1) a final judgment on the merits in a prior suit; (2) an identity of the cause of action in both the
earlier and the later suit; and (3) an identity of the parties or their privies in the two suits.
Pueschel v. United States, 369 F.3d 345, 354-55 (4th Cir. 2004). Here, a final judgment on the
merits was obtained in a prior suit. Fletcher v. Colvin, Civil No. TMD 13-1465, 2014 WL
1664891 (D. Md. Apr. 23, 2014). Plaintiff’s allegations in the present Complaint relate to
benefits paid to her prior to 2011 or to her ability to file for retirement benefits. Because she
raised or could have raised these same allegations in the prior civil action, the second prong of
the test is met. Finally, the parties are the same as in the prior civil action. See Fed. R. Civ. P.
Dismissal of Plaintiff’s Complaint thus is appropriate on the basis of res judicata.
Moreover, Plaintiff’s present Complaint fails to state a claim for which relief may be granted for
the same reasons as stated in the Court’s dismissal under Fed. R. Civ. P. 12(b)(6) of her previous
complaint in 13-1465. See Fletcher, 2014 WL 1664891, at *1-2. As the Commissioner further
points out, Plaintiff’s Complaint can be dismissed under Fed. R. Civ. P. 12(b)(1) for failure to
exhaust administrative remedies because her Complaint fails to identify any final decision by the
Commissioner. See Yi v. Soc. Sec. Admin., 80 F. Supp. 3d 666, 669-70 (D. Md. 2015). Thus, for
the reasons stated above, the Court grants Defendant’s Motion to Dismiss Plaintiff’s Complaint.
Defendant’s Motion to Dismiss Plaintiff’s Complaint (ECF Nos. 10, 14) is GRANTED.
Plaintiff’s Complaint (ECF No. 1) is DISMISSED. A separate order will issue.
Date: September 30, 2017
Thomas M. DiGirolamo
United States Magistrate Judge
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